The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues debate in biology. On one side, some people argue that nature has a greater influence than nurture because your genes determine so much of who you are before you are born - whether you are male or female, the color of your eyes, or whether you will be taller or shorter. These things, they argue, are largely unable to be changed. On the other hand, some believe that nurture has a greater influence than nurture because it is our environment that affects our experiences, which then shape our choices and determine our future in the end. Although the reality is that both nature and nurture work together to shape human existence, I think nurture has a greater impact on human existence overall because a person’s genes do not ultimately condemn someone to a certain future.
People are able to work hard in order to achieve their dreams despite what their genes predispose them to. For example, in the movie Gattaca, even though Vincent Freeman is born without the help of genetic selection, he is still able to accomplish his dreams. As a child, Vincent always loses a swimming game to his little brother Anton who is born with the help of genetic selection, but this pushes him to work even harder than those who are genetically altered. In the end, his experiences have a greater influence on him to work harder than anyone else, and he is still able to achieve his dream of becoming an astronaut in a world of genetically altered people. At one point in the movie, Vincent even wins Anton in the swimming game they played before and even saves Anton from drowning. Vincent’s example in Gattaca shows that even though someone’s genes can predispose people to certain outcomes, people’s experiences in their environments ultimately push them to go one way or another when it comes to making choices that determine their futures.
Also, in our technologically advanced society, people can be genetically predisposed to certain addictions or diseases, but nature no longer has to be a death sentence. People can do genetic testing and make choices to prevent succumbing to addiction or even receiving a cancer diagnosis. For example, in 2013 Angelina Jolie had a double mastectomy after finding out that she had the BRCA1 gene that put her at a higher risk for breast cancer. According to Cancer Research UK, “About 1 in 20 people diagnosed with breast cancer every year carries an inherited gene fault like BRCA1” (Henry Scowcroft, Cancer Research UK). This means that one in twenty women now have the option of doing early genetic testing to find out whether they carry this gene that puts them at higher risk of developing breast cancer. With this knowledge at their disposal, they can then take the necessary steps to prevent the disease, such as having an elective double mastectomy. We have enough technology in our society for people to know what their genetic risks are, and overcome them through environmental means. In years past, perhaps nature would have had the final say, but in our world today, nurture could have the last word.
If we have technology that will make it easy to look at our genome, this poses another question. Should a person’s genome be public knowledge? On one hand, some people will think that making this public information can simply provide more knowledge about people, similar to their resume. But on the other hand, if someone has certain genetic disorders, this can lead to discrimination. I think a person’s genome should not be public knowledge because seeing someone’s genome will put them at risk of job discrimination. Also, seeing someone’s genome would put them at risk of health discrimination. If someone has a gene that increases his or her probability of getting certain diseases in the future, then insurance companies can deny them medical insurance based on this risk even though there is no way of being absolutely certain that a person would get these diseases until they have them.
The Forever Debate Christine Nerren South University Online Outline: I. Nature: Definition: The traits we are born with through heredity from both of our parents. a. Appearance -eye color -hair color -skin tone -freckles or no freckles b. How we laugh c. Some personality traits …Read more
NATURE NURTURE l. Human development Is based in 2 assumptions A. Having the capacity to become a member of human society B. Becoming a social being through Interaction II. Nature and Nurture A. Nature biological factors implies the contribution of heredity to the human being …Read more
Running Head : NATURE VERSUS NURTURE ? Nature versus Nurture (Name (University (Professor (Course /Subject )? Nature versus Nurture ? Before psychology and sociology have dealt on the behaviour of man , the ? dominant view concerning human behaviour was centered on the theory ? …Read more
The nature versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate centers on the relative contributions ofgenetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development. Some philosophers such as Plato and Descartes suggested that certain things are inborn, or that they simply occur naturally regardless …Read more
HOMOSEXUALITY: NATURE VERSUS NURTURE Nature; all things belong to Mother Nature; the trees, the flowers, insects, the great waters, animals, and even the human race; all following the laws of nature that we are instinctively born with. However somewhere along the line something or someone …Read more
Nature Vs. Nurture For centuries psychologists have argued over which plays the larger role in child development, heredity or environment. One of the first theories was proposed in the seventeenth century by the British philosopher John Locke. Locke believed that a child was born with …Read more
Briefly summarize the approaches to the nature and nurture controversy. Provide two examples of nature and two examples of nurture and explain their influence on your own development. Evaluate the impact of each and explain which you believe had more of an impact and why. …Read more
I think the flaw lies behind assuming that any one particular behavior is solely responsible or due to genetics. Genetics do play huge role in affecting one directly such as their responses to an issue or situation that may occur. Aggressiveness, patience, empathy or sympathy. …Read more
FINAL PAPER: NATURE VS. NURTURE Bradley Duckworth 3/9/12 My thoughts on Nature vs. Nurture are very different from the secular world because the secular world doesn’t understand how a relationship with Jesus Christ can completely change a person. I believe my wife is a perfect …Read more
Each person is unique and a person of worth under his/her own right. This statement defines who a person is, one s endowed with the faculties to exist and be a contributing member of society. However, how a person develops certain characteristics and traits have …Read more