"The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson

What is the setting?
-27th of june, around 10 o’clock in the morning
-in a small town, 300 people
What is the theme in “The Lottery”?
-Don’t follow traditions blindly
What Point of View is “The Lottery” told from?
– 3rd person
What is the main conflict in “The Lottery”?
– Man vs. Society: Mrs. Hutchinson vs. her town
What is the Plot of “The Lottery”?
Exposition: the setting is described, the children gathered stones, the men and women were also gathering
Rising action: The Lottery begins
Climax: When Mrs. Hutchinson “wins” the lottery
Falling action: When Mrs. Hutchinson is protesting against the unfairness.
Resolution: When Mrs. Hutchinson is stoned.
Who are the main characters in the story? What type of characters are there?
-Mr. Hutchinson: static
-Mrs. Hutchinson: dynamic
-Mr. Summers: static
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Who is the protagonist of the story?
Protagonist: Mrs. Hutchinson
What are some examples of foreshadowing?
– Kids stuffing pockets with ricks
– The people were nervous
– The kept the box locked up, and it was old and black
What are some examples of symbolism?
– The black box: Symbolic of the deterioration of tradition
What are some examples of irony in “The Lottery”?
Situational- you think its gonna be an actual lottery, but it’s not
What are some examples of Allusion?
the last name Dellacroix–De la cruz—“Of the Cross” which is alluding to the sacrifice Jesus made on the cross
What is the mood?
-Sad, depressing
What is the tone?
– evil, serious
Who was in charge of calling the names for the lottery?
Mr. Summers
Who assembled first in the square? Second?
– 1st: The children
– 2nd: Men and Women
What was drawn out of the black box?
– slips of paper
– one of which had a black dot on it
Who was late to the lottery? Why?
– Mrs. Hutchinson because she forgot what day it was
How long does it take to complete the lottery in this particular town?
– it takes from about 10 o’clock to noon dinner
Who “won” the lottery?
-Mrs. Hutchinson
What happened to the person that won the lottery?
– They were stoned to death as part of tradition
Which character thought quitting the lottery was a bad idea?
– Old man Warner
How many times has Old Man warner been in the Lottery?
– 77 times
“The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day;the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green.” Descriptive language is being used here to help create a mental image that appeals to our senses of vision, feeling, and smell. The following excerpt is an example of which literary term?
Imagery
How many people live in the village?
300
Name some of the children who started to collect stones. Bonus; what literary term is present in this part of the story?
Bobby Martin, Dickie Delacroix, Harry Jones
This man conducts the lottery, along with some other civic activities. Identify this character and two of the activities he conducts, other than the lottery
Mr. Joe Summers; also conducts Halloween program, and teen club
Identify the postmaster. What is he carrying?
Mr. Harry Graves- a 3-legged stool
This is a key symbol to the story. It is seen to represent the tradition of the lottery, and has been put in use before the oldest man in town. Identify this symbol, state the name of the oldest man in town, and give 2 adjectives.
The blackbox; Old Man Warner; faded and stained.
The stones represents death. ? The stones are being used to indicate a deeper idea/quality that its normal perception. What literary device is in play here
Symbolism
“The Lottery” (in our perception) usually improves our life somehow, in which we get some kind of reward; however in this story, the “winner” of the lottery gets stoned to death. Since the opposite of what is said (“the lottery”) is meant. What literary device is this?
Verbal Irony
This is the principal one of these in the story. It describes Tessie’s change of heart about the lottery, from when she is anxious to get to the lottery, from her attitude when she is selected. Identify this literary device, and what the principal (literary device) is. It is defined as the underlaing meaning/main idea of a literary work
Theme; hypocrisy
Shirley Jackson’s perception on human nature is not only seen in the excited stoning of Tessie in the story, but also seen in daily life. Since many humans thought the story was making this statement, they cancelled their subscriptions. What is this perception, and what are some examples of this perception of humanity outside the story? Also, give an example of this perception other than the stoning in the book
There is a bloodthirsty, savage-like side to humans; eg. gladiator fighs, mixed martial arts fights, video games, and how we look for the destruction on a car crash. When Tessie’s family is selected, she’d rather risk her own daughter’s life
At the beginning of the story, Mrs. Delacroix and Tessie Hutchinson seem to get along; however when Tessie “wins” at the end, Mrs. Delacroix grabs a stone so large she has to hold it with both hands and rushes it to the front. Since a the outcome of this scenario was the opposite of what was expected, what literary device is in play?
Situational Irony
Name all the members of the Hutchinson family
Tessie Hutchinson, Bil Hutchinson, Nancy Hutchinson , davy Hutchinson, Bill jr
Identify the character: This lady says “there goes my old man”. She is known for picking up the largest stone and running to stone Tessie/
Mrs. Delacroix
Identify the character: Her husband (Clyde) broke his knee, and she has a son named Horace. She draws for her family name, and at the end can’t catch up to Delacroix to stone Tessie. I
Janey Dunbar
Identify the character: He’s at the front of the crowd when the stoning begins, and he says that they’re thinking of gibing up the lottery in the north village. this character represents situational irony, because his though process turns opposite at the end.
