Music Appreciation Test: the Baroque Period, Construction and Sound Production, the Romantic Period

The tempo in this example could be described as
accelerando
he following excerpt is an example of ritardando (11 sec)
true
The sense of beat in this example is unstressed throughout (4:32)
true
The following excerpt is not an example of triple meter (42 sec)
false
Which excerpt suggests tempo rubato
A (46 sec)
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score
over the staff
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The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is
accelerando
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is
ritardando
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings
true
Which combination of beat and tempo is present in this excerpT (30 sec)
Strong and fast
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
he melody in this excerpt moves mainly in repeated tones
The following excerpt is (15 sec)
The Triumphal March from the opera Aida
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of
shape, direction, and range
A melody consists of a succession of
pitches
The most salient compositional aspect of the following excerpt is
imitation between voices
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones (26 sec)
This melody combines disjunct, conjunct, and repeated tones
The direction of the following melody can be best described as (5 sec)
The shape of that melody can be best described as downward at first and then static.
Does the following excerpt feature more disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (22 sec)
conjunct
The melodic material in the following excerpt can be best described as having
The melodic material in that excerpt can be best described as having mixed melodic directions with a transitional character.
The melody in the following excerpt is comprised of (24)
several small
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music
true
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form
false
This composition is a clear example of: (17:17)
theme and variations
Which excerpt most likely represents theme and variations form?
A (15:33)
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?
strophic
This piece of music is an example of
strophic (amazing grace)
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition
binary
This cello piece exemplifies __________ form
binary (15:33)
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies
rhondo
This piano piece exemplifies: (2:34)
tertiary
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called
monophony
This music passage is an example of (16 sec)
homophony
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other
true
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture
cacophony
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music
true
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony
The defining characteristic of polyphony is the independence and equality of simultaneous melodic lines.
The following excerpt represents polyphonic texture (14 sec)
false
mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures (17 sec)
mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture. ( 7 sec)
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture.
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture (21 sec)
false
The following excerpt represents: (11)
Melody with harmonic accompaniment
The following excerpt is consonant. (11)
true
The following excerpt is dissonant. (28)
false
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as: (16)
double stop
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment (6′)
false
The following excerpt represents melody by itself without harmonic accompaniment (3)
false
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony
false
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
false
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music
false
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment (11)
true
Which of the following examples represents secular music
C (15 sec)_
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period?
Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
This excerpt most likely falls in the category of: (17)
Mass
This excerpt is an example of a medieval religious type of composition known as (4:32
greg chant
This excerpt is… (40)
dance music mid

Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?

Pope Gregory I

pope greg 1
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
false
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:
vocal
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
false
The composer of this excerpt is… (55)
he most likely composer of this excerpt would be Hildegard von Bingen.

Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?

Pope Gregory I

charlamenge
A feature of this example suggests it is from the early part of the Medieval period. That feature is: (22)
mono
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period?
smooth sung acc
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period?
Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.
false
This excerpt is an example of: (30)
secular
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain.
false
This excerpt is an example of… (32)
mono
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?
sedurant

Listen to the following excerpt of a Medieval composition.

This composition represents… (18)

This piece represents an advanced 12th-century four-voice organum.
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?
columbus new world
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?
cantus
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture (4:32)
false
This example is (25)
From a Renaissance composition having its roots in folk songs
The following example is played on an instrument that was very popular during the Renaissance. That instrument is the: (37)
lute
The Renaissance was the Golden Age of:
small ensembles
The composer of this selection is: (10:26)
jacob
Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?
1450-1600
Two important composers from the Renaissance period were
Desprez and Palestrina
he following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture (1:38)
true
One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is
A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day.
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music. (7:19)
false
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based
false
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music
true
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances. (5:37)
true
This is an excerpt from a: (25)
madrial
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:
golden age
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music
false
Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?
B (1:58)
The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance.
