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Trade Unions

TRAD E UNIONS TRADE UNIONS WHAT IS A TRADE UNION? A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour with employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, ? ring and promotion of workers, bene? ts, workplace safety and policies.

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The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and ? le members and the employer and in some cases on other nonmember workers. HISTORY The origins of unions’ existence can be traced from the 18th century, where the rapid expansion of industrial society drew women, children, rural workers, and immigrants to the work force in numbers and in new roles. This pool of unskilled and semi-skilled labour spontaneously organised in ? ts and starts throughout its beginnings,and would later be an important arena for the development of trade unions.

Trade unions as such were endorsed by the Catholic Church towards the end of the 19th Century. Pope Leo XIII in his “Magna Carta”— Rerum Novarum—spoke against the atrocities workers faced and demanded that workers should be granted certain rights and safety regulations. The term “trade union” was ? rst coined by the Romanian professor Matei Coltan who studied at the University of the West of England. HOW DO THEY FUNCTION ! If people of a union CONTENTS 1. WHAT IS A TRADE UNION? 2. HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONS 3. HOW DO TRADE UNIONS FUNCTION 4. LIST OF TRADE UNIONS 5. TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA ave work trouble with salary or working conditions, they share this with the union. The union representative ? rst talks to the employer. If this method is not effective they go on strikes. ! COUNTRY GLOBAL LIST OF TRADE UNIONS ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Industrial Workers of the World IWW (“Wobblies”) (IWW Homepage) International Trade Union Confederation International Workers Association (Web page: IWA-AIT) World Federation of Trade Unions (Web page: WFTU) Building and Wood Workers’ International Education International (Web page: EI) FIFPro (Web page: ? fpro. org) International Af? iation of Writers Guilds (Web page: IAWG) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ International Arts and Entertainment Alliance – IAEA (FIM+ FIA + UNI-MEI) International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers’ Unions (Web page: ICEM) International Federation of Journalists (Web page: IFJ) International Metalworkers’ Federation (Web page: IMF) International Transport Workers’ Federation (Web page: ITF) International Textile, Garment and Leather Workers’ Federation (Web page: ITGLWF) International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Association (Web page: IUF) ¦ ¦ Public Services International (Web page: PSI) Union Network International (Web page: UNI) Sectoral global union federations ¦ ¦ ¦ Albania Algeria ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Trade Unions (Albania) (KSSh) United Independent Albanian Trade Unions (BSPSh) General Union of Algerian Workers (Web page: UGTA) COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Andorra Angola ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Andorran Workers’ Union General Centre of Independent and Free Unions of Angola (CGSILA) Independent Union of Maritime and Related Workers (SIMA) National Union of Angolan Workers (UNTA) Antigua Trades and Labour Union (ATLU) Antigua Workers’ Union (AWU or ABWU) Antigua and Barbuda Public Service Association (ABPSA) ¦ Leeward Islands Airline Pilots Association (Web page: LIALPA) Antigua and Barbuda ¦ ¦ ¦ Argentina ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Argentine Workers’ Center (Web page: CTA) Consejo Coordinador Argentino Sindical (CCAS) Federacion Agraria Argentina General Confederation of Labour (Argentina) (Web page: CGT) Aruba Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Barbados ¦ ¦ Aruban Workers’ Federation (fta) Austrian Trade Union Federation (Osterreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund) (Web page: OGB) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Azerbaijan Trade Unions Confederation (ATUC) Committee for Oil Industry Workers’ Rights (COIWRP) Bahrain Workers’ Union General Federation of Workers Trade Unions in Bahrain Barbados Workers’ Union (Web page: BWU) Congress of Trade Unions and Staff Associations of Barbados Leeward Islands Airline Pilots Association (Web page: LIALPA) National Union of Public Workers COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Bahamas ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ National Congress of Trade Unions of The Bahamas Airpoty, Airline & Allied Workers Union Bahamas Airline Pilots Association Bahamas Casino Gaming & Allied Workers Union Bahamas Commercial Stores, Supermarket & Warehouse Union Bahamas ommunication & Public Of? cers Union Bahamas Electrical Workers Union Bahamas Financial Services Union Bahamas Hotel Catering & Allied Workers Union Bahamas Maritime Port & Allied Workers Union Bahamas Musician & Entertainers Union Bahamas Public Services Union Bahamas Taxi Cab Union Bahamas Union of Teachers Bahamas Utilities Service & Allied Workers Union Freeport Flight Services & Allied Workers Union Grand Bahama Public Service Driviers & Allied Workers Union Union of Central Banks Union OF Tertiary Education of The Bahamas The Bahamas Prison Of? ers Association The Royal Bahamas Police Association The College of the Bahamas Union of Students Commonwealth of the Bahamas Trade Union Congress General Federation of Belgian Labour Confederation of Christian Trade Unions General Confederation of Liberal Trade Unions of Belgium Belgium ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY Bangladesh LIST OF TRADE UNIONS ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Bangladesh Free Trade Union Congress (BFTUC) Bangladesh Ganotantrik Sramik Federation Bangladesh Jatio Sramik League Bangladesh Jatiyo Sramik Jote Bangladesh Jatyatabadi Sramik Dal Bangladesh Labour Federation Bangladesh Mukto Sramik Federation (BMSF) Bangladesh Sanjukta Sramik Federation Bangladesh Trade Union Kendra Jatio Sramik Federation Jatyo Sramik League Samajtantrik Sramik Front Bangladesh Independent Garment Workers Union Federation (BIGUF) Bangladesh Garment & Industrial Workers Federation (BGIWF) Belarus ¦ ¦ ¦

Belarus Free Trade Union (SPB) Belarusian Congress of Democratic Trade Unions Federation of Trade Unions of Belarus National Trade Union Congress of Belize Christian Workers’ Union United General Workers Union General Workers’ Union (Belize) Autonomous Trade Unions Centre General Confederation of the Workers of Benin National Union of the Unions of the Workers of Benin Bermuda Industrial Union (BIU) Bermuda Public Services Association (BPSA) Federation of Bhutanese Trade Unions Belize ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Benin ¦ ¦ ¦ Bermuda Bhutan ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Botswana Botswana Federation of Trade Unions (BFTU) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Air Botswana Employees’ Union Botswana Agricultural Marketing Board Workers’ Union Botswana Bank Employees’ Union Botswana Beverages & Allied Workers’ Union Botswana Central Bank Staff Union Botswana Commercial & General Workers’ Union Botswana Construction

