Developmental problems in Algeria

Development activities may be recorded in various sectors in any given country especially in agriculture, transportation and manufacturing depending on how these sectors bring economic benefits to a country it’s easy to determine the Gross Domestic Product. Using Algeria as an example, industrial revolution and human trafficking are the two major factors that help determine the country’s economic level. It’s worth noting that, Algeria highly depends on agriculture and human labor for its development.

For this reason, the government has developed several developmental theories to cope with any problems that may affect the major sectors in the country. Industrial revolution Since the early 19th century, Algeria has had significant changes in transport, manufacturing and agricultural sectors. These changes can best be said to be as a result of industrial revolution, which has brought new tools and machines to the country’s economic sector. In addition, industrial revolution has resulted to new forms of mechanization such as textile industry and introduction of iron making techniques.

The tools and machines brought about by industrial revolution have made production to be more efficient and reliable. This is because tools tend to make work easier and reduce production cost. The reason behind reduced production cost is the ability industrial revolution has on reducing human labor on the number of employees in any given production industry. However, industrial revolution has several shortcomings that a country should take note of. Agricultural sector is negatively affected by industrial revolution when pollution issues arise.

In most cases, industries tend to cause air, water and land pollutions. Vegetation provides economic advantage and basic food to a nation, pollution caused by industrial revolution tends to damage them hence resulting to an unhealthy nation. Other limitations caused by industrial revolution are unemployment and reduced social activities. In Algeria for example, iron melting has resulted in increased weapons and arms in the country. Researchers such as John Clapham have blamed industrial revolution for change in social activity and increased crime.

Unemployment on the other hand has led to increase in the gap between the poor and the rich. Unemployment refers to the microeconomic phenomenon where by people are willing to work but not currently working, this groups of people in clued those with out work, those currently available to work and those seeking work that that particular moment. Unemployment is segmented in terms of age, sex, education, duration of unemployment and kind of work that an individual is seeking. In the United States specifically the common types of unemployment are the frictional structural and cyclically types (G. den Broeder P 132).

Industrial revolution is also leads to minimum wages in some of the jobs or occupation, research has shown that the amount of salary or wages that employees are paid in some sectors especially the blue collar jobs the payment is too low compared to the amount of job or task performed, the solution to this according to the governmental human rights acts the incorporation of the setting of minimum wage had been suggested as the answer, this has not proven to work since minimum wage set was too low compared to the daily expenses and the expected standards of living of the workers.

As a solution to the major problems caused by industrial revolution the government has formulated several developmental theories. A good example is starting up social programs which ensure the citizens are aware of the importance of unity and peace. The assumption behind these theories is that individuals are socially stable, availability of arms and weapons will not affect peace in a country greatly. Another strategy developed by the government to suppress unemployment caused by industrial revolution is reduced tax burden.

Human trafficking Human trafficking refers to harboring, transporting or recruiting people with the aim of slavery. It is quite common in many underdeveloped countries like Algeria where developmental sectors determine the countries economic and social stability. Human trafficking tends to bring about deception and fraud. This is because it’s mostly caused by abuse of power. Campaigns against human trafficking have highly been established since the activity does not comply with human rights in most countries.

There are several forms of human trafficking; sexual harassment, forced labor and exploitation and servitude are the most common forms of human trafficking. In Algeria for example, children can be recruited as soldiers, the act tends to weaken the population. The fact that human trafficking brings about social mistrust, the citizens finds it hard to follow the set rules and regulations as they believe the government is dictatorship oriented.

Since human trafficking is quite common in Algeria, Smith McGregor analyzed several causes related to its increase. The most common causes are unemployment, government corruption, regional imbalances, political instability, armed conflicts and structured crimes. Clearly, most of these causes can only be controlled if the government at hand can come in. To begin with, the government should find it their duty to provide security to the public by disarming all the unauthorized persons.

For the government to succeed in providing security and peace in the society, proper leadership strategies should be implemented. It is essential to eradicate human trafficking in our country as it affects stability of social and economic sectors. In regions where human trafficking is highly witnessed, essential rife activities are not considered. A good example is low educational levels resulting to high levels of illiteracy. Human trafficking also results to low developmental growth since human labor in that specific country is unavailable.

When this happens, it becomes quite difficult to develop agricultural and manufacturing sectors. Human trafficking results to poor health in a society therefore it tends to be quite difficult for any developmental activities to be carried out effectively. The government and several other non governmental organizations have developed developmental theories to cope with human trafficking effects and besides eradicate it. Stating well defined international laws is one major theory developed by the government to reduce power extravagance.

The Algerian government has ensured that legal courts do not oversee crimes related to violation of human rights. A counsel has also been developed based on the country’s’ laws to cope with cases related to human trafficking. In conclusion, industrial revolution and human trafficking are the major developmental problems in Algeria and they are associated with most of the financial and social problems in the country. However, in the recent past the government has developed several developmental theories to eradicate the problems.

References

Russell Brown, Lester. Eco-Economy, James & James / Earthscan.ISBN 1-85383-904- (2005)

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789–1848, Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd. ISBN 0-349-10484-0

Hudson, Pat. The Industrial Revolution, Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-7131-6531-6 1998

Deane, Phyllis. The First Industrial Revolution, Cambridge University Press 1998