Paterson Job Grading System

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2023
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What Is the Paterson Job Grading System?

The Paterson grading system is used to evaluate aspects of jobs. The Paterson grading system is an analytical method of job evaluation, used predominantly in South Africa. It analyzes decision-making in job task performance or job descriptions, and sorts jobs into six groups that are graded and grouped into two to three sub-grades--such as stress factors, individual tolerance, length of job and number of job responsibilities--that correspond to organizational levels. The six grades, also called bands, define pay scales.


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According to "Classification of Jobs into Levels of Work: Four Reliability Studies," at the University of Zimbabwe, the Paterson system places job decision-making into six groups or bands--policy making, programming, interpretive, routine, automatic and defined. These groups correspond to the following organizational levels--top management, senior management, middle management, junior management and skilled positions, semi-skilled positions and unskilled positions.


Comprised of grades A through F, Paterson's grading system is listed below with an explanation of the corresponding graded decision making.

An upper grade reflects a job requiring coordination or supervision, and a lower grade reflects non-coordinating jobs.

  1. Prescribed or defined decisions. Jobs are performed with limited training for grade A, and employees, such as unskilled workers, decide when and how fast to execute tasks.
  2. Automatic or operative decisions B, upper - Coordinating, automatic decisions. Theory or systems knowledge for grade B is not required, though employees, such as semi-skilled workers, can decide where and when to perform operations.
  3. Routine decisions. C, upper - Coordinating, routine decisions Theory and/or systems knowledge for grade C is required, and employees, such as skilled workers or supervisory personnel, decide what has to be done - through knowledge and experience - for deterministic outcomes .
  4. Interpretive decisions D, upper - Coordinating, interpretive decisions Grade D involves middle management's ability to optimize resources through decision-making about processes and procedures with planning programs or budgets one year ahead.
  5. Programming decisions E, upper - Coordinating, programming decisions. Grade E consists of senior management's cross-functional coordination -coordinating many departments - and strategic policy decisions made by top management, with plans made five years in advance.
  6. Policy decisions F, upper - Coordinating, policy decisions Grade F consists of top management, such as a board or CEO who manages organizational scope and goals.

Comparison to Castellion's Grading System

Paterson's grading system is more reliable than Castellion's grading system, based on a reliability study at the University of Zimbabwe.

Related Questions

on Paterson Job Grading System

What are the Paterson job evaluation factors?
The Paterson job evaluation system is based on four factors: skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. Skill is based on the knowledge, experience, and qualifications required to perform the job. Effort is based on the physical and mental effort required to perform the job. Responsibility is based on the degree of accountability and decision-making required to perform the job. Working conditions are based on the physical and environmental conditions of the job.
What are the job grading systems in South Africa?
In South Africa, job grading systems are typically based on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). This system is used to evaluate the qualifications and experience of employees and assign them to a specific job grade. Job grades are typically assigned to a range of salaries, with higher grades typically associated with higher salaries.
What is the meaning of job grading?
Job grading is a system used to evaluate and classify jobs according to their relative worth. It is used to determine the salary range for each job and to ensure that employees are paid fairly for their work. Job grading also helps employers to compare jobs across different departments and organizations.
What is castellion grading system?
The Castellion Grading System is a system of grading used in some schools and universities that assigns letter grades based on a student's performance in a course. It assigns grades from A+ to F, with A+ being the highest grade and F being the lowest. The system also assigns numerical values to each letter grade, with A+ being the highest at 4.0 and F being the lowest at 0.0.

Cite this Page

Paterson Job Grading System. (2018, Aug 14). Retrieved from

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