Early Learning and Childcare
Early learning and childcare 63 Trafford rd rushden northans nn10 Abigail wignall sh40856/NCC assignment 1 pg1 Task1. 1 From birth to adulthood children continually grow develop and learn,if children do not develop propely they may be unable to reach their full potential. All young people follow a similar pattern of develpoment,however each child is diffrent and may develop at a diffrent rate.
There are three areas of development, physical, intellectual,social and emotional. heres is a guide of how they develop for the following age ranges “taken from study book early learning and childcare”. -3yrs physical development by6months a child will: ·turn their head towars sounds and movement ·watch an adults face while feeding ·smile at familar faces and voices ·reach up to hold their feet when lying on their backs ·hold and shake a rattle ·put everythings in their mouths between 6months and 1year ·move from sitting with support to sitting alone ·roll over from their tummy to their back ·begin to creep, crawl or shuffle on their bottom ·push on or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position ·raise arms to be lifted ·turn and look up when they hear their name pat and poke objects when playing ·pass objects from hand to hand ·look for things thathave been hidden or dropped ·reaches hand toward source of food Between one and two years ·begin to walk ·sits alone indefinitely ·feed themselves ·push and pull toys while walking ·wave goodbye ·point or make noises to indiacte wants ·enjoy a picture book ·shake head for no ·uses thumb and first two fingers to grip ·crawl upstairs ·stoops to pick things up from floor ·begins to show prefrence for onr hand ·builds tower of few bricks ·holds crayon in palm and makes marks on paper Between two and three ·Kneels to play ·throws kicks ball ·builds larger bruck tower ·pour liquids ·uses pencil to make marks and circular scribbles Newborn to three months the social and emotional development should be the child very depdant on adults maily mother for comfort,cuddles and reassurance and the child will quieten while the adults do so. Between six to nine months the child enjoys the company of others and begin to like games such as peek a boo and show affection to known people but shywith strangers at one to two years their social development should extend to play alongside other children also like to please adults and perform to an audience.
They may become upset and distressed if seperated from known adults, a object can be used for comfort. By two to three years they should be developing a sense of own identidy and want to do things themselves and demand adult attention and can become reluctant to share be prone to tantrums outburts but also enjoy playing with adults or older children who give attention, and play with others same age for short periods of time. intelectual development between 0-3years should be begining to realise others are seperate beings from ourselves and become more confident but do still require adult reassurance.
At 0-3 months language development should be making happy sounds 6-12 months they should be making babbling sounds and begin show feelings by squealing with pleasure, crying or laughing to show enjoyment. one to two years they should be joining words to make sentances and by two be using 50-150 words and start understand conversation and understand keywords. by 2-3 years should be able to put words together to make sentances scribble on paper use several hundread words by three be joining in songs and be asking questionns like how? why?. Physical development at age 3-7years yrs ·jump with feet together ·walk on tip toes ·go up and down the stairs ·catch and thow a ball ·climb ·paint ·thread beads on to laces ·gain controll over eating tools 4years ·throw with aim ·use sccissors ·hold pencil be able draw houses/people 5years ·hop ·skip ·ride bike ·jump from height ·climb confidently ·write ·thread needles ·do laces and buttons (Information found children and young peoples workforce-early learning and childcare 2012) By 3-4years their intellectual development should be as follows, able sort objects into gropus eg colour or size.
Understand simple tasks given for example fetch a story book and bring it to mummy. socialy and emotionaly they should have become more independant and self motivated feeling more secure and able cope with unfamilar faces and surroundings for small periods of time. By 4-5years grammar becomes more accurate and their questions become more complex communicating better, able understand books as a source of fun and begin to recoginze wn name and written words theve seen on few occasions, be able form some lettering and begin copying shapes.
At age 5-7years they should be handling books well and understand text has meaning, be able make up stories and regonize an increasing number of letters linking them to sound. development at age 7-12 years should be thye child being able to run,hop skip,climb,swing confidently, and start enjoying team games and may misjudge their own abilty before age nine. Social and emotional development at this age range should becoming less dependant on adults nad enjoy being in a group of people at the same age wanting to fit in with the peer rules. They should have an understanding that certain behavoiurs are un acceptable.
Begin form close relationships at age eight also becoming more aware of own gender can be bossy or arogant but enjoy playing with others same sex but need adult reassurance and help when comes to arguments in play. Intelecutaly at this age the child should be able to read,write and take an intrest in certain subjects he enjoys by around 9, also be knowing diffrence tenses and grammar,read out loud but may need help tackling complexities of spelling, their vocabulary will grow if adults introduce and encourage new words and ways of using lanuage.
At the age 12-19years is said to be the period from childhood to adulthood could start at age 11 and last untill 19-20years. Adolesecnce is a transition period where young people grdually detach themselves from their parents, and form a close group of friends. many physical changes occur at this stage in life, changing their apperance and bodies, coordination and strength increase greatly although every persons rate can be diffrent.
Adolesence for boys usually begins later than girls, boys begin to develop sex characteristics like deep voices body hair and muscle growth,testicals and scrotom growth begins in mid puberty penis growth beings a little later but continues growing for a longer period of time. Girls begin breast budding at around age ten, her pubic hair will begin to grow and darken and curl also body begins to to become more round developing curves of womanhood, By 13 some girls can almost be physicaly mature, also this is average age to bein their menstral cycle this can depend on the age of pubertal onset.
By age 15 a girl is most likely to e at her adult height and may have a woman figure but her hips and breasts may become fuller. Lanuage development in teenagers may become imtating but that is there way of testing out there new found language and skills like sarcasam, their logical thinking ability is also growing and maturing they may ut them into pratice by debate either fomaly or infomaly.