The definition of science is “knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method.” The scientific method is referring to different techniques for gaining new knowledge on a topic or correcting previous knowledge.The four main steps of the scientific method is characterization, hypothesis, predictions and experiments . With this method people believe that “science can prove anything”.I don't necessarily agree with that statement due to the fact i believe there is some things that science can not account for.
Inductive reasoning is the process of arriving at a conclusion based on a set of observations or information .But the inductive method is not a valid method of proof or justification, to actually reinforce or prove your conclusion using the inductive method you would need information to support your conclusion. Just because a person observes a number of situations in which a pattern exists doesn't mean that the pattern is true for all situations.
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Deductive reasoning, unlike inductive reasoning, is a valid form of proof. Deductive reasoning is a process by which a person makes conclusions based on previously known facts. Deductive reasoning is what allows someone to discover the correct answer to a question they may not have been anticipating.
Both approaches are useful but they are meant to be applied in some different sets of circumstances.While deductive reasoning is narrow in nature as it involves testing hypothesis that are already present, inductive reasoning is slightly vague and exploratory in nature.Both of the reasonings can be used in science in different ways, inductive reasoning can be used to make a hypothesis and make predictions even though they may not lead to the most practical reasoning or conclusion. But it can be applied nonetheless. Deductive reasoning is the more practical one as deductive reasoning tends to start off with things that are already proven facts
The reason science is mostly inductive reasoning is because science is based on empiricism. Empiricism is a theory that things are only considered ‘real’ or ‘true’ if they are measurable. Science, with its main tool being experiment, is reliant on the hypothesis being able to be measurable in order to make its findings and understand it.Deductive reasoning helps us to establish things with certainty, since it starts with things that are taken to be self evident and proven facts.
During my internet search searching up the string “Can Science Prove anything”. I found a article titled “Can Science Prove Anything?” Written by Andrew Zimmerman Jones. It talks about one of the most notable theories known to man , The Big Bang theory . The article talks about how the big bang theory even though it is seen and regarded widely as how the universe came to be it is and will always be unprovable if no one is able to use the scientific method to actually break down the theory. Since no on was able to make a observation and truly understood at the time what was happening and get the information to prove that the event actually happened.
In conclusion , science can’t prove all if it doesn’t have the materials or means to experiment the theory. Especially since there is no way to get concrete evidence to change some theories to facts.
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