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Breast Cancer

Essay Topic:

Breast Cancer Intro Attention Getter: Did you know both men and women are able to get breast cancer? Thesis Statement: According to US Breast Cancer Statistics it states that in 2013 there were more than 2. 8 million women with history of breast cancer. But that’s not all, 2,240 Invasive new cases were diagnosed in 2013 for breast cancer In men.

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Preview: When finding out about breast cancer, most people first like to know How did you know? Or What did you feel? In other words the 1st signs.

Next they would ask what stage you’re at? Then they would help you make a decision whether you’re planning to have a lumpectomy or mastectomy. Lastly they would like to know your treatment plan, chemo, radiation, meds.. Etc Body Topic #1: For most men and women their 1st signs are a breast lump tot abnormal mammogram. Some are even able to see the lump on their chest and others are Just able to feel It. When 1st being diagnosed the patient has to be tested. Mane tests are done including one important test. 5-10% of breast cancer patients are linked to gene mutation.

Which if it’s positive the patient’s siblings and children might have the gene. That’s why the gene testing is highly recommended even though its expensive most consider it for their love ones wellbeing. Transition: Although the 1st signs are important people always want to know what stage the breast cancer Is. Topic #2: The cancer stage Is based on four characteristics. 1) Size of lump. 2) Whether caner is Invasive or non-invasive. 3) Whether It’s reach lymph nodes. 4) Whether cancer has spread to other body parts. Invasive, no evidence of cancer. Subcategories.

IA tumor is measured up to 2 CM Stage O: cancer is described as non- Stage 1: is described as invasive. Divided into -cancer hasn’t spread outside the breast and no lymph nodes are cancerous. B -no tumor. Instead small groups of cancer cells. No larger than millimeters Stage 2: Also divided into subcategories. -no tumor found in breast but cancer is found in lymph nodes -tumor measures 2 CM or smaller and has spread to lymph nodes -tumor Is between 2-CM and has not spread to lymph nodes B -tumor is between 2-CM and small groups of breast cancer are found in the lymph odes. Tumor is between 2-CM and cancer has spread to 1-3 lymph nodes -tumor is larger than CM but has not spread to lymph nodes Stage 3: Also divided Into subcategories. -tumor larger than CM and breast cancer cells are found on lymph nodes -tumor larger than CM and cancer spread to lymph nodes near breast bone B -tumor may be any size and has spread to the chest and/or skin. Up to 9 lymph nodes are cancerous C -tumor may be any size but has spread to chest wall and/or skin.

And cancer has spread to lymph nodes -cancer has spread to lymph nodes below and above Loraine -cancer has spread to lymph nodes and breast bone Stage 4: Cancer is invasive. It has spread beyond the breast, nearby lymph nodes to other organs. Transition: Stating the stage of the breast cancer can and will make a big part in the decision of a lumpectomy or mastectomy. Topic #3: Lumpectomy vs.. Mastectomy. Lumpectomy is the removal of the tumor along with some breast tissue. This is the best way to save your breast. Mastectomy is surgery to remove all the breast tissue from the breast as a way to treat or prevent breast cancer.

People who most likely chose mastectomy are those ho have breast cancer genes. Transition: Whether choosing a lumpectomy or mastectomy to be completely sure the cancer is killed patient have to go through chemo and radiation. Topic #4: Treatments like chemo and radiation are a must. Chemotherapy is a treatment with cancer-killing drugs that are given through an IV. The drugs travel through the bloodstream attacking all cancerous cells. Chemo has many side effects, most common hair lost, vomiting, and loss of appetite, low white blood cells, and fatigue.

Although some of the side effects are alike when getting addition, like fatigue, low white blood cell, some are different like chest pain and lung problem but this is totally different from chemo. Radiation is a highly targeted and highly effective way to destroy cancer cells that remain in the breast. Radiation therapy uses a special kind of high-energy beam to destroy any cancer cells left behind. Conclusion Restate Thesis: 1 in 8 women get breast cancer and 1-1,000 men get breast cancer according to US Breast Cancer Statistics. Summary of topics: The 1st signs may be similar between men and women.

Staging would of course be completed different. Between a lumpectomy or mastectomy I believe most men for choose a mastectomy. Unlike them a women would want to keep their breast. On the other hand treatment may also be similar for both. Closing Statements: Before breast cancer struck my mom, I never realized how important and upsetting breast cancer is to the person and their loved ones. When I go with her to her chemo sections I see so many people fighting this disease but instead of looking at each individual I see a group of people here together for only one reason, to fight, beat and defeat the cancer.