Focus question 1: Why did the game between the Waikato rugby team and springbok?
The reason why the game was cancelled because 350 protesters invaded the rugby field after pulling down a fence using sheer force. The crowds were throwing bottles and other objects at the protesters, as a stolen lightplane was approaching the stadium the police called off the game because it was too unsafe to play with bottles and other objects on the pitch!
Focus question 2: Aftermath of the springbok tour!
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The All Blacks did not tour South Africa until after the fall of the apartheid regime (1990–1994), although after the official 1985 tour was cancelled an unofficial tour did take place in 1986 by a team which included 28 out of the 30 All Blacks players selected for the 1985 tour. These were known both inside and outside the Republic of South Africa as the New Zealand Cavaliers, but often advertised inside South Africa as the All Blacks or alternatively depicted with the Silver Fern!
Focus question 3: Background on the springbok tour!
A poster advertising a meeting of the Citizens' All Black Tour Association to protest against racially selected All Blacks teams touring South Africa. The Springboks and New Zealand's national rugby team, the All Blacks, have a long tradition of intense and friendly sporting rivalry. From the 1940s to the 1960s, the South African apartheid policies had an impact on team selection for the All Blacks: the selectors passed over Maori players for some All Black tours to South Africa. Opposition to sending race-based teams to South Africa grew throughout the 1950s and 60s.
Prior to the All Blacks' tour of South Africa in 1960, 150,000 New Zealanders signed a petition supporting a policy of "No Maoris, No Tour". The tour occurred, however, and in 1969 Halt All Racist Tours (HART) was formed. During the 1970s public protests and political pressure forced on the New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU) the choice of either fielding a team not selected by race, or not touring the Republic. However, South African rugby authorities continued to select Springbok players by race. As a result, the Norman Kirk Labour Government prevented the Springboks from touring during 1973.
In response, the NZRU protested about the involvement of "politics in sport". In 1976 the All Blacks toured South Africa, with the blessing of the then newly-elected New Zealand Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon. Twenty-five African nations protested against this by boycotting the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. In their view the All Black tour gave tacit support to the apartheid regime in South Africa. The All Blacks again failed to win a series in South Africa (they would not do so until 1996, after the fall of apartheid).
The 1976 Tour contributed to the Gleneagles Agreement being adopted by the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in 1977.
- Wikipedia . http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/1981_South_Africa_rugby_union_tour_of_New_Zealand.
- Google images Ic;vpx=531;vpy=352;dur=2160;hovh=184;hovw=274;tx=155;ty=115;sig=117611310865036074857;page=2;tbnh=141;tbnw=188;start=18;ndsp=24;ved=1t:429,r:14,s:18.
- imgrefurl=http://www. stuff. co. nz/sport/rugby/gallerie.
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