JOSQUIN
This excerpt is representative of Romantic music because
It expresses strong emotion through extreme loud and soft dynamics, wide pitch ranges, and a variety of timbres
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer’s name
brahms
The dynamics of this excerpt indicate that it was composed in the Romantic period because
soft to very loud
According to the text, Romantic composers abandoned the principles of unity and variety in pursuit of more innovative and expressive sounds
false
According to the text, which of the following are Post-Romantic composers
Rachmaninoff and Holst
Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period
Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs
Who was NOT a nationalist composer
liszt
The composer pictured above, an international artist of Hungarian heritage, decided to become a technical wizard at the keyboard after hearing Paganini playing the violin. What is his name
liszt
Changes in tempo were rarely found in music of the Romantic period, in keeping with Classical period values
false
Which of the following is an example of increasing tempo (accelerando), and the increasing excitement that goes with it
d (52)
According to the text, the Traditionalists were composers of the Romantic era who
held reverence
An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is
schuman
A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is
richard
According to the text, composers of the Romantic period were reluctant to stray from the seven tones of the traditional scal
false
The Five was a group of nationalist composers who sought to incorporate elements of
russian music
This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is
johann s
From the following composers, select the one that best understood the intrinsic nature and potential of the piano as an expressive instrument
frederic chopin
The dance-like characteristics of the following piece indicate that it was written by
chopin
During the Romantic period, choral music enjoyed its highest popularity since the Renaissance period
true
Which of the following excerpts features frequently changing tempos
B (40)
Which would be the most likely composer of this example (20)
Mozart
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period (3:41)
true
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is
Short, symmetrical, and balanced
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music
false
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because
Stories were based on “real people,” and the music was light and humorous
From which of the following pairs would you choose the most likely composer of this example
Haydn or Beethoven
The symphony had its origins in the overture, which was the introductory music for Italian opera
true
Which of the following is not an overture by Beethoven
pastoral
Listen to the following example and select the genre that best defines it
symphony
A string
is composed of two violins, one viola, and a cello
quartet
Which one of the following excerpts belongs to a large choral work from the classical period (38)
A
What common Classical period genre does this excerpt represent
symphony
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style
Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
The rhythm of the following example suggests that the piece was composed during the Classical period. The rhythm may be described as having a
Clear pulse and meter with regular, dance-like rhythms
Which Classical genre is represented by this example (52)
chamber
Which of the following composers wrote this symphony
ludwing van
Identify the event that did not occur during the Classical period
civil rights
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as
homophobic
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next
A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
A Baroque sonata is
A piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period
thirty years war
Which one of the following pairs of words or phrases represents the two main concepts behind Baroque music?
Basso continuo; The Doctrine of Affections
A Baroque oratorio is
A multi-movement sacred work for soloist and choir intended for a concert performance
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative
false
Which of these examples is a recitative
B
The dynamics in this example is best described as
terraced dynamics
The Baroque concerto is
A piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble
A Baroque suite is
is a multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances.
The dates given in the course for the Baroque Period place it between
1600-1750
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example
monophonic
Which of the following describes this example
Wide dynamic range and repetition in the melody to express deep feelings
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative (25)
true
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period
The Scientific Revolution
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard
Baroque keyboard music was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
The musical features of the following example suggest that it comes from a/an
aria.
The following excerpt is most likely from a(n)..
solo keyboard
Which of the following examples features melismatic singing
exerpt c
The following excerpt is most likely from a
concerto
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative
recitativo secco-dry recitative-in
Nadia Boulanger was a prominent music teacher who taught some of the most influential composers of the 20th century, including Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, and Walter Piston
true
Which of the following best describes aleatory music
Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
Which of the following composers did NOT employ total serialism in his work
Ralph Vaughan Williams
A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is:
A musical genius, but also someone with strong anti-Semitic views, the man pictured above was one of the most influential composers of the Romantic Period. His name is:
Richard Wagner
Which of the following composers, upon arriving in Paris in 1831, quickly became closely associated with the most prominent intellectuals, artists, musicians, political activists, and financiers of his day, thus launching his career?
Frédéric Chopin
Who was NOT a nationalist composer?
Liszt
The melody in this composition is representative of Romantic music because it:
:34
Is long, flowing, and lyrical
According to the text, the Traditionalists were composers of the Romantic era who:
Held reverence for the music of the masters
The following piano sonata was composed by one of the first female virtuoso performers. Identify this composer.
2:35
Clara Wieck Schumann
Which of the following composers envisioned operas as “musical dramas”—a combination of all the arts
Wagner
Which of the following excerpts features frequently changing tempos?
NOT Expert D
During the Romantic period, choral music enjoyed its highest popularity since the Renaissance period.
True
An important artistic product of the Romantic period was:
Vincent van Gogh’s paintings
Which of the following was not a member of the Five?
Pyotr Tchaikovksy
Which of the following was NOT known as a composer of choral music?
Chopin
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:
Franz Schubert
An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is:
Schumann
The following choral work, based on the German Bible, was written by:
7:11
Brahms
Which of the following is not a composer from the Romantic period?
Eugene Delacroix
Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period?
Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs.
Which one of these composers was considered a national hero in his homeland?
NOT Arnold Schoenberg
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer's name? 3:03
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer’s name?
3:03
Brahms
According to the text, art of the Romantic period valued emotional restraint and clarity of form.
