Essays on Utilitarianism

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Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics

Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics The ethical teachings and values of utilitarianism and Christian ethics are similar in some aspects, yet however are diverse in others. Utilitarianism is a generally teleological ethical system, where the outcome is said to justify the act. The …

Words 1613
Pages 6
Jeremy Bentham and His Influence on Business Ethics

Jeremy Bentham was a Utilitarian philosopher whose influence spread into many fields, including that of business ethics.  Although his father was an attorney and Bentham studied law himself, he did not practice law.  Instead, Bentham put his knowledge and reasoning skills to theories regarding philosophy, …

Business EthicsHappinessJeremy BenthamUtilitarianism
Words 337
Pages 2
Utalitarian Principle in Charles Dickens Hard Times

Intoduction Utilitarianism is the assumption that human beings act in a way that highlights their own self interest. It is based on factuality and leaves little room for imagination. Utilitarianism dominated as the form of government in England’s Victorian age of eighteenth century. Utilitarianism, as …

Charles DickensHard TimesUtilitarianism
Words 3065
Pages 12
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The Mill on the Floss – Role of Victorian Women

George Eliot was an English novelist, journalist, and translator, and one of the leading writers of her life-time period. Although she would use a number of spelling variations of her name over the years, she was born Mary Anne Evans on 22 November 1819, into …

Words 2475
Pages 9
Responsibilities of an Educated Person

In the world that we live in today, education plays an enormous role in cultivating societies and granting younger generations the tools and mindset required to increase their standards of living and contribute to the greater good. However, the term “educated” is a rather loose …

Essay ExamplesPragmatismSocietyUtilitarianism
Words 917
Pages 4
Utilitarian Evaluation of the ‘Ford Pinto Case’

Utilitarian Evaluation of the ‘Ford Pinto Case’             The purpose of this paper is to present justifiable arguments supporting Ford’s decision to produce the Ford Pinto model. A utilitarian approach will be used to evaluate the case – the cost-benefit analysis is assumed to be …

EconomicsFord Motor CompanyUtilitarianism
Words 552
Pages 3
Accolade vs. Sega

1.      Analyze this case from the perspective of each of the theories of private property described in this chapter (i.e. from the perspective of Locke’s Theory of private property, the utilitarian theory of private property and the Marxist theory of private property.) The first theory: …

Essay ExamplesJusticeMonopolyUtilitarianism
Words 870
Pages 4
Ethics in Advertisement of United Colors of Benetton

As the students of MME (Economics and Management studies), we have chosen the topic, which involves our study program, which is the Marketing and Consumer behavior. Our topic is focused on the advertisement and the practices of United Colors of Benetton Company. Their way of …

Words 1742
Pages 7
The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism

Liza G Prof. Williams Ethics 21 November 2011 The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of two shopkeepers. One shopkeeper is honest with his customers in order to maintain a positive reputation …

Words 1085
Pages 4
Eli Liily Practices

Discuss Eli Lilly’s practices from the perspectives of utilitarianism and rights. The utilitarian principle affirms that, “an action is right from an ethical point of view if and only if the sum total of utilities produced by that act is greater than the sum total …

Essay ExamplesJusticeMoralityUtilitarianismVirtue
Words 368
Pages 2
Should Batman Kill the Joker

Should Batman Kill the Joker? Summary In the very beginning, this article raises the question by asking the reader whether Batman should kill the joker or not and also uses it as the title to draw readers’ attention. Based on the question/topic, the author, Mark …

Words 306
Pages 2
Mill’s View of Lower/Higher Pleasures

Mill is a utilitarian philosopher who lives by the Greatest Happiness Principle, in which there is a clear distinction between both lower and higher pleasures. Though thoroughly explained, one must also question the justification of these pleasures. Many of these beliefs leave the reader hanging …

Words 1235
Pages 5
Greatest Happiness Principle

In his book Utilitarianism, philosopher John Stuart Mills expands and defends the notion of using the theory of utility to decipher between right and wrong, good or bad, in an attempt ‘to rescue it from utter degradation’ from those who have misapplied the theory.  This …