Steve Adams
Identify the character: He is the oldest man in the town, and has participated in the lottery this many times. Something he says is “come on, come on, everyone”. Also state the number of times he has participated in the lottery.
Old Man Warner
Identify the character: She is the protagonist of the story, in that we follow her around. She is the main symbol of hypocrisy in this story. She runs late to the lottery, and ends up “winning”.
Tessie Hutchinson
Tessie desires these 2 people to pick rather than her family. She represents a savage one of these, which is the authors (Jackson’s) attitude toward a particular subject in the book (hint: humanity
Don and Eva; tone
Similar to how humans are stoned in this book, a historical one of these can be the gladiator fights, Aztec human sacrifice, or even the Salem witch trials. Identify this literary term, which is a casual reference to a person, place, event, or another passage in literature. Name at least 4 other types of this literary device, and identify its purpose
Allusion; literary, biblical, mythological, geographical. Helps author avoid excess exposition and helps readers connect, also helps take a character outside of book’s limit
Identify the speaker: “I wish they’d hurry….I’d wish they’ed hurry”
Janey Dunbar
Name at least 3 other last names who were mentioned in the lottery
Clarke, Delacroix, Anderon, Bentham, Zanini, Watson,
The oldest son in the Martin family
Baxter
Identify the speaker: “You’re in time, though. They’re still talking away up there
Mrs. Delacroix
Identify the speaker: “It’s not the way it used to be…People ain’t the way they used to be.”
Old Man Warner
Identify the speaker: “All right , folks. Let’s finish quickly.”
Mr. Joe Summers
Davy throws stones at his own mother without knowing what he is doing. He never realizes that it’s his own mother he’s killing. Davy represents this theme, critical to a dystopian society such as the one in the book
Blindly following tradition
Identify the speaker: “It isn’t fair, it isn’t right,”
Tessie Hutchinson
Identify the speaker: “Time sure goes fast”
Harry Graves
Where is the black box stored every night before the lottery? What was originally used before paper?
Mr. Summer’s safe of his coal company; wood chips
Name the process of starting the lottery
Mr. Summers had the make the list of the heads of families, heads of households per family, and number of members per household, swearing-in of Mr. Summers
lottery (Meaning of title)
Public game where 1 member is picked randomly for some kind of prize (in this case – stoning)
blind tradition (theme)
people of the town follow this tradition blindly as a tradition. Some question it, but follow it because it’s been a town tradition.
Exposition (Setting)
It is a warm June day in a wholesome good natured town where the people are kind, polite, and happy. 1948. Every year, this small town of about 300 people have a lottery. This has been a tradition for many years and the people won’t ever give it up. Which ever family wins the lottery loses a family member.
Point of View
Narrator is in 3rd person ominiscent
Conflict
man vs. society; tessie is stoned to death; resolved by Tessie Hutchinson getting the black dot and dying. MAN VS. SELF (Tessie’s husband wanted to tell on his wife)
Main Characters
Tessie – Arrives late, supports lottery but protests when she is picked and is stoned to death;
Old Man Warner – Oldest man in village; believes that the lottery keeps people from returning to a barbaric state (murder someone then they won’t want to do it anymore).
Mr. Summers – Conducts the lottery. Mr. Summers prepares the slips of paper that go into the black box and calls the names of the people who draw the papers. The childless owner of a coal company, he is one of the village leaders.
Bill Hutchinson – Tessie’s husband; first draws the marked paper, but he picks a blank paper during the second drawing; showed that Tessie drew marked paper.
Mr. Harry Graves – Postmaster; Helps Mr. Summers prepare the papers for the lottery and assists him during the ritual.
Mood
suspipcious; suspense
Irony
the title “lottery” – someone will win something
suspense
Tess protests the lottery
How long does the lottery last in other villages
2 days
Who conducts the lottery
Mr. Summers
Which of the following changes has been made in the way the lottery is conducted?
Slips of paper are now drawn rather than wood chips
What saying does Old Man Warner recall about the lottery?
Lottery brings good harvest
Climax
Tessie is the one selected:
Falling Action
The townspeople gather around her and stone her to death, thus completing their tradition
Rising Action
The town gathers and the names are drawn as people take a piece of paper and wait to see who the “winner” is.
Who made the black box?
Mr. Summers
What does the black box represent?
The shabby black box represents both the tradition of the lottery and the illogic of the villagers’ loyalty to it. The black box is nearly falling apart, hardly even black anymore after years of use and storage, but the villagers are unwilling to replace it. They base their attachment on nothing more than a story that claims that this black box was made from pieces of another, older black box. The lottery is filled with similar relics from the past that have supposedly been passed down from earlier days, such as the creation of family lists and use of stones.