Essays on Criminology

Essays on Criminology

Criminology is the science that studies crime, its causes, the personality of the offender, and measures to prevent crime. The term "criminology" comes from Latin.

crimines - crime and Greek logos - doctrine, i.e. literally - the doctrine of crime or criminality.
When studying the links between criminalistics and criminology, the terminological coincidence of the names of these sciences attracts attention first of all. But this is only a verbal coincidence, which does not reflect a substantive difference.

Criminology, although separated from the legal science of criminal law, is now increasingly becoming a field of scientific knowledge about the patterns of development of crime as a kind of social process, gradually acquiring the features of a particular sociological science of social pathology or the sociology of deviant behavior.

At the same time, criminology studies and develops programs to counteract or deter crime at the state level, including theoretical models of normative legal acts, which indicates the presence of legal content in its subject matter.

Globally, criminology has no universally recognized content and presents a rather motley picture of different scientific views on crime and measures to combat it. Modern domestic criminology is usually divided into General and Special parts.

The general part of criminology, in addition to the study of scientific issues, is devoted to the knowledge of the essence, causes and regularities of crime development, personality of a criminal and measures to combat this negative social phenomenon.

The special part includes private criminological theories describing the state and trends of development of certain types of crimes, as well as measures to counteract them.

Such is the brief and most general description of criminology, which still allows us to conclude that, despite the terminological coincidence with criminology, it has a different object and subject of cognition, the purpose of development, as well as theoretical and practical importance.

Criminalistics, as noted earlier, studies and develops technical means, tactical methods and methodological recommendations for disclosure, investigation and prevention of crimes, i.e. it strives to cognition and development of measures contributing to specific forensic and operational-investigative activity. This means that unlike criminology which is engaged in studying of dynamics of mass crime committing, searching and development of projects of programs of counteraction to crime on state and world level, criminology is called to investigate technology of revealing and denunciation of persons who committed crimes and to develop necessary support for perfection of such activity.

However, the differences between forensics and criminology do not rule out their many connections.

A number of criminological theories are used in criminology as sources for the development of relevant criminological doctrines and recommendations.

For example, criminological doctrine about the personality of the offender, including the typology of criminal personality, are used in criminology in the development of criminalistics characteristics of crimes; development of recommendations for investigators to study the personality of suspects, defendants, witnesses and victims in the work on criminal cases; in private criminological methods of investigation of crimes. The theory of criminal victimology* found creative realization in the development of forensic methods of detection and investigation of crimes on the signs of the victim of crime. Criminological theory of crime prevention and, in particular, individual crime prevention is the basis of the criminological doctrine of preventive activity of an investigator when working on criminal cases, which begins to be developed as criminological prevention, etc.

* From Latin victima - victim and Greek logos - doctrine.

In turn, the achievements of criminalistics are no less actively taken into account in criminological research. This applies to the criminological theory of the mechanism of individual crime, which reflects a number of provisions of the criminological theory of the method of committing crimes. The theory of criminological forecasting is reflected in the criminological doctrine of crime prediction, etc.

Thus, criminalistics has broad and diverse connections with many private sciences, indicating its special place in the general system of scientific knowledge and confirming its nature as a special, complex and integral legal science.


Related video to Criminology


  1. What is Criminology? A Crash Course


Interesting Infographics About Criminology


  1. Criminologist Skills


  1. Criminology


  1. Careers in Criminology

Read more
We've found 443 essays on Criminology

Essay examples

Essay topics


Humans Are Naturally Evil

HUMANS ARE NATURALLY EVIL The question regarding to the nature of human beings being related to the word evil has been a topic for controversial discussion and debate among scholars and philosophers alike. According to the ardictionary. com, the word evil is defined as Having …

CrimeCriminologyEssay ExamplesEvilIsrael
Words 1510
Pages 7
Criminals are Made Not Born

One of the longest debates held in criminology concern the criminal behavior.  There are those who have been supporting the notion that criminals are born while other have been arguing that criminals are actually made no born. There is not side which can claim to …

Words 703
Pages 3
Victimology: Crime and Deviant Place Theory

Victimology: neither a victim nor an offender be. Caution is a parent of safety. Victimology is the scientific study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal-justice system, and the connections between victims and other social groups …

Words 1324
Pages 6
Haven’t found the relevant content? Hire a subject expert to help you with
Essays on Criminology
$35.80 for a 2-page paper
get custom paper
How to Start Write Dialogue in an Essay with a Quote?