False
Which of the following is an example of increasing tempo (accelerando), and the increasing excitement that goes with it?
:52
Excerpt D
During the Romantic period, most composers were:
Independent business persons, earning their living by performing music, writing music for specific occasions and commissions, and collecting royalties on published music.
The following difficult piece for the violin was written by one of the few musicians of the time who could play it. Identify this composer.
1:56
Paganini
Which of the following excerpts is most likely a composition by Paganini?
:24
Excerpt C
In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period…
Gave full expression to a wide range of feelings, dreams, and the heroic human potential.
The dance-like characteristics of the following piece indicate that it was written by:
:22
Chopin
According to the text, Romantic composers abandoned the principles of unity and variety in pursuit of more innovative and expressive sounds.
False
The course places the Romantic period in music between the years:
1820 – 1910
Which one of the following is not a general characteristic of Romantic music:
Compositions were based on logic and controlled feelings.
This excerpt is representative of Romantic music because…
:42
It expresses strong emotion through extreme loud and soft dynamics, wide pitch ranges, and a variety of timbres.
The Five was a group of nationalist composers who sought to incorporate elements of ______________ in their work.
Russian music
The dynamics of this excerpt indicate that it was composed in the Romantic period because:
:24
Dynamics range from extreme soft to very loud
According to the text, composers of the Romantic period were reluctant to stray from the seven tones of the traditional scale (i.e., A, B, C, D, E, F, G).
False
According to the text, which of the following is NOT considered a form of program music?
Mazurka
Which of the following statements best characterizes the “mood” of the Romantic period?
Rules and logic are less important that the free expression of human feelings. Humans can only “fully become” by exploring their inner feelings.
From the following composers, select the one that best understood the intrinsic nature and potential of the piano as an expressive instrument:
Frédéric Chopin
The following excerpt is from Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude.
:15
False
Changes in tempo were rarely found in music of the Romantic period, in keeping with Classical period values.
False
The following selection is from Berlioz’s Symphony Fantastique.
:48
False
This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is:
Johann Strauss Jr.
Notes that don’t belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations.
Chromatic
According to the text, which of the following are Post-Romantic composers?
Rachmaninoff and Holst
The composer pictured above, an international artist of Hungarian heritage, decided to become a technical wizard at the keyboard after hearing Paganini playing the violin. What is his name?
Liszt
Which Classical genre is represented by this example?
:52
Chamber music
Which one of the following examples comes from a famous Beethoven symphony?
Excerpt D
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question.
5:45
Don Giovanni
A string [ ] is composed of two violins, one viola, and a cello.
quartet
Which of the following composers wrote this symphony?
16:54
Ludwig van Beethoven
The symphony had its origins in the overture, which was the introductory music for Italian opera.
True
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music.
False
The sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are:
Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation
Listen to the following example and select the genre that best defines it:
Symphony
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is:
:08
Short, symmetrical, and balanced
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as “The Father of the Symphony.”
False
During the Classical period, opera buffa (comic opera) plots were based on myths and historical figures.
False
The following example from the Classical period may be classified as a/an:
:37
Sonata
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period.
3:26
False
The rhythm of the following example suggests that the piece was composed during the Classical period. The rhythm may be described as having a:
:13
Clear pulse and meter with regular, dance-like rhythms
Which of the following is not an overture by Beethoven:
Pastoral
Which of the following were important composers of the Classical period?
Mozart and Haydn
We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features:
:26
chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as:
:38
Homophonic
The dates given in this course for the Classical period are:
1750 – 1825
What common Classical period genre does this excerpt represent?
:35
Symphony
According to the text, Beethoven strongly influenced the music of Haydn.
False
Which genre is represented by this example?
1:00
Concerto
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because…
:55
Stories were based on “real people,” and the music was light and humorous.
From which of the following pairs would you choose the most likely composer of this example?
:46
Haydn or Beethoven
Which would be the most likely composer of this example?
:20
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next?
A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style?
Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question.
2:55
The Magic Flute
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period.
3:41
True
Sonata-allegro form was used mainly in works for solo piano and did not apply to works for larger ensembles.
False
Which one of the following excerpts may be classified as chamber music?
:34
Excerpt C
Which one of the following excerpts belongs to a large choral work from the classical period?
:38
Excerpt A
Which of the following is a composition for an orchestral ensemble?
symphony
Identify the event that did not occur during the Classical period:
American Civil Rights Movement
A Baroque suite is…
A multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances
The dates given in the course for the Baroque Period place it between:
1600-1750
The composer of the following music example could likely be…
:40
Purcell
The dynamics in this example is best described as:
:47
Terraced dynamics
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example?