Words 60
Pages 1
Management: Overview

Chapter 9: The Verdict on Groupthink 1. In my experience, I found that decision-making groups do not tend toward groupthink. Groupthink is a mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive in-group, when the members’ striving for unanimity …

Decision MakingManagementUtilitarianism
Words 1107
Pages 5
Peter Singer’s Solution to World Poverty

Peter Singer’s argument reveals little new to the reader who has ever been thinking about poverty and difference in life standards in different nations. To the sophisticated reader, the main point of focus is the wording and how well the argument is presented, how effectively …

Words 1663
Pages 7
Normative Ethical Theories

NORMATIVE ETHICAL THEORIES Objective • Discuss the normative ethical theories L2: Normative Ethical Theories Beliefs about how people should behave can be classified into at least 2 major categories: Teleological theories (Consequentialism) Right actions are those that produce the most or optimize the consequences of …

Words 1281
Pages 5
Contemporary Issues in Management Essay

Coursework Header Sheet 179236-102 Course Coursework Tutor BUSI1475: Contemporary Issues in Mngt Essay G Symon Course School/Level Assessment Weight Submission Deadline BU/UG 50. 00% 01/04/2011 Coursework is receipted on the understanding that it is the student’s own work and that it has not, in whole …

Contemporary IssuesGlobalizationManagementUtilitarianism
Words 4141
Pages 16
Ethical Issue in Pharmacy

The ethical duty of a pharmacy is to promote a patient’s best interest. However, certain obvious ethical issues will arise. Within any business involved in bulk purchasing the issue of unconscious theft will also occur. The following paper focuses on the application of ethical theories …

Words 1352
Pages 5
Inside Job Critique Essay

Where would we be today if the “decision makers” would have made more acceptable decisions that affected the economy prior to the market crashing? Millions of middle-class Americans have been left jobless, and even homeless, as a result of the major corporations getting bailed out, …

Words 1302
Pages 5
Consequences of Friedman’s Shareholder Theory for Hrm Ethics

Milton Friedman wrote in 1973 that managements “primary responsibility is to the shareholders who own and invest in the company”. What are the consequences of this philosophy for HRM ethics, and what alternative perspectives might serve the profession in the future? Friedman’s Shareholder Theory Milton …

Human Resource ManagementRyanairTheoriesUtilitarianism
Words 2208
Pages 9
Morality in “A Farewell to Arms”

The concept of morality refers to the dimension of human existence whereby man confronts or finds himself, an ideal vision of man, or an ideal state and goal of his existence which he finds himself oriented toward. The ideal vision thus constitutes for him an …

A Farewell to ArmsFarewellMoralityUtilitarianismVirtue
Words 1588
Pages 6
Female Genital Mutilation Persuasive Essay

Is Female Genital Mutilation A Moral Practice Female genital mutilation (FGM) is not a morally justified practice. It is an unnecessary procedure that has no medical health benefits to the girls and women it is being performed on. According to Utilitarianism, we should produce the …

ChildbirthEssay ExamplesUtilitarianism
Words 1726
Pages 7
Moral Issues At McDonald’s

Serving 60 million consumers everyday makes McDonald’s Corporation the largest fast-food chain in the world. Established as a neighborhood restaurant in 1940 by two brothers, Dick and Mac McDonald, McDonald’s is now a multi-billion dollar company and one of the most recognizable brands on the …

McdonaldsMoral IssuesMoralityUtilitarianism
Words 482
Pages 2
Consequentialist Versus Deontological Ethical Systems

What is “good”? How does a person decide what is good? Over the course of history, various thinkers have tried to develop systems which guide human thought on this question. Some of the most important ethical theories are the “normative” theories — that is ethical …

Words 87
Pages 1
Essay Summary of The History Boys

How does Bennet use dramatic comedy to offer criticism of contemporary attitudes to education in The History Boys? In this essay I am going to explain how Alan Bennet uses dramatic comedy to criticise the contemporary attitudes towards education in the History Boys. The contemporary …

Words 93
Pages 1
Victorian Age Persuasive Essay

The Victorian Age 1832-1900 Even idleness is eager now, eager for amusement; prone to excursion-trains, artmuseums, periodical literature, and exciting novels. (George Eliot) General Info About the Time • Enormous changes occurred in political and social life in England and the rest of the world …

