Essays on Ancient Rome

Essays on Ancient Rome

This page contains a huge base of essay examples to write your own. Ancient Rome essay is one of the most common types given as an assignment to students of different levels. At first glance, writing essay on Ancient Rome can seem like a challenging task. But we've collected for you some of the most skilfully written to provide you with the best examples you can find online.

We've found 112 essays on Ancient Rome

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Compare Contrast Greek and Roman Art

Compare Contrast Greek And Roman Art And Architecture Compare/Contrast Greek and Roman Art and Architecture Since the onset of Greek and Roman civilizations centuries ago we have seen the art and architectural worlds evolve into what we know them as today. In fact, many of …

Ancient RomeARTSculpture
Words 634
Pages 3
The Intelligence of a Ruler: Analyzing Cassius in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar

“The first method for estimating the intelligence of a ruler is to look at the men he has around him. ” In William Shakespeare’s “The Tragedy Of Julius Caesar”, there are many dangerous people who are around Caesar. Cassius, supposedly one of Caesars close friends, …

Ancient RomeJulius CaesarLiterature
Words 777
Pages 3
Social Structures of Han China and Ancient Rome

During the classical era, Han China and Ancient Rome were the pioneers for the change and the plethora of improvements that took place in civilized societies. The Han Dynasty consisted of persistent regional riots and rebellions against harsh state demands, and Ancient Rome expanded through …

Ancient RomeChinaChristianityConfucianismReligion
Words 106
Pages 1
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Five Ways to Kill a Man

In this very blunt poem, Edwin Brock describes five distinct eras in which death had taken place. It is also hinted how man has evolved in their methods to kill themselves. Each stanza represents a different time and place. This is ranged from the biblical …

Ancient RomeJesusPoetry
Words 612
Pages 3
The First Triumvirate

Caesar, Crassus and Pompey were part of what is known as the ‘First Triuvirate’, a triumvirate being a legal political alliance between three men. Paterculus describes the triumvirate as a “partnership of power”. Cicero regarded the triumvirate as’ uniformly odious to all sorts and classes …

Ancient RomeJulius Caesar
Words 1288
Pages 5
Cicero Letters Translation

Nunc ea cognosce, quae maxime exoptas: rem publicam funditus amisimus, adeo ut C. Cato, adolescens nullius consilli, sed tamen civis Romanus et Cato, vix vivus effugerit, quod, cum Gabinium de ambitu vellet postulare neque praetores diebus aliquot adiri possent vel potestatem sui facerent, in concionem …

Ancient RomeJulius CaesarPhilosophy
Words 605
Pages 3
Who Won the Social War (Ancient Rome)

Who won the Social War? The allies war with the Romans involved hundreds of thousands of men and lasted for three years, this war was a turning point for Rome’s political relations with its allies and was significant in the fact that Rome had to …

Ancient RomeItaly
Words 1571
Pages 6
The Pantheon: Temple Dedicated to All Gods

Pantheon, temple dedicated to all the gods. The Pantheon of Rome is the best-preserved major edifice of ancient Rome and one of the most significant buildings in architectural history. In shape it is an immense cylinder concealing eight piers, topped with a dome and fronted …

Ancient RomeArchitectureCulture
Words 317
Pages 2
Hannibal Barca

As to the transcendent military genius of Hannibal there cannot be two opinions. The man who for fifteen years could hold his ground in a hostile country against several powerful armies and a succession of able generals must have been a commander and a tactician …

Ancient RomeEuropeMilitary
Words 282
Pages 2
Marcus Brutus

Marcus Junius Brutus was the son of Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder and Servilia Caepionis. His father was killed by Pompey the Great in dubious circumstances after he had taken part in the rebellion of Lepidus; his mother was the half-sister of Cato the Younger, …

Ancient RomeJulius CaesarRoman Empire
Words 1130
Pages 5
The reason why roman republic collapsed

