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Birth Control

Essay Topic:

It is a hormonal method of birth control. They increase estrogen and progestin to prevent the egg from leaving the ovaries and to increase the thickness of cervical mucus. The pill is very effective, over 99% effective, when taken as directed. It is safe for most women, but some women with health conditions or who take other medications should not take the pill. The pill may have some side effects. The benefits of birth control are it helps regulate and lighten periods, can help with menstrual cramps, acne, and prevent certain illness.

It also improves many women’s sex lives due to their ability to be spontaneous.

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The disadvantages to birth control pills are that few women get spotting between periods, nausea, and breast tenderness. However, that usually goes away within a few months. It can also change a woman’s libido. It can also increase risk for some more serious illness. You need a prescription for the pill. You can go toa private clinic, community clinic, or free clinic for an evaluation and prescription. You can get the birth control from a pharmacy or a clinic.

You may need an exam to get the prescription, which can cost between 35 and 250 dollars. The cost of the pill each month is between 15 and 50 ollars. Some planned parenthood will give you birth control for very low cost or for free depending on income. You take a pill at the same time during the day every day of the month. Condom A thin piece of plastic or latex that is shaped to fit a pen’s. It is worn over the penis during sex. It is a barrier method, it prevents sperm from entering the woman’s vagina, anus, or mouth. Condoms are 98% effective when used as directed.

You can help their effectiveness by using spermicide and/or pulling out before ejaculation in addition to using a condom. Condoms are very safe unless a person is allergic to atex, in which case they need to purchase a plastic condom. The benefits of using condoms are their convenience, their protection against STD’s, don’t require a prescription, are cheap and easy to get, and they can help a man stay erect longer. The disadvantages of using condoms are that some partners may be allergic to latex. It also has been said to dull the sensation or interrupt foreplay to have to put on a condom.

You can buy condoms at drugstores, community health centers and clinics, or at planned parenthood. Individual condoms cost about a dollar The condom is worn on the penis. You usually roll it on from the tip to the base of he pen’s. Spermicide Spermicide is a chemical cream, gel, film, or suppository that stops sperm from moving. Spermicide is a chemical. It keeps sperm from moving or blocks the cervix. When you use spermicide correctly, it is 85% effective for women. The benefits of spermicide is that it can help protect against pregnancy if you are allergic to latex or cannot be on the pill.

The disadvantage of spermicide is that it does not protect against S You can get spermicide at drugstores, clinics, or planned parenthood Spermicide costs about 8 dollars. You insert most spermicide deep into your vagina using an applicator or your fingers. Sponge It is made of plastic foam and is filled with spermicide. It covers the cervix to block sperm (barrier) and prevents sperm from moving. Women who use the sponge correctly get pregnant 9% of the time. Most women can use the sponge safely but you should not use it on your period. The benefits of the sponge are that it is safe and convenient.

It can be carried in a purse or pocket. It can also not be felt by your partner. The negative effects of the sponge are it may be difficult for women to insert or remove. You can get the sponge at Planned Parenthood, drugstores, or clinics. It costs about 12 dollars for a pack of three. You wet the sponge with a little bit of water. Then you squeeze the sponge gently to activate the spermicide to get the whole thing wet. Then you fold the sponge and insert it as far as your fingers can reach. Feel around the sponge to make sure you can feel the loop and that it is covering the cervix.

After intercourse you must leave it in for at least six hours and then pull it out by the loop. Patch The patch is a thin patch placed on the skin to prevent pregnancy. The patch releases hormones, progestin and estrogen It is very affective. Less than 1% of women get pregnant when using the patch as directed. The patch is very safe but cannot be used with some medications. The pros of using the patch is that it allows for a spontaneous sex life. It gives you shorter, lighter periods. It can also help with acne, cramps, and prevent some cancers.

The cons of using the patch are that it does not prevent against STDs You can get it from a pharmacy. You need a prescription which you can get from a clinic or your doctor, and it costs about 15 to 80 dollars for one month. You apply the patch on to your skin and leave it for three weeks. Then you take it off for a week. Breastfeeding After giving birth breastfeeding releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. It is a hormonal method. If a women practices continuous breastfeeding less than 1% get pregnant for six months. There are no side effects.

