One of the most powerful changes that we have confronted in the world is how great the four pillars of Internet of Everything can influence the world of technology and how challenging it is to connect the unconnected things. The Internet of Things is great, but it's not enough. To realize the true potential of the IoT, we must think more broadly, and see the IoT as a component in an entire, evolving ecosystem, that we can call: "The Internet of Everything (IoE)".
While IoT is specifically about enabling non-computing devices to share data via the internet. We can say that the Internet of Everything is much broader. The Internet of Everything (IoE) is about transporting together people, process, data, and things to make networked connections more appropriate and valuable than ever before-turning information into actions that create new capabilities, richer experiences, and unparalleled economic opportunity for businesses, individuals, and countries.
In simple terms: IoE is the intelligent connection of people, process, data and things. The Internet of Everything (IoE) describes a world where billions of objects have sensors to detect measure and assess their status; all connected over public or private networks using standard and proprietary protocols. In the Internet of Things, all communications are between machines, IoT and machine-to-machine M2M are sometimes considered synonymous. The more expansive IoE concept includes, besides M2M communications, machine-to-people (M2P) and technology-assisted people-to-people (P2P) interactions. IoT is a critical component, but the Internet of Everything is about acting on all the information gathered from the four primary pillars of the Internet of Everything: Data, Things, Processes, and People.
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The Internet, of course, was developed to share and transport data. The first commercial message was sent by text in 1992. Today the daily number of text messages exceeds the world's population. It is estimated that 4000 exabytes of data were stored in the cloud by the end of 2012, and the contributions from Amazon and Facebook amounted to 20 petabytes of data per day. That is more data than what was created by all humans in the previous 5000 years.
Data will continue to be at the core of every internet technology, platform, and paradigm. It is important to remember that methods of communication such as voice, text, and video are all still just data, even without any kind of technology involved. So, what is different? Data has generally been generated, stored, then transmitted from one place to another, or broadcast from one point to multiple points (streaming video, broadcast radio, multiple destination satellite transmission, bugle corps, etc.) but now, with concepts such as Open Data: governments making data openly available to the public, often in real-time such as traffic telemetry, hydrological data, etc.
This data is no longer strictly going from one fixed destination to another, or a destination to multiple discreet endpoints but going from multiple points into the air- "the cloud." We see now and will see much more in the future data groups. Devices able to act autonomously based on mass signaling. Here are some examples of data groups, this is how ant colonies work, and there is some fascinating research taking place on how multiple autonomous bodies can act coherently without a centralized communication network such as migratory fowl, schools of fish, or insect colonies; and how to apply the lessons learned to artificial intelligence, and distributed IoT networks. The data is still the foundation.
The world of IT represents a fraction of the cyber-physical world. Only 0.6 percent of things are connected today. There were 1000 Internet devices in 1984, 1 million Internet devices in 1992, and 10 billion in 2008. 50 billion devices are expected to be connected by 2020. In 2011, the number of new things connected to the Internet exceeded the number of new users connected to the Internet. It is hard to say, but probably between 2008 and 2011, that transformational moment occurred when the third-generation "Internet for the people" became the fourth-generation "Internet about things for the benefit of the people."
The Internet of Thing is a key pillar of the Internet of Everything. I have spoken and written widely already on the Internet of Things, after all. The things are the devices large and small, complex and simple that both feed the data into the Internet of Everything, and in many cases, act upon the data growing through the Internet of Everything. Factory robots, intelligent traffic lights, drones, home appliances…all potentially fit within the Internet of Everything as IoT-enabled devices.
To reach an audience of 50 million people, it took television 13 years, the Internet 4 years, iPod 3 years, and Facebook 2 years. In the future, the adoption of these and other media will drastically accelerate. We will solve problems we don't yet encounter using computing power not yet realized. In 2013, the computer exceeded man's computational ability. By 2049, a single $1000 personal computer will likely exceed the 2009 population's global computational capabilities.
All businesses, including healthcare, agricultural, industrial, and manufacturing, are now digital businesses. That's why this revolution is based on the transformational role of digital technologies. Once again, the technology innovation will change the world, like the industrial revolution of the 18th century. This is the intelligence deployed to tie everything else together. The innovation, the ideas, and the applications that put all these new capabilities to use for us. It's one thing to invent an internet-connected device, but someone must conceive and write the applications to extract the utility out of the devices.