3:32
Contrasts between a small group of soloists and a larger ensemble
The following selection, sung by Historicus, comes from a well-known __________.
:35
oratorio
Which of the following describes this example?
:40
Wide dynamic range and repetition in the melody to express deep feelings
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example?
:20
It is sung a cappella
One characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it might be from the Baroque Period is:
:29
It contrasts a group of instruments with a solo instrument.
The secular text and overall musical style of this example suggest that it is from a/an:
:40
Opera
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: What would be the typical expectation regarding the rest of the movements of this particular type of work?
:47
There may be other movements, some of which may introduce soloists.
Who composed La favola d’Orfeo, a work that marks the beginning of opera as a major art form?
Claudio Monteverdi
The sacred text and overall musical style of this example suggests that it is part of a/an:
:47
Oratorio
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: Who would be a likely composer for this work?
:47
Bach or Handel.
Early baroque music is characterized by frequent use of polyphonic texture.
False
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard…
Was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
The following excerpt is most likely from a/an:
:40
Opera
During the Baroque period, the musical feature that lent harmonic support to the main melodic line of a composition was called:
Basso continuo
The musical features of the following example suggest that it comes from a/an:
:40
Aria
Which of these examples is a recitative?
:24
Excerpt B
Farinelli was a famous:
castrato
The following excerpt is most likely from a:
:22
Concerto
In contrast to the Renaissance, where vocal and choral music took center stage, instrumental music established itself as the most significant genre of the Baroque period.
True
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example?
:28
Performed by a small orchestra
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
The Scientific Revolution
According to Monteverdi, what is the difference between prima practica and seconda practica?
Prima practica emphasized equality of voices whereas seconda practica emphasized a hierarchy of voices
Which one of the following pairs of words or phrases represents the two main concepts behind Baroque music?
Basso continuo; The Doctrine of Affections
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative?
1:00
Recitativo secco
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative.
:25
True
Which of the following excerpts exhibits Baroque rhythmic characteristics?
:39
Excerpt B
The following excerpt is most likely from a(n)…
:33
Piece for solo keyboard
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative.
1:01
False
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example?
:20
It has monophonic texture
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
The Thirty Years’ War
The vocal technique illustrated by the following example is known as:
:21
Melismatic singing
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________.
to be played
The texture of this excerpt is:
:32
Polyphonic
Which group was credited with inventing the recitative?
The Florentine Camerata
A Baroque oratorio is…
A multi-movement sacred work for soloist and choir intended for a concert performance
A Baroque sonata is…
A piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments
The Baroque concerto is…
A piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble
Which of the following is NOT a Baroque composer?
Dufay
Which of the following examples features melismatic singing?
:21
Example C
What is the name of the technique used in the following excerpt?
1:54
Terraced dynamics
The earliest surviving opera—then called dramma per musica—was written by a member of the Florentine Camerata named:
Jacopo Peri
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.
5:37
True
This instrument, which was very popular during the Renaissance, is called a [ ].
This instrument, which was very popular during the Renaissance, is called a [ ].
lute
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.
3:42
False
Venit ad Petrum was often used as the cantus firmus for the mass.
True
The Renaissance may be described as an age in which:
Individualism, humanism, and secular values started to flourish once again.
The Renaissance period saw inventions and developments that:
Changed the physical and intellectual landscape of Europe.
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period.
False
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period?
:27
It features imitation that goes through all the voices
The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance.
5:37
Josquin Desprez
Which of the following selections is an example of a Renaissance consort?
1:30
Excerpt D
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based
False
Which of the following is not part of the Ordinary of the Catholic Mass?
Alleluia
The following composition, featuring 40 voices, was written by:
12:15
Thomas Tallis
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music.
False
The Renaissance was the Golden Age of:
Choral composition for small ensembles
Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period?
Plainsong
Concentration on vocal music during the Renaissance period meant that instrumental music continued to be used as mere accompaniment for voices.
False
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music.
3:13
True
This is an excerpt from a:
:25
Madrigal
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?
Columbus discovered “The New World.”
Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?
1:58
Example B
This example is:
:25
From a Renaissance composition having its roots in folk songs
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music.
7:19
False
The following example is played on an instrument that was very popular during the Renaissance. That instrument is the:
:37
Lute
The composer of this selection is:
10:26
Jacob Obrecht
Two important composers from the Renaissance period were:
Desprez and Palestrina
Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?
1450 – 1600
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:
The Golden Age of Choral Music
One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is:
A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day.
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?
Cantus firmus
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture.
4:32
False
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture.
1:38
True
This excerpt is…
:40
Dance music from the Medieval period
This excerpt is an example of…
:32
Stepwise melody with unstressed rhythms
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
False
Which of the following examples represents secular music?
