Last Updated 24 Jan 2023

All about Academic Integrity: history, moral issues etc

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Introduction

Academic integrity is the moral code or ethical policy of academia. It means avoiding plagiarism or cheating. The term academic integrity was popularized by the late Don McCabe, who is considered to be the “grandfather of academic integrity”. Academic integrity means being honest towards research and study by approaching more towards originality, it discourages dishonesty and misconduct of knowledge. From teaching inside the classroom, students writing assignments, scholars and universities should practice integrity. It is an important tool for one’s success and accomplishment, it should be a priority in one’s work. “Academic integrity means acting with the values of honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility in learning, teaching and research” (Curtin’s values align with Universities Australia, 2017). Integrity means honesty and dedication to your own work.

Academic integrity

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Academic integrity is important in higher education because it allows the students to focus on their full potential and encourages them to work harder. It is a tool to keep the students on check to monitor their works and skills honestly. Integrity helps us to appreciate hard work and drives us to work harder. Integrity is dignity. Learning from your own understanding and acquiring knowledge through course work is beneficial because you not only learn but also gain first-hand experience of how a work should be done. Institutions are supposed to shape and mold you for a better future, therefore, you should give your best and refrain yourself from copying other people’s hard work and their ideas.

Implications of academic misconduct

Because cheating is a violation of hard work and it also takes away your ability to gain knowledge. “The International Centre for Academic Integrity defines academic integrity as a commitment, even in the face of adversity, to six fundamental values: honesty, trust, fairness, respect, responsibility, and courage”. Any work should be done through careful planning to grasp the idea and master during the course to achieve success. Being given due credit for your own work improves your self-esteem. “Academic Integrity is the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner. All students should act with personal integrity, respect for other student’s dignity, rights and property, and help create and maintain an environment in which all can succeed through the efforts of their works”. Being a student most of their academic work would be writing assignments and articles on varieties of topics and subjects. The best thing they can do for themselves is to produce originality and prevent plagiarism, which might cause them to drop off their semester or prevent them from getting jobs at a reputed companies after graduation.

Reflection

A student must learn to appreciate hard work so that they can produce a good work that will help them to get good grades and gain recognition. Every student should respect each other’s privacy and hard work, one should understand that copying from another person’s hard work can never help you achieve success. Every student should maintain integrity and contribute towards a better study for their future by gaining success through one’s own effort and willingness to bring a change.

Academic misconduct refers to any kind of fraud in educational institutions and universities. According to, Division of Student Affairs, Berkley, University of California, “ Academic misconduct is any action or attempted action that may result in creating an unfair academic for oneself or an unfair academic advantage or disadvantage for any other member or members of the academic community”. There are a lot of cases where a misconduct happens due to abuse of authority in various institutions. Bribery is one of the most common academic misconduct where the authorities exchange information for money or promises the student for higher grades or qualification despite failure. Even teachers and professors accepting gifts from the students to give them a copy of question papers before the examination or giving them extra marks to pass the exam. And also leaking confidential documents in exchange for goods. A student cheating in exam is also an academic misconduct, copying form another student or a teacher helping the student to write answers correctly during exam. Plagiarism also ranks the highest in terms of academic conduct. Every institution should have their own identity and set of rules. Teachers and professors should strictly abide by the rules and always produce an original content to guide the students for a better future. They should not take hints or ideas from other universities or school and use them as a tool to teach their students, this will result in poor performance and degrade the academic reputation. The students’ academic record and the teachers’ role plays an important part in upholding the reputation. Therefore, the administration should take precautions and prevent any hole in the organization. According to University of Cambridge, 'Academic misconduct, broadly speaking, is any action which gains, attempts to gain or assist others in gaining or attempting to gain unfair academic advantage.

It includes plagiarism, collusion, contract cheating, and fabrication of data as well as the possession of unauthorized materials during an examination. Every current and former student of the University is expected to understand and abide by rules of behavior which specifically prohibit academic misconduct”. The practice of using someone else’s work and solely claiming it to be yours without giving credit to the original creator would result in tarnishing the entire institution. Every single person should be careful because one mistake could lead to grave danger. An effective academic integrity policy must be an educational issue committed to preserving an ethical culture. This is not just a list of rules and sanctions, or the needs of administrators that meet the expectations of the IB World School: the school community needs to recognize academic integrity at the heart of the strategy and assess the value of students. Acceptance of learning and future efforts: Acceptance of academic accuracy is clearly less likely to be accepted by the school community. To achieve lasting results, academic integrity policies need to be holistic, with long-term goals, and reflect how successful strategies affect many members of the school community. Schools need to understand the context of breaking the rules rather than punishment and punishment. Taking into account factors such as the learning environment, student relationships, and students ’prior educational experiences, policy withdrawal from punishment has a limited effect at a specific angle when students try to set the context for their goals, policies do not understand this behavior or skills Unacceptable Meet their expectations Use important awareness-raising campaigns and action plans to strengthen the necessary skills and reach students But also parents and legal education: If students are not interested in the topic of integrity or misconduct, the number of events will remain the same or increase. Schools need to review current policy strategies. Politics may not communicate with each other and students may not understand the context or related interests.