The advantages of the method are the fact that it is very reliable and isn’t difficult to use. It is also very safe. The disadvantages of using this method some women find it difficult to exclusively breastfeed their baby and it is only effective for six months after birth. You don’t have to get anything, you Just breastfeed your baby. The method is free. You breastfeed your baby four hours during the day and six hours at night and your hormones will the prevent pregnancy. Birth Control Shot It is a shot you get in your arm. It releases progestin into your bloodstream and the hormones will prevent pregnancy.

Less than 1% of women get pregnant on the shot. It can not be taken with some medication but for most women it is safe. The advantages of the shot is that it is safe, simple, and is long lasting. The disadvantages are that there may be some irregular bleeding for the first 6 months. You can get the shot at a private health care provider or a clinic. It requires a prescription and can cost between 35 and 250 dollars. You use it by getting a shot from your doctor. Fertility Awareness Method Fertility Awareness Method works by tracking when the egg is released to prevent pregnancy.

It keeps sperm out of the vagina during the periods where she is most fertile. 24% of couples who do not use the method effectively will become pregnant. The method is very safe and has no side effects. The benefits are that it is very safe and it is free. The disadvantages are that you must abstain from sex for ten days each month. You don’t need to get anything. It is free and doesn’t require a prescription. You keep track of the days you are ovulating and abstain from sex for those times to void pregnancy. Outercourse It is sex without penetration. It works by keeping sperm out of the vagina.

It is practically 100% effective when used correctly. It is very safe and has no side effects. The benefits are that it decreases the probability of STD’s, and can make sex play last longer and increase closeness and trust between partners. The disadvantages are that some people may find it difficult to abstain from vaginal sex. It cannot be obtained, you Just have sex differently. It is free, you don’t need a prescription. The ways to have sex without penetration are oral sex, anal sex, masturbation, sex oys, kissing, manual stimulation, body-to-body rubbing, and fantasy.

Diaphragm It is a shallow dome shaped cup you insert into your vagina. It is a barrier method. When used correctly, it is affective 94% of the time. It is more effective when used with spermicide. The advantages of this method are it is immediately effective, can be carried in a purse, doesn’t affect hormones, and the sex partner can not usually feel it. The disadvantages are it may be difficult for some women to insert and can be moved out of place by aggressive sex or certain sex positions. You must see a health care provider to get a diaphragm.

You must be fitted and given a prescription, then you can buy it at a drugstore. It can cost between 15 and 75 dollars (not counting the cost of the exam). You put spermicide in the cup. You fold the diaphragm in half and insert i t into the vagina, making sure it covers your cervix. Morning After Pill It is emergency contraception after unprotected intercourse. It keeps a woman’s ovary from being released for longer so that it can not come in contact with sperm. Most are up to 89% effective when taken within three days of unprotected sex. It is very safe, there are no reports of any serious complications.

The advantages to this method are that if you have unprotected sex, this can be a kind of last resort to protect yourself after. The disadvantages to the morning after pill are rare, but some side effects such as irregular periods, breast tenderness, or nausea. At 17 or older you can buy a pill over the counter without a prescription. Under 17 you need a prescription. It can cost between 10 and 70 dollars. You take the pill as soon as you can after your unprotected sex. Abstinence Abstinence is abstaining from, or not having, sex. It works because you are not penetrating the vagina therefore cannot get pregnant.

The method is 100% effective. The advantages to this method are it is free and there are no side effects. The disadvantage to abstinence is that it isn’t any fun because you cant have sex. You don’t need to purchase it. The method is free. You use it by exercising self control and not having sex. It costs about 295,560 dollars to raise a child until the age of 17 years old. It costs about 10,000 dollars for the babies first year of life. It costs about 550 dollars for diapers for one year. Formula will cost about 1,188 dollars. Other supplies will cost about 2,050 dollars for the first year.

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Birth Control. (2018, Jul 10). Retrieved September 19, 2019, from https://phdessay.com/birth-control-2/.