Workers’ Union Botswana Diamond Sorters & Valuators’ Union Botswana Hotel Travel & Tourism Workers’ Union Botswana Housing Corporation Staff Union Botswana Institute of Development Management Workers’ Union Botswana Manufacturing & Packaging Workers’ Union Botswana Meat Industry Workers’ Union Botswana Mining Workers’ Union Botswana National Development Bank Staff Union Botswana Postal Services Workers’ Union Botswana Power Corporation Workers’ Union Botswana Private Medical & Health Services Workers’ Union Botswana Railways Amalgamated Workers’ Union Botswana Saving Bank Employees’ Union Botswana Telecommunication Employees’ Union Botswana Vaccine Institute Staff Union Botswana Wholesale, Furniture & Retail Workers’ Union National Amalgamated Central, Local & Parastatal Manual Workers’ Union Rural Industry Promotions Company Workers’ Union University of Botswana Non-Academic Staff Union COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Bosnia and Herzegovina ¦ Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bosnia and Herzegovina Confederation of Trade Unions of the Republika Srpska Bolivian Workers’ Center ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederacion Sindical Unica de Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia Federacion Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia Corriente de Renovacion Independiente y Solidaridad Laboral Bolivia ¦ Brazil ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Central Autonoma de Trabalhadores (www. catipros. org. br) Central Unica dos Trabalhadores (www. cut. org. br) Confederacao Brasileira de Trabalhadores Cristaos Confederacao Geral dos Trabalhadores (www. cgt. org. br) Coordenacao Nacional de Lutas (www. conlutas. org. br) Forca Sindical (www. fsindical. org. br) Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria

Confederation of Labour Podkrepa National Trade Union Promyana National Confederation of Workers of Burkina National Organisations of Free Trade Unions Trade Union Confederation of Burkina Confederation of Burundi Unions Free Trade Union of Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia Bulgaria ¦ ¦ ¦ Burkina Faso ¦ ¦ ¦ Burundi Cambodia Cameroon ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Cameroon Trade Unions General Confederation of Free Workers of Cameroon Union of Free Trade Unions of Cameroon COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Canada ¦ Canadian Labour Congress ¦ NationalAf? liates ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ACTRA British Columbia Teachers’ Federation Canadian Association of University Teachers Canadian Auto Workers Canadian Of? ce and Professional Employees Union Canadian Postmasters and Assistants Association International Af? iates ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Independent Unions/Other Af? liations ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Writers Guild of Canada Christian Labour Association of Canada Manitoba Teachers’ Society Canadian Actors’ Equity Association Major League Baseball Players Association National Hockey League Players’ Association Canadian Actors’ Equity Association Bricklayers, Masons Independent Union of Canada rest are listed at Directory of Independent Labour Organizations Air Line Pilots Association, International Amalgamated Transit Union American Federation of Musicians Amalgamated Transit Union International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Cape Verde Caribbean ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Council of Free Labour Unions Trade Unions of Cape Verde Unity Centre Caribbean Congress of Labour Caribbean Public Services Association Caribbean trade unions at the Open Directory Project Caribbean Union of Teachers (Web page: CUT) Cayman Islands Airline Pilots Association Confederation Syndicale des Travailleurs de Centrafrique National Confederation of Central African Workers Union of Central African Workers Free Confederation of Chadian Workers Union of Trade Unions of Chad Central Autonoma de Trabajadores Workers’ United Center of Chile Central Union of Workers Confederation of Workers of Colombia General Confederation of Democratic Workers SINALTRAINAL General Confederation of Trade Unions Cayman islands Central African Republic ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Chad Chile Colombia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Commonwealth Of Independent States Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Confederation Generale du Travail du Congo Democratic Confederation of Labour (DRC) National Union of Congolese Workers Confederation Syndicale des Travailleurs du Congo Confederation Syndicale du Congo Confederation des Syndicats Libres Autonomes du Congo Congolese Trade Union Confederation COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS People’s Republic of China All-China Federation of Trade Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ All-China Federation of Railway Workers’ Unions National Committee of the Chinese Agricultural, Forestry and Water Conservancy Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Aviation Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Banking Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Defense Industry, Postal and Telecommunications Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Educational, Scienti? , Cultural, Medical and Sports Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Energy and Chemical Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Financial, Commercial, Light Industry, Textile and Tobacco Workers’ Union ¦ ¦ National Committee of the Chinese Machinery, Metallurgical and Building Material Workers’ Union National Committee of the Chinese Seamen and Construction Workers’ Union Costa Rica ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Central de Trabajadores de Costa Rica Central del Movimiento de Trabajadores Costarricenses Confederacion Unitaria de Trabajadores (Costa Rica) Confederacion du Trabajadores de Costa Rica Costa Rican Confederation of Workers Cuban Workers’ Solidarity Workers’ Central Union of Cuba (Central de Trabajadores de Cuba) Cuba ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Croatia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Association of Croatian Public Sector Unions Croatian Trade Union Association Independent Trade Unions of Croatia Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Croatia Workers’ Trade Union Association of Croatia Cyprus Turkish

