Comparing the Passive Ventilation Style of Modern and Traditional Malay Houses

Comparing the Passive Ventilation Style of Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort With the Common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia.

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Abstract ………………………………………………………………………………..… 1

  1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………… … .2
  2. An Overview of the Modern Malay House in Belum

Rainforest Resort, Perak, Malaysia … … …………..…………….…….…4

  1. What are the Comparison of Passive Ventilation

on the Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort

with Common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia? ……………….……5

  1. How does the Passive Ventilation System Works for

Modern Malay house in Malaysia and Common

Traditional Malay House in Malaysia? ……………………….………… …

  1. How does the orientation of the edifice affect the passive

Ventilation? … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..

  1. Conclusion ……… .
  2. Appendix
  3. Referrences

Abstraction

The aims of the research is to compare the inactive airing manner of Modern Malay

House in Belum Rainforest Resort with the common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia.The

research inquiries are what are the comparing of inactive airing in Modern Malay House

in Belum with the common Traditional Malay House. Second, how does the orientation of

edifice affect the inactive airing. Finally, How does the the inactive airing system

plants for Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort and Common Traditional Malay

House in Malaysiaaˆ‹These are the list of methodological analysis that being used to assist my research. Locate

observation at Belum Rainforest Resort, cyberspace research, articles and books. My analysis of

methodological analysis is by analyzing and comparing the inside informations of these two houses that are related to

the inactive airing. The consequence is one found that Modern Malay House in Belum is deficiency of

inside informations that contribute to passive airing system. Common Traditional Malay house is still

the best since it gives spotlight more on the inactive airing.In a nutshell, house that focal point

more on the inactive airing are much better since it cut down the humidness and produces a

good thermal comfort in a edifice. In future, one hope that people will plan edifices that

dressed ore more on the inactive airing instead than design.

1.0 – Introduction

What is Architecture? The definition of Architecture is the art or pattern of planing and

building edifices. Architects are the 1 who runs the universe. They create an enjoyment

narrative in every edifice that they design so that the universe would non be every bit deadening as it is. When it

comes to architecture universe it is ace broad and it consist of many different manners and

techniques. Every state have their ain manners of planing to show their state ‘s

singularity. One of the best design in the universe is the edifice that meet the demand and pretty

much response to the clime. Besides, It needs to cognize about the microclimates and the clime

zone, know the basic physiology of human thermic comfort, cut down the tonss and enhance

ocular comfort by commanding the Sun. Thermal mass are used to better the comfort efficiency

and to pick a space-conditioning schemes that are climatic responsive. Common architecture

is one of the architecture manner that take earnestly on all of this standards when planing a edifice..

Common Architecture is being refer as a traditional edifices that are designed to run into

the local clime and civilization. They design with utilizing a deep apprehension together with a

regard towards the nature. Common architecture can be called as a sustainable architecture

every bit good since it are besides built to prolong the environment without destructing it. Common

architecture tends to germinate clip after clip to reflect the technological, reflect the historical

context in which it exist, reflect the cultural and besides reflect the environment. This manner of

architecture used the local resources and available energy and stuffs, so it can mention

consequently to the clime, site and civilization. The most common basic map in slang

architecture is to screen and protect from the conditions conditions.

Passive chilling system can non be separate from the common architecture as they are

greatly related together. Passive chilling is a edifice design attack that targets on the heat

addition control and heat dissipation in a edifice in order to better the indoor thermic comfort

with lower or zero energy use. A good orientation of a edifice, proper design layout and

system used in a edifice will let the inactive airing system be in the edifice.Ventilation

is the chief standards in inactive chilling system as it is the 1 that move the air from exterior

edifice to the interior so that it can better the thermic comfort of a edifice. And my instance

survey is to compare the inactive airing of Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort,

Perak with a common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia.

2.0 – An Overview of the Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort, Perak, Malaysia

As stated on Malaysia’s online web site, Malaysia is a state that being classified as

a state that have a hot clime and humid tropical clime with all months above 18 grade

Celcius. Belum Rainforest Resort is the topographic point which I picked for my instance survey. Belum

Rainforest Resort is located on the northern portion of Malaysia and merely below the boundary of the

other state which is Thailand. Belum Rainforest Resort is located in the center of

jungle which is surrounded by the H2O component from the Lake of Banding or Tasik Banding.

This make the topographic point a great become as a great topographic point for the inactive chilling design.

12.JPG

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //lensahijau.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-establishment-of-air-house-standard_18.html

The Malay House in Belum was design to be modern but yet still keeping the basic

component of Traditional Malay House. The exposure below is one of the Modern Malay House in

Belum Rainforest Resort.

Picture1.jpg

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.maplandia.com/malaysia/perak/gerik/hotels/belum-rainforest-resort/

The similarity of this modern Malay house with the traditional Malay house in Malaysia is they

used wholly 100 per cent wood as the chief stuff for building.