For details on developing, using, and reviewing academic integrity policies, see Weg. The IB Expenditure Program Coordinator plays an important role and should understand that the IB’s educational philosophy is based on the principle of academic integrity. You need to set an example and show fair, ethical and responsible behavior. Project coordinators must maintain educational leadership and are responsible for ensuring that all educational activities are conducted in accordance with the rules, policies and guidelines set by the JHA. During the implementation of the IB program, teachers, teaching assistants, special education coordinators, librarians' consultants and laboratory assistants are trained. Enough to provide the best educational experience for students An important expectation of the role of coordinator is to meet with teachers, students, and parents or persecutors to explain the policy of academic integrity and answer all questions. All members of the school community should read and you need to understand the expectations. In terms of academic integrity in the school and IB, therefore, all necessary policies and regulatory documents should be easily accessible to all, especially on the school website. As head of education, the coordinator must ensure that all rules and regulations are followed and that the IB rules are followed consistently and fairly. Working with the teacher, the coordinator is responsible for ensuring that the timetable and calendar are appropriate for students to meet the needs of the program and the educational program. The facilitator and teacher are expected to facilitate and develop classroom activities, supporting any student who has the time and opportunity to learn the skills needed by all.

The challenge for the program to overcome project coordinators should avoid any clear or real conflict of interest in activities that could cause disruption. The coordinator is also expected to decide on events related to academic violations or mismanagement, which should be reported directly to schools and JHA leaders. If IB is perceived from the school's point of view, suspect the student of academic necessity and provide an IB exam opportunity to prepare in preparation if the student returns to the meeting or stops complying with one of the relevant academic subjects (requirements) and requirements. . for usability. If a student withdraws from the subject of study, the sole medical mark of the sole subject cannot contribute to the grade if subsequent examinations are taken. Students suspected of scientific conduct should be asked to make a written statement suspending scientific conduct. If a student opposes the need for a statement, there is no need to investigate and decide whether the student violates it if it continues; School can be written in an adult way only if the student has refused the statement. Cases of suspended scientific behavior are used by experienced evaluators from the IB Assessment Center at the Global Cardiff IB Center, which is managed by an internal committee. Their decisions are approved by the final fee committee. If the internal test cannot make a decision, the agent should refer to the head of scientific integrity. Unforeseen and extraordinary cases will be referred to the Arbitration Committee. If an internal investigation point or final fee committee detects cases of scientific conduct, a sanction will be imposed on the subject (s). The punishment will be proportional to the severity of the incident; Further details on sanctions and readmission options can be found in the appendices to the penalty matrices. In the case of proven evidence, JM has the right to investigate student results after publication and scientific breach of duty. That means it can be seen in any way. In the event of a subsequent breach of academic duty, you must return the subject (s) in question to the student's focus, which will occur if the IB fee is refunded, if any. Students are expected to return their certificates and IB will release the new documentation.

Conclusion

Academic misconduct is against the rule of any institutions and therefore proper precautions are to be taken to avoid such mishaps. It is a very serious issue and the problem is taken seriously from penalties to expulsion or being jailed. Therefore, the institution should train the teachers and students to be innovative and think outside the box for their benefit in the long run. A good institution results in being unique through lesson plans, creativity in learning and useful activities that help the students’ brain to expand and learn. Academic misconduct can have a very serious impact on your overall assessment as such one should always have clear ideas.

References:

  • Hoffmann, D., Ahlemann, F. and Reining, S., 2020. Reconciling alignment, efficiency, and agility in IT project portfolio management: Recommendations based on a revelatory case study. International Journal of Project Management, 38(2), pp.124-136.
  • Killen, C.P. and Drouin, N., 2017. Project portfolio management: A dynamic capability and strategic asset. Cambridge handbook of organizational project management.
  • Kohl, K., 2016.Becoming a sustainable organization: A project and portfolio management approach (Vol. 25).CRC Press.
  • Kopmann, J., Kock, A., Killen, C.P. and Gemünden, H.G., 2017.The role of project portfolio management in fostering both deliberate and emergent strategy. International Journal of Project Management, 35(4), pp.557-570.

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