Child Development is important for teachers to know to enable them to find ways or strategies on how to improve a child's learning development skills.This is also a way for them to know how to properly discipline them if they are misbehaving. By simple understanding child and adolescent development, a teacher will be able to make the most appropriate decisions possible. Nonetheless with teachers learning how and when this development occurs, they can better understand that students will be at very different stages of development in these areas and that much structure and modeling will be necessary in the classroom to help them learn how to use their higher level cognitive skills and use self-control with their emotions.
Nurture means to take care of, feed, and protect someone or something, especially young children or plants, and help him, her, or it to develop. Erickson proposed that we are motivated by the need to achieve competence in certain areas of our lives. According to psycho social theory, we experience eight stages of development over our lifep, from infancy through late adulthood. Stage5 occurs during early school-age years when children have an innate desire to socialize and play with other children. During this phase, children leave the home nest for school or other children’s homes. This is where they learn to interact with adults and their peers according to accepted rules and mores of others.They adapt to structured activities of interest, including sports. Classroom etiquette, homework demands, and team activities that further promote structure, cooperation and social grooming.
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Through positive encouragement from their parents, teachers and peers, they develop a sense of initiative and motivation to achieve as their confidence grows. They feel accepted.The child uses their sense of accomplishment and self-confidence to interact with others in a more structured environment filled with rules and demands.
If the child exiting Stage III emerged in Stage IV with low self-esteem and immobilized by fear when making their own choices or interacting with others, he or she is likely to feel a sense of inferiority and withdraw from group activities and interaction. The child may lack confidence in their ability, doubt their ability to make a decision, and be prone to defeat and guilt in team exercises. In this stage, the child is determining how they fit in with the world of people. They are discovering their special talents and worth. Every effort should be made to encourage the pursuit of their interests and to be with others of like interest. They require the ability to succeed at friendship and experience bonds.
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