:15
Example C
This excerpt most likely falls in the category of:
:17
Mass
A characteristic of this excerpt that suggests it is from a medieval Mass is:
2:08
The smooth melodic lines and unstressed rhythm
Listen to the following excerpt of a Medieval composition.
This composition represents…
:18
An advanced 12th-century four-voice organum
The following composition is a work by:
6:03
A French troubador
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period?
Masses and motets
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period?
Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
Which of the following examples represents sacred music?
4:24
Example B
The texture of this example is…
:17
Polyphonic
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?
Sederunt Principes
This is an example of a musical genre known as
:13
Gregorian chant
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period?
Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.
False
The composer of this excerpt is…
:55
Hildegard von Bingen
This excerpt is most likely from a…
:25
Troubadour song
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?
Charlemagne
The composer of this excerpt is…
:17
Guillaume de Machaut
The dates for the Medieval period are generally considered to be:
1150 – 1450 AD
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was…
The Roman Catholic Church
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period?
Smooth melodies sung a cappella
Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period?
Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
The great European churches and cathedrals of the Medieval period were important to the development of Western music
True
Which of the following was regarded as a leading composer of the Ars Nova style?
Guillaume de Machaut
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain.
False
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
False
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?
Pope Gregory I
Léonin and Pérotin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony.
True
The two most important French composers of organum and discant during the Medieval period were:
Léonin and Pérotin
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:
Vocal music
This excerpt is an example of a medieval religious type of composition known as [ ]
4:32
Gregorian chant
This excerpt is an example of:
:30
Secular music
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music.
True
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form.
3:11
True
Listen to the following example.
Which form does it represent?
2:06
Ternary form
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?
Strophic form
Which excerpt most likely represents theme and variations form?
15:33
Example A
Composers and arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering its basic form.
True
This piano piece exemplifies:
2:34
Theme and variations
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form.
False
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form.
3:22
False
According to the text, in rondo form, the repeating themes are separated by:
contrasting episodes
This piece of music is an example of:
3:59
Strophic form
This cello piece exemplifies __________ form.
2:33
Binary
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition?
Binary form
This composition is a clear example of:
17:17
Theme and variations form
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies:
4:25
Rondo form
Listen to the following two examples from a piece in rondo form presented in the text.
Which excerpt represents the Theme?
:20
Example A
Listen to the following example.
Which of the following types of texture does it represent?
:09
Monophony
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony?
The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
This music passage is an example of:
:16
Homophony
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture.
:07
True
The following excerpt represents polyphonic texture.
:14
False
This piece of music is a good example of:
:20
Polyphonic texture
This piece is a good example of:
:18
Homophonic texture
The following music excerpt features:
:17
A mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture.
:21
False
This music excerpt is an example of:
:31
Homophonic texture
The following excerpt represents homophonic texture.
:18
False
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music.
True
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other.
True
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?
Cacophony
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called:
Monophony
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
False
The following excerpt is dissonant.
:28
False
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment.
:06
False
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony.
False
This excerpt demonstrates:
:19
How dissonant harmonies create tension and instability throughout
This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called:
:01
Arpeggio
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as:
:16
Double stops
The following excerpt represents:
:11
Melody with harmonic accompaniment
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music.
False
The following excerpt is consonant.
:11
True
The following excerpt represents melody by itself without harmonic accompaniment.
:03
False
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment.
:11
True
The following excerpt represents a melody without harmonic accompaniment.
:14
True
The direction of the following melody can be best described as:
:05
Downward at first and then static
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
:26
The excerpt features all three
The melodic material in the following excerpt can be best described as having:
:13
Mixed melodic directions with a transitional character
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
:36
repeated tones
Does the following excerpt feature more disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
:22
Conjunct
The most salient compositional aspect of the following excerpt is:
:35
Imitation between voices
The following excerpt is:
:15
The Triumphal March from the opera Aida
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?
:13
The excerpt features all three
The melody in the following excerpt is comprised of:
:24
Several small melodic ideas
A melody consists of a succession of:
Pitches
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of:
Shape, direction, and range
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:
Theme
The trumpet melody in the following excerpt can be best described as:
:03
Disjunct
The rhythmic “surprise” created by accents occurring in unexpected places in the following example is called…
:13
Syncopation
Listen to the following selection.
Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection?
:59
Vivace
Which excerpt suggests a weak beat?
:11
Excerpt B

From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.

Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures.

stressed : unstressed
The tempo in this example could be described as:
:30
Accelerando
Meter in music can best be described as:
The grouping of pulses into consistent units
The following excerpt is an example of duple meter.