Unions Federation Cyprus Union of Bank Employees Cyprus Workers’ Confederation Democratic Labour Federation of Cyprus Pancyprian Federation of Labour Pancyprian Public Servants’ Trade Union Revolutionary Trade Unions Federation Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions Association of Autonomous Trade Unions Confederation of Art and Culture Christian Labour Confederation Trade Union Federation of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia ¦ Trade Union Federation Equality Centrale des Syndicats Libres de Cote d’Ivoire Federation of Autonomous Trade Unions of Cote d’Ivoire General Workers Union in Cote d’Ivoire General Union of Djibouti Workers Union of Djibouti Workers Central General de Trabajadores (Dominican Republic) Confederacion de Trabajadores Unitaria East Timor Trade Union Confederation Cyprus ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Czech Republic ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Cote d’Ivoire ¦ ¦ ¦ Djibouti Dominican Republic East Timor ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Central Institucional de Trabajadores Automonos (CITA) COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Denmark Danish Confederation of Professional Associations (AC) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Danish Association of Chartered Surveyors Danish Medical Association Danish Union of Architects Danish Union of Librarians etc. FTF – Confederation of Professionals in Denmark Danish Association of Pharmaconomists Danish Nurses Organisation Danish Union of Teachers etc. Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) Danish Food and Allied Workers’ Union Danish Timber Industry and Construction Workers’ Union Danish Union of Metalworkers Danish Union of Professional Technicians Danish Union of Public Employees Fagligt F? lles Forbund National Union of Commercial and Clerical Employees etc. Dominica ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Dominica Amalgamated Workers’ Union Dominica Association of Teachers Dominica Public Service Union National Workers’ Union (Dominica) Waterfront and Allied Workers’ Union Ecuador ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederacion Ecuatoriana de Organizaciones Clasistas Unitarias de Trabajadores Confederacion de Trabajadores del Ecuador Ecuador Confederation of Free Trade Union Organizations Frente Unitario de los Trabajadores COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Egypt El Salvador ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Egyptian Trade Union Federation Central Autonoma de Trabajadores Salvadorenos Central de Trabajadores Democraticos Federacion Nacional Sindical de Trabajadores Salvadorenos Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethopia Fiji ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Equatorial Guinea Workers’ Union National Confederation of Eritrean Workers Confederation of Estonian Trade Unions Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation Confederation of Ethiopian Trade Unions Ethiopian Teachers’ Association Fiji Islands Council of Trade Unions Fiji Trades Union Congress Federation of Cane Growers (Fiji) Indian Cane Growers Association (Fiji) Kisan Sangh Labasa Kisan Sangh Maha Sangh National Farmers Union (Fiji) Rewa Planters Union Vishal Sangh Gabonese Confederation of Free Trade Unions Gabonese Trade Union Confederation Gambia Workers’ Union Gambian Workers’ Confederation Georgian Trade Union Amalgamation Ghana Federation of Labour Trades Union Congress of Ghana Gabon The Gambia Georgia Ghana ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Germany Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB) German Confederation of Trade Unions [4] ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt IG Bergbau, Chemie, Energie Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft IG Metall Deutscher Beamtenbund (dbb) Gewerkschaft der Sozialversicherung komba gewerkschaft Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund (CGB) Other free Trade Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ Deutscher Bundeswehrverband Marburger Bund Deutsche Angestellten Gewerkschaft (DAG) German Salaried Employees’ Union until 2001 Gibraltar Historical Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ Gibraltar Apprentices and Ex-Apprentices Union Gibraltar Confederation of Labour Gibraltar Labour Trades Union The Gibraltar Confederation of Labour was a trade union in the United Kingdom. It merged with the Transport and General Workers’ Union in 1963.

Greece Grenada Guatemala ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Civil Servants’ Confederation General Confederation of Greek Workers Grenada Trades Union Council Central General de Trabajadores de Guatemala Confederacion de Unidad Sindical de Guatemala Union Sindical de Trabajadores de Guatemala COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Guinea ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ General Union of the Workers of Guinea National Confederation of Guinean Workers National Organization of Free Unions of Guinea United Trade Union of Guinean Workers National Union of Workers of Guinea-Bissau Guyana Agricultural and General Workers’ Union Guyana Airline Pilots Association Guyana Labour Union Guyana Local Government Of? ers’ Union Guyana Mining Metal and General Workers’ Union Guyana Postal and Telecommunications’ Union Guyana Teachers’ Union Guyana Trades Union Congres National Workers’ Union (Guyana) Guyana public services union Clerical and commercial workers union Confederation des Travailleurs Haitiens Coordination Syndicale Haitienne (CSH) Haitian Trade Union Coordination May 1st – Workers’ Fight Federation Batay Ouvriye Centrale Generale des Travailleurs Central General de Trabajadores (Honduras) Confederacion Unitaria de Trabajadores de Honduras Federacion Unitaria de Trabajadores de Honduras Honduras Workers’ Confederation Autonomous Trade Union Confederation Democratic Confederation of Free Trade Unions Forum for the Cooperation of Trade Unions Guinea-Bissau Guyana ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Haiti ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Honduras ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Hungary ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Hong Kong ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (HKFTU) – proCPC Hong Kong and Kowloon Federation of Labour Unions (HKFLU) Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (HKCTU) pro-democracy Hong Kong and Kowloon Trades Union Council (HKKTUC) – pro-Kuomintang Hong Kong Journalists Association (HKJA) Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ Union (HKPTU) – prodemocracy Joint Organization of Unions – Hong Kong Confederation of State and Municipal Employees of Iceland ¦ Icelandic Federation of Labour Confederation of All Indonesian Workers’ Union Confederation of Indonesia Prosperous Trade Union Confederation of Indonesian Trade Union (CITU) Indonesian Forestry and Allied Workers’ Union (KAHUTINDO) ¦ ¦ FEDERASI SERIKAT PEKERJA NASIONAL INDONESIA INDONESIA NATIONAL FEDERATION OF TRADE UNIONS FSPNI Iceland ¦ Indonesia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Iran ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Central Council of Trade Unions Central Council of United Trade Unions Central Union of Workers and Peasants of Iran Ettehadiyeh-ye Sendika-ye Kargaran-e Iran Iranian Workers’ Solidarity Network Syndicate of Workers of Tehran and Suburbs Bus Company Union of Toilers of Iran COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS India see Indian Trade Unions, List of trade unions in the Singareni coal ? elds. ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Indian Railway Trade Unions All KARNATAKA Kannadigara Workers union . Karnataka Auto driver Union Karnataka Workers Union All India Railway Men’s Federation www. air? ndia. com Northern Railway Men’s Union www. nrmu. net Bank Employees Federation of India

All India Central Council of Trade Unions Bengal Chatkal Mazdoor Federation Bunkar Mahasabha Rajasthan Nirman Mazdoor Sangathan Tamil Nadu Democratic Construction Labour Union All India Trade Union Congress ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Calcutta Hawkers’ Men Union Federation of Chatkal Mazdoor Unions Nikhila Orissa Beedi Shramika Federation Patiala Aviation Club Workers Union Pondicherry Textile Labour Union Powerloom Workers Union Punjab Breweries Workers Union Vegetable Market Workers Union Visakha Steel Workers Union ¦ Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Bhakra Management Board Karamchari Sangh Bharatiya Pratiraksha Mazdoor Sangh MCF Mazdoor Sangh Mica Mazdoor Sangh COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Centre of Indian Trade Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Bengal Chatkal Mazdoor Union Calcutta Tramways Workers’ and Employees’ Union Cochin City Motor Thozhilali Union Darjeeling District Newspaper Sellers’ Union Forward Seamens Union of India Maharashtra Sugarcane Cutting and Transport Workers Union Otis Elevators Employees Union Siliguri Dokan Sramik Karmachari Union Steel Plant Employees Union Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat Konkan Railway Corporation Employees Union Municipal Mazdoor Union Hind Mazdoor Sabha All India Jute Textile Workers’ Federation Coimbatore District Textile Workers Union Kudremukh Shram Shakthi Sanghatan MCF Employees’ Union

