Through the years, technology has made significant advancements and contributions to the world, and one of which is biotechnology. Biotechnology is the utilization of the living systems and organisms to develop various products intended for the improvement of human life (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2018).
It is a science-based technology wherein modification in genetics is being made particularly in DNA which carries genetic information that provides code in the making of protein and every cell of the body.
Because of this discovery, amelioration of food quality, quantity, and processing were made, resulting to the flourishment of the agricultural economy. This is referred as green biotechnology wherein the agricultural sector was able to develop nutritional qualities, taste, and appearance of the food from crop yields and plants without the risk of diseases, insects, and adverse conditions (Chawla, 2000).
This innovation would aid the world to feed the growing population, at the same time, it provides the essential nutrients needed by the body. Moreover, this has also contributed to the prosperity of the agricultural sector because of the design of transgenic plants to be able to grow under adverse environmental conditions. However, the introduction of this genetic alteration may also lead to negative impacts such as imbalance to the ecosystem that may eventually lead to the decrease of biodiversity (Suico, 2018)
Furthermore, it has also provided essential contribution in the industrial sector. It has led to the development of a pollution prevention, resource conservation, and cost reduction way of manufacturing products (Maraganore, 2018). Enzymatic systems of living organisms are being utilized for the sake of producing industrial goods that would substitute detrimental and polluting technologies. One example is the usage of enzymes in detergents so as to replace harmful chemicals. In this way, this could help the people to preserve the environment for the use of the next generation.
Most importantly, biotechnology has made exceptional and important implications in health and medicine. This particular contribution of biotechnology is probably the most crucial innovation because it has administered various ways to the maintenance, improvement, and prolongation of life. The discovery of red or healthcare biotechnology has enable the development of vaccines, antibiotics, and new drugs (Ortegas-Navas, 2015).
Altered genetic microorganisms were utilized in order to produce pharmaceutical products that are less costly but effective. Moreover, biotechnology has made vital breakthroughs in medical therapies. Treatment to different diseases were made possible.Infectious and parasitic diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and AIDS continuously increase each year. Though the use of diagnostic tools, the development of these diseases may be easily detected.
However, there are several conventional diagnostic tools are inaccurate that fail to overcome the detection of the diseases. But with Nanotechnology, an advancement biotechnological technique, detection of these diseases were made more presise and easily detected. Additionally, this innovation has allowed the study of complex genetic disorders for it can identify and quantify thousands of genes (Afzal et al., 2016).
Indeed, the discovery of biotechnology has greatly contributed to the welfare of the people both positively and negatively. However, it is important to keep in mind that people shouldn’t solely be dependent to technology. Also, this must always be utilized for the intention of the betterment of every individual without jeopardizing the environment.
- Afzal, H. (2016). Role of biotechnology in improving human health. Retrieved October 13, 2018
- Chawla, V. (2000). Biotechnology unraveled: human welfare, better health and beyond.
Retrieved October 13, 2018 from https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2010/12/biotechnology-human-welfare-fight-diseases/
- Maraganore, J. (2018). What is industrial biotechnology? Retrieved October 13, 2018 from
- Norwegian University of Science and Technology (2018). What is biotechnology? Retrieved
October 13, 2018 from https://www.ntnu.edu/ibt/about-usOrtegas-Navas, M. (2015). Biotechnology in health education: healthy lifestyles.
- October 13, 2018 from http://behaviouralscience.imedpub.com/behavioural-science-psycology/biotechnology-in-health-education-healthy-lifestyles.php?aid=8584
- Suico, J. (2018). The disadvantages of biotechnology. Retrieved October 13, 2018 fromhttps://sciencing.com/disadvantages-biotechnology-8590679.html