Diabetes is a very common disease that can happen to anyone at any point in their life. The number of people who have been diagnosed with diabetes is still increasing in number to this day. It has been an epidemic over many different regions of the world.
Diabetes is the sickness that happens when the blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is very high. Blood glucose is the primary source your body uses for energy and we get it from the foods we consume. Insulin is the hormone created by the pancreas, that helps the glucose from the foods you eat get to the cells to be utilized for energy. Sometimes the human body does not get enough insulin or does not take insulin easily. So, then the glucose stays in the blood and does not get to the cells. If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes the body does not get insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed within kids and young adults, although it can appear at any stage of life. “Early diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes is essential using recommended hemoglobin A1c criteria for different types except for gestational diabetes” (Kharroubi, Darwish). Diabetes is better if caught at an earlier stage, this is because you can treat it before it gets too bad. Depending on your history, genetics, health factors and ethnicity. There is not one common cause for diabetes that relys on the person’s age and body type that fits everyone’s lifestyle. Type 1 diabetes is mainly caused by the body damaging the cells that make insulin in the pancreas. This leaves the body not being able to function normally because it does not have enough insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a bad diet, obesity, and mainly family history. There are many different symptoms of diabetes and they can all be different depending on the person. All the symptoms include frequent urination, extreme thirst, increased appetite, unexplained weight loss and fatigue. The FDRF states, “the signs of diabetes can begin to show early, sometimes it takes a person a while to recognize the symptoms. This often makes it seem like signs and symptoms of diabetes appear suddenly” (FDRF). This is why it is always important to pay attention to your body and realize what it is trying to tell you, because the earlier you can find our you have diabetes the better.
While a woman is pregnant, they can develop gestational diabetes. This is when their blood sugar degrees are higher, they develop different symptoms of diabetes. If gestational diabetes goes untreated it can cause problems the baby and the mother. Some women have to take insulin when their diet and exercise do not help. The BDRC says, “Blood sugar levels usually return to normal after the baby is born. But women with gestational diabetes should be monitored Gestational Diabetes because they are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes 5-10 years after delivery” (BDRC). The birth defect research for children states “Pregnancy hormones block insulin from controlling blood sugar. As the pregnancy continues, the blood sugar over-nourishes the baby resulting in excess growth and other problems” (BDRC). When a woman is pregnant their liver has to work overtime to manage their blood or insulin levels in both the mother and the baby’s liver. Even the healthiest of women can get gestational diabetes.
Obesity or Adiposity is a major contributor to the rise of cases in both children and adults who suffer from Diabetes, with studies showing that about 26 percent of adults and 20 percent of children who have it, have a higher than average BMI. People can have a higher than average BMI and still have normal insulin secretion. With time, however, their bodies can change with less physical activity, thus gaining more weight and can develop and immunity – per se, to the insulin their body is producing. For example: If a person gains weight while also decreasing their amount of physical activity, they may develop hypoglycemia, a precursor for Diabetes. While BMI does directly relate to Diabetes, weight distribution is also a factor. People who tend to gain more weight in the abdominal region are more prone to diabetes and other risk factors. There are ways to avoid obesity, which lessens the risk of diabetes such as; controlling portion size, not consuming as many carbs or sugary beverages, and eating smaller meals, more frequently throughout the day.
How can your lifestyle be important in the prevention of obesity in relation to Diabetes? Bodyweight is directly related to your energy intake. Energy intake is based on three components – physical activity, resting energy, and thermogenesis. Thermogenesis is how the body digests and prosses food. These are all connected and vary day today. Having a good balance of the three can result in not becoming obese and thus there is a lower risk of a person contracting Diabetes. Basically, if you eat a healthy diet and exercise it will decrease the risk of obesity, which lessens the risk of Diabetes.
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