Most of today many designer had design many green edifice because the design of the built environment on human wellness with to cut down to the overall impact and the environment have an expeditiously utilizing energy, H2O and other resources. After that, it besides cut downing waste, pollution and environmental debasement and the last is protecting occupant wellness and bettering employee productiveness. Green edifice patterns aim to cut down the environmental impact of edifice. The first regulation is that the greenest edifice is the edifice that doesn’t acquire build, the 2nd regulation is that every edifice should be every bit little as possible and the last regulation is non to lend to sprawl, even if the most energy efficient, environmentally sound methods are used in the design and building.
Figure 1.1 Dr. Ken Yeang
One of the celebrated green designers, Ken Yeang, he is a Malayan designer and he born in 1948. He besides is a ecologist and writer known for his signature ecological green architecture and masterplans, differentiated by an environmentally reliable ecology based attack. Harmonizing to the book “A Manual For Ecological Design” tha had been written by Dr. Ken Yeang had said that his purpose is to bring forth or plan and keep ecosystem like constructions design of the edifices and the systems with integrate benignantly and natural environment but in the relation to planetary biosphere procedure, he had built the edifice with a signifier and systems map with sensitiveness to the locality’s ecology, and lend positively to biodiversity. The end is utilizing a low ecological effect to construct it, structures and systems to low consumers of non renewable resources. After that the design is to ease disassembly, recycling and can be reintegrated back to the natural environment. His doctrine is regionalists do non see themselves as looking for a specific national individuality but simply constructing a inactive design shelter in response to the local clime.
Figure 2.1 Menara Meseniaga in Subang Jaya
The central office IBM in Subang Jaya near the Kuala Lumpur, there have a green edifice that is Menara Mesiniaga. Menara Mesiniaga had been completed physique in 1992 and the first conceived was in 1989 by Dr. Ken Yeang.Dr. Ken Yeang and T.R Hamzah had designed a edifice which have a high tech corporate show window for extremely seeable and engineering industry. Dr. Ken Yeang had designed this edifice, Menara Mesiniaga as an illustration of his design of the green edifice and utilizing his rules and his cognition of bioclimatic skcraper.
The edifice, Menara Mesiniaga is an analogy for analysis and synthesis, Menara Mesiniaga besides is an environmental filter’s edifice. Menara Mesiniaga had been builder with a footing Malayan edifice and it development to a modern manner edifice by utilizing his rule. It is Ken Yeang’s vision of the tropical garden metropolis and it uncovers the relationship of edifice, landscape and clime. The chief thought and constructs for this edifice is utilizing the sky gardens that serve as small towns, gyrating perpendicular landscape, recessed and shaded Windowss on the E and West, curtain wall glazing on the North and South, individual nucleus service on hot side-east, of course ventilated and sunstruck lavatories, step ways and lift anterooms and coiling balconies on the exterior walls with full tallness skiding doors to interior offices.
Menara Mesiniaga is a modern architecture and modern architecture has few characteristic. The feature of the modern manner is the design utilizing a ocular accent on the perpendicular and horizontal line and particularly in International Style modernism. After that, they besides utilizing a industrially to bring forth stuff like glass, chromium steel steel and so on. They besides utilizing the stuff with natural stuff and to be seen instead than concealed or altered to stand for something to the design. The design has a ocular look of the construction like they had design the edifice by concealing the construction component. After that, they besides lucidity and simpleness of the signifiers and riddance when they built the edifice.
In Malaysia, the feature of the architectural had been combines the slang with the experimental and modernist, but in general is largely modern-day design and in local architecture, Menara Mesiniaga besides is one of the modern-day edifices. During the station war period, European influence was followed by a Malayan period, and the feature of the high rise edifices with high secret plan ratios. High tech edifice is the most recent and important in Malaysia. Ken Yeang designed Menara Mesiniaga as an illustration of his bioclimatic skyscraper patterns and rules.
Climatically Malaysia is a hot and humid state and the Kuala Lumpur is about 3 grades North of the equator. Rainfall is is heavier along the East seashore than the West seashore. West seashore and accordingly, so is most of the population. The state has no distinguishable winter or summer.