:14
True
Which combination of beat and tempo is present in this excerpt?
:30
Strong and fast
__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo
Moderato
Listen to the following selection.
Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection?
7:31
Allegro
Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played.
True
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando.
:11
True
(The excerpt is an example of ritardando. The piece slows down towards the end of the example.)
This example illustrates the use of:
:30
Ritardando
The predominant meter of this example is:
2:53
Triple
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is __________.
ritardando
The Italian term for at ease is:
Adagio
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect:
The first movement to be fast, the second slower
From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.
Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music.
pulse
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings.
True
The following example features a steady pulse played by the bass.
5:59
True
The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is:
Presto
The pulse in this example…
:44
Is very weak throughout
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score?
Over the staff
Which excerpt is an example of accelerando?
:12
Excerpt A
The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is __________.
accelerando
Which of these statements best describes the unique rhythmic feature in this example?
:19
The dramatic use of silence
The tempo of this example could be described as:
:20
Rubato
Rhythm is defined as:
The organization of sound in time
The following piece is an example of triple meter.
3:30
False
The placement of accents in the following example causes us to perceive its meter as:
:25
Mixed and changing
The following excerpt is not an example of triple meter.
:42
False
Which excerpt suggests tempo rubato?
:46
Excerpt A
In the following example:
:29
The repeated rhythm pattern is part of the accompaniment
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando.
:11
False
(The excerpt is not an example of ritardando. The piece doesn’t gradually slow down.)
The sense of beat in this example is unstressed throughout.
2:32
True
3
4
The top number of the time signature above, represents:
There are three beats in each measure.
Which of the following excerpts has a fast tempo?
:11
Excerpt A
Which of the following is a false statement?
Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
The tempo in this example…
:36
Remains consistent
The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.
True
The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.
True
Identify the false statement:
Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.
What is the function of the amplifier?
It amplifies loudness.
Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.
False
Please select the word pair that best completes the following sentence.
The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.
Keyboard, Pipes
In the organ, pipe length determines:
Pitch
In the organ, volume is determined by:
Wind pressure
The function of the organ’s stops is to:
Control the flow of air to the pipes
The first organ used water to control wind pressure.
True
Please select the word pair that best completes the following sentence.
When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.
quill; pluck
All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.
False
The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:
Around 1397
Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:
For the next 200 years
The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.
False
The upright piano was first developed in:
The upright piano was first developed in:
Philadelphia, USA
When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.
False
The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:
Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825
There are [ ] keys in a full size piano keyboard.
88
The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:
Moves the hammers closer to the strings
What instrument plays this example?
1:09
Organ
What instrument plays this example?
1:43
Harpsichord
Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
True
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
False
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.
False
What instrument plays this example?
5:37
Synthesizer
What instrument plays this example?
2:06
Piano.
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
False
The term controller refers to:
The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.
recital
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?
Timpani
Which percussion instrument is featured in this example?
:30
Castanets
Castanets are non-pitched instruments.
True
Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.
False
Identify the solo percussion instrument in this excerpt.
:15
Xylophone
This is a pair of:
This is a pair of:
Timpani
The name of this instrument is:
Digital drums
This instrument is called:
This instrument is called:
Xylophone
Percussion instruments are an essential part of marches.
Which instrument do you hear in this excerpt?
:05
Snare drum
Kettledrum is another name for timpani.
True
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:
Cymbals
Identify the percussion instrument that plays the melody in the following example.
:12
Marimba
Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the [ ] group.
concussion
or
idiophone
Listen to this excerpt from Also sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.
:22
Timpani
The following example is played by the:
:09
Snare drum
Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a “brassy” timbre?
All of the above
The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.
True
Listen to the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev’s Symphony No. 6. There is a dialogue between a high-sounding part and a low one.
:22
Tuba
Which instrument of the brass family plays the melody in this example?
:12
Trumpet
Which of the following is a member of the brass family?
Bass trombone
This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.
:34
Trumpet
Which brass instrument plays the melody in this example?
:12
Trombone
This instrument is called a [ ].
This instrument is called a [ ].
trumpet
Listen to this excerpt from Aaron Copland’s Fanfare for the Common Man.
What instrument is featured in this example?
:26
Trumpet
In brass instruments, pitch depends on the [ ] of the air column.
length
The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:
Trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba
This instrument is called a:
This instrument is called a:
French horn
This instrument is called a [ ].
This instrument is called a [ ].
trombone
This instrument is called a [ ].
This instrument is called a [ ].
tuba
This example comes from a concerto for __________ and orchestra.
:30
Horn
Which woodwind instrument is the soloist playing in this example?
