Happiness is an emotional or affective state that can be individual or shared with other people. Each person has own definition of happiness. For example, some people think that happiness comes from having a lot of money, and some think that happiness can come from simple things such having a friend.
Happiness can affect your health, the people around you, and it can make you have a positive life. There are three causes of happiness such as being successful, eating chocolate, and being optimistic. The first cause of happiness is being successful.
Successful life can lead to happiness. For instance, if you are a successful student, you are going to be happy. That is because you are going to feel accomplished which is one of the reasons that lead to happiness. Being successful could also mean having good relationships with other. In other words, if you show good manners everywhere you go, you will make people like to have a friendship with you. As a result, you are going to have a relationship with your friends, and friends can be one of the reasons that lead to happiness. The second cause of happiness is eating chocolate.
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Eating chocolate can make you be happy. For instance, researcher have found that chocolate has the property of increasing levels of some hormones. These hormones can cause feelings of happiness and well being.
Also, the researchers found that eating 40 grams of dark chocolate every day for two weeks can reduce the stress. In other words, the levels of stress hormones will be reduced which can make you feel happy. The third cause of happiness is being optimistic. Optimism is one of the reasons that lead to happiness. Optimism is a hopefulness and confidence that things will work out.
Also, it can help us to move from the past and not fear the future. If you are a pessimist, you are going to think that things will not work out. As a result, the pessimist can lead to less happiness and make you have sadness in your life.
In conclusion, it seems that we have three causes of happiness such being optimistic, eating chocolate and being successful. Happiness is very important to our life because it can make our life meaningful. It can affect our life and the people around us, so people have to be happy and optimistic in order to have a comfortable life.
Hunger Games Essay plan
Using your notes write an introduction in which you:
Mention the title, director, year of release, where it was set. Clarify what the genre is, explaining exactly what this means. Name and briefly describe the main protagonist in a single sentence. Provide a plot summary.
EXAMPLE: ‘The director, Gary Ross, uses many film techniques to convey the themes of…’(only write the themes in the introduction that you are analysing in your essay). ‘The Hunger Games’ is an American science fiction film set in the futuristic, dystopian society of Panem.
Theme: Oppression -To treat cruelly or unjustly. The Capitol people treat the people from the Districts in a cruel and unjust way. Using your notes the blog , describe in detail, using the PEAR structure how the setting, sound, symbolism, mannerisms, camera angles/shots, and costume help to convey the oppression suffered by the people in the districts . The opening scenes has good examples of the oppression suffered by the people of the Districts:
Scene 1: District 12
Scene 2: Happy Hunger Games (Katniss and Gale in the woods)
Scene 3: Check in (at ‘The Reaping’)
1.Aerial shot to emphasise their vulnerability. 2. Sound of bells tolling highlights their imminent death 3. Signify animals being herded – ‘Like lambs to the slaughter’
Using the PEAR structure, explain how the people of ‘The Capitol’ have a different life style to the people in the Districts. Contrast the Capitol with District 12 by looking at the mise-en-scene (costume, mannerism, movement, sound, objects, colour and setting).
In ’The Hunger Games’ the director employs sound to convey (try to use different words for each topic sentence) the theme of oppression to the audience. As the children walk towards ‘The Reaping’, there is an ominous, non-diegetic, sound in the background that echoes the sound of a bell tolling. The sound of a bell tolling is symbolic of death and is often heard when someone has died. The director uses an aerial shot showing the children walking to further convey the theme of oppression. An aerial shot makes the character look small therefore it makes them appear vulnerable. The ominous sound coupled with the aerial shot of the children, makes them appear like animals being herded which echoes the saying ‘lambs to the slaughter’. The fact that the people of the Capitol do not have to attend ‘The Reaping’ makes the treatment of the District people all the more unfair and unjust
Using the PEAR structure, further explain the theme of oppression by exploring how the Capitol people have so much more in terms of possessions and technology and how this changes how they live their lives. Contrast the costume, mannerisms, setting, colours.
The technology used in the games, computer generated animals, ‘magic medicine’, 200mph trains etc… Example:
What is of value in ‘The Hob’ (District 12’s illegal market place) would be laughed at in ‘The Capitol’ . The buttons are of little value but there is little else to sell. The mise-en-scene is in stark contrast to the social areas in the Capitol. Look at the colour, mannerisms – toy sword emulates the brutality of the games.