Lots of students have difficulties in beginning their creative writing papers. It is no wonder because gripping hook sentences attract reader’s attention at the very beginning. Some of you may think about starting with an interesting dialogue. But how to start an essay with a …

Words 659
Pages 3
Career Preference

Career is a job or occupation regarded as a long-term or lifelong activity, the general path or progress taken by somebody where he is trained in a particular occupation for his entire working life while preference is the selection of something rather than other choices, …

CareerCrimeCriminologyDecision Making
Words 1713
Pages 7
Criminology Reaction Paper

Lea Harebells Guest Speaker Reaction Paper Principles of Criminology When I began listening to guest speaker, Marie Allen, I knew all the given information on heroin was going to be very informative and important. Vive heard many lectures on how drugs affect a person and …

Words 706
Pages 3
The Importance of Crime Scene Investigation

Crime scene investigation is often a challenging and difficult line of work for even the most experienced law enforcement agent. There are some crimes that are more difficult to handle spiritually and emotionally than others. Crimes against children and the elderly are often most difficult …

AbuseCrimeCrime SceneCriminology
Words 1094
Pages 5
Classical and Positivist Theories of Criminology

In this essay, Classical and Positivist theories of criminology will be explored and critically discussed to explore the impacts that they have had on modern day policing, introduction of laws, and police practice. The essay will first look at the history of the Classical Theory …

Words 86
Pages 1
Reflection Essay on Corporal Punishment

Corporal punishment of children, while acceptable in other countries, has been banned in some others. Some countries where spanking is illegal include Austria, Norway, Uruguay, and New Zealand. In the United States, parental spanking of children remains legal. In schools, corporal punishment is allowed in …

Corporal PunishmentCriminologyPunishmentSpanking
Words 95
Pages 1
Monologue About Crimes

What are the most often commited crimes in Lithuania? Which types of crimes are considered the worst? Why? If you were the Minister of Justice, what actions would you take to make people feel safer? What sentences should be given for serious crimes? Nowadays our …

Words 290
Pages 2
What Challenges Does the Traditional Public Administration

WHAT CHALLENGES DOES THE TRADITIONAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION ENCOUNTER IN A CHANGING PUBLIC SECTOR ENVIRONMENT The traditional model of public administration (TPA) remains the longest standing and most successful theory of management in the public sector which pre-dominated for most of the 20th century. The TPA …

ChallengesCriminologyInnovationPublic Administration
Words 2084
Pages 9
Deviance & Control in a Feature Film `Boyz n the Hood`

Deviance is a variation from the norm. Everything from picking boogers in public to murdering somebody is considering an act of deviance. There are many theories of deviation and the film Boyz in the Hood and it provides a good base for understanding and providing …

Words 87
Pages 1
Why Should Offenders Be Punished

Thinking about the issue of punishment gives rise to a number of questions, the most fundamental of which is, why should offenders be punished? And what are the objectives for the punishment. Some of the objectives are deterrence, retribution, restitution, rehabilitation, and the reason for …

CrimeCriminologyEssay ExamplesJusticePunishment
Words 713
Pages 3
Prison Overcrowding

Nowadays, overcrowding in prisons has become a serious concern in the United States, especially in California where there is not enough space for the increasing inmate population. And according to the most recent statistics from Californians Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, the state gives a …

CrimeCriminologyEssay ExamplesJustice
Words 562
Pages 3
An Analysis of a Saint or Sinner through Merton’s Strain Theory of Deviance

Merton’s strain theory presupposes that deviant and criminal behavior is a result of deprivation within the societal structures. This is due to a failed integration of socially accepted goals with the means to achieve them. Within this theory Merton provides five adaptation modes which people …

Words 589
Pages 3
Criticisms of Labelling Theory

To what extent does labelling theory offer a useful contribution to the study of crime and deviance in today’s society Introduction This assignment will Discuss labelling theory, it will attempt to explore the contributions made by labelling theorists, the criticism towards labelling theorists, and the …

CrimeCriminologyLabelling Theory
Words 2853
Pages 12
Are Prison System in Crisis?

The term crisis refers to an intense time of difficulty, trouble or danger, or a time when difficult decisions must be made. However, in the context of the prison system, it has to be looked at differently. This can be seen throughout the essay in …

CrimeCriminal LawCriminology
Words 2311
Pages 10
Examine Some of the Reasons Why Females Commit Less Crimes Than Males.

Examine some of the reasons why females may be less likely than males to commit crimes. Women in general seem to have a lower rate of offending than men. Some sociologists take the view that it is social factors rather than biological factors that cause …

Words 962
Pages 4
Similarities and Differences in Sociological Theories of Crime

Sociological theories of crime contain a great deal of useful information in the understanding of criminal behavior. Sociological theories are very useful in the study of criminal behavior because unlike psychological and biological theories they are mostly macro level theories which attempt to explain rates …

Words 776
Pages 4
Would I Answer Honestly If I Was Participating in a National Crime Survey?