The reason why roman republic collapsed Roman republic began with the over throw of the roman monarchy and its replacement by a government headed by two consuls, elect annually by the citizens and advised by senate. During the first two centuries of its existence the …

Ancient RomePoliticsRoman Empire
Words 952
Pages 4
Tiberius and gaius gracchus

Tuberous and Gauss Gracious When Tuberous and Gallus Gracious became an authority, Rome was no longer a Republic, being controlled by the nobles throughout the empire. A reformation was desperately needed. But who would lead it? Tuberous Gracious would, a man of noble blood. Also, …

Ancient RomePoliticsRoman Empire
Words 2946
Pages 11
Ancient Rome vs Ancient Greece

In Rome, there are three social classes, arranged according to wealth; Patricians, Plebeians, and Slaves. Patricians are the upper class citizens; they are very wealthy and highly educated. They make up the majority of the senate and therefore control the laws. Plebeians are the poor, …

Ancient RomeCitizenshipGreeceSlavery
Words 742
Pages 3
The Legacies Left Behind from Ancient Rome

From ancient times, Rome’s legacies are still the greatest known to man today. Throughout the western world the influence of Roman power is still manifest. The impact of Rome has furthered our society into an effective and successful modern world. Without the advanced structure of …

Ancient RomeSlavery
Words 949
Pages 4
Would Juluis caesar be a good king

Would Julius Caesar be a good king? Julius Caesar takes place in ancient Rome in 44 B. C. He was never technically king, but he came close to having the powers of a king, but he got killed before he could become one. He is …

Ancient RomeJulius CaesarLiterature
Words 489
Pages 2
Carthaginian Empire

Abstract The Cartage Empire was formed in 814 B. C. According to legend, this was when Princess Dido, of Tore fled from her home, current day Lebanon. This was to escape from the clutches of her brother Pygmalion who had killed her husband, heir to …

Ancient RomeCultureRoman Empire
Words 2196
Pages 8
Virgil and Petroneous

Essay 1 How much can a civilization change in under a year? The Roman Civilization changed drastically in roughly one hundred years in the way they view many aspects of their life, including the role of women and the role of the gods in their …

AeneidAncient RomeRoman Empire
Words 1571
Pages 6
Why Was Vindolanda Built?

Vindolanda Vindolanda was one of a series of Roman forts built in northern England (Northumberland) in the last quarter of the 1st Century AD. It became an auxiliary fort which also had a substantial element of civilian accommodation. The forts stretched from east to west, …

Ancient RomeRoman Empire
Words 1412
Pages 6
Accomplishments of Ancient Rome

In the 3,000 years that make up the ancient history of the emergence of Western Civilization, Rome’s contributions to society include the construction of bridges, domes, and temples. The Romans had great architecture skills that have stayed with us in one form or another for …

Ancient Rome
Words 521
Pages 2
The Italian peninsula

The Italian peninsula started off consisting and inhabited by a mixture of different ethnic groups, which includes the Sabines, Umbrians, Oscans and Latins. The Etruscans came from the sea from Lydia setting foot on North Eastern and Central Italy. They allied themselves with the Carthaginians, …

Ancient GreeceAncient RomeItaly
Words 331
Pages 2
Rome’s Decline

Test Essay October 3, 2012 Question: “What were the main factors in Rome’s decline? Which do you judge as the most important? Why? ” When we hear the word “Rome,” a very definite picture comes to mind. We see a strong military conquering a vast …

Ancient RomeInflationRoman Empire
Words 424
Pages 2
The Fall of West Rome

The Roman Empire was attacked by the Goths and the Vandals during 190 AD which started the fall of Ancient Rome wherein different parts of the empire had civil wars that caused further deteriorating of Rome. Different tribes like Goths invaded the country since they …

Ancient RomeEuropeRoman Empire
Words 110
Pages 1
The Franks: Conquerors of Gaul and Allies of Rome

The Franks is about a group of loosely related Germanic ‘barbarian’ tribes that from the third to eighth centuries CE would occupy, and eventually conquer and settle most of the Western Roman province of Gaul which would later come to be known as France, or …