Theme: Power. Explain who has the power in Panem. President Snow is a Totalitarian ruler Totalitarianism: Is a political system where the state (Of which President Snow has total control over everything and everyone)holds total authority over society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life.
Example: Think about the propaganda video shown during ‘The Reaping’. How is this similar to those shown in ‘1984’? How are the crowd reacting compared to Effie Trinket? What is being said at this point? Do the people of the districts feel the peace that President Snow proclaims. Look at the blog as there is some useful information about HOPE. Paragraph Five:
Theme: Power. Using the PEAR structure, discuss How Katniss begins to affect the power balance in ‘The Capitol’ ? There’s information on the blog about the theme of power and a video clip which will give you a better understanding of Katniss’s role in upsetting the balance.
Katniss’s relationship with Rue, and Peeta upsets the balance. The usual collaborations in the Hunger Games are about maximum power for killing the other tributes. Rue’s death scene and the way Katniss treats Rue with respect, and in turn District 11 that becomes the catalyst (somebody or someone that makes a change happen) for change.
The ‘berry’ scene at the end is very powerful.
Theme: Appearance versus reality (what is real? and what is only appearance?) Using the PEAR structure, look at how the director uses techniques to show us how Katniss has to change to stay alive in ‘Hunger Games’
Creation of ‘the Star-Crossed lovers’ to stay alive and receive sponsors Creation of ‘The Girl On Fire’ – Why did Cinna want to cause such a spectacle in the crowd? Paragraph seven
Theme: Appearance versus reality
Using the PEAR structure discuss how the Hunger Games appears as a Game show to the people of the Capitol, when in reality it is about the brutal murder of 23 children from the districts. It is not a game, it is real life. But, like Effie Trinkett, the people of the Capitol, with the exception of Cinna (Katniss’s designer), have no idea what the people go through and do not care, as long as they live in comfort and with an abundance of food, clothing and other such luxuries
The Camera shows us the gambling odds for the tributes focusing on Rue and Thresh from District 11. It then cuts to these pampered children of the Capitol, so we notice the difference between how they are treated. It cuts to a medium-close-up (MCU) of Haymitch watching them and we get his POV (point-of-view)shot of him watching them. His look is of total disdain at the unfairness of the situation. Mention that it is a reality TV show filmed both to control and punish (to keep them oppressed without any power) the districts, whilst entertaining ‘The Capitol’. They gamble because it is fun!
Once you have completed your introduction and analysis paragraphs, it is important that you write a conclusion to your critical essay. This is the final paragraph where you discuss how the director, Gary Ross, uses various film techniques to convey the themes in the film ‘The Hunger Games’ (list what techniques you have used in your essay overall. For example: sound, setting, camera angles/shots/movement, editing, colour etc).
The conclusion repeats some of the information from the introduction such as: the key words of the task, the director’s name, the title of the film and then go on to discuss how the film as a whole, conveys the themes you have discussed in your essay. You summarise your main arguments and say how they, as a whole, answer your question.
How to Write Essay in Third Person
What is writing in a Third Person and How to Master it?
Writing essays can be a difficult task. Usually, students struggle with references or the absence of awareness of the topic. However, a few other problems are just as common as not knowing from what to start a paper. One of these is the need to follow an exact perspective in writing. The academic writing requires the students to be mindful of the persona, but it may not be as simple as it looks. In this article, we’ll talk about the third person definition and will try to answer to the most frequently asked question: what is writing in a third person really mean?
What Is Third Person Point of View
Third person writing is a type of writing when one uses the pronouns of third person, i. e. “he”, “she”, “it”, or “they” and all derived from them. Many academic papers demand using third person, because this approach stresses on points, and has influential and powerful tone. Moreover, most of academic papers do not allow the writer to use the first person as the information, delivered in such way sounds too informal and personal. Thus, it is way better to write “Researches found out, that…”, than “I found a research, that proves...”.
Among third person points of view, we should distinguish an omniscient one and a limited one.
The first refers to the situation, when a storyteller is aware of all the information about the thoughts and emotions of the character. The writer knows everything about all the characters.
When one uses a limited third person point of view, it means that the writer knows the information about the only one single character of the story. He or she can fully describe the feeling and emotions of this person, although the thoughts of other characters remain unknown. It does not mean that those “others” have the lack of attention. The writer can describe their actions, words, but not the emotions and thoughts.
If you are struggling when choosing one of those approaches, or if you’re scared of making a mistake, we can provide you with a tip. By writing in omniscient third person, you can think of yourself as, let’s say, the one, who has supernatural power. You are able to read other people’s thoughts, understand their emotions and feelings. At the same time, this approach can be applicable to one single character only.
