Obesity Essay Samples

Obesity Essay Samples

The Centers for Disease Control states that Obesity is a “complex health issue… that results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including individual factors such as behavior and genetics.” Obesity is additionally complex because most often it is not the only disease present in an overweight individual's diagnoses, but tends to be joined by others such as heart disease, diabetes, poorer mental health, stroke, and some types of cancer. Obesity can be classified as having a higher body mass than what is considered healthy, this is conventionally determined by calculating an individual's BMI or Body Mass Index. An individual is considered overweight with a BMI between 25-29.9, non-severely obese with a BMI between 30-35, or morbidly obese with a body mass index greater than 40. Obesity not only increases morbidity and mortality but also directly impacts an individual's quality of life.

Statistical impact on the Population

There is a stigma towards obesity within modern society. Logically one might think this stigma would help persuade healthier lifestyle choices, but that is notably not the case. Obesity prevalence worldwide has doubled since the 1980s. In 2016 obesity affected approximately 93.9 million US adults. That is more than 1 out of 3 adults in the US who were considered obese in 2016, and the rate has continued to increase. This growth correlates with many obesogenic societal changes such as an increased sedentary lifestyle brought on by the furthering of technology, as well as an increase in the convenience of processed foods with low nutritional value. Overall the data is unevenly distributed amongst races, with African American, and Mexican American populations impacted the most with obesity rates of 47%, and 46.8% respectfully. In recent years obesity has slowed its progression in developed countries but is still increasing.

Epidemiological Evidence

As a chronic disease, obesity has become one of the most common to plague the population. The American culture is one that inadvertently supports weight gain and in turn obesity through easy access to processed foods rather than nutritional options, sedentary lifestyles focused on desk work, screen-time watching television, and transportation rather than physical activity. Leisure-time sitting, as well as consuming high-calorie low nutrient foods is associated with weight gain and this “poor diet and physical inactivity are listed as the second most important actual cause of death”. Individuals who are raised with parents who form lifestyle habits that increase their likelihood of obesity are more likely to themselves become obese. Genetics do play a part in obesity, though that part is fairly inconsequential. As such, obesity is largely preventable with proper diet and activity and is believed to be directly related to a greater chronic disease burden. An individual who is obese is likely to face other chronic diseases or conditions simultaneously or as a consequence of being obese. These diseases and conditions include, “type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, heart disease, osteoarthritis, infertility, certain cancers, respiratory conditions, liver disease, gallstones, trauma treatment/survival, infection, psychological conditions, physical disability, early mortality, loss of productivity, and higher medical cost”. The best course of action for healthcare professionals is to strive for prevention and educate as well as assist in weight loss and maintenance for those who are obese.

Cost to Society in terms of Money

Based on the aforementioned medical risks that come with obesity, as well as the increased prevalence of obesity in the American population, it goes without saying medical costs have drastically increased. This has in turn led to an increase in dollars allocated for disability costs as well. In Clinical Guidelines On The Identification, Evaluation, And Treatment Of Overweight And Obesity In Adults, the panel states that there has been “alarm about the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States in recent years” and that it, “centers on the link between obesity and increased health risks.” The concern is justly applied, as the numbers in 1995 showed the total cost attributed to obesity at $99.2 billion, while in 2008 the same disease cost approximately $147 billion. These numbers paint a picture of a population that is sick and getting sicker.

Cost to Society in terms of Productivity

Aside from financial costs, there is a loss in productivity as well. The annual nationwide productive costs affiliated with those with obesity are between $3.38 billion and $6.38 billion. In regards to civic duty, obesity has caused a dire issue with US military recruitment. Data was collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys about individuals who were eligible for military service in 2007-2008. The data shows that 5.7 million men and 16.5 million women exceed the army’s enlistment standards for weight and body fat. Other important career paths are impacted by this as well such as first responders, as well as physically taxing positions in the labor force.

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We've found 412 essays on Obesity
Food Insecurity and Obesity What’s: The Connection?