Words 1997
Pages 8
Firestone Recall Ethics: Utilitarianism

Many times, an ethical question can seem almost ludicrously simple when looked at from one’s personal point of view.  When, however, a more complex system of morality is brought to bear on the same question, the amazing vastness of the ethical dilemmas that arise can …

Words 928
Pages 4
Singer vs Regan

Environmental Ethics: Singer vs Regan Environmental ethics is defined: as a part of philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the nonhuman world (Wikipedia). For example, this includes the preservation of plants and an increase of animal …

Words 755
Pages 3
Jeremy Bentham versus John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism speaks of pleasures, pain, quality, quantity, etcetera. This paper intends to reintroduce the definition, concepts, as well as, ideas provided by the greatest thinkers namely: Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. It also aims to state the differences between their concepts. Finally, its objective …

HappinessJeremy BenthamMetaphysicsUtilitarianism
Words 1099
Pages 4
Express Luxury Lines

Empress Luxury Lines Angela D. Davis Strayer University Management 500 Dr. Prakash Menon April 29, 2012 Abstract This critical analysis case of Empress Luxury Lines is based on circumstances of ethical dilemmas and challenges of top level managers and their employees faced with decisions on …

Decision MakingEssay ExamplesIndividualismUtilitarianism
Words 1962
Pages 8
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Find extra essay topics on Essays on Utilitarianism by our writers.

Utilitarianism is a family of normative ethical theories that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individuals.


Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).


Jeremy BenthamJeremy BenthamBentham defined as the "fundamental axiom" of his philosophy the principle that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong." He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism. Jeremy_BenthamJeremy Bentham - was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all those affected by them.


The origins of Utilitarianism are often traced back to the Epicureanism of the followers of the Greek philosopher Epicurus. It can be argued that David Hume and Edmund Burke were proto-Utilitarians. But as a specific school of thought, it is generally credited to the English philosopher Jeremy BenthamJeremy BenthamBentham defined as the "fundamental axiom" of his philosophy the principle that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong." He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism. Jeremy_BenthamJeremy Bentham - .

Key features

As explained in Chapter 1: Introduction to Utilitarianism, the core idea of utilitarianism is that we ought to act to improve the well-being of everyone by as much as possible. Utilitarian theories generally share four elements: consequentialism, welfarism, impartiality, and additive aggregationism.

Frequently asked questions

What is utilitarianism in your own words essay?
Utilitarianism is the belief that the best course of action is the one that maximizes utility, or happiness. This can be achieved through a number of means, including providing people with basic needs like food and shelter, or by giving them pleasure. The ultimate goal is to produce the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.
What is the main idea of utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism is the ethical theory that holds that the best course of action is the one that maximizes utility, or happiness. Utility can be defined in many ways, but is usually taken to mean something like pleasure or satisfaction. Thus, the utilitarian strives to promote the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.
Why is utilitarianism important to human being?
Utilitarianism is important to human beings because it is a moral theory that can be used to help us make decisions about what is right and what is wrong. Utilitarianism is based on the idea that the right thing to do is the thing that will produce the most happiness for the greatest number of people. This means that when we are trying to decide what to do, we should try to figure out what will make the most people happy. One of the reasons that utilitarianism is so important is that it takes into account the consequences of our actions. Many other moral theories focus on what our intentions are, but utilitarianism focuses on what will actually happen as a result of our actions. This is important because our intentions don’t always match up with what actually happens. For example, we might intend to help someone, but if our actions end up harming that person, then we have not done the right thing. Another reason that utilitarianism is important is that it is a very practical theory. It can be applied to all sorts of different situations and it can help us to make difficult decisions. Utilitarianism is not a perfect theory, but it can be a helpful tool for making moral decisions.
What is the reflection about utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism is the belief that the most morally good thing to do is the thing that maximizes utility. Utility is often defined as happiness, but it can also be defined as anything that is good for someone. So, a utilitarian would believe that the most morally good thing to do is the thing that will make the most people happy.

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