First Person vs Third Person
There is no doubt that first person point of view is much easier approach to telling a story. The writer is focused on his own character, his or her feelings and emotions. In addition, this way of writing is considered to be more intimate, than writing in the third person. This is achieved by direct talking to the reader from the person of author. When writing in the third person this connection is absent.
First person is much more subjective comparing to the third one. The later gives you the freedom of writing. This is achieved due to the fact that you do not look at the events from the perspective of strictly one character. Your camera can move freely all around the characters and events, and provide the readers with more details and information about the story itself.
If you are struggling with choosing either the first or the third person, we would advise you to go with the latter. In this way, you can challenge yourself with a more difficult task. It is also worth mentioning that most of the beginners start their writing career with the first person writing approach. Do not be ordinary and try something different!
Third Person Perspective
As it was already discussed, third person writing gives you more freedom. At the same time, you should not forget, that the writer must identify himself or herself with a protagonist throughout the whole story.
You tell your story jumping from one character to another, but remain fully attached to the main character. Thus, it is extremely important to distinguish this very character in your story. Your readers must feel it from the very beginning. To achieve this goal, we recommend you to describe the feelings and emotions of your character, and only afterward to focus on his or her actions. It is also important for you to describe the thoughts of this character as deeply as possible.
To understand the main sense in writing from the third person perspective, people usually advise a writer to try to imagine himself or herself as a camera that shoots a movie. At the same time, it is not a usual camera. This one can record not visual information only, but smells and textures as well.
At the same time, one should be extremely careful when imagining himself or herself as a shooting camera. Remember that you do not want your camera to move to frequently and change the scenes of your “movie” too often. By doing this, you can lose your readers’ too quickly and he or she will not be interested in the story anymore.
If your work demands shifting from one character to another, then we advise you to focus mainly on action, not on the thoughts themselves. This will help increase the curiosity of your readers. They will continue reading until the scenes stop changing and the thoughts of particular character start describing the whole sense of recently read passage.
Third Person Example
To understand the approach of writing in third person, we would like to provide you with examples.
When the story is told from the third person, the personal pronouns such as “you” or “I” are written only in the dialogues:
The girl was extremely upset. It seemed that she was about to burst into tears.
‘Oh, dear, ‘she started indecisively, with a trembling voice, ‘I wish I could turn back the time and talk to him. I thought I had the time…Why is this life so cruel to us? I was just going to call him the minute I’d get back home, but I couldn’t –‘
She started weeping desperately. Never in her lifetime had she felt so bad.
As we can see in this passage, the author used “she” as a third person pronoun.
The reader can definitely understand that the author used omniscient third person writing approach. We all are able to easily get into the thoughts of the protagonist.
Here is the other example a story written with the use of third person approach.
We can see how the author jumps from character to character.
With each conversation, Mary was more engaged. She found John extremely interesting. There were many things about this guy that fascinated her: his abrupt manner of speech, the unusual topics that he raised, and the passion with which he defended every idea of his. Although Mary denied it, she started feeling something deeper to this person, but she wasn’t ready to acknowledge it even to herself.
‘No way! You heard that too! This is awesome, what do you think? I think this song is awesome,’ John was obviously in the mood today, and everybody could see that.
As with the previous example, the pronouns of the first person can be seen only in dialogues.
Once you decide to write an essay in a third person, just remember useful tips:
- This is the approach to choose if you’re writing the academic papers. The third person is most appropriate for writing the formal pieces, such as the academic essays, the official documents, etc. If you’re about to compose a professional text, this is your go-to perspective. It will enable you to stay formal and convey all the necessary information at the same time.
- Remember the rules as to the use of pronouns. Don’t make mistakes while referring to the other people within the text and while talking about them. Names of the people also count!
- Do not use first person pronouns if you decided to pursue a third person. Most importantly, don’t confuse things with writing texts for fiction and see the examples one more time. In these cases, the “I” pronoun can only be used in the dialogues between the characters.
- The same goes about the second person. Don’t use “you” in the third person unless this is a fiction and a dialogue.
- This is especially important in the formal writing: address the subjects of the text in general form. Don’t be too specific and try to use indefinite third person nouns, like people, a student, the board, etc.
If you are attentive and if you mind the aforementioned tips every time you get down to writing, you’ll definitely compose a high quality text. Good luck in your future writing endeavors!
on Causes of Happiness
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