3.0– What are the Comparison of Passive Ventilation on the Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort with Common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia?

A traditional Malay House produce the airing by using many of full length

Windowss and doors at the organic structure degree. ( Yuan, 1987: 76 ) . Hassan and Ramli ( 2010 )

conclude that Huge gaps on Malay house walls produce high air consumptions outside to

take downing the public presentation of stack consequence. The below diagram stated clearly that, most of the

outdoor and indoor temperatures were higher than 28 degree Celcius with the humidness degree

in the house is higher than 60 per cent and the air current velocity in Malay house flow in about 0.3

m / s to 3.4 m / s.

17.JPG

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //lensahijau.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-establishment-of-air-house- standard_18.html

There are several comparing that can be found in Modern Malay House in Belum

Rainforest Resort. The Modern Malay House in Belum were design utilizing a lumber

building. Most of the lumber building are non solid if to compare to a concrete

building due to being build piece by piece. Since it is build piece by piece so it will

hold a little spreads between a piece and a piece of wood.This little spreads is one of the

scheme in inactive chilling system. The map of the little spreads is to let the motion

of air into the house so that it could air out and automatically better the indoor

environmental quality. Most of the traditional Malay house have this thing but if to compare

to the modern side of Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort, it does non hold this thing, It

does non hold little spreads on the wall and floor, the little spreads merely can be seen on the

outside of the house which is on the balcony’s floor.This is non good since it blocks the air

from come ining into the house. The alone thing about the Malay house is that it is built on

piles. This attack in many ways has several benefits from a thermal, functional and safety

point of position. The raised floor, which is built higher than the land, can catch air currents of a

higher speed ( Yuan, 1987: 71 ) , and the usage of lumber boards for the floor, which have

spreads between them, can convey the air into the interior infinite.

IMG_2101.JPGC:UserspersonalDesktopNew

The Balcony country that contain little spreads for air airing intent.

10424067_10152855148182306_1638627064_o.jpgIMG_2030.JPG

The interior side of the edifice which does non incorporate any floor spreads and wall spreads.

Other than that, during my site observation I found that there is no airing through

roof articulation that can be found in the house. This airing through roof articulation besides contribute

in Passive Cooling Design. It makes the house produce a big motion of air into the

edifice through the roof articulation. Traditional Malay House truly concentrate on the gap so that

they can hold a good thermal comfort without bring forthing energy that we do non necessitate such as

electricity. Besides, without opening through the roof articulation the stack airing system will

evidently non go on.

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/--ZuYkjNfQ7M/UIC1ObuHIcI/AAAAAAAAFcM/w0AyuPDDqOM/s1600/18.JPG

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //lensahijau.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-establishment-of-air-house-standard_18.html

  1. – How does the Passive

Ventilation

System Works for Modern Malay

house in Malaysia and Common

Traditional Malay House in

Malaya?

Capture.GIF

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.belumresort.com/acco_kampung_house.html

The floor program above shows the floor program of the Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest

Resort.

Capturegg.JPG

Common Traditional Malay House Floor Plan

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.academia.edu/2377416/Chapter_2_Malaysian_Vernacular_Architecture_and_Its_Relationship_to_Climate

Both Modern Malay House and Traditional Malay House are indiscriminately arranged. This is

to guarantee that the air current speed in the houses in the latter way of the air current will non

well being reduced. Stack airing is the flow of air from outside which enter into the

edifice and goes out from the upper side of a the edifice.Stack airing usage different

temperature to travel the air. Hot air additions due to the lower force per unit area occur.It is sometimes

being called as a perkiness airing. The below diagram shows how the stack airing

fundamentally works.

solar_chimney_-_swl.jpg

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //sustainabilityworkshop.autodesk.com/buildings/stack-ventilation-and-bernoullis-principle

Stack airing is one of the alone airing system that happen in a traditional Malay

house. Based on my observation on the modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort, I

found that there is no stack airing happens on this house since there is no gap through

the roof articulation for the air to travel out. The other job is this house does lifted up a spot by the

pile but the other job is that there is no floor spreads for the air to come in from below. This

modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort does non hold the stack airing consequence

comparison to the original traditional Malay house. The traditional Malay house use the stack

airing consequence to chill the interior side of the house. Stack airing makes the motion of

the air flow and enter from the gap on the downside and the side of the house. Then the air

easy transportation to the upper side of the house and goes out through the gaps on the roof

articulation.

rumahm1.jpg

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //malay101.blogspot.com/2012/08/malay-architecture.html

Even the modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort does non utilize the stack

airing system, they use the other system of airing which is the cross airing system

. Cross airing system is obtain when there is Windowss on the both sides of the room. This

caused the air to flux across the infinite. Since the air current comes the most on the side of the

edifice, Openings on the sideway truly helps the modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest

Resort to give a better thermic comfort. The cross airing system is good since it cut downing

the energy ingestion in a edifice. The below diagram shows the cross airing system

that happens on modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort.