Indian Federation of Trade Unions Darjeeling Jela Dokan Sramik Union Indian National Trade Union Congress National Union of Jute Workers Indian National Defence Workers Federation MCF Workers’ Union Nangal Bakra Mazdoor Sangh Visakha Steel Employees’ Congress Labour Progressive Federation NLC Workers Progressive Union COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS ¦ National Federation of Atomic Energy Employee ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ AEEA (IGCAR) BARCFEA (BARC facilities) GSO SA (GSO) TAPEU (MAPS) MAPSA (MAPS) DPS (DAE) EA (MRPU) CATSA Confederation Of Atomic & Space Scientists/ Technologists, COAST ¦ ¦ AARCO, Kalpakkam CATSOA, Indore ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Trade Union Coordination Committee ¦ Bengal Hawkers Association

Association of Motion Pictures & TV Programme Producer of India Federation of Western India Cine Employees Indian National Trade Union Congress Kerala Private Pharmacist’s Association (KPPA) Kerala Gazetted Of? cers’ Federation Kerala State Transport Employees Front Maharashtra General Kamgar Union Mazdoor Mukti Morcha Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh Socialist Trade Union Centre Trade Union Centre of India United Trade Union Centre-Lenin Sarani All India Defence Employees Federation Bengal Jute Mill Workers’ Union Bengal Provincial Chatkal Mazdoor Union *Murshidabad Self Employed Geriatric Healthcare Workers Association COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Iraq ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Federation of Workers?

Councils and Unions in Iraq General Federation of Trade Unions Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions Union of the Unemployed in Iraq Federation of Oil Unions in Iraq Irish Congress of Trade Unions Ireland ¦ Historical Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ Electricity Supply Staff Association (Dublin) Galway Workers’ and General Labourers’ Union Irish Mental Hospital Workers’ Union Current Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Unite – the Union – a merger of the T&GWU and Amicus created on 1 May 2007. Amicus Association of Higher Civil & Public Servants Association of Irish Traditional Musicians Association of Secondary Teachers Ireland Irish Bank Of? cials’ Association (IBOA) (www. iboa. e) Irish Federation of University Teachers (IFUT) (www. ifut. ie) Irish Medical Organisation (IMO) (www. imo. ie) Irish Municipal, Public and Civil Trade Union (IMPACT) (www. impact. ie) Irish National Teachers’ Organisation (INTO) (www. into. ie) Irish Nurses Organisation (INO) (www. ino. ie) MANDATE (www. mandate. ie) NAPO (www. napo. org. uk) National League of the Blind (NLB) (no website known) National Union of Journalists (NUJ) (www. nuj. org) so on… COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Israel ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ New Histadrut http://www. histradrut. org. il/ National Labour Federation in Eretz-Israel Histadrut Koach La`Ovdim: Power to the workers Italian General Confederation of Labour (CGIL) Cgil. t Italian Confederation of Workers’ Trade Unions (CISL) Italian Labour Union (UIL) Uil. it Italian Confederation of Free Workers’ Unions (CISAL) CONFSAL Confederazione del Comitati di Base (COBAS) Cobas. it CUB (Confederazione Unitaria di Base) General Labour Union (Italy) SIN. PA. (Sindacato Padano) DIRFOR (Sindacato Nazionale dei Dirigenti, dei Direttivi del Corpo Forestale dello Stato) ¦ ¦ CGU (Confederazione GILDA-UNAMS-NURSIND) Autonomous South Tyrolean Trade Union Bustamante Industrial Trade Union Jamaica Airline Pilots Association Jamaica Association of Local Government Of? cers Jamaica Confederation of Trade Unions Jamaica Civil Service Association (www. jacisera. om) National Workers Union Jamaican Teachers Association Jamaican Union of Public Of? cers and Public Employers Japan Teachers Union RENGO Sohyo National Union of General Workers General Union Tozen Italy ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Jamaica ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Japan ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Jordon Kazakhstan ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ General Federation of Jordanian Trade Unions Jordanian Engineers Association Confederation of Labour of Kazakhstan Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kenya ¦ Central Organization of Trade Unions (Kenya) (KNUT)Kenya national union of teachers Transport and general workers union (UK) Marathon Runners Union Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Kiribati Trade Union Congress Kuwait Trade Union Federation Kyrgyzstan Federation of Trade Unions Lao Federation of Trade Unions Free Trade Confederation of Latvia General Confederation of Lebanese Workers Congress of Lesotho Trade Unions Lesotho Congress of Democratic Unions Lesotho Trade Union Congress Liberian Federation of Labour Unions National Trade Unions’ Federation Liechtenstein Employees’ Association Lithuanian Labour Federation Lithuanian Trade Union – Solidarity Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Luxembourg ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ General Civil Service Confederation (CGFP) Luxembourg Association of Bank and Insurance Employees (ALEBA) Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (LCGB) Luxembourg Confederation of Independent Trade Unions (OGBL) Republic of Macedonia ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Free Trade Unions Federation of Trade Unions of Macedonia Union of Independent Autonomous Trade Unions Christian Confederation of

