Chapter 17

John F. Kennedy was a Democrat of what faith?
Richard M. Nixon
Who was JFK’s Republican running mate? (full name)
who said this? “ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.”
New Frontier
what was JFK’s legislative agenda known as which would increase aid to education, provide health insurance to the elderly, and create a Dpt. of Urban Affairs?
defense and space exploration
what 2 things did JFK spend money on which created more jobs to help the economy?
Area Redevelopment Act and Housing Act
which 2 acts created jobs and built low-income housing for the poor?
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Equal Pay Act
made it illegal for employers to pay female workers less than men for the same job
Earl Warren
governor of California who was nominated by Ike as the Chief Justice of the Supreme court in 1953
Mental Retardation
A President’s Panel on ______ ___________ got the enactment of an act in 1963 for a specific type of Health Center
one man, one vote
which phrase summarizes the decisions made in Baker v. Carr and Reynolds v. Sims? (provided for the states to reapportion electoral districts more equally)
Gideon v. Wainright
the court case decision to a right to a lawyer even if you can’t afford one
Escobedo v. Illinois
the court case decision to a right to reamin silent before police questioning
Miranda v. Arizona
the court case decision the said suspects must be informed of their right immediately
Engel v. Vitale
the court case decision that made it illegal to force students to pray in public schools
Abington School District v. Schempp
the court case decision that ruled against state-mandated Bible readings in public schools
Griswold v. Connecticut
the court case decision which said the state could not prohibit the sale and use of birth-control devices
flexible response
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war withouth using nuclear weapons, also allowed the U.S. to continue the policy of containment
Alliance for Progress
a program in which the U.S. pledged $20 billion over a 10 yr. period to help Latin American countries establish better schools, housing, health care, and fairer land distribution in order for them to become more stable, was not very effective in some countries
Peace Corps
an organization created by JFK that sent Americans to provide humanitarian services in less-developed countries and to help prevent the spread of communism
Yuri Gagarin
a Soviet astronaut who became the first to orbit the Earth
John Glenn
became the first American to orbit the Earth, from Ohio and also the oldest one to go into space
Alan Shepard
the first American astronaut to ride into space
Neil Armstrong
the first man to walk on the moon
July 20,1969
date that Armstrong landed on the moon and said, “that’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Fidel Castro
overthrew the corrupt Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959
Bay of Pigs
the event when a group of Cuban exiles organized, supported by the U.S. CIA, landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to set off an uprising, which ended in disaster with the members getting killed or captured
Berlin Wall
A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West
Cuban Missile Crisis
2 wks. of worry about nuclear war due to American spies discovering that the Soviet Union had placed long-range missiles in Cuba which posed a dangerous threat to the U.S.
which country did we agree to remove our missiles from if the Soviet Union agreed to remove theirs from Cuba?
Lee Harvey Oswald
the man who assassinated JFK
November 22, 1963
the date when JFK was assassinated
the city where JFK was assassinated
Air Force One
where was LBJ sworn in as President? (also where JFK’s body was being flown back to D.C.)
Michael Harrington
author of The Other America which claimed that 50 million Americans lived in poverty
how many years of congressional experience did LBJ have?
LJB declared a War on _______ in his 1964 State of the Union speech
Volunteers in Service to America
what did VISTA stand for?
Upward Bound
a program passes by LBJ which provided college preparation for low-income teenagers
Barry Goldwater
the Republican running mate from Arizona in the election of 1964
Lyndon B. Johnson
the Democrat runningmate in the election of 1964
The Great Society
LBJ’s plan which included the Civil Rights Act of 1964, voting rights act of 1965, Medicare, Medicaid, the elementary and secondary Education Act of 1965, Project Head Start, and Upward Bound
Robert Weaver
the first African-American to serve in a President’s Cabinet
the term for the Great Society
the term for the Vietnam War
the Great Society was meant to help what kind of Americans?
deficit spending
used by the govt. to help create more jobs
govt. funded health care for the elderly
govt. sponsored health care for the poor
JFK’s “flexible response” called for a buildup of more of these types of weapons
voting rights act
was passed in 1965 which protected voters from discriminatory practices
civil rights act
was passed in 1964 and banned many forms of discrimination in society
Project Head Start
preschool program for the disadvantaged
was passed in 1965 and eliminated the national origins system of the 1920’s which opened the U.S. up to a wider variety of foreigners
Economic Opportunity Act
an act which attacked inadequate public services, illiteracy, and unemployment as three major causes of poverty
Job Corps
a work training program for young people between the ages of 16-21
Neighborhood Youth Corps
provided work-study programs to help underprivileged young men and women earn a high school diploma or college degree

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