Theory

Introduction Subjectivity is the starting point of Hegel’s statement. His lectures on aesthetics give the significance of art within his philosophy while the German period of romanticism is being explained and critiqued. Recent theorists such as Theodor Adorno, Paul Guyer and Arthur Danto based their …

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Introduction Social theory has developed from a classical approach to a more modern sociological approach, characterised by a rise of functionalism and the introduction of interpretive sociology. Swingewood (2000) states that “the heart of sociological thought is.. to redefine concepts and to rediscover them” (Swingewood, …

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION In European society, resources, opportunities, and rewards continue to be allocated unevenly by race, and a substantial body of sociological research has endeavoured to explain these disparities. The current discourse on racial inequality is generally dominated by work located at the macro …

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INTRODUCTION: The objective of this paper is to better understand one of the key concepts of real exchange rate determination and building blocks of macroeconomic model, ppp. The main reason to focus on this topic is due to the fact that most of the large …

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Introduction This essay will explore the following aims; it will determine what is meant by midlife; identify some of the issues associated with the concept of midlife, evaluating evidence for and against some of the claims associated with this concept and finally it aims to …

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Abstract Economists have long been concerned with the extraction of natural resources. This paper presents an evaluation or analysis of Harold Hotelling’s theory that asserts that the most socially and economically profitable extraction track of a non-renewable resource is one along which the price of …

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Introduction When looking at achieving political and economic stability through state building, it can be seen that this underlying concept of building the state and the institutions within it is the central theoretical issue for determining how Libya can gain success by largely focusing on …

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Introduction International trade is not a novel phenomenon. For centuries, traders and merchants have wandered across national and regional boundaries to conduct international trade. However, it has never been conducted with such an enormity or with such an impact on national economies, firms and individuals, …

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Introduction It will forever be seen as the moment when the sun set on the Murdoch empire and when democracy in Britain, at the eleventh hour, avoided committing suicide and stood proudly again. The sight of the House of Commons unanimously rejecting Rupert Murdoch and …

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ABSTRACT The study of multinationals has received much attention in literature. Certainly, it has become a subject of controversy among the scholars. On the one hand, some researchers including Reeb & Mansi (2001), Chkir & Cosset (1999) and Chen et al. (1997) point out to …

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Describe and evaluate one neurobiological and one psychological theory of the function of dreaming The first neurobiological theory I will look at is the activation-synthesis theory. These theory sees dreams as activation in the brain in the areas to do with perception, action and emotion …

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Abstract The essay looks at Beck’s theory of the ‘risk society’, the idea that modern society is distinctly different from previous ages in the nature of risk, and attitudes to it. The theory also involves the idea that scepticism towards scientific reasoning and knowledge is …

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Introduction Following the impact of the global financial crisis, which nearly shattered the world economy, the ideas of transparency, sustainability, resiliency and accountability have increasingly been associated with the restructuring of the international financial system (Runnalls, 2011; Newell, 2008). Along with this, the issue of …

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Abstract It is vital that all individuals are afforded sufficient protection of their human rights under the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). However, much difficulty occurs when such rights are being protected at the expense of national security. Accordingly, whilst it is felt that …

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Introduction The onset of globalisation gave rise to the internationalisation of the productive forces of the world’s economy due to technological advancement and the invention of new digital technologies (Friedman, 2005: 45). This work analyses the range of factors that depict the new media as …

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Abstract The theory of perfect competition is a theoretical structure of market that is principally used as the benchmark against which some other real-life structures of markets are measured. Several economists have argued that the theory is not perfect itself and cannot exist or be …

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Introduction The term “animism” was coined by the anthropologist E.B. Tylor (1832–1917).[1] It considers religion as a belief in spiritual beings.[2] According to Tylor, religious belief came from the primordial culture of attributing life and a soul, or spirit to inanimate objects like rivers, mountains …

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Abstract Economists have long been concerned with the extraction of natural resources. This paper presents an evaluation or analysis of Harold Hotelling’s theory that asserts that the most socially and economically profitable extraction track of a non-renewable resource is one along which the price of …

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Introduction The third wave of Feminism today recognizes that women are of many ethnicities, colors, nationalities, religions and cultural backgrounds and that any feminist movement must take into consideration the plight of women everywhere. This essay takes into consideration a very important problem of today-Forced …

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ABSTRACT International relations (IR) has traditionally been a field dominated by classical realism (or neorealism) in which states are considered to be the chief actors on the international stage, which is an ‘anarchic’ system where no organizations, institutions or supra-national entities are able to control …

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Abstract The past few decades have seen a plethora of research studies exploring on the emergence and transformation of the public sphere (Benson 2009). Most of these works have been influenced and guided by the work of Jurgen Habermas, particularly his concept of the bourgeois …

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D1. There are two issues related to work motivation in the sample case study. The first is that the focus of the case study concentrates on ‘what’ motivates workers, by providing samples of end goals as tools of motivation. The second issue that is apparent …

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Background “Theory of mind” (ToM) is the ability to reason other people’s beliefs, intentions and desires (Baron-Cohen et al., 1985). Over the last two decades, there has been considerable developmental research into ToM using the “false-belief task” (e.g. Baron-Cohen et al., 1985, Wellman et al., …

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Composed 1788 O Viridissima Virga by Hildegard von Bingen One of the most famous pieces during the medieval period was “O Viridissima Virga”, which was composed by Hildegard von Bingen during ca 1140 – 1179. The purpose of this heavenly chant was to give praise …

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Theory and its Impact on the Field of International Business Alan M. Rugman and Alain Verbeke Abstract Internalization theory explains the existence and functioning of the multinational enterprise. It contributes to understanding the boundaries of the MNE, its interface with the external environment and its …