Malagasy Trade Unions Confederation of Malagasy Workers United Autonomous Unions of Madagascar Malawi Congress of Trade Unions Congress of Unions of Employees in the Public and Civil Services Madagascar ¦ ¦ ¦ Malawi Malaysia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Malaysian Trades Union Congress National Council of Unions of the Industrial and Lower Income Group of Government Workers Mali Malta ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ National Workers’ Union of Mali Workers’ Trade Union Confederation of Mali Forum of Maltese Trade Unions For. U. M. – confederation Confederation of Malta Trade Unions General Workers’ Union (Malta) Malta Workers’ Union Malta Union of Teachers Malta Union of Midwives and Nurses COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Mauritania ¦ ¦ Free Confederation of Mauritanian Workers General Confederation of Mauritanian Workers Union of Mauritanian Workers Federation of Civil Service Unions Federation of Progressive Unions Mauritius Labour Congress Mauritius Trade Union Congress National Trade Unions Confederation Organization of Artisans’ Unity Local Authorities Employees Union Confederation of Independent Trade Union Confederation of Mexican Workers – CTM General Confederation of Workers (Mexico) – CGT Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers – CROM Sindicato unico de Trabajadores Electricistas de la Republica Mexicana – SUTERM ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ National Union of Mine and Metal Workers of the Mexican Republic – SNTMMSRM Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores de Autotransportes Urbanos de Pasajeros, Ruta 100 Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores de la Industria Nuclear SUTIN Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores de la Musica del D. F. SUTM Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores del Banco de Mexico Sindicato Unico de Trabajadores del Gobierno del Distrito Federal Sindicato Unico Nacional de Trabajadores de Telecomunicaciones de Mexico (TELECOMM) AND MANY MORE… Mauritius ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Mexico ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Moldova Monaco Mongolia Morocco Confederation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Moldova ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Union of Monaco Trade Unions Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions Democratic Confederation of Labour (Morocco) Democratic Federation of Labour General Union of Moroccan Workers Moroccan Workers’ Union National Labour Union of Morocco The Moroccan Morracas Union Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Mozambique Workers’ Organization Federation of Trade Unions of Burma Seafarers’ Union of Burma National Union of Namibian Workers Trade Union Congress of Namibia All Nepal Trade Union Federation- ANTUF Confederation of Nepalese Professionals-CoNEP Federation of Nepalese Progressive Trade UnionsFENEPT General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions-GEFONT Nepal Trade Union Congress-Independent:NTUC-I Nepal Trade Union Federation-NTUF National Democratic Confederation of Nepalese Trade Union-Independent:NDCONT-I COUNTRY Netherlands LIST OF TRADE UNIONS ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging (FNV) Christelijk Nationaal Vakverbond (CNV) CNV Public Vakcentrale Voor Middengroepen en Hoger Personeel (MHP) Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingen Nederlandse Vereniging van Luchtvaart Technici Algemene Bond voor Casinopersoneel (Vakbond ABC) Bonaire Federation of Labour Central General di Trahadonan di Corsow Trade Union Centre of Curacao Windward Islands Federation of Labour New Zealand Council of Trade Unions (NZCTU) New Zealand Air Line Pilots’ Association (APA) Alloy Yachts Employees Federation Amalgamated Workers Union of New Zealand Clothing, Laundry and Allied Workers Union of Aotearoa Corrections Association of New Zealand (CANZ) Customs Of? cers’ Association of New Zealand New Zealand Dairy Workers Union (DWU) Finance and Information Workers Union (Finsec) Firestone Employees Society Flight Attendants and Related Services Association (FARSA) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Furniture, Manufacturing & Associated Workers Union Postal Workers Association (PWA) Postal Workers Union (PWU) AND MANY MORE… Netherlands Antilles ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ New Zealand ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Nicaragua ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Labour Uni? cation Nicaraguan Workers’ Centre Sandinista Workers’ Centre Ulster Teachers’ Union (UTU) Norwegian

Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ EL & IT Forbundet Norwegian Union of Chemical Industry Workers Norwegian Civil Service Union Norwegian Post and Communications Union Norwegian Seafarers’ Union (Norsk Sjomannsforbund) Norwegian Union of Food, Beverage and Allied Workers Norwegian Union of General Workers Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees Union of Employees in Commerce and Of? ces United Federation of Trade Unions Northern Ireland Norway ¦ ¦ Confederation of Unions for Professionals, Norway Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations NITO Democratic Confederation of Workers of Niger General Union of Workers of Niger Nigerien Confederation of Labour Union of Workers’ Trade Unions of Niger Niger ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Oman

Trade unions are illegal in Oman, but the World Federation of Trade Unions recognizes one exile organization—the National Committee of Omani Workers. COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Pakistan ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ All Pakistan Federation of Labour All Pakistan Federation of Trade Unions All Pakistan Federation of United Trade Unions All Pakistan Trade Union Congress All Pakistan Trade Union Federation Pakistan National Federation of Trade Unions Pakistan Workers’ Federation Muttahida Labour Federation Pakistan Pakistan Brick Kiln Labour Union Central National de Trabajadores de Panama Confederation of Workers of the Republic of Panama Convergencia Sindical General Confederation of Workers of Panama SUNTRACS

Papua New Guinea Trade Union Congress Central Unitaria de Trabajadores (Paraguay) Confederacion Paraguaya de Trabajadores National Workers’ Central (Paraguay) Central Autonoma de Trabajadores del Peru Confederacion General de Trabajadores del Peru Confederacion Unitaria de Trabajadores del Peru Confederacion de Trabajadores del Peru Federation of Free Workers May First Labour Movement Centre Trade Union Congress of the Philippines All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions (OPZZ) August80 (WZZ “Sierpien80”) Solidarity Independent Self-Governing Trade Union (NSZZ Solidarnosc) ¦ Trade Unions Forum (FZZ) Panama ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Papua New Guinea Paraguay ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Peru ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Philippines ¦ ¦ ¦ Poland ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Portugal ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ General Confederation of Labour (Portugal) General Confederation of the Portuguese Workers General Union of Workers (Portugal) Union of Independent Trade Unions (Portugal) General Confederation of Workers (Puerto Rico) Teachers’ Federation of Puerto Rico Democratic Trade Union Confederation of Romania National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania – Brotherhood ¦ ¦ ¦ National Trade Union Bloc National Trade Union Confederation (Romania) National Trade Union Confederation – Meridian All-Russian Confederation of Labour Confederation of Labour of Russia (www. ktr. u) Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia Trade Union Centre of Workers of Rwanda Union of Workers in Industry, Garages, Construction Firms, Mines and Printers Puerto Rico Romania ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Russia ¦ ¦ ¦ Rwanda ¦ ¦ Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ St. Kitts and Nevis Trades and Labour Union National Workers’ Union (Saint Lucia) Saint Lucia Teachers’ Union – SLTU (www. stluciateachersunion. com) Saint Lucia Workers’ Union Commercial, Technical and Allied Workers’ Union National Labour Congress National Workers’ Movement (St. Vincent) St. Vincent and the Grenadines Public Service Union Saint Vincent and the grenadines ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS

Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Samoa Public Service Association Samoa Trade Union Congress Democratic Confederation of San Marino Workers San Marino Confederation of Labour General Union of the Workers of Sao Tome and Principe National Organization of the Workers of Sao Tome and Principe – Central Union Senegal ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Dakar Dem Dikk Workers Democratic Union Democratic Union of Senegalese Workers National Confederation of Senegalese Workers National Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Senegal Confederation of Autonomous Trade Unions of Serbia ???? (www. sindikat. rs) Serbia ¦ ¦ ¦ United Branch Trade Unions “Independence” (www. ezavisnost. org) Postmans Trade Union – SD(www. sdpostar. com) Seychelles Federation of Workers’ Unions Seychelles Workers Union Sierra Leone Confederation of Trade Unions Sierra Leone Labour Congress National Trades Union Congress (NTUC) Confederation of Trade Unions of the Slovak Republic Independent Christian Trade Unions of Slovakia Association of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia Confederation of Trade Unions of Slovenia – Pergam Trade Union Confederation 90 of Slovenia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Solomon Islands South Africa ¦ Solomon Islands Council of Trade Unions Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Chemical, Energy, Paper, Printing, Wood and Allied Workers’ Union Communication Workers Union (South Africa) Democratic Nursing Organisation of South Africa Food and Allied Workers Union Musicians Union of South Africa National Education, Health and Allied Workers’ Union National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa National Union of Mineworkers (South Africa) Performing Arts Workers’ Equity Police and Prisons Civil Rights Union SASBO – The Finance Union South African Agricultural Plantation and Allied Workers Union South African Commercial, Catering and Allied Workers Union South African Democratic Nurses’ Union South African Democratic Teachers Union South African Football Players Union South African Medical Association Confederation of South African Workers’ Unions Federation of Unions of South Africa ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Health & Other Services Personnel Trade Union of South Africa Independent Municipal & Allied Trade Union Public Servants Association of South Africa United Association of South Africa ¦ National Council of Trade Unions COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS South Korea ¦ ¦ ¦ Federation of Korean Trade Unions Korean Confederation of Trade Unions Korean Teachers & Education Workers’ Union phithi trade union for youth development Spain ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Workers’ Commissions (Comisiones Obreras) (CCOO) (www. ccoo. s) Union General de Trabajadores (UGT) (www. ugt. es) Confederacion General del Trabajo (CGT) (www. cgt. es) Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) (www. cnt. es) Confederacion Intersindical Galega (CIG) ([5]) Agrarian Trade Union Federation Basque Workers’ Solidarity Euskal Langileen Alkartasuna Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak Spanish Trade Union Organisation Typographic Workers Trade Union Workers Collectives Workers in Struggle Collectives All Ceylon United Motor Workers? Union Ceylon Federation of Labour Ceylon Federation of Union GCSU Sri Lanka United Corporations and Mercantile Union Ceylon Electricity Board Engineer? s Union Sudanese Workers? Trade Union Federation

Sri Lanka ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Sudan ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Suriname ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Federation of Civil Service Organizations General Alliance of Labour Unions in Suriname Organization of Cooperating Autonomous Trade Unions Progressive Labour Federation 47 Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Financial Sector Union of Sweden Swedish Association of Health Professionals Swedish Police Union Swedish Teachers’ Union Swedish Union of Civil Servants Swedish Union of Clerical and Technical Employees in Industry Swedish Union of Commercial Salaried Employees Swedish Trade Union Confederation(www. lo. e) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Central Organisation of the Workers of Sweden National Socialist Industrial Workers Union Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations AND MORE… IF Metall Swedish Building Maintenance Workers’ Union Swedish Building Workers’ Union Swedish Commercial Employees’ Union Swedish Electricians’ Union Swedish Food Workers’ Union Swedish Forest and Wood Workers’ Union Swedish Hotel and Restaurant Workers’ Union Swedish Industrial Union Swaziland Sweden ¦ ¦ COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Switzerland ¦ ¦ ¦ Swiss Federation of Trade Unions (Schweizerischer Gewerkschaftbund)(SGB) (www. sgb. ch) syndikat – Die Online Gewerkschaft (syndikat. ch) Travail.

Suisse General Federation of Trade Unions (Syria) Chinese Federation of Labour Taiwan Confederation of Trade Unions Tajikistan Federation of Trade Unions Trade Union’ Congress of Tanzania Zanzibar Trade Union Congress Labour Congress of Thailand National Congress of Thai Labour Thai Trade Union Congress National Confederation of Togolese Workers National Union of Independent Trade Unions of Togo Trade Union Confederation of Togolese Workers Togo Pogo Stick Union Friendly Islands Teachers’ Association Tonga Nurses’ Association Tonga Conga Line Association Tunisian General Labour Union Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Togo ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Tonga ¦ ¦ ¦ Tunisia Turkey ¦ Irwinian Federation of Day laborers ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey Confederation of Public Workers’ Unions Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Unions Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions National Centre of Trade Unions of Turkmenistan Tuvalu Overseas Seamen’s Union Turkmenistan Tuvalu ¦ ¦

COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Trinidad and Tobago Current Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Airline Superintendents Association All Trinidad Sugar and General Workers’ Trade Union Airline Superintendents Association Amalgamated Workers Union Association of Technical, Administrative and Supervisory Staff Aviation, Communication and Allied Workers Union Banking, Insurance and General Workers Union Communication, Transport and General Workers Union Communication Workers Union Contractors and General Workers Trade Union Customs and Excise Extra Guards Association Electronic Media Union of Trinidad and Tobago Emperor Valley Zoo Estate Police Association AND MANY MORE

Historical Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ All Trinidad Sugar Estates and Factory Workers Union Amalgamated Engineering and General Workers’ Trade Union Bank and General Workers Union Bank Employees Union British Colonial Taxpayers and All Workers Union Civil Service Association Communication Services and General Workers Trade Union Public Works and Public Service Workers Trade Union Staff Association of Barclays Bank of Trinidad and Tobago Limited AND MANY MORE COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS Uganda ¦ ¦ National Organization of Trade Unions, Central Organisation of Free Trade Unions, Uganda (COFTU) Ukraine ¦ ¦ ¦ Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Ukraine Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine National Confederation of the Trade-Union Organizations of Ukraine Uruguay Uzbekistan USSR Vanuatu Vatican City Venezuela ¦ Plenario Intersindical de Trabajadores – Convencion Nacional de Trabajadores ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦

