Essays on Mercantilism

Essays on Mercantilism

We have gathered for you essays on Mercantilism in one place to help you quickly and accurately complete your assignment from college! Check out our Mercantilism essay samples and you will surely find the one that suits you!

We've found 86 essays on Mercantilism

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Comparison and Contrast of Mercantilism and Capitalism

Compare Contrast In 1450-1750, mercantilism and capitalism were two dominant forms of economy. Both economies were similar in the way that they both originated in Europe and promoted trade between countries and were different in the way that capitalism revolved around wealth creation while mercantilism …

Words 319
Pages 2
Mercantilism: International Trade and Favorable Balance: Overview

Discuss economic policies and institutions that characterized mercantilism systems 1600-1800. During the Age of Exploration, mercantilism was the main economic philosophy. Mercantilism is a collection of governmental policies for the regulation of economic activities, mainly commercial activities, by and for the state. There are multiple …

International TradeMacroeconomicsMercantilismTrade
Words 86
Pages 1
Theory of Absolute Advantage

“If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, [we had] better buy it of them with some part of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage.” -Adam Smith (WN, IV.ii.12) …

Words 46
Pages 1
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Theory of Mercantilism

Theory of Mercantilism Most of the European economists who wrote between 1500 and 1750 are today generally considered mercantilists; this term was initially used solely by critics, such as Mirabeau and Smith, but was quickly adopted by historians. Originally the standard English term was “mercantile …

Words 2439
Pages 9
The Colonies by 1763: a New Society

Between the settlement at Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the emergence of a society quite different from that in England. Changes in religion, economics, politics and social structure illustrate this …

Words 795
Pages 3
Questions: International Trade Theory

Chapter 05 International Trade Theory True / False Questions 1. (p. 161) Propagated in the 16th and 17th centuries, mercantilism advocated that countries should discourage both imports and exports. FALSE AACSB: Analytic BT: Knowledge Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 5-1 Topic: An Overview of Trade Theory …

International TradeMercantilismTrade
Words 7674
Pages 28
Atlantic Slave Trade 1500-1800

The Atlantic migration of Europeans and Africans to America and the commercial activities associated with it created an economy that for the first time in history could be called global. For many years, historians have relied upon the word mercantilism to capture this international world. …

Atlantic Slave TradeCoffeeColonialismMercantilismSugarTrade
Words 3519
Pages 13
MITI and the Japanese Miracle

The book “MITI and the Japanese Miracle” by Chalmers Johnson should be considered the classic of contemporary historical and economic studies because it significantly contributes the fields by examining and analyzing developmental states. In particular, Johnson discusses economic development strategies of East Asian country – …

CompetitionEssay ExamplesMercantilism
Words 919
Pages 4
American History before the Revolution

The discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492 led to the colonial expansion of the nations of Western Europe. These colonies were created to push trade forwards in the form of new imports, primarily raw materials as a base for trade and creations …

American HistoryMercantilismRevolutionSlavery
Words 1133
Pages 5
Mercantilism and the Physiocracy

Individual economic activity was less controlled by the custom and tradition of the feudal society and the authority of the church. Production of goods for market became more important and land, labor and capital began to be bought and sold in markets. This laid the …

Words 696
Pages 3
British Mercantilism

Mercantilism was more favorable to the colonies than it was to Great Britain because, Americans reaped direct benefits from the mercantile system, the average American was better off economically, and mercantilism had sufficient merit to be long perpetuated. Mercantilism was a huge success and a …

Words 328
Pages 2
Europe and the New World: New Encounters

Europe and the World: New Encounters, 1500-1800 On the Brink of a New World ? By the 16th century, the Atlantic seaboard had become the center of a commercial activity that raised Portugal and Spain and later the Dutch Republic, England, and France to prominence …

AztecsEssay ExamplesMercantilismSlaveryTrade
Words 4409
Pages 17
Economic Ideas of Mercantilism in Comparison

Mercantilism was an early capitalistic economic concept, which was based on the following principle: the only sources of a country’s wealth are the money funds and precious metals it possesses, so the more money a nation has the richer it is supposed to be. According …

Words 324
Pages 2
The Global Flow of Silver

The flow of silver affected the world through the mid 16th & early 18th century in many ways. When countries had more silver, there was less bartering & more slavery. People traded less because they could just buy what they needed. Economically, more power was …

CapitalismEssay ExamplesMercantilismTrade
Words 450
Pages 2
Islamic Political Economy in National Development


Words 1063
Pages 4
The Wealth of Nations

The Wealth of Nations was published 9 March 1776, during the Scottish Enlightenment and the Scottish Agricultural Revolution. It influenced a number of authors and economists, as well as governments and organizations. Synopsis I: Of the Causes of Improvement in the productive Powers of Labour …

Words 3971
Pages 15
Free trade is a global public good

In acquiring a greater understanding of the aforementioned terms, one would proceed to outline the cost and benefits of free trade and any barriers that are associated with trade which can prohibit the process of free trade. Once all the above information has been given, …

Free TradeMercantilismPovertyTrade
Words 3273
Pages 12
Trade in the 19th-21st Century

Introduction Explain how the function of the Mercantilism pattern between 1500-to the late 1700s century has influenced the International Trade Theories in the 19-21stcentury. ( one page ). “Mercantilism” A school of an economic idea developed in 16th-and 17th-century England, the mercantile system argued that …

19th Century21st CenturyAustraliaChinaMercantilismTrade
Words 2852
Pages 11
Us History Chapter 4 Notes.

