The theme of responsibility and morality is essential to the play An Inspector Calls and through the actions of the characters, Priestley demonstrates to the watching society that everyone has a collective responsibility and a morality to each other in a normal society.
Indeed, even before the Inspector enters, it very well may be deciphered what his perspectives on morality are. As the doorbell rings to flag his passage, it intrudes on Birling's own perspectives and observations on morality, meaning that there is to be another perspective in the family. One of his first key lines are 'it's better to ask for the earth than to take it' this demonstrates that he has his own perception on morality, and this is uncovered all through his talks. In the opening scene of Mr Birlings talks he uncovers his part in the issue, the Inspector uncovers his first case of good sympathy “it would all do us a bit of good sometimes if we tried to put ourselves in the place of these young women counting their pennies”.
This demonstrates that the Inspector feels morality and the privilege and an inappropriate go far underneath straightforward activities and this is promoted by his response to Eric and Gerald's parts in the demise of the young lady. The two of them recount to a comparable story by Gerald he says “I guess I didn’t feel about her as she did about me” and Eric, 'I wasn't in love with her or anything'. To somebody with shallow good discernment, these accounts may appear to be indistinguishable, and similarly condonable or condemnable.
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Right off the bat the self-important and egotistical Mr. Birling starts by demonstrating that he accepts that he has a responsibility to 'his own' and nobody else. The pronoun 'his' has an inferred ownership and this is key to his conviction arrangement of materialistic belonging. He calls socialists 'Cranks' and pienalizes a big motivator for them as he just needs 'lower costs and higher prices.' This connect to free enterprise demonstrates that Mr. Birling accepts his responsibility is to business and cash making, and hence he gives off an impression of being very insensitive and savage in his dispositions towards individuals. The announcement could nearly be viewed as amusing as Birling is talking in a simply fiscal sense but Priestley may likewise be attempting to propose that lower costs prompts the higher expenses being human life.
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