Antonio Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso
Some indication of the acclaim and respect given Henry Purcell by his fellow Englishmen can be seen from the fact that he is buried in
The main keyboard instruments of the Baroque period were the organ and the
The characteristic found in almost all Baroque music is
Vivaldi wrote approximately _________ concerti grossi and solo concerto
The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the
The solo instruments in Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the __________, violin, and harpsichord.
A prominent Baroque composer of trio sonatas was
The longest period of Bach’s professional life was spent as director of music at St. Thomas’s Church in
Which of the following statements about Claudio Monteverdi is true?
-all of these
He wanted to create music of emotional intensity.
He was the first composer of operatic masterpieces.
His works form a musical bridge between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and greatly influenced composers of the time.
The __________ is usually the focus of Händel oratorios.
The two giants of baroque music composition were
Georg Friderick Händel and Johann Sebastian Bach
A characteristic often found in baroque melodies is
a short opening phrase followed by a longer phrase with an unbroken flow of rapid notes.
Antonio Vivaldi spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in
The German-born composer who had a successful career in England as a composer of Italian opera and English oratorio was
George Frideric Händel.
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ________ form.
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no
acting, scenery, or costumes.
Monteverdi spent the last part of his career as music director at
St. Mark’s in Venice.
A collection of twenty-four preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach’s
Händel spent the major portion of his career in
Some of Vivaldi’s instrumental concertos were later arranged by
Johann Sebastian Bach.
George Frideric Händel’s Messiah is an example of
Composers in the middle Baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the __________ family.
Speech-like melody in an opera accompanied only by a basso continuo is called
A polyphonic composition based on one main theme, a cornerstone of Baroque music, is the
The title for the music director of a church was
A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, un-staged and usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called a(n)
music composed and performed simultaneously
__________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
A common variation form in the baroque is based on the use of a ground bass, or
A(n) _______ is a musical number in an opera for two solo voices with orchestral accompaniment.
A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, often used in the Lutheran service is the
Which of the following is NOT a part of the baroque suite?
A multi-movement set of dance-inspired instrumental movements is called a
-all of these
combined the lung power of a man with the vocal range of a woman.
received the highest fees of any musicians.
were male singers who had been castrated before puberty.
All of the following were Baroque painters except
The prevailing method of government in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was
The ruler who epitomized absolute monarchy in the seventeenth century was
The principle of “cuius regio, eius religio” meant that
the population of a state was required to adopt the religion of its ruler or prince.
Modern historians use the term baroque to indicate a
particular style in the arts.
In the Baroque era musicians were mostly trained
-all of these
as apprentices, often by their fathers.
in orphanages known as “conservatories.”
All of the following were outcomes of the Thirty Years War except:
Germany was unified into one state.
Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza, and Newton were all Baroque era
Which two states remained politically fragmented and frequently invaded by other countries in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?
Germany and Italy
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by
The early Baroque period in music was characterized by
more use of homophonic texture.
The _____________ is an instrumental genre that uses the ritornello form in the first movement and usually juxtaposes a soloist or small group with an orchestra.
Baroque painters used their materials to expand the potential of ____________ to create totally structured worlds.
-all of these
ornament and blend
Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 is unique in that
it gives a solo role to the harpsichord.
As a result of religious conflict during the Baroque period
Europe was eventually divided into a Protestant north and Catholic south.
The Baroque, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years
J. S. Bach composed ______ Brandenburg concertos.
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Henry Purcell was virtually unknown in his own time, but today is considered the greatest of English composers.
A Vivaldi concerto usually has ________ movements.
All of the following were major baroque composers except
Wolfgang A. Mozart.
A __________ is a hymn tune for congregational use.
Very often an independent fugue is introduced by a short piece called a(n)
A song in an opera for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called
__________ _is a musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while melodies above it constantly change.
Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, was also a
-all of these
The social class whose power and wealth increased the most during the Baroque era was the