Would I answer honestly if I was participating in a national crime survey? Christina M Blanks Criminology CCJ 1017-12 Instructor Cedric Thomas Would you answer honestly if participating in a national crime survey asking about your criminal behavior, including drinking and drugs use? Why or …

Words 706
Pages 3
Should Teens Be Tried as Adults

As more minors are committing violent crimes, the question of whether they should be tried as adults is on the rise. Children as young as 13 or 14 are committing violent crimes such as murder, rape, and armed robbery. Some of these children are being …

Words 1203
Pages 5
Intermediate Sanctions

Intermediate sanctions are the sanctions that are more restrictive than the probation and less restrictive than imprisonment. It is also intended to relieve the pressure on the over crowed facilities that deal with the corrections and the probation departments that are understaffed. The purpose for …

Words 294
Pages 2
Physical Attractiveness and Criminal Behavior

Physical unattractiveness, deformity, and disfigurement have been associated with evil since antiquity. In the Iliad, Homer described the wicked Thersites as possessing thin hair over a “misshapen head,” with one blinking eye and a lame leg. Physiognomy (the “science” of reading personality characteristics into facial …

CrimeCriminal BehaviorCriminologySelf Esteem
Words 1149
Pages 5
Corrections Current Trends

When it comes to prison sentencing there are a lot of trends to go from, probably the main outline you could say is the sentencing models these models are a basic outline of what’s going to happen to an offender while being sentenced. These are …

CrimeCriminologyEssay ExamplesJusticePunishment
Words 832
Pages 4
Pro Capital Punishment

Research Paper May 7, 2007 Capital Punishment Capital punishment has been used since the beginning of man to punish people that have committed the most heinous crimes. All countries around the world, view capital punishment as a way to give criminals what they deserve and …

Capital PunishmentCrimeCriminologyJusticePunishment
Words 2262
Pages 10
The Image of the Mother in Langston Hughes’ Mother to Son

As a child of the early twentieth century, Langston Hughes endured trying times. Hughes and his mother lived most of their lives in poverty. As a young teen, Hughes began writing poems about the world he saw through his eyes – a world of racial …

Words 923
Pages 4
Mind over Matter Narrative Essay

The difference between mental illness and insanity is that a person would be considered insane if they were unable to appreciate the consequences of their actions. Whereas, someone suffering from “mental illness” could experience symptoms of mild depression to psychosis, but be fully aware of …

CrimeCriminologyEssay Examples
Words 71
Pages 1
Prison Overcrowding Critique Essay

This paper will discuss prison overcrowding and what type of numbers have come about over the years when it comes to inmates being imprisoned. It will discuss the cost of a prisoner annually as well as the decision to add verses build when it comes …

CrimeCriminologyEssay ExamplesJusticeMorality
Words 1119
Pages 5
Critical Criminology

CHAPTER 1 CRIME THEORY: CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY There could be different reasons of increasing crimes. One of the obvious reasons is poverty and social injustice. Most of the people engaged in crime either don’t have proper source of income or they are socially discriminated. So the …

Words 2175
Pages 9
Crime Control

T. N. 9/21/2012 The potential for specific crime-fighting methodologies, such as using biometrics, implementing cybercrime spyware, or mandating DNA collection programs (300 words) Criminology has changed, and has grown and become very advanced over the years. Criminology of the future will evolve as the current …

Words 422
Pages 2

Find extra essay topics on Essays on Criminology by our writers.

Criminology is the study of crime and deviant behaviour. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioural and social sciences, which draws primarily upon the research of sociologists, ...


Research topics

Conflict theory is a set of criminological theories that holds that those in society who possess the social and economic power, the ruling class, define antisocial behavior. The ruling class uses the criminal law and the criminal justice system to protect their interests and to control the lower class.


Conflict theory

Conflict theory is a set of criminological theories that holds that those in society who possess the social and economic power, the ruling class, define antisocial behavior. Antisocial behavior results from class conflictclass conflictClass conflict, also referred to as class struggle and class warfare, is the political tension and economic antagonism that exists in society consequent to socio-economic competition among the social classes or between rich and poor. Class_conflictClass conflict - and social and economic inequality.



Criminology is an interdisciplinary field that applies psychological and sociological concepts to explain and treat criminal behavior. Careers with a criminology degree include correctional officer, forensic scientist, criminal profiler, and cybersecurity specialist.


Criminology books

  • Criminology
  • Textbook on Criminology
  • In Cold Blood
  • The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
  • Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit Paperback


What is Criminology and its importance?
This includes research into and analysis about who is guilty of committing crimes, their motivations, the impact they have on others, and what can be done to stop them. The purpose of criminology research is to find the root causes behind criminal behavior and create effective and humane methods to address it.

Save time and let our verified experts help you.

Hire writer