Essays on Poverty

Essays on Poverty

Poverty is a major social problem in our society today. Poverty is known to society in many different ways and has a certain amount of approaches. A few of the main approaches that this is achieved is through economic systems, influencing government policies, and global stratification.

Poverty is difficult to define exactly, as it has different meanings to different people depending on what country they live in, what culture they belong to, and how much income they earn. All these factors and more will change the way poverty is defined by an individual or organization (Seabrook, 2007, p.35). The average person’s view of poverty is the poor they see on television living in third-world countries. These images are an example of absolute poverty, people who have nothing but the shirts on their back and whose only worry is survival (Seabrook, 2007, p.35).

It is believed that one billion people live on less than one dollar a day and that three billion people live off of less than two dollars a day (Seabrook, 2007, p.47). Regardless of the amount that is considered to be living in poverty most organizations have this perspective that poverty is about income level. The homeless living on the streets of major cities around the world is another example of absolute poverty. These individuals cannot access government programs often due to a lack of housing which is usually required in order to qualify for assistance programs. Even in the rich post-industrial and industrial western countries, absolute poverty exists (Seabrook, 2007, p.11).

Another type of poverty is relative poverty, which is defined as being able to afford basic necessities but unable to afford a decent quality of life (Murray, 2011, p. 246). Most people experience this type of poverty, as everyone compares themselves to everyone else around them. People compare themselves to their neighbors, relatives, friends, co-workers, and strangers chiefly paying attention to those who have more than they do (Seabrook, 2007, p.43). This relative poverty is closely related to income inequality if not completely the same (Richmond & Saloojee, 2005, p.35). A common saying that describes this type of poverty well is “Keeping up with the Joneses”, the Jones being a fictitious family that has a bit more than the family they are being compared to. Relative poverty could also be understood as a school teacher comparing his/her income to that of a firefighter or police officer, saying to themselves that they should have as much income as the others have, that their job is just as important, so in a sense, the school teacher would feel relatively poor because they earn less income (Seabrook, 2007, p.44).

Finally, there is subjective poverty that is measured by a person’s expectations of income earned compared to the actual income they earn (Murray, 2001, p.246). This type of poverty is usually felt by the well-off or rich; the people with this type of poverty do not worry about basic necessities. But they cannot afford what the rich or very rich have, things such as a swimming pool, a vacation somewhere exotic in the world, or a second home. They are closer to the top of the income ladder but yet they still feel subjective poverty because they do not have what the very well-off or very rich have (Seabrook, 2007, p. 45). This type of poverty is mostly felt by those in western societies whose annual personal income is high compared to the rest of the world but low compared to what professionals such as doctors and lawyers earn in the same country or compared to CEO’s and successful business owners (Seabrook, 2007, p.45).

The bureaucratic definitions of poverty usually ignore the fact that often some people do not need a great amount of money to have a decent living or good quality of life. This happens often in the developing world and undeveloped world, or 2nd and 3rd world countries as they used to be referred to. Families growing some of their own crops, getting their own firewood are some of the activities that would reduce their need for more income. Due to some of these self-sufficient practices some statistics of poverty are not showing the true picture of an individual's or family's income level and quality of life (Seabrook, 2007, p.26).

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Food Insecurity: History & Background

Since 1990s food insecurity has been assessed and monitored by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) at the federal level. Food insecurity is defined as “a household-level economic and social condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food,” (3) and remains distinct from …

DiscriminationFood InsecurityPovertyUnemployment
Words 490
Pages 2
Food Insecurity and Obesity What’s: The Connection?