The pointers on the diagram above shows the air motion that flows into the house.

Other than that, the unplanned agreement of the Traditional Malay House is truly

of import as it gives part in cut downing the hazard of the strong air currents. ( Hanafi, 1994 ) .

Colonies that are along the coastal countries experience great air current velocity than the inland

faiths. ( Hanafi, 1994 ) Traditional Malay House are normally detached and it dispersed the

units with ample external infinite. This is to let the fresh air circulation occurs in the edifice. (

Hanafi, 1994 ) .

14-7ceabad18d.jpg

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.academia.edu/2377416/Chapter_2_Malaysian_Vernacular_Architecture_and_Its_Relationship_to_Climate

Capture.JPG

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.google.com.my/maps/ @ 5.5428286,101.341145,187m/data= ! 3m1! 1e3

Photo above is the unsmooth agreement of modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest

Resort.The agreement are based on the additive construct and which it is using the same

construct as the traditional Malay house in Malaysia.

  1. – How does the orientation of the

edifice affect the passive

airing?

Building orientation are truly of import in Malay traditional house. For spiritual

grounds, most traditional Malay houses are oriented to confront Mecca ( east – west way ) ,

which indirectly minimizes the country of open walls to direct solar radiation during theday

( Yuan, 2011 ) . The edifice orientation besides does assist in supplying good Sun shading, and

besides a good airing system. Normally, the Malay Kampong House will be orientate

harmonizing to the east – west orientation. This orientation map as allowing you to tackle

the daytime and take control of the blaze along the long facade of the edifice. It will cut down

the blaze from the puting Sun or even from the lifting Sun. One more ground on why east –

west orientation is the best orientation is because of it ensures the edifice to acquire a better

thermic comfort. The exposure below show that the non so accurate air current diagram that being

taken from the windfinder.com.

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Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.windfinder.com/windstatistics/butterworth

Based on my research survey I found that most of the air current comes from the Northwest and

Northeast side.There is least air comes from the northern and the southern side. This

orientation system works reasonably good since the modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort

are orientated utilizing the east west orientation. The window on the modern Malay house in

Belum Rainforest Resort that located on the side of the house is openable so this can do the

air current to flux into the edifice and circulate in good manner. The below exposure shows the orientation

of the modern Malay house in Belum Rainforest Resort.

Capture.JPG

Extracted from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.google.com.my/maps/ @ 5.5428286,101.341145,187m/data= ! 3m1! 1e3

Building that are surrounded by the H2O component are good for inactive chilling design.

What I found is Belum Rainforest Resort is surrounded by a large lake which is the Tasik Banding

. This Tasik banding contribute reasonably good in doing the house ice chest and accomplish the correct

criterion of thermic comfort. The air current which flow from the Northwest side brings the cool air

from the lake and straight enter the edifice.

  1. – Decision

In a nutshell, Malaysia is a state that are meant to be as a hot clime

state with a high humidness degree. Houses in Malaysia that will be design or already

been designed by people need to follow the Malaysia ‘ s clime to accomplish a good

thermic comfort. Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort are deficiency of the

original characteristics that suppose to hold in every Traditional Malay House. Peoples that

design the Malay house in Belum are non concentrating on the characteristics any longer, in

fact they are more in footings of making a new edifice with utilizing a different manner to

accomplish the thermic comfort.The house might look like a Malay traditional house

when you look it from the farthest distance, but it is wholly different when you come

closer and survey about the inside informations of the house. Modern Malay House in Belum are

deficiency in footings of inactive airing part. The house reasonably much does non

use the basic elements of a traditional Malay house which is to hold the wall spreads

and little spreads between the lumber for the air to travel into the edifice. This is such

a waste since this little characteristics is really truly do the edifice to accomplish a really

good environmental indoor quality. The airing through the roof articulation besides is a

good thing when it comes to show the stack airing system. Since traditional

Malay house don’t use the electricity more frequently than a normal edifice, this stack

airing truly works in every traditional Malay house because it cut down the energy

ingestion and automatically cut down the life cost. Besides, stack airing

makes the traditional Malay house to acquire a maximal airing from about every

side of the house which the air current are fundamentally come from the underside, center and

even from the upper side of the house. Other than that, the layout agreement in

Malay house will lend in doing the topographic point go more comfy. Layout

agreement is one of the standards in common architecture, this layout agreement

will lend on the flow of the air current. Last but non least it is of import every bit good to

orientate the edifice in a proper way. The proper edifice orientation will do

the edifice to have a good Sun shadowing device, better air airing system so

that the edifice would non be hotter on the interior.

Appendix

Referrences

Referrences

ARC 2213/2234 Asiatic Architecture 1