:15
Flute
What instrument plays the melody in this excerpt from Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf?
:14
Oboe
Identify the single reed instrument:
Clarinet
The name of this instrument is [ ].
The name of this instrument is [ ].
bassoon
Which woodwind instrument plays along with the strings in this Mozart excerpt?
:12
Clarinet
The name of this instrument is [ ].
clarinet
Listen to the following excerpt:
What woodwind instrument plays along with the orchestra?
:12
Flute
What instrument plays together with the orchestra in this excerpt?
:35
Clarinet
Which instruments play the melody in this section of Sergei Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf?
:17
Violins
Which woodwind instrument is featured in the following excerpt from Sergei Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf?
:15
Bassoon
The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:
Flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon
What instrument plays the melody in this excerpt from Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf?
:18
Clarinet
Identify the woodwind instrument in this excerpt by the contemporary composer Aulis Sallinen.
:15
Flute
In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.
True
Which instrument, along with the orchestra, plays this example?
:44
Oboe
The French technical term for “mouthpiece” is la bouche.
False
The name of this instrument is [ ].
The name of this instrument is [ ].
oboe
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.
volume
Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:
Oboe, Bassoon
How does a violinist control dynamics?
By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings
What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?
Violin concerto
Which string instrument carries the melody in this short excerpt?
:18
Violin
The sound of string instruments is produced by a [ ] stretched between two points.
string
sten to this excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.
Which string instrument is featured in the excerpt?
:15
Harp
Which string instrument is featured in this excerpt from Paganini’s 24 Caprices?
:06
Violin
Listen to the following excerpt:
Which string instrument is playing in this example?
3:05
Cello
Which instrument plays this example?
3:57
Acoustic guitar
The text states that guitars are strummed or __________.
Plucked
The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.
True
Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments?
Blowing
The main orchestral string instruments are:
Violin, viola, cello, and double bass
__________ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch.
Vibrato
Which instrument plays this example?
2:33
Double bass
Which of the following statements best describes the role of technology with regard to art music in the Contemporary period?
Technology has enabled art music composers to experiment with and change the way that they create music.
Which of the following composers did NOT employ total serialism in his work?
Ralph Vaughan Williams
Which of the following composers developed the concept of total theater?
Carl Orff
Which of the following composers catapulted to the top of the 20th-century avant-garde after composing Firebird, Petrushka, and Le Sacre du Printemps?
Igor Stravinsky
The following piece was written by a leading figure of the post-WWII German avant-garde. Identify this composer.
1:01
Karlheinz Stockhausen
Which one of the following composers’ style is most closely associated with that of the commercial music world known as Tin Pan Alley?
George Gershwin
According to the text, what was the significance of Debussy’s work?
10:22
It represented the first viable alternative to tonal music.
Which of the following composers invented the twelve-tone system of composition?
Arnold Schoenberg
Which of the following is the composer for this excerpt?
:31
Cage
What unique feature of this example suggests that it was written in the Contemporary period?
:31
Use of a traditional instrument in a completely new way
Many composers in the contemporary period sought alternatives to tonality, or key-centered music. Which of the following is one such alternative?
Serialism
Which one of these composers wrote music for prepared piano?
John Cage
Audiences immediately embraced the dodecaphonic work of Arnold Schoenberg.
False
Which of the following 20th-century trends sought to restore order, harmony, and emotional restraint to music?
Neoclassicism
Which of the following composers most heavily influenced the music of the French post-WWI school of musicians known as Les Six?
Erik Satie
Which of the following were important composers in the Contemporary period?
Stravinsky and Schoenberg
What compositional technique is illustrated by the following excerpt?
:32
New ways to manipulate a traditional instrument
Which of the following movements is associated with Debussy and Ravel?
Impressionism
Which of the following trends in contemporary music does this excerpt exemplify?
:27
Jazz influence
The composers Samuel Barber, Thea Musgrave, and Ned Rorem resisted the 20th-century trend of serialism.
True
Nadia Boulanger was a prominent music teacher who taught some of the most influential composers of the 20th century, including Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, and Walter Piston
True
In 20th-century music, traditional harmony and tonality were redefined or rejected in favor of:
Atonality and serialism
Who composed the groundbreaking piece The Rite of Spring?
Igor Stravinsky
Which of the following was not a French composer?
Carl Orff
Which of the following excerpts is atonal music?
:14
Excerpt B
Which of the following best describes aleatory music?
Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
Which of the following is the composer for this piece?
:27
Gershwin
The factor that most clearly distinguishes this example from music of earlier periods is the use of:
:31
Extended dissonance that doesn’t resolve directly to consonance
Which characteristic of texture in this example is most closely associated with music of the Contemporary period?