Without people, everything else we have mentioned would be pointless. In Internet of Everything, people will be able to connect to the Internet in innumerable ways. Today, most people connect to the internet through their use of devices (such as PCs, tablets, TVs, and smartphones) and social networks (such as Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Pinterest). As the internet progresses toward IoE, we will be connected in more relevant and valuable ways. For example, in the future, people will be able to swallow a pill that senses and reports the health of their digestive tract to a doctor over a secure internet connection. In addition, sensors placed on the skin or sewn into clothing will provide information about a person's vital signs.
According to Gartner, people themselves will become nodes on the Internet, with both static information and a constantly emitting activity system. At the endpoint of every process, of every IoT device, is a person, or in most cases, a group of people (and that includes large groups such as communities and societies). Most of the top-ten paying jobs in 2010 did not exist in 2004. It is possible that technical information in the world doubles every two years. For students starting four-year degree programs, this means that half of what they learn the first year will be outdated by their third year. In terms of people's ability to digest information, it is estimated that a week's worth of the New York Times contains more information than a person was likely to encounter in a lifetime in the 18th century.
Internet of Everything can be considered as part of an educational activity linked to mathematics, science, and physical education, learners can use sensors to monitor their daily activity by collecting data on how far they walk or run, their heart rate, and other metabolic functions. As a class project, human biology comes "alive," as shown in the Cleveland Clinic example, and leads to greater engagement. Biology classes become more interesting as learners use the data to motivate each other to adopt healthier lifestyles. Focusing on the individual's well-being can set the stage for other areas of the curriculum.
In addition to monitoring physical activity, apps such as Edomondo23 provide a social networking site for sharing activities and achievements, therefore helping ensure that fitness and health feature strongly in a young person's daily life. Devices and sensors will expand human senses and become the eyes and ears for companies, law-abiding citizens, and even for hackers. If things can be operated remotely and activated in the physical sense, we must exercise caution. Whether we reach a utopian-like state of technological advancements depends on our social desirability, and technical and economic feasibility.
As it is said, "Every challenge is an opportunity in disguise." And most often, big opportunities come from addressing big challenges. Internet of Everything will change our daily lives, including the way we drive our car, use and save energy, manage healthcare, live, play, and work. IoE will make people's lives easier, healthier, and safer. IoE will generate higher wages, and more businesses. At the same time, boundaries of device authority, security and privacy, and universal cyber identity will increasingly be at the forefront of people's minds.
For example, in Barcelona they recently identified security and privacy as top concerns. People will be the beneficiaries of this new IoE economy, which will create opportunities unknown today and transform every side of society. People will be able to reduce waste, protect our environment, boost farm production, get early warnings of structural weaknesses in bridges and dams, and enable remotely controlled lights, sprinkler systems, washing machines, sensors, actuators, and gadgets.
In conclusion, I have spoken about how the four pillars of internet of everything foster innovation in the new technology and how challenging internet of everything is facing in new technology. Indeed, everyone has some privacy in life, therefore security and privacy play an important role in the internet of everything as many implementations can dramatically change the ways personal data is collected, utilized, analyzed and it is considered as a immense challenge in the new technology.
While these are important challenges, they are not insurmountable.in order to realize merits and benefits, strategical approach will need to be developed. Connecting people, process, data, and things requires efficient processes not only to evaluate the outcomes of those interactions, but also to enable people to make better and more informed decisions that capitalize on efficiencies, costs reductions, energy savings, and lean management.
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- Cisco. n.d. The Internet of Everything is the New Economy. http://www.cisco.com [17 July 2017]
- Internet Society. 2015. The internet of things (IOT). https://www.internetsociety.org [15 July 2017]
- OpenMind. 2016. The Internet of Everything (IoE). https://www.bbvaopenmind.com [17 July 2017]
- TechTarget. n.d. What is Internet of Everything (IoE). http://www.internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com [15 July 2017]
- Internet Society. 2015. The internet of things(IOT). http://www.internetsociety.org [20 July 2017]
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