Chapter Four. African Slaves Build their Own Community in Coastal Georgia Slavery was originally prohibited in the original 1732 Georgia charter; the ban was lifted two decades later when Georgia became a Royal colony. By 1770, 15,000 slaves made up 80% of the population. Rice …

Words 1703
Pages 7
Exploring the aims of the Mercantile System

Mercantilism is the chief economic system, which is used within the 16th to 18th centuries. Its chief end is to increase the wealth of the state through enforcing governmental ordinance refering all of the commercial involvements in the state. It was argued that national strength …

CapitalismEssay ExamplesMercantilismMoneyTrade
Words 4307
Pages 16
A History of Disease, Food, and Ideas

The biological transformation through the movement of diseases and peoples across the Atlantic known as the Columbian exchange had major impacts on both Native Americans and Europeans. Foods of the Western Hemisphere — especially maize, potatoes, manioc, sweet potatoes, and tomatoes — increased the population …

Words 1013
Pages 4
Marketing strategy of the organisation

In order for us to understand any administration we have to either cognize about or make some research on it. So in this assignment I have chosen an administration. The administration I am making my assignment on is Polyflor South Africa. The administration will be …

LenovoMarketingMarketing StrategyMercantilismSupermarket
Words 1083
Pages 4
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Find extra essay topics on Essays on Mercantilism by our writers.

Mercantilism is an economic policy that is designed to maximize the exports and minimize the imports for an economy. It promotes imperialism, colonialism, tariffs and subsidies on traded goods to achieve that goal.


Arguably the most influential proponent of mercantilism, French Controller General of Finance Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) studied foreign-tradeforeign-tradeTariffs are used to restrict imports by increasing the price of goods and services purchased from another country, making them less attractive to domestic consumers. There are two types of tariffs: A specific tariff is levied as a fixed fee based on the type of item, such as a $1,000 tariff on a car. What Are Tariffs, and How Do They Affect You? - Investopedia economic theories and was uniquely positioned to execute these ideas.


mercantilism, economic theory and practice common in Europe from the 16th to the 18th century that promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers.


The underlying principles of mercantilism included (1) the belief that the amount of wealth in the world was relatively static; (2) the belief that a country's wealth could best be judged by the amount of precious metals or bullion it possessed; (3) the need to encourage exports over imports as a means for obtaining a .

Frequently asked questions

What is mercantilism in your own words?
Mercantilism was an economic theory popular in Europe from the 16th to the 18th century. The theory held that the wealth of a nation was increased by exporting more than it imported, and that a nation should therefore take steps to encourage exports and discourage imports. Mercantilist policies were often used to promote the development of industry and to keep colonies economically dependent on the mother country.
What is mercantilism and why is it important?
Mercantilism was an economic theory that was popular in Europe during the 16th to 18th centuries. The basic premise of mercantilism is that a country's wealth is determined by its supply of gold and silver, and that a country should strive to increase its holdings of these precious metals. To achieve this goal, mercantilist countries engaged in a variety of practices, such as imposing tariffs on imported goods, encouraging exports, and colonizing other countries in order to gain access to their gold and silver reserves.While mercantilism is no longer a dominant economic theory, it is still considered important for a few reasons. First, mercantilism was one of the first attempts to systematize economic thought and to develop a set of policies that could be followed in order to promote economic growth. Second, mercantilist ideas and practices played a significant role in the development of modern capitalism. Finally, mercantilism continues to influence some contemporary economic policies, particularly those related to trade.
What is the main point of mercantilism?
There are a few different interpretations of mercantilism, but the general idea is that a country should increase its wealth and power by accumulating gold and silver, and by establishing colonies to supply the mother country with raw materials. This economic system was prevalent in Europe from the 16th to the 18th centuries.
What is mercantilism in history?
Mercantilism is an economic theory that holds that the wealth of a nation is increased by increasing its exports and by limiting its imports. Mercantilist policies were first advocated in the 16th century by the Spanish Empire and later by the English, French, and Dutch empires. The ultimate goal of mercantilist policy was to achieve a positive balance of trade, in which the value of a nation's exports exceeded the value of its imports. Mercantilist policies were often protectionist, and involved the use of tariffs, quotas, and other restrictions on trade. Mercantilist theory also emphasized the importance of colonies, which were seen as sources of raw materials and markets for finished goods.Mercantilist policies were adopted by many European nations in the 17th and 18th centuries. However, the theory began to fall out of favor in the late 18th century, as economists began to emphasize the importance of free trade. Mercantilism was largely discredited by the 19th century, although some aspects of the theory continue to be influential today.

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