Figure 3.1 Menara Mesiniaga
Materials and engineering
The stuffs that had been use for the structural system of Menara Mesiniaga are strengthened concrete, with a steel construction used for the first balcony and balconies. The map of utilizing strengthened concrete is because the reinforcing strategies are by and large designed to defy tensile emphasiss in peculiar parts o the concrete that might do unacceptable snap or structural failure. The foundation is utilizing the dullard concrete hemorrhoids and the chief structural members are strengthened concrete and a structural frame uses steel outriggers. The infill is utilizing the brickwork for internal fire protected countries. After that, the glassy panels for the external fire facing and gypsum board for internal breakdown. The imported aluminium composite panels for cladding with local spraytile coating to other masory countries. The floor was imported granite in the anteroom with homogenous local tiles for the poolside, lavatory and roof patios and the imported rug and tiles for the office countries and lift anterooms. Besides that, the ceiling besides had imported the mineral fibre board for office countries and lift anterooms and the hempen plaster and gypsum board for land floor response, auditorium and exhibition infinite. The roofing had imported metal deck roofing for the sky secondary school and the local tiles on a strengthened concrete slab on the roof patios and besides painted mild steel outrigger for the roof construction and first balcony.
3.2 rules of bioclimatic design
? . Improvement or ordinance of environmental conditions ( microclimate betterment )The betterment and accommodation of environmental conditions happening on the building of the edifice is succeeded with the overall strategic planning of the edifice in order to do the best usage of the Sun, the prevailing air currents, the ambient temperature and humidness.
B. Exploitation of solar energyThe development of solar energy is achieved by the proper design of the edifice envelope ( to maximise the soaking up of solar energy during winter and minimise it during summer ) , the proper orientation of infinites and particularly of gaps ( the southern orientation is the most appropriate ) , the proper size of the gaps, a layout of the interior infinites based on thermic demands and the acceptance of the appropriate inactive applications that collect sunlight and can be considered as ‘natural ‘ heating systems.
C. Thermal protection of edifices and protection through shadowingThe thermic protection of a edifice is chiefly achieved by the appropriate design of the gaps to forestall the flight of heat, the proper insularity of the edifice envelope and the proper agreement of internal infinites ( suites used more often are placed in the South to avoid the ‘cold ‘ North ) . With the protection of shadowing the major end is to protect the edifice from overheating during summer with by strategically puting internal or external, perpendicular and horizontal blinds.
D. Systems and inactive chilling techniquesIt refers to the building’s microclimate control, its shading and to the minimisation of thermic tonss during the warm summer months through gaps and the shading of opaque envelope constituents.
E. Natural illumingNatural illuming refers to the development of direct and indirect visible radiation in order to guarantee equal comfort conditions, even light distribution in the inside during all seasons depending on the edifice type.
F. Acoustic protectionThe acoustic protection of a edifice is achieved through the proper planning edifice orientation in order for the edifice to be protected from noise ( changeless or arbitrary ) .
Bioclimatic design schemes are effectual for “envelope dominated” constructions, to supply a big part if non all of the energy required to keep comfort conditions. The “internal burden dominated” edifices is like the commercial kitchens, infirmaries, windowless shops and offices. The visible radiations, heat of tenancy and equipment are the experience high internal additions imposed. After that, the external climatic conditions complex influence on accomplishing comfort and low energy use. The available twenty-four hours illuming benefit to all the edifices can associate warming and chilling impacts and agencies of control are indispensable. The resources of bioclimatic design are the natural flows of energy in and round a edifice and it created by the interaction of Sun, air current, preciption, flora, temperature and humidness in the air and in the land. In some cases, this ambient energy is utile instantly or stored for later usage and in other instance.
Ken Yeang was designed Menara Mesiniaga with some aims:
- the edifice has a good position
- has a green country and had created a sky garden
- having the natural sunshine to diminish utilizing the visible radiation
- good control of air motion and the fresh air
- interaction with shadow, nature and sunshine
- utilizing the map of bio climitic
- environing had been designed with less noise and distraction
- hold a good chilling and warming and besides good adjustable temperature
- relaxation of the proviso at interior and exterior country
3.3 COMPARE AND CONTRAST
One of the celebrated green edifice that is London’s Gherkin Tower and the edifice was designed by Norman Foster. The workss that plating at the London’s Gherkin Tower largely is a mixture of grasses and lichens and besides are expexted to envelope the frontage and turn out of the panel. After that, the map of the panel is soaking up of the H2O and through its specialized membranes and do certain that the workss have absorb sufficiency of H2O and growing up nicely. They have many type of the panel like they are utilizing recycling stuffs, cut down H2O ingestion and do certain that didn’t wasted in the interior infinite they have a decrease of toxicity and utilizing the sunshine to increase the internal twenty-four hours illuming and thermic insularity, for the full edifice have a energy coevals. The design of the planting is really different with the London’s Gherkin Tower if the edifice comparison with Menara Mesiniaga. The design of the Menara Mesiniaga is non utilizing the technique of soaking to the edifice, it merely works it at outside of edifice.
The design of the edifice is use the natural airing to cut down energy ingestion and the edifice has a smart control system and low facade heat addition.