Presently, the United States health care system is experiencing plentiful challenges ranging from staff shortage, overcrowding of emergency departments, and high cost of medical care to limited access for the unfortunate in the community.
Signs that the system is going to collapse are almost everywhere, from hospitals overflowing with underinsured people to film laboratories unable to establish the diagnosis. Currently, health care is provided through the market with the government playing a restricted role. This has made it almost impossible for all people to have access to basic medical care. Moreover, access to health care is a major issue facing citizens.
Specific barriers to health care include lack of medical cover, the big figure of undocumented residents Although universal health care can ensure increased coverage, many people in are opposed to increased government participation.
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Among the developed countries, United States is the only country that spends colossal amounts of money in its health care and fails to provide health care for its citizens. A new health care system that includes increased government participation, provision of health care in schools, ambulatory services, and establishment of charitable assistance can ensure admittance to health care for all.
Introduction of Ambulatory Services
The new health care system will deal with the common problem is overcrowding in hospital emergency departments, a trend which has momentous health implications (Park, 2007).
Emergency patients rerouted to distant facilities risk increased mortality and morbidity. Overcrowding within the emergency department is linked with poorer results and can lead to prolonged pain and discomfort for patients. There is need to embrace ambulatory services as means of offering health to the citizens due to high numbers of people visiting medical facilities. The inclination towards ambulatory care in the widest sense of the word will mean outpatient health care for which the individual isn’t booked for an overnight stay.
These underlying factors will include; the dire need to reduce mounting hospital expenditure; the increased demand for better patient-focused care and the passion for improved admission at the community level. The embracement of ambulatory health care in the city may lead to greater patient contentment.
School Based Programs
Most of the young children will benefit from this novel program. In order to make health care accessible to all residents, health care will be provided through the schools as well as in health facilities. Schools have the capacity to offer preventive and screening services to a broad range of children who might otherwise not access health care.
For most of the young people attending educational institutions, there is a dire need to provide health care including dental services. This will include not only referrals for restorative but also health care preventive health care as well.
A connected area is education on good dieting to prevent health problems such as dental conditions and to deal with the prevalent problem of obesity and its related health effects among school children. This program will not be disadvantaged by the new system.
For adolescents, a broadening of health programs will be required to assist students to manage substance abuse, family conflict and sexuality. Learning institutions can serve as locales for early diagnosis of health problems and mental conditions; a key issue is relating students to comprehensive care to assist them deal with those problems.
Increased Government Involvement.
A new health care system that includes increased government involvement will help in addressing current challenges such as hazardous and pointless medical procedures and the removal of monetary games between patients, insurers, and doctors Park, 2007).
In addition, huge amounts of cash would be saved doing away with expensive health care needed when a sick individual fails to obtain preventive care. Further, the establishment of charitable assistance for the underprivileged would be enviable, as many people would agree the current programs such as Medicaid and Medicare are invasive and harmful to the health of the patient (Castro, 1991).
According to Castro, Medicare is too bureaucratic and expensive and is depriving young employees in the country (1991). To make health care more affordable, voluntary charitable assistance will be provided to enable the poor to purchase personal medical coverage thus saving them the massive bureaucratic expenses and the unbearable book-keeping requirements as well as legal threats impressed upon physicians and insurers.
Challenges to the Proposed System
The proposed system that includes increased government participation would create problems because even in difficult days the benefits of increased government participation in health care in U. S are sadly hidden from the general public (Lev, 2009). Instead, the negative effects continue to triumph in the minds of many policymakers. Erroneously, most Americans are often ensnared into ideological arguments such as the perception of freedom, opposition to nationalized health care, a fake feeling of autonomy of option, and irrational fear of government ineffectiveness in managing such a large system of health care.
Such a health care system will not cause problems because when the government fully caters to the expenses of medical care, in fact the individuals or employers would be freed from paying private insurance.
Further, increased government participation in medical care provision would greatly decrease expenses not only as a result of exercising monopoly authority mainly in the process of purchasing drugs but also for the reason that management overheads linked with private cover and profit margins will be eliminated. Second, the use of school-based health care will guarantee that most of the school-going children receives screening and preventive health services that may otherwise not have been available to them.
- Castro, J. (1991). Condition: Critical. Time, 38(21), 8-34
- Lev, S. (2009). Healthy Questions: Private versus Universal Health Care. Retrieved May3, 2009 from http://www.groundreport.com/Politics/Healthy-Questions-Private- versus-Universal-Health.
- Weinstein, M. et al. (1996). Recommendations of the panel on cost –effectiveness in health and medicine. Economic issues, 276(1), 1253-1258.
- Park, H. (2007). Broken system: The U.S. has failed at health care. Retrieved June 25, 2009 from http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:Vj7uCP6pSB8J:www.uga.edu/globis/director/articles/10272007.pdf+why+united+states+has+failed+to+socialized+medicine&cd=5&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ke.
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