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Overview of Porter’s theoretical perspective The theory of Porter is a study which works as a tradition that is related to the neo-classical economics with the nature of self adjusting nature of markets. The theory of Porter places innovation and industrialisation of geographic which is …

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Introduction The role and importance of ‘differentiation’ and ‘specialization’ in Parsons’ theory of the evolution of ‘modern society’ will be outlined and discussed in this assignment. An overview of Parsons theory of social evolution will first be provided in order to determine how Parsons views …

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Introduction In its broadest sense, ‘social work is about helping people in society’ (Evans & Hardy 2010, p.1). However, the kind and level of service provided by social workers is complex, varied, and encompasses a wide range of areas. According to the International Association of …

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Language is closely related to the human mind. The human mind, however, is very difficult to study, as it cannot be observed directly. But it leaves its traces everywhere, particularly in language. Language has been a window of the mind. Many people have tried to …

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9/11 Truth (By Kevin Ryanh) “Evidence for Informed Trading on the attacks of September 11th” 9/11 in context. 26 Nov. 2010. <http://www. 911truth. org/> This site provided basic information about the 9/11 attack and provides a radio link to tune in and hear what the …

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Should the husband break into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife? The husband should not break into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife because based on Kohlberg’s stage one of obedience he should not steal the medicine because he …

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Define and illustrate (i. e. , give examples of) agenda-setting theory. How might a president try to use the media’s presumed agenda-setting powers near election time? In other words, might it behoove a president to take (or threaten to take) certain highly dramatic actions-especially concerning …

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Communication Accommodation Theory (CAT) states that people adjust their communication to others due to various reasons: seek for listener’s approval, maintain positive social identity and wanting to achieve communication efficiency. According to Giles, people accommodate their speeches and behaviors more to the people they found …

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In cosmology, the Steady State theory (also known as the Infinite Universe theory or continuous creation) is a model developed in 1948 by Fred Hoyle, Thomas Gold, Hermann Bondi and others as an alternative to the Big Bang theory (known, usually, as the standard cosmological …

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Abstract Syria represents an interesting opportunity for International Relations because of the nature of the conflict representing two conflicting ideologies, namely realism and revolutionism. The need for intervention by the international community is clear, with peace negotiations consistently failing. This paper investigates the nature of …

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What is the social administrative tradition? Social administration developed when the welfare state was undergoing a period of growth, when there was a high level of optimism about its potential achievements and a high degree of consensus about the fundamentals such as Education, the National …

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Introduction The benefits gained from regional integration are widely documented in literature and have been known since the time of classical economists (Oslington, 2013). Regional integration has become the subject of great interest due to the perceived benefits of preferential trade arrangements such as customs …

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Abstract This paper provides information on specific ideas embedded in single index model/construction of optimal portfolios compared to the classic Markowitz model. Important arguments are presented regarding the validity of these two models. The researcher utilises SPSS analysis to demonstrate important research findings. This type …

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The product life cycle theory is used to comprehend and analyze various maturity stages of products and industries. Product innovation and diffusion influence long-term patterns of international trade. This term product life cycle was used for the first time in 1965, by Theodore Levitt in …

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Abstract This essay evaluates case study 3B through the perspective of behaviourism as identified by Skinner et al (1948). The subject in 3B is named Jethro, who is exhibiting signs of disruptive behaviour in school. His actions are analysed from the view of the Behaviourists, …

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Introduction Numerous studies have been conducted analysing the role of motivation in enhancing performance of an individual, organization, or a practice (Outgunned, 2012; Zbylut et al., 2007; Dadabhay, 2011). The term motivation is in most cases used when suggesting that failure or success in any …

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Abstract This research presents how the push-pull model of migration has been deflated by developments in migration theory.It discusses the concept of feminisation as a major trend in contemporary migration, caused by the dynamics of corporate globalisation. Diaspora and transnationalism are described as ‘two dance …

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In the twentieth century, Sigmund Freud, had been labeled as the father of psychoanalysis. Working with many great theorists in his lifetime, they helped him expand his thinking too create many theories of his own, one in particular, the psychoanalytic theory. Even though many theorists …

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Ritter explained. the bigger loss, of course, is the future value of the money, according to the financial analysts. “if you left the $10,000 in for 20 years and it earned 8 percent, that would have amounted to $46,600,” Ritter noted. Ritter said that taking …

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Introduction This essay will explain and assess Moral Foundations Theory (MFT), which was originally developed by Haidt, and which he has since worked on with a number of collaborators. The first part of this essay will outline the philosophical background of the theory, especially its …

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Theories in sociology provide us with different perspectives with which to view our social world. A perspective is simply a way of looking at the world. A theory is a set of interrelated propositions or principles designed to answer a question or explain a particular …

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Introduction The paper to be reviewed is an investigation by Duncan, Forbes-McKay and Henderson (2012) into the application of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB, Ajzen, 1988, 1991) and its effectiveness in predicting intention to carry out health related behaviours. The TPB is a social …

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“Theory,” Jacob read.”Can I ask just one more?” she entreated instead of answering my demand. “No… I said it was my turn,” Jacob said, laughing. Bella rolled her eyes. “But seriously, don’t let her ask another question,” Jacob said. “I want to know what she’s …

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9. THEORY”Can I ask just one more?” I pleaded as Edward accelerated much too quickly down the quiet street. He didn’t seem to be paying any attention to the road. He sighed. “One,” he agreed. His lips pressed together into a cautious line. “Well… you …

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A Discourse Theory of Citizenship This article discusses the concept of citizenship and how citizenship as a form of public engagement is crucial to democracy as a whole. The author, Robert Asen, presents a new view that citizenship is a dynamic mode of public engagement. …

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