Federation of Trade Unions of Uzbekistan Soviet trade unions Vanuatu Council of Trade Unions Association of Vatican Lay Workers Confederacion de Trabajadores de Venezuela Movimiento Nacional de Trabajadores Para La Liberacion Union Nacional de Trabajadores de Venezuela Vietnamese General Confederation of Labour General Workers’ Union of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro Vietnam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Yemeni Confederation of Labor Unions Federation of Free Trade Unions of Zambia Zambia Congress of Trade Unions African Trade Union Congress Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS United Kingdom ¦ ¦ ¦ General Federation of Trade Unions (UK) Trades Union Congress (TUC) Scottish Trades Union Congress (STUC) Current Unions ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ACCORD Advance (www. advance-union. org) Aegis The Aegon UK Staff Association ‡Alliance for Finance Aspect (www. aspect. org. uk)

Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen ASLEF Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union BFAWU (www. bfawu. org. uk) ‡Balfour Beatty Group Staff Association †‡Belfast Airport Police Association ‡Boots Pharmacists Association BPA Britannia Staff Union BSU (www. britanniasu. org. uk) British Air Line Pilots’ Association BALPA (www. balpa. org. uk) British Association of Colliery Management BACT TEAM (www. bacmteam. org. uk) British Association of Dental Nurses BADN ([6]) British Association of Journalists BAJ (www. bajunion. org. uk/) British Association of Occupational Therapists BAOT Retired Of? cers Association Royal College of Midwives RCM University and College Union UCU (www. ucu. org. uk) VOICE (www. voicetheunion. org. k/) ‡Warwick International Staff Association AND MANY MORE… COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS United States AFL-CIO (The American Federation of Labor – Congress of Industrial Organizations) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Air Line Pilots Association ALPA Amalgamated Transit Union ATU American Federation of Government Employees AFGE American Federation of Musicians American Federation of School Administrators AFSA American Train Dispatchers Department ATDD Associated Actors and Artistes of America (4As) ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Actors’ Equity Association AEA American Guild of Musical Artists AGMA American Guild of Variety Artists AGVA The Guild of Italian American Actors GIAA Screen Actors Guild SAG AND MANY MORE… The Change to Win Federation) International Brotherhood of Teamsters IBT Service Employees International Union SEIU ¦ ¦ Independent ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association AMFA Coalition of Graduate Employee Unions Directors Guild of America DGA Dramatists Guild of America Jockeys’ Guild Workers United – Recruiting UNITE HERE AND MANY MORE… Union Reform Groups ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ Labor Notes Short Circuits IBEW local reformers Teamsters for a Democratic Union TDU AND MANY MORE… The trade unionism in India developed quite slowly as compared to the western nations. Indian trade union movement can be divided into three phases. The first phase (1850-1900) During this phase the inception of trade unions took place.

During this period, the working and living conditions of the labor were poor and their working hours were long. Capitalists were only interested in their productivity and profitability. In addition, the wages were also low and general economic conditions were poor in industries. In order to regulate the working hours and other service conditions of the Indian textile laborers, the Indian Factories Act was enacted in 1881. As a result, employment of child labor was prohibited. The growth of trade union movement was slow in this phase and later on the Indian Factory Act of 1881 was amended in 1891. Many strikes took place in the two decades following 1880 in all industrial cities.

These strikes taught workers to understand the power of united action even though there was no union in real terms. Small associations like Bombay Mill-Hands Association came up by this time. The second phase (1900 to 1946) This phase was characterized by the development of organized trade unions and political movements of the working class. Between 1918 and 1923, many unions came into existence in the country. At Ahmedabad, under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, occupational unions like spinners’ unions and weavers’ unions were formed. A strike was launched by these unions under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi who turned it into a satyagrah.

These unions federated into industrial union known as Textile Labor Association in 1920. In 1920, the First National Trade union organization (The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)) was established. Many of the leaders of this organization were leaders of the national Movement. In 1926, Trade union law came up with the efforts of Mr. N N Joshi that became operative from 1927. During 1928, All India Trade Union Federation (AITUF) was formed. The third phase began with the emergence of independent India (in 1947). The partition of country affected the trade union movement particularly Bengal and Punjab. By 1949, four central trade union organizations were functioning in the country: 1. The All India Trade Union Congress, 2.

The Indian National Trade Union Congress, 3. The Hindu Mazdoor Sangh, and 4. The United Trade Union Congress The working class movement was also politicized along the lines of political parties. For instance Indian national trade Union Congress (INTUC) is the trade union arm of the Congress Party. The AITUC is the trade union arm of the Communist Party of India. Besides workers, white-collar employees, supervisors and managers are also organized by the trade unions, as for example in the Banking, Insurance and Petroleum industries. TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA The Indian workforce consists of 430 million workers, growing 2% annually. The Indian labor markets consist of three sectors: 1.

The rural workers, who constitute about 60 per cent of the workforce. 2. Organized sector, which employs 8 per cent of workforce, and 3. The urban informal sector (which includes the growing software industry and other services, not included in the formal sector) which constitutes the rest 32 per cent of the workforce. TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA ! In India the Trade Union movement is generally divided on political lines. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, trade unions had a combined membership of 24,601,589 in 2002. As of 2008, there are 11 Central Trade Union Organizations (CTUO) recognized by the Ministry of Labour.

RECOGNIZED CTUO? s 1. All India Central Council of Trade Unions (Communist Party of India (MarxistLeninist) Liberation) 2. All India Trade Union Congress (Communist Party of India) 3. All India United Trade Union Centre (Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)) 4. Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) 5. Indian National Trade Union Congress (Indian National Congress) 6. Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress (All India Trinamool Congress) 7. Centre for Indian Trade Unions (Communist Party of India (Marxist)) 8. Hind Mazdoor Sabha (socialists) 9. Labour Progressive Federation (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) 10. SEWA 11.

Trade Union Coordination Committee (All India Forward Bloc) 12. United Trade Union Congress (Revolutionary Socialist Party) ALL INDIA CENTRAL COUNCIL OF TRADE UNIONS ! All India Central Council of Trade Unions, a central trade union federation in India. AICCTU is politically attached to Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, AICCTU had a membership of 639 962 in 2002 ALL INDIA TRADE UNION CONGRESS (AITUC) All India Trade Union Congress Founded 1920 Members 2,677,979 (2002) Country India Af? liation WFTU Key Gurudas Dasgupta, general people Of? ce location secretary Delhi, India

The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) is the oldest trade union federations in India and one of the ? ve largest. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, AITUC had a membership of 2,677,979 in 2002. ! It was founded on 31 October 1920 in Bombay by Lala Lajpat Rai and a few others and, until 1945 when unions became organised on party lines, it was the primary trade union organisation in India. Since then it has been associated with the Communist Party of India. AITUC is governed by a body headed by General Secretary Gurudas Dasgupta, a politician af? liated with Communist Party of India. AITUC is a founder member of the World Federation of Trade Unions.

