APUSH Chapter 26

The most striking characteristics of the stock market in 1929 was
investors’ obsession with speculation
By 1932, what percentage of American workers were unemployed?
The social and economic effects of the Depression
hit by the middle class especially hard
Hoover believed that efforts to relieve human suffering
should come from private charities
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies
Which of the following was NOT a program of the Herbert Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Hoover’s response to the Depression could best be described as
restrained and cautious
Which of the following individuals was blamed by Americans for the Depression?
Herbert Hoover
In the presidential campaign of 1932, Hoover
was haunted by the public’s memory of the Bonus March
The Hundred Days was
the period immediately after Roosevelt’s first inauguration
Roosevelt’s Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
support strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones
During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following EXCEPT
propose government ownership of major industries
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s conduct between 1933 and 1935 could best be described as that of the
moderate reformer
The bonus army that came to Washington in 1932 was made up of
WWI veterans who lobbied Congress
The Tennessee Valley Authority was designed to
bring modernization and jobs to desolate areas of the upper and rural South.
The blue eagle was a symbol of the
The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by
promoting cooperation between business and labor
The National Recovery Administration encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT
the appeal for patriotic public support fell on deaf ears
Labor issues in Roosevelt’s National Recovery Administration were addressed in
Section 7a
Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional?
National Recovery Administration
As secretary of agriculture, ______ was in charge of farm relief.
Henry A. Wallace
Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power farmers, production should be
Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who
reduced their crop production
Criticism of the Agricultural Adjustment Act included each of the following EXCEPT
contributing to the Dust Bowl conditions in the Great Plains
The Farm Security Administration was designed to
help tenant farmers and sharecroppers buy their own land
The Agricultural Adjustment Act
was found unconstitutional in 1936
The New Deal agency designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the
Farm Security Administration
A short lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees , build bridges and fish ponds by the
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s initial New Deal legislation was surprisingly
Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?
Father Coughlin’s radio sermons
contained blatant anti-Semitic references
By 1935, Roosevelt’s severest critics were
demanding more radical reforms
Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to
all Americans over the age of 60
Huey Long advocated
sharing the wealth
_____ posed the most realistic threat to Roosevelt’s re election chances in 1936
Huey Long
Criticisms of the Social Security Act included each of the following EXCEPT
it would transfer over half the national income to less than 10 percent of the population
The Social Security Act of 1935
was a fundamentally conservative measure.
The National Labor Relations Act
granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain
Each of the following is true of the Fair Labor Standards Act EXCEPT
organized labor gave it enthusiastic support
The industrial union movement of the 1930s
was led by John L. Lewis and the UMW
In 1935, John L. Lewis organized the
Congress of Industrial Organizations
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.
The sit down strike
was first used against General Motors in 1936
The individual who was most responsible for promoting African American rights during the New Deal was
Harry Hopkins
After _______ , the WPA denied employment to aliens, a decision that greatly affected Mexican Americans.
The individual who headed the Bureau of Indian Affairs during the New Deal was
John Collier
The first woman Cabinet member was
Frances Perkins
By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all the following EXCEPT
big business
Roosevelt’s “court packing” proposal
all of the above
In the second term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT
the defeat of minimum wage and maximum hour legislation

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