Ch. 7 Test

These Republican supporters of New York City boss Roscoe Conkling were strongly opposed to civil-service reform.
Stalwarts
This authorized an independent civil service commission to make government appointments based on the merit system.
Pendleton Act
This president surprised everyone by turning reformer. His efforts to persuade Congress to reform the civil service resulted in the Pendleton Act
Chester A. Arthur
This president was a strong supporter of civil-service reform. Although he did not succeed in getting Congress to go along with his plans for reform, he was able to clean up the nation’s customhouses
Rutherford B. Hayes
This was any type of unethical or illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
graft
These were organized groups that controlled the activities of a political party in a city.
political machines
Which term is the name of a restriction on immigration passed by Congress?
Chinese Exclusion Act
Which term refers to an agreement that limited the immigration of unskilled workers to the United States in exchange for the repeal of the San Fransisco segregation order?
Gentlemen’s Agreement
Which idea led to a rise in anti-immigrant groups and a demand for immigration restrictions?
nativism
Which term refers to the mixture of diverse cultures whose people blended together by abandoning their native language and customs?
melting pot
Through which place did immigrants arriving on the East Coast pass before gaining entry into the United States?
Ellis Island
Through which place did immigrants arriving on the West Coast pass before gaining entry in to the United States?
Angel Island
Which term is the name of a restriction on emigration worked out between the United States and another government?
Gentlemen’s Agreement
Through which place were 19th-century eastern European immigrants more likely to pass before gaining entry into the United States?
Ellis Island
The main immigration processing in San Fransisco was called
a. Ellis Island
b. Tammany Hall
c. Angel Island
d. Hull House
c. Angel Island
The main goal of the Chinese Exclusion Act was to
a. decrease Chinese immigration
b. create segregated classrooms
c. settle a disagreement between China and the United States
d. stop Chinese Americans from attending school in the United States
a. decrease Chinese immigration
The row house was a new type of housing that conserved space by
a. rising ten or more stories high
b. combining air vents with trash disposal areas
c. sharing side walls with other buildings
d. enclosing a park shared by several buildings
c. sharing side walls with other buildings
Settlement houses were founded in the late 1800s by
a. new immigrants
b. social reformers
c. political machines
d. industrial workers
b. social reformers
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called
a. nativism
b. civil service
c. gentlemen’s agreement
d. graft
d. graft
Tammany Hall was the name of
a. a famous settlement house
b. a New York Customs House
c. a New York City political machine
d. the federal courthouse in New York City
c. a New York City political machine
An example of patronage would be
a. bribing a government official
b. assassinating a public official
c. saying one thing and doing another
d. appointing a friend to a political position
d. appointing a friend to a political position
The Stalwarts were strong supporters of
a. low tariffs
b. high tariffs
c. the spoils system
d. civil service reform
c. the spoils system
The Pendleton Civil Service Act required
a. applicants for government jobs to pass examinations
b. native-born Americans to treat immigrants with courtesy
c. government workers to renounce all party loyalties
d. cities to provide services such as clean water to their residents
a. applicants for government jobs to pass examinations
What was the original purpose of the row house?
a. to alleviate slum conditions
b. to integrate lower-class neighborhoods
c. to provide inner-city housing for wealthy families
d. to provide single-family homes for working-class families
d. to provide single-family homes for working-class families
Which of the following was the MAIN interest of the Social Gospel movement?
a. religious reform
b. political reform
c. social reform
d. economic reform
c. social reform
Which of the following does NOT describe a typical supporter of a political machine?
a. poor
b. urban
c. factory worker
d. opposed to immigration
d. opposed to immigration
What is the main purpose of patronage?
a. to increase government funds
b. to increase government efficiency
c. to reward one’s supporters
d. to avoid concentrating power in one individual or group
c. to reward one’s supporters
Which of the following is an example of graft?
a. using a cartoon to illustrate political fraud
b. saying a project cost more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself
c. choosing your friends for political offices
d. using the threat of force to get people to vote for a particular candidate
b. saying a project cost more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself
Which of the following issues prompted the assassination of President Garfield?
a. tariffs
b. kickbacks
c. immigration
d. civil service reform
d. civil service reform
Which president changed his ideas on civil service reform when he gained presidency?
a. Grover Cleveland
b. Chester A. Arthur
c. Benjamin Harrison
d. Rutherford B. Hayes
b. Chester A. Arthur
The MAIN goal of the Americanization movement was to
a. limit the number of immigrants entering the country
b. assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture
c. improve the living conditions in America’s largest cities
d. encourage people to move from the country to the city
b. assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture
Which country’s immigration rate rose the most dramatically between 1900 and 1910?
a. China
b. Japan
c. Ireland
d. Italy
d. Italy
Which of the following might be associated with the sharp decline in Chinese immigration in 1883-1884?
a. the Chinese Exclusion Act
b. the building of U.S. railroads
c. the discovery of gold in the United States
d. the Gentlemen’s Agreement
a. the Chinese Exclusion Act
Which of the following is true of the Gentlemen’s Agreement?
a. it decreased Japanese immigration
b. it resulted in segregated classrooms
c. it caused anti-American rioting in Japan
d. it prohibited aliens from working in industrial jobs
a. it decreased Japanese immigration
Which of the following had some of the same goals as the Americanization movement?
a. settlement houses
b. graft
c. Chinese Exclusion Act
d. patronage
a. settlement houses
Who used the power of the presidency to clean up the New York Customs House but was unable to get support from Congress for civil service reform?
a. Grover Cleveland
b. Chester A. Arthur
c. Benjamin Harrison
d. Rutherford B. Hayes
b. Chester A. Arthur
(T/F) Urbanization is a term that describes the growth of FARMING REGIONS.
F-cities
(T/F) Many city dwellers crowded int o multifamily, often unsanitary, SETTLEMENT HOUSES.
F-tenements
(T/F) Many of the Southern farmers who lost their jobs because of improvements in farming techniques were AFRICAN AMERICANS.
T
(T/F) FRAUD is any type of illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
F-graft
(T/F) The Social Gospel movement contributed to the development of SETTLEMENT HOUSES.
T
(T/F) TENEMENTS were community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor.
F-settlement houses
(T/F) The AMERICANIZATION MOVEMENT was designed to assimilate diverse people into the dominant culture.
T
(T/F) New immigrants arriving on the East Coast gained admission at ANGEL ISLAND.
F-Ellis Island
(T/F) Some American workers felt threatened by Chinese immigration because Chinese workers would work for HIGHER WAGES.
F-lower wages
(T/F) The Gentlemen’s Agreement limited the immigration of unskilled workers from MEXICO.
F-Japan
(T/F) Nativism is an overt favoritism toward NATIVE-BORN AMERICANS.
T
(T/F) BOSS TWEED led Tammany Hall in defrauding New York City when building the New York County Courthouse.
T
(T/F) Political machines gained some of their power from IMMIGRANTS for whom they performed favors.
T
(T/F) The assassination of President Garfield showed how strongly some people resisted reform of IMMIGRATION LAWS.
F-civil service
(T/F) JANE ADDAMS, one of the most influential members of the Social Gospel movement, founded Chicago’s Hull House with Ellen Gates Starr.
T