An oil refinery is located on the north bank of a straight river that is 2 km wide. A pipeline is to be constructed from the refinery to storage tanks located on the south bank of the river 6 km east of the refinery. The cost of laying pipe is $200,000 per km overland to a point P on the north bank and $400,000 per km under the river to the tanks. To minimize the cost of the pipeline, how far from the refinery should P be located? (Round your answer to two decimal places). 1 year ago Report Abuse Colorado... Best Answer - Chosen by Voters.

O will be the x-axis origin, P is the point on the north bank, and x= distance from O to the storage tanks. [Note, we could have put R at the origin, but the algebra is a little simpler this way]. The cost C(x) of the pipeline as a function of x is:

**C(x) = distance along north shore * pipeline cost overland + distance under the river * pipeline cost under land The distance along the north shore is 6-x.**

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The distance (by Pythagorean theorem) under the water is sqrt:

** ( 2^2 + x^2) So, C(x) = (6-x)*200000 + sqrt(4 + x^2) * 400000**

[You should graph this]. To find the value of x where C(x) is minimized, we set **dC/dx = 0,** [Reminder - use the chain rule to differentiate the second term]. Differentiating and simplifying, we get**dC/dx = C'(x)** = -200000 + 400000x/ sqrt(4+x^2) = 0 400000x / sqrt(4+x^2) = 200000 400000x/200000 = sqrt(4+x^2). Squaring both sides, we get 4x^2= 4 + x^2 x = sqrt(4/3) = 1. 15 So the distance from the refinery to point P is 6-x = 4. 85 km.

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