Many people are surprised to find that food insecurity and obesity can co-exist in the same individual, family, or community. Yet the truth is that food insecurity can make people more vulnerable to hunger as well as obesity. The budget constraints that low-income households face …

Food InsecurityNutritionObesityPoverty
Words 785
Pages 4
Hunger and Food Insecurity

‘Around the world, more than enough food is produced to feed the global population—but more than 820 million people go hungry each year. After steadily declining for a decade, world hunger is on the rise, affecting 11 percent of people globally. There were an estimated …

Food InsecurityHungerPoverty
Words 1861
Pages 8
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Changes in North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into place on January 1, 1994 with the intent to allow free trade between the United States, Mexico, and Canada without barriers. In theory, all three countries were expected to benefit equally from the implementation of the …

Words 1907
Pages 8
Village Life Essay

Village life is known to be calm and pure as people are closer to the nature in villages; however, it also has its own set of challenges. Though, the people living in village areas lead a peaceful life they are devoid of many modern amenities …

Words 2449
Pages 10
Slogans on Poverty

Poverty is the condition of being extremely poor which makes people unable to get basic necessities of the life, especially food, shelter, clothing and education. It affects people’s physical, mental, social and moral abilities to do something good in their life. It is a big …

Words 904
Pages 4
Money Is the Most Basic Requirement of the Life

Money is the medium used by people to buy required goods and services. It is used as the source to fulfill basic needs and is also a source of comfort in life. Money is the most important source to live a healthy and prosperous life; …

Words 1661
Pages 7
Life in an Indian Village Essay

Indian villages are beautiful and serene. Life in an Indian village is largely peaceful. People living in Indian villages lead a simple life. They are courteous and helpful and enjoy life amid nature. However, they face many hardships in their day to day life due …

Words 2402
Pages 10
Essay on Rising Prices Price Hike

Price rise or price hike are the terms used to denote rise in price of goods and services. The economic term for rising prices or price hike is “inflation”. Fluctuations in prices of goods and services are common in world economies; though, it directly affects …

Words 2093
Pages 9
Essay on Agriculture and Rural Development

Today, urbanization has made people from rural areas to shift to cities and towns, for better opportunities and facilities. This trend isn’t specific to a particular region of the globe, but is witnessed almost in every country. Despite this huge population shift from rural to …

AgricultureInfrastructurePovertyRural AreasSustainability
Words 2211
Pages 9
Education Essay examples

Education is the systematic process of improving learning, knowledge, skill and understanding about anything at school, college, university or other educational institutes which gives us an enlightening experience. Long and Short Essay on Education in English Find very simple and easily understandable essay on education …

Words 2432
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Education and Income Inequality

This paper will have details on how a country can measure income inequality. The paper will have details about how unemployment and economic growth effect of income inequality on the U. S. economy; guesstimate the gap of degree holder and those that do not. Gaps …

Income InequalityPovertyUnemployment
Words 1071
Pages 5
Unemployment, Poverty, and Income Inequality

Economic indicators are pieces of economic data, usually on a macroeconomic level, that help analyze an economy’s well-being. All economic indicators impact not only the economy, but the individuals in the society as well. These indicators may cause decreases in economic growth, negative effects on …

Income InequalityMacroeconomicsPovertyUnemployment
Words 1041
Pages 5
Economic Growth and Income Inequality

Studies on the relationship between income inequality and Growth initiated from the pioneering research by Simon Kuznets (1955) where deliberated economic growth and income inequality and came up with a hypothesis that is currently called as the Kuznets hypothesis or the inverted U-Curve. The Kuznets …

Income InequalityPovertyWealth
Words 2186
Pages 9
Black Money Essay

Black money is basically the accumulation of income obtained illegally. It is not declared for tax purpose. The issue of black money is prevalent in India and the government has come up with stern measures to deal with it lately. The money earned via unlawful …

Words 3154
Pages 13
Adult Education in India Essay

The concept of adult education in India was introduced to provide education to those who did not get the opportunity to study during their childhood. A series of programmes have been initiated to promote adult education. Adult education in India has helped a number of …

Adult EducationChildhoodIndiaLiteracyPoverty
Words 1610
Pages 7
To What Extent does Preserving Endangered Species Benefit us?

