Last Updated 05 Nov 2022

A Literary Analysis of Les Miserables by Victor Hugo

Category Les Miserables
Words 1527 (6 pages)
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The guilty one is not he who commits the sin, but the one who causes the darkness. Victor Hugo, Les Miserables at human beings inflict mat an of us as human ons why one may feel it varies from situation to that human beings inflict it upon themselves. The reasons why one may feel it varies from situation to situation and person to person but no matter the environment this one emotion has the capacity to eat away and a destroy a persons ability to think and deal with things rationally. There seems to be can be used as a precautionary tale in how one should or ( in this particular case ) should not deal with guilt. But, what is interesting about this particular emotion (along with many others) is found not only in its manifestation but also its origins in the psyche Sigmund Freud throughout many of his most notorious essays, including but not limited to Theization and its Discontents and The Pleasure Principle attempts to discover why theories . I attempt to apply his theories on quilt to a book I know and love that just so happens to also be corroded by the guilty conscious of its main character Victor Frankenstein. By applying Freudian thanrios to the thoughts of Victor in Mary Shelleys book Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus the struggle between the ID and the super-ego progressively becomes more prominent and is therefore The Pleasure Principle ple. Within this essay he estanicutural model of the mind in the essay Beyond the Pleasure psychic apparatus and are the three theoretical constructs in terms of whose activity and interaction mental life is described. According to this model of the psyche, the id is the set of uncoordinated moralizing role.

Thus, Freud believes the Song ieves the source of guilt lies within the latter super-pop ciple itself. which is the idea that humanity massesdognamed me concept of the pleasure pleasure and shielding itself from pain . That is to say that the course of those [mentall events is invariably set in motion by an unpleasurable tension, and that it takes a direction such that its final outcome coincides with a lowering of that tension that is, with an avoidance of unpleasure or a pleasure principle , but does take issue with the idea that the pleasure principle is the dominant mental drive. If it were, he argues, then most mental processes would result in pleasure me tendency towards the experience of pleasure that is often in conflict with other drives. Thus, the factor that determines the feeling is probably the amount of increase or diminution in the quantity of which according to Freud, is a result from the egos impulse towards self-preservation and in effect forces pleasure to be postponed or attained in a roundabout way ween it and the mid of Victor. The tension felt by Victor towards his creation after infusing the spark of life into the demonical corpse he had so miserably given life and unable to endure the aspect chamber, unable to compose my mind to sleep. This passage exemplifies two its: the seeking of pleasure by spending months designing and forming his creation. And on deploying the self-preservation mechanisms of his psyche. This suppression of pleasure in order to avoid the discomfort Victor has towards the reality of his situation even perpetuates once his friend Henry Clerval arrives in Ingolstadt.

Even though he does not know what has happened to his did not recover his senses for a long, long time. Civilization and Its Discontents Within the text there are several examples showing how Victor suppresses his need to voice aggression is forced to internalize it. Even during Justines trial Victor does not stand up and take stand up and take the internal dialogictions he is forced to handle them from within. Victor exemplifies this denial in an Best commence it. And then what use would be pursuit? Who could arrest a creature capable of scaling the over hangin resolved to remain silent manging sides of Mount Saleve? These reflections determined me, and I The first encounter victor has warrant fredhor sice me from Trade porn involved a heavy amount of the mounting angst and the aggression building within victor; his beloved cousin Justine is being put ill feelings Victor feels towards the Monster he then convinces himself that this is something only he can take care of therefore deciding to remain silent . Freud speculates that the individual, once forbidden from expressing this desire externally, and the ID as the part of the id which has been modified by the divert influence of the external worldthe ego represents what may be called reason and common sense , in contrast to the id, which's in its relation to the id it is like a man on horseback, who has to hold in check the superior strength of the horse ; with strength, while the ego uses borrowed forces." Still worse, "it serves three severe masters...the external world, the super-ego and the id.

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It's task is to find a balance between Amilove lives and some of the id's desires to be expressed, but only when consequences of these actions are marginal " Victor comes to believe that he might never be happy once realizing the as if never more might I enjoy companionship with them. T realistic anxiety forces and influences working in and upon it, " and readily " breaks out in anxiety regarding the external world, moral anxiety regarding the super-ego, and neurotic anxiety regarding are exemplified once victor has agreed to create a mate for the monster and has to make th decision to leave his loved ones alone in the country where it resides while he is away : I was agonized with the idea of the possibility that the reverse of this might happen. But through the anote period during which I was the slave of the creature l allowed myself to be governed by the me , and exempt my family from the danger of his machinations. a sense of guilt and need for self -punishment on the individual . As long as thins go well with man, his conscience is lenient and lets the ego do all sorts of things; but when misfortune befalls him, he searches his soul, acknowledges his sinfulness, heightens the demands of his conscience, Victor views having to create a mate for his creation as the ultimate punishment but cannot seem justify the act of doing it ; even though he realizes the dangers in defying his creatures orders.

He friendless outcast over the earth, than have consented to that miserable marriage the questions still remain, why doesn't Victor simply kill had my cole drive sminutes t? Freud believes the answer is due to something even Victor sought to feel: love. Love & Guilt creation defi set many are left wondering who the monster truly is? Vict e sense of guilt he created on his own. But simultaneously, the Monster did in fact know better or is he truly bad? Freud believes that what is bad is often not at all what is coosince a persons own feelings would not have led him along this path he must have had a mot for submitting to this extraneous influence . Such a motive is easily discovered in his helplessness and his dependence on other people, led with the loss of love, is bad is whatever causes onero se of his mistake that he fantasizes about what it would be like if the monster were to murder him : Well, be it so ; a deadly e, in which if he were victorious I should be at peace, and his power over me be at an.

But the thought of being happy with his beloved Elizabeth fuels the flame of repression and as a result paranoia and guilt that he then begins to fantasize ished, I should be at his eyes , his cottage burnt his lan ass penniless ace omeless, penniless, and alone , but free. Even though Victor thinks ab problems (killing the monster ) he still cannot bring himself to do it because the quilt he has been living with has masked all super-ego powers of diffusing the ID super-ego. Because of this fear alicia's guilt lies from fear of an arising authority and on fear from the renunciation is not enough, for the wish persists and cannot be concealed from the super-ego. Thus metfor the renunciation that has been made, as eavily down on Victor is due to the fear he feels toward the idea of losing his loved ones perpetuates his denial of what he has done . concepts of the Superto the storeon highfe novel Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley. Because of Victors de-regulation of the super-ego his ID took over and The beginning when Victor becomes obsessed with creating the monster . when he decides to deny the monster his mate and marry Elizabeth regardless of the consequences ; and finally when he into his rage and begins to chase his creation in order to kill it once and for a successfully masks all reality and Victor loses everything including himself.

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