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Competence Based Recruitment and Selection

MZUMBE UNIVERSITY DAR ES SALAAM BUSINESS SCHOOL PROGAMME OF STUDY: MSC.HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COURSE: ADVANCED – HRM STUDENT NAME: SYONI MWAKIPEKE – MSC/HRM/DCC/095/T.11 Question: Competence based recruitment and selection facilitates career management in organization.

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Discuss. 1. INTRODUCTION Competence- based Recruitment and selection is used to predict the potential job performance of the applicants. With the help of this method organizations can find best people to achieve their objectives.

The different between traditional recruitment and competence based recruitment and selection is that the second one concentrated more on formal, measurable competencies. The process of competency based recruitment and selection 1. 1 Competency Competency is a temporally stable, narrowly defined and trainable talent ability to complete an organizationally valued prospective jot task successfully. Competencies have come up as a conception for naming and managing abilities, knowledge and skills and applying them on many different areas.

Once the competency based approach is applied candidates’ performance can be anticipated easier and more exactly. It provides more precise approximation of future performance than the testing of knowledge since it also explains how the knowledge is applied. 1. 2 Competency based recruitment and Selection process The process of competency based recruitment and selection involves eleven steps of which first to four steps explained the recruitment process and the rest that is five to eleven defined how the selection works.

Competency based recruitment and Selection process Step 1 Identify HR and Job recruitment needs Step 2 Complete Job or position documentation Step 3 Identify recruitment sources 1 Step 4 Create recruitment materials and implement the recruitment process Step 5 Determine the selection criteria Step 6 Select the applicants Step 7 Train the interviewers and conduct behavioral event interviews with the leading candidates Step 8 Complete competency assessment, prepare the selection recommendation list and select the candidate Step 9

Verify the selected candidate’s qualification Step 10 Negotiate compensation and benefits package with the successful candidate and extend an employment offer after the package has been accepted, first by the organization and then by the candidate Step 11 Validate the selection Results Figure 1. Competency – based recruitment and selection (Dubois & Rothwell 2004, p. 113) 1. 3 Advantages of Competency-based recruitment and selection process This method results in numerous advantages, for example: a) It is result – oriented; 2 b) Discrimination is out of the question; ) Identifying backups for positions is easier; d) Traditional training times are less; and e) Employees’ performance levels are higher. 2. COMPETENCY MODELS MANAGEMENT In order to carry out competency-based recruitment and selection for a position a competency model is essential to evaluate applicants. The organization can benefit from competencies by building up competency models not only for a job-role but also for an entire organization. A competency model refers to a group of competencies required in a particular job (OntoHR project 2010a).

But obviously this is not the only field that can benefit from the concept of competency. Competency management can make things easier for organization by facilitating the design of job-roles and its competencies according to the organizational objective. Job Design is the next step after the completion of competency model is job design. “Job design refers to the way tasks is combined to form complete jobs. ” (Robbins & Stuart-Kotze, 1987) 2. 1 Challenges of competency-based recruitment However competency-based recruitment and selection has some challenges too, which includes: ?

A disciplined approach to job and work analyses is necessary to the preparation for the recruitment and selection processes needs more time; ? Inefficient when recruiting unskilled or semiskilled workers. But if the conditions are suitable this can be a highly effective technique to develop an organization’s human capital. 2. 2 ? Benefits of Competency-base recruitment and selection to the Organization When combined with an assessment of knowledge and experience, using competencies improves accuracy in assessing people’s suitability or potential for different jobs. They help prevent interviewers and selectors from making hasty decisions or from assessing interviewees on the basis of characteristics that are not relevant to the job. ? They can be used to help structure the selection process – interview and tests. ? Assessing a candidate against specific competencies clarifies their strengths and weaknesses; making it easier to target any development that may be needed should they be appointed. 3 3.

COMPETENCY-BASED RECRUITMENT AND CAREER MANAGEMENT Competency-based recruitment plays important role in the organizaton’s career management plans as it facilitates recruitment and selection of employees with the right competencies (skills, knowledge and attitudes) for the job at hand. It helps managers in identification of career path of employee right from the beginning, because most of the job core competencies are likely to focus and shape individual’s career aspirations.

This early identification helps in designing a proper training and development plan for individu al employee, these include coaching, mentoring, and other types of training which helps to shape individual’s career path. Once organization has a fair idea about employee’s strengths and weaknesses, attitude and behaviour, values and future aspirations and skills and competencies, they are able to make better use of employee skills and put them at the right place.

Competency-based recruitment and selection facilitates succession and retention plan of the organization as it fosters employee competence development and management through competency-based performance management which entrusted managers with the time consuming and worthy job of competency-based performance management through continuous coaching and training of employees so as to ensure that individual potentials are realized, nurtured and developed 4. CONCLUSION

For modern organizations whether it be private or public, profit or not for profit competencybased recruitment is inevitable if the firm aim at realizing its strategic goals through the use of its most valuable and important resources. In this stiff competition managers have to ensure that, they ultimately utilize their human resources capabilities to realize its strategic objective. Creativity and innovations in managing emplo yee is of greater value in this era especially the attraction, selection and retention of high potential employees.

As managers and organizations are moved from tasks accomplishment to result based performance, employee recruitment and selection has become very significant in realizing this objective. 4 Management should ensure that recruitment is based on competences that are required for the job in question, these competences has to be realistic and measureable so that managers and employees can work together to ensure realization of these competences hence organizational objectives.

Competency-based recruitment and selection goes hand in hand with competencybased performance management, this entails competency-based reward system and career management. Competence based recruitment and selection facilitates career management in organization. Discuss. Submission date 9th June 2012 5

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