Many people are surprised to find that food insecurity and obesity can co-exist in the same individual, family, or community. Yet the truth is that food insecurity can make people more vulnerable to hunger as well as obesity. The budget constraints that low-income households face …

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What Is Food Insecurity

Food insecurity is defined as “a household-level economic and social condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food’’ by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). The economic burden of the community can be increased by food insecurity because it can lead to serious health …

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What Are Eating Disorders? – Anorexia

Anorexia is an eating disorder described as having very low body weight, this happens because people with this disease are in constant fright of gaining weight. Having this disorder makes patients endlessly find ways to lose weight and lose calories, such as vomiting the food …

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Essay on Fit India Movement

“Fit India Movement” was launched by the Prime Minister, Sri Narendra Modi on Thursday, 29th August 2019 on the occasion of National Sports Day. It was launched at 10 A.M. amid a colourful ceremony at the Indira Gandhi Stadium complex in New Delhi. Events included …

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Using Ecersise to Combat Diabetes on Children

About 24 million people in the United States alone have Diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, there is no known cure for Diabetes, however treatment plans are available to combat the disease and exercise is seen as an essential component to maintain a healthy …

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The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food Essay Sample

Our upbringing and backgrounds dictate our choices to a bigger picture than we expect. Our culture and religious influences tell us, which foods are acceptable and the ones that are not, or even what foods we would eat traditionally on holidays. Throughout our lifetime you …

Junk FoodNutritionObesityScience
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Health Enhancing Behaviors and New Trends

Health is an indefinite perception. It is derived from a Greek word that means “whole” which is interpreted as “wholeness, being whole, sound or well.” This concept of wholeness is open to broad explanation that can be referred as the individual’s health as well as …

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Nutrition Guidance Assignment

Differences between primary and secondary research sources: A primary research source is a document that provides evidence of a specific event, object, or person. Such sources can include results of experiments, analytical data, legal documents, and even eyewitness accounts. A secondary research source is one …

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Are Healthy Eating Programmes Effective in schools?

Abstract A successful healthy eating programme which is introduced to children and families in education can have positive and pro-long effects, changing their attitudes and assumptions towards foods in the future (Moyse, 2009). The main objective regarding this study was to identify whether the government’s …

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Nutritional Assessment – Vital Component

Introduction Malnutrition and undernourishment pose a major healthcare problem in the care of hospitalized patients in different care units in developed countries. There are numerous studies in health care literature reporting frequent malnutrition of patients in acute hospitals on admission and deterioration of nutritional status …

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Health and Social Care Delivery

Introduction The Choosing Health (DoH 2004) new approach to public health backed by the public will deliver a sustained improvement to the health of the people of England. It will do so by responding to people’s concerns about their health with practical support on their …

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Contemporary issues in Forest Schools

Introduction This report explains the philosophy behind ‘Forest Schools’ and why it has been introduced in England and its relevance to the Early Years National Curriculum.It will outline the History and benefits of ‘Forest Schools’ in the Early Years; how it can address current crises …

ConfidenceContemporary IssuesCurriculumForestObesity
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The effectiveness of current healthy eating initiatives in primary schools.

Abstract The study set out to establish the effectiveness of current healthy eating initiatives in primary schools. In particular, the study aimed to evaluate, The perceptions of parents in regards to healthy eating initiatives currently being implemented at their child’s schools. The influence that parents …

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Medical study of type 2 diabetes in sub-saharan africa

Introduction In recent times there has been a surge in non-communicable diseases, especially Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This is an extra burden upon the healthcare systems, which already have to cope with the high prevalence of communicable diseases such as …

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Responsibility for Health

Abstract This essay will address the degree to which the viewpoint that health is ultimately the responsibility of the individual is correct and sound. It will touch on both sides of the argument highlighting that although health problems associated with poor lifestyle choices such as …

DiseaseObesityResponsibilityTax
Words 1217
Pages 5

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