ALL INDIA UNITED TRADE UNION CENTRE ! ! The All India United Trade Union Centre (AIUTUC), formerly known as UTUC-LS, is a Central Trade Union Organisation in India and the labour wing of the Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist). Presently its activities are spread over 19 states. The organisation claims to have 600 af? liated unions, comprising an individual membership of over two million. It is the 6th largest trade union in India. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, UTUC-LS had a membership of 1,368,535 in 2002. BHARATIYA MAZDOOR SANGH (BMS) Indian Workers Union Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh Founded July 23, 1955 Members 6. million (2002) Country India Af? liation Independent Key people Girish Awasthi, president Of? ce location New Delhi, India Website www. bms. org. in ! The Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (Indian Workers’ Union) is the largest central trade union organization in India. It was founded by Dattopantji Thengdi on July 23, 1955, which also happens to the birthday of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. ! The BMS itself claims to have over 8. 3 million members. At present it is estimated around 5860 unions are af? liated to the BMS. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, the BMS had a membership of 6215797 in 2002. It can also be noted that the BMS is not af? iated to any International Trade Union Confederation. ! Girish Awasthi is the current president of the organization, and Mr. Lakshma Reddy its General Secretary. INDIAN NATIONAL TRADE UNION CONGRESS Indian National Trade Union Congress Founded May 3, 1947 Members 3. 8 million (2002) Country India Af? liation ITUC Key G. Sanjeeva Reddy, President; Rajendra people Of? ce location Website Prasad Singh, General Secretary. 4, Bhai Veer Singh Marg, New Delhi ! Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is the trade union wing of the Indian National Congress. It was founded May 3, 1947, and is af? liated with the International Trade Union Confederation.

According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, INTUC had a membership of 3892011 in 2002. INDIAN NATIONAL TRADE UNION CONGRESS Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress Country India Key Shovan Deb people Chattopadhyay, All India President; Purnendu Bose, West Bengal State President ! Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress is a trade union organisation of India politically associated with All India Trinamool Congress. CENTRE OF INDIAN TRADE UNIONS (CITU) Centre of Indian Trade Unions Founded 1970 Members 3. 2 million Country India Key people M K Pandhe, President Of? ce location New Delhi, India Website www. citucentre. org

Centre of Indian Trade Unions (Hindi: ?????? ‘(? ?*+??? -. /), CITU is a National level Trade Union in India politically attached to the Communist Party of India (Marxist). The Centre of Indian Trade Unions is today one of biggest assembly of workers and classes of India. It has strong unchallangeable presence in the Indian states of West Bengal, Kerala and Tripura besides a good presence in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It has presence in almost all of the Indian states. According to the provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, CITU had a membership of 3,222,532 in 2002. Chittabrata Majumdar was the General Secretary of CITU from 2003-2007. 2th Conference (held in January 2007) of CITU re-elected him as its General Secretary. But he died on 20 February 2007. The General Council of CITU met on 17 May 2007 and elected Mohammed Amin as its new General Secretary. HIND MAZDOOR KISAN PANCHAYAT (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (India Workers Peasants Council), is a national trade union confederation in India. Its national president is George Fernandes. HIND MAZDOOR SABHA (HMS) Founded Members Country Af? liation Key people Hind Mazdoor Sabha December 29, 1948 3. 3 million India ITUC Manohar Kotwal, president Umraomal Purohit, general secretary New Delhi, India members. rediff. com/hms/ Of? e location Website ! The Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS, a Hindi name with approximate meaning ‘Workers Assembly of India’) is a national trade union center in India. LABOUR PROGRESSIVE FEDERATION ! Labour Progressive Federation, trade union federation in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The LPF is politically attached to Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, LPF had a membership of 611,506 in 2002. The president of LPF is C. Kuppusamy. ! Telecom Employees Progressive Union is an af? liate of Labour Progressive Federation. The Union is shortly called TEPU that represents BSNL workers of India.

The website of the union is tepuchq. org SELF-EMPLOYED WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION OF INDIA (SEWA) The Self-Employed Women’s Association of India (SEWA) is a trade union for poor, self-employed women workers in India. SEWA was founded in 1972 by the noted Gandhian and civil rights leader Dr Ela Bhatt. SEWA’s main of? ce is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, and it works in several states of India. SEWA had a membership of 966,139 in the year 2008. SEWA members are women who earn a living through their own labour or small businesses. They do not obtain regular salaried employment with welfare bene? ts like workers in the organized sector. They are the unprotected labour force of India.

Constituting 93% of the labour force, these are workers of the unorganized sector. Of the female labour force in India, more than 94% are in the unorganized sector. However their work is not counted and hence remains invisible. SEWA is strongly supported by the World Bank which holds it out as a model to be replicated elsewhere. TRADE UNION COORDINATION COMMITTEE (TUCC) Trade Union Coordination Committee, a central trade union federation in India. TUCC is politically attached to All India Forward Bloc. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, TUCC had a membership of 732760 in 2002. The general secretary is Nripendra Kumar Mahto.

Krishi Shramik Union (Agricultural Labour Union) is af? liated to TUCC. ! In Pune, the Ammunition Factory Khadki (AFK) Employees Union and the Dehu Road Ordnance Factory Employees Union are af? liated to TUCC. UNITED TRADE UNION CONGRESS United Trade Union Congress Founded 1949 Members 383 946 (2002) Country India Key people Abani Roy, general secretary Of? ce location Kolkata, India ! United Trade Union Congress is a central trade union organisation in India. UTUC is politically tied to Revolutionary Socialist Party. Abani Roy is the general secretary of UTUC. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, UTUC had a membership of 383 946 in 2002. UTUC was founded at an All India Labour Conference in Calcutta, May 1, 1949. The founding president was professor K. T. Shah, a member of the Constituent Assembly from Bombay, and the founding general secretary was Mrinal Kanti Bose, a former AITUC president from Bengal. At the time of its foundation, Bose claimed that the organisation consisted of 236 unions with a combined membership of 347 428. ! Initially, UTUC pro? led itself as an independent trade union centre, organising members of different leftwing factions. In 1953 the Deputy Labour Minister of India, Abid Ali, estimated the UTUC membership at 384 962. At the time UTUC had 332 af? liated unions

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