:45
Thick texture with full and frequently dissonant chords
Given the Hungarian folk music flavor of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?
:13
Bartók
Which of the following is the composer for this piece?
10:32
Debussy
Given the atonal nature of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?
:54
Schoenberg
Which of the following composers was known for using folk-based fiddle tunes like the one in the following example?
:20
Aaron Copland
A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.
True
What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?
Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly
The sole function of the conductor is to beat time
False
Which instrument family plays this example?
:24
Woodwind family
Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?
Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton
This example is played by the ________.
:19
Brass
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.
Which percussion instrument accompanies the trumpets in this selection?
:14
Snare drum
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.
Which orchestral family performs the main theme in this selection?
:14
String family
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.
Which brass instrument is featured in this selection?
:23
French horns
According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts
False
Where do the viola players sit?
In area No. 2
Listen carefully to the following example:
The instrument you just heard is called:
:15
Horn
Dynamic variety refers to the use of different sound sources.
False
Which of the following excerpts from See Here the Conqu’ring Hero Comes uses loud dynamics?
:14
Example A
The term timbre refers to the different sound sources used in a composition.
True
Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu’ring Hero Comes.
Which of the following two excerpts combines more instruments and louder dynamics?
:18
Example A
Unity alone sustains interest and appeals to our need and enjoyment of the new, different, and unexpected.
False
Two of the most obvious musical elements that composers use to achieve variety are dynamics and timbre.
True
A cadential point brings the musical phrase to a resting point, which may or may not be followed by a pause.
Which of the following excerpts ends with a cadential point that brings the phrase to a resting point?
:07
Example C
Handel uses different combinations of dynamics and timbre to achieve unity and variety in See Here the Conqu’ring Hero Comes.
Which of the following excerpts combines ensemble playing and soft dynamics?
:14
Example B
Listen to the following excerpts of Idea A from G. F. Handel’s See Here the Conqu’ring Hero Comes.
Which one is played by a solo instrument?
:15
Example B
The following excerpt features a solo performer.
:08
False
Interpretation is one of the composer’s most important tasks.
True
According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor.
False
The following excerpt features a musical ensemble.
:09
False
This excerpt features which of the following?
:32
Vocal ensemble
The following excerpt features a musical ensemble.
:09
True
The performer acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.
True
Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.
False
Deep River is a great example of a jazz piece.
2:39
False
The following excerpt features a solo performer.
:24
True
The term étude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers.
True
In the Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin, the chords played by the right hand represent the accompaniment.
2:52
False
The Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin is nicknamed Revolutionary because it started a major upheaval in Paris in 1820.
2:52
False
Listen to these two excerpts.
Which excerpt comes from Section A of Chopin’s Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor?
:15
Excerpt 2
Structure is important because it helps our minds begin to develop expectations about what will happen next in a piece of music.
True
Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.
True
Which of the following is an example of a cadential point?
:07
Excerpt A
Which section of Chopin’s Étude in C minor does the following excerpt come from?
:09
Section A
Listen to this excerpt from Section A of Chopin’s Étude in C minor.
What is the function of the left hand in the following excerpt?
:15
Continues playing figurations (melodic patterns)
Listen to this excerpt from Chopin’s Étude in C minor.
Where does this excerpt happen in the piece?
:35
Towards the end of the piece
Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.
False
Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.
True
An understanding of form enhances and improves one’s appreciation of music.
True
The Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin is an example of three-part form.
2:52
False
Understanding form is not necessary for enhancing the appreciation of music.
True
Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.
False
Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
True
Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
True
Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:
All of the above
Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.
True
Music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event is called _________ music
Absolute
A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
True
The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
False
This is a short excerpt from J.S. Bach’s Air from the Suite No. 3 in D major. Listening to that excerpt, a casual listener would be more inclined to do which of the following?
:30
Enjoy the music as background
Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
True
Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?
The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as “mellow” and “upbeat”
Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
False
Which of the following excerpts was used in the text as an illustration of program music?
:21
Excerpt B
The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.
True
Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.
False
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
False
Listen to the piano playing in this excerpt.
What are the short segments played by the piano alone?
:09
Riffs
Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
True
According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres.
True
Which of the following excerpts is an example of art music?
3:30
Excerpt B
Art music is superior to folk or popular music.
False
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
False
Which of the following most likely contains an improvised solo?
:15
Excerpt C
Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
False
Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
True
Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by an individual.
True
Which of the following excerpts is an example of jazz?
:15
Excerpt B
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
True
Riffs refers to:
Short melodic and rhythmic patterns
Which of the following excerpts is an example of folk music?
:09
Excerpt A
A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.
False
According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character
3:20
False
According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.
False