Emergency response activities are conducted during the time period that begins with the detection of the event and ends with the stabilization of the situation following Impact. FEM. (1 Bibb, p. 12) indicates the goal of emergency response is "to save lives and property by positioning emergency equipment and supplies; evacuating potential victims; providing food, water, shelter and medical care to those In need; and restoring critical public services". In many cases, hazard monitoring systems ensure authorities are promptly alerted to disaster onset either by means of hysteretic forecasts (e. . , hurricanes) or prompt detection (e. G. , flash floods detected by stream gages), so there Is considerable forewarning and consequently a long period of time to activate the emergency response organization. In other cases, such as earthquakes, pre-almanac prediction Is usually not available, but prompt assessment of the Impact area Is feasible wealth a matter of minutes to hours and can quickly direct emergency response resources to the most severely affected areas. Mom of the more visible response actively undertaken to Limit the primary threat include securing the impact area, evacuating threatened areas, conducting search and rescue for the injured, providing emergency medical care, and sheltering evacuees and other victims. Operations mounted to counter secondary threats include fighting urban fires after earthquakes, identifying contaminated water supplies, or other public health threats following flooding, identifying contaminated wildlife or fish in connection with a toxic chemical spill, or preparing for flooding following glacier melt during a volcanic eruption.
During the response stage, emergency managers must also continually assess damage and coordinate the arrival of converging equipment and supplies so they can be deployed promptly to those areas with the greatest need. Emergency response activities are usually accomplished through the efforts of diverse groups-?some formally constituted, others volunteer-?coordinated through an EEOC. Usually, local emergency responders dominate the response period. These almost always include police, firefighters, and MESS personnel, and often include public works and transportation employees. Uncertainty and urgency-?less prevalent in mitigation, preparedness, and recovery-? re important features of the response period. In the world of disaster response, minutes of delay can cost lives and property, so speed is typically essential. However, speed of response must be balanced with good planning and intelligent assessment to avoid actions that are impulsive and possibly counterproductive. Finally, emergency response actions need to be coordinated with disaster recovery.
That Is, life and property are priorities, but response actions foreshadow recovery actions. For example, damage assessments are later used to support requests for Presidential Disaster Declarations and debris removal might be concentrated on roadways that are essential for restoring Infrastructure. The emergency response phase ends when the situation Is stabilized, which means that the risk of loss of life and property has returned to paperless levels. Emergency Management By assume impact. FEM. (Bibb, p. 2) indicates the goal of emergency response is "to save lives potential victims; providing food, water, shelter and medical care to those in need; by stream gages), so there is considerable forewarning and consequently a long s earthquakes, pre-impact prediction is usually not available, but prompt assessment of the impact area is feasible within a matter of minutes to hours and Some of the more visible response activities undertaken to limit the primary threat Uncertainty and urgency-?less prevalent in mitigation, preparedness, and recovery-? emergency response actions need to be coordinated with disaster recovery.
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