Ancient RomeEuropeMiddle Ages
Words 382
Pages 2
Ancient Rome and Romans

Rome vs. Greece Which of the city-states do you think was the better civilization? There are many difference and similarities between these city-states. Both are the most honorable ancient cultures in Western culture. Greece and Rome had fought many battles, but those battles only made …

Ancient RomeGreece
Words 1386
Pages 6
Ambitious Soldier Aelius Sejanus

SejanusLucius Aelius Sejanus (20 BC – October 18, AD 31), commonly known as Sejanus, was an ambitious soldier, friend and confidant of the Roman Emperor Tiberius. An equestrian by birth, Sejanus rose to power as prefect of the Roman imperial bodyguard, known as the Praetorian …

Ancient RomeRoman Empire
Words 697
Pages 3
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Find extra essay topics on Essays on Ancient Rome by our writers.

In modern historiography, ancient Rome refers to Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD. It encompasses the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

753 BC


Date dissolved: 476 AD


The Roman Empire was governed by an autocracy which means that the government was made up of a single person. In Rome, this person was the emperor. The Senate, which was the dominant political power in the Roman Republic, was kept but the senate lacked real political power, and so made few real governmental decisions.


Ancient Rome was an agrarian and slave based economy whose main concern was feeding the vast number of citizens and legionaries who populated the Mediterranean region. Agriculture and trade dominated Roman economic fortunes, only supplemented by small scale industrial production.

Social structure

Ancient Rome was made up of a structure called a social hierarchy, or division of people into differently-ranked groups depending on their jobs and family. The emperor was at the top of this structure, followed by the wealthy landowners, the common people, and the slaves (who were the lowest class). Ancient Rome Books
  • SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome - Mary Beard
  • The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire - Edward Gibbon
  • The Twelve Caesars
  • Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic by Tom Holland
  • Imperium: A Novel of Ancient Rome - Robert Harris
  Roman Wars
  • Punic Wars
  • Social War
  • Pyrrhic War
  • Samnite Wars
  • Caesar's Civil War
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Frequently asked questions

What is a summary of ancient Rome?
A summary of ancient Rome would include a discussion of the city's founding by Romulus in 753 BC, its rise to power as a major center of the Mediterranean world, and its eventual fall in 476 AD. The city of Rome was originally founded on the Palatine Hill, and grew to become one of the largest and most influential cities in the world. Major accomplishments during its height of power include the construction of monumental public works such as the Colosseum and the aqueducts, the founding of the Roman Republic in 509 BC, and the conquest of much of Europe and the Mediterranean world by the Roman Empire. However, the Empire ultimately fell due to economic, military, and political problems, culminating in the barbarian invasions of 476 AD.
What are 5 facts about ancient Rome?
1. Rome was founded in 753 BCE.2. The Roman Republic was founded in 509 BCE.3. Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BCE and the Roman Empire was founded.4. The Roman Empire was divided in 395 CE and the Western Roman Empire fell in 476 CE.5. The Eastern Roman Empire continued until 1453 CE.
What is ancient Rome known for?
Ancient Rome is one of the most well-known and well-preserved civilizations of all time. Its culture and legacy have shaped the world in countless ways, and its influence can still be seen in many aspects of modern life. Some of the most famous things associated with Ancient Rome include the Roman Coliseum, the Roman Forum, and the Sistine Chapel. Ancient Rome was also responsible for major innovations in politics, governance, law, and warfare that have shaped the modern world.
What is the conclusion of ancient Rome?
The conclusion of ancient Rome is a complex and contested topic. However, some historians argue that the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD marks the end of ancient Rome. This event was precipitated by a number of factors, including barbarian invasions, economic decline, and political instability. The Eastern Roman Empire continued to exist after the fall of the Western Empire, but it too eventually fell in 1453 AD. Thus, the end of ancient Rome is typically associated with the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire.

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