The topic of preserving endangered species may be different in every country, however, it’s clear that the benefits we gain from protecting those species will be greater than leaving them for extinction. As an example, poverty can be greatly reduced if conservation and good protection …

Endangered SpeciesExtinctionNaturePovertySustainabilityTourism
Words 1919
Pages 8
Art Analysis of Underworld

The name of the artwork above is known as ‘Underworld’, it an illustration by Asaf Hanuka from Israel. The artwork is a form of a comic strip which is divided into 2 portions. The main concern shown is the contrasting states that children around the …

ARTArt AnalysisPovertySlavery
Words 989
Pages 4
The Role of The Uno In Preserving and Promoting International Peace and Security

The main aims which inspired those who founded the United Nations Organization in 1945 were to preserve and promote international peace and security , and to secure international co-operation for establishing political, economic and social conditions conducive to maintaining peace on earth ” to save …

Words 1385
Pages 6
The Actions Indicating Obama as a Global Leader

Leadership entails far much than just attaining the power and sitting in an office. It entails knowing the society and people surrounding the leaders. A good leader needs to be real and ideal so that they can suit the locals and international communities. Similarly, a …

Barack ObamaPoverty
Words 1428
Pages 6
Mother’s Love: Death without Weeping

The author, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, made a research for 25 years in the shantytown Bom Jesus da Mata in Brazil wherein there is a high mortality rate of infant and child. Also, mothers take the death of their children so casually to an extent that they …

Words 643
Pages 3
Single Parent Families

Single parent as a result of the death of spouse, separation or divorce can be a time of great stress to both child and parent. The literature states that single-parent families are most likely to hold an increased amount of stress than most normal families …

Words 1413
Pages 6
Results of Socioeconomic Factors on Weapon Related Deaths

Gun violence touches every part of our life. Weapons make it convenient to kill a human being or a group of people within a short timeframe. It is found in the research that more than two-third of the murders are firearm related (Guis 1687). Normally, …

Words 1135
Pages 5
Slums and Money: Globalization and Poverty

Globalization Globalization has become a living reality of the world, influencing many directions, many aspects to the development of all nations and nations. It poses many opportunities but also many challenges. Globalization encompasses both of rapid economic growth, the opportunity to enrich people, but also …

Words 1096
Pages 5
Eleventh Malaysia Plan

Question 2 Malaysia Development Plan is usually updated every five years. The latest development plan is Eleventh Malaysia Plan. Every single development plan ahs its own targets and problems that need to achieve and solve. There are advantages and disadvantages of privatization of government agencies …

Words 1841
Pages 8
What Are the Advantages of Trade Liberalization

Trade liberalization seems to have increased growth and income through lower price, advanced inputs, technology sharing and access to various infrastructures. However, these gains have been appeared as inverse in case of low-income countries. Great thinkers like Milton Friedman, Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Heckscher- Ohlin …

Words 1261
Pages 6
What to Expect from Maine’s Economy

There are many changes that need to be made to improve the state of Maine’s economy. Some of these changes can be immediate changes, some are short term, and some are long term changes that will occur over this four-year term. Some immediate changes are …

Words 941
Pages 4
Reasons for Plastic Surgery Craze in South Korea

When we are watching South Korean TV series, it is not hard for us to notice that many actors and actresses seem to have flawless and youthful faces, most of which are characterized by large eyes with double eyelids, well-defined noses, fair skin and small …

AdolescenceBeautyPlastic SurgeryPoverty
Words 1154
Pages 5
Planes, Trains, and Automobiles

From the invention of the steam engine to growing industrial cities. Industrialization started in the mid-1700 and continues through today. Industrialization was a major significant change in shaping the world as we know it. When you think about the various products we have today that …

Words 783
Pages 4
Child labor: who is responsible, law or parents?

Child labor refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Child labor has existed to varying extents, through most …

Child LaborImmigrationLawPoverty
Words 1492
Pages 6

Find extra essay topics on Essays on Poverty by our writers.

Poverty is the state of having few material possessions or little income. Poverty can have diverse social, economic, and political causes and effects.

Poverty organizations

  • Care International
  • World Bank
  • Concern Worldwide
  • BRAC
  • United States Agency f...


Why poverty is a problem?
Poverty encompasses more than simply a lack in income and the inability of productive resources to secure sustainable livelihoods. It can manifest as hunger, malnutrition or limited access education and other basic services.

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