Sociology Chapter 8

A caste system is defined as
social stratification based on ascription, or birth.
A common micro-level pattern involving social interaction is that
people tend to socialize with others of about the same social position.
According to Karl Marx, social stratification in a capitalist society always involves
class conflict.
According to Karl Marx, which class forms the core of the industrial proletariat?
the working class
According to the Davis-Moore thesis
more important jobs must provide enough rewards to attract the talent necessary to perform them.
Compared to other high-income nations, the United States has
more economic inequality.
During the last three decades, the real income of African American families in the United States has
changed very little.
During the last twenty years, which category of the U.S. population has experienced the largest gains in average income?
the highest-paid 20 percent
Max Weber claimed that social position was based on a person’s
economic class, degree of social status, and amount of power.
People of low social position are more liberal on _____ issues and more conservative on _____ issues.
economic; social
In the United States, which age category has the highest poverty rate?
children under the age of eighteen
In general, people of low social class position
live in less safe and more stressful environments.
In all societies, kinship plays a part in social stratification because
parents pass their social position on to their children.
In Karl Marx’s analysis, another name for the capitalist class is the
In 2011, the percentage of all poor families in the United States headed by single women was
52 percent
If you have a job that involves manual labor, you are doing
blue-collar work.
The idea that social inequality is harmful and divides society is associated with the
social-conflict approach.
The concept “meritocracy” refers to social stratification
based entirely on personal merit
The concept “feminization of poverty” refers to the fact that, in the United States
women make up an increasing percentage of the poor.
Social stratification is a concept that refers to
ranking categories of people in a hierarchy.