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How to Write an Argumentative Essay: A Comprehensive Step-by-Step Guide

August 16, 2023
11 minutes read
Table of contents

What is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay calls for a writer to construct a focused and evidence-based stance on a topic. Contrary to common misconceptions, the aim is not just to convince the reader to accept a certain viewpoint, but to offer a balanced and reasoned analysis of an issue, showcasing the disciplined style characteristic of argumentative essays.

Elements of an Argumentative Essay

  • Position: Clearly articulate your standpoint on the topic at hand, and elucidate the rationale behind this choice. For instance, if your position is that a vegetarian diet is healthier for individuals, explicate the reasons why you hold this conviction.
  • Evidence: Bolster your position with substantial and credible data from trustworthy sources. For example, you may employ statistics to illustrate that individuals who abstain from consuming meat tend to live longer and contract fewer diseases.
  • Counterarguments: Present the opposing side’s argument and your interpretation of it. Subsequently, you must refute these counterarguments by supplying additional evidence that reinforces your position.

Essential Approaches to Argumentative Writing

  1. Classical Approach: This traditional method commences with an introduction where the topic is presented, succeeded by a body comprising evidence-based arguments, and culminating in a conclusion where the thesis is reaffirmed.
  2. Rogerian Approach: This strategy is particularly beneficial when the topic is highly controversial. It underscores finding common ground and establishing a compromise rather than “winning” the argument.
  3. Toulmin Approach: This technique focuses on presenting a logical and organized argument comprising claims, evidence, and warrant. It adeptly addresses potential counterarguments.

Initiating Your Argumentative Essay

Commencing the writing process can be formidable. It is paramount to start by selecting a topic that aligns with your interests and the course material. Follow this with diligent research, utilizing primary and secondary sources to amass pertinent data. Prior to delving into writing, engage in pre-writing exercises, such as brainstorming or outlining, to systematically organize your thoughts.

How to Construct an Argumentative Essay Outline

Envision your outline as the blueprint of your essay. It should furnish a structured layout that comprises:

  1. Introduction: Introduce your position and proffer a lucid and concise thesis statement.
  2. Body Paragraphs: Each segment should unveil a new point, tender evidence to endorse this point, and conclude with a statement that correlates the evidence back to the thesis.
  3. Conclusion: Summarize the arguments articulated in the essay and rephrase the thesis in a fresh light, predicated on the evidence presented.

For more guidance with crafting an argumentative essay, consider consulting professional writing services or seeking advice from your professor. These are beneficial resources, whether you’re looking to buy a college paper or enhance your argumentative essay writing skills with tips from experts.

Remember that an argumentative essay is more than just presenting facts; it is about being persuasive in a subtle and respectful manner, and the way you structure and present your arguments can significantly affect how compelling your essay is. Consider these argumentative essay tips as you draft, revise, and finalize your paper.

How to Start an Argumentative Essay

Getting started on an argumentative essay can be a daunting challenge, as it requires selecting a meaningful topic, engaging in meticulous research, and crafting a compelling argument.

Choosing a Topic

Your topic should not only resonate with your personal interests but should also be provocative enough to stir a discussion. For instance, comparing the merits of renewable energy vs. fossil fuels creates a platform for presenting robust arguments.

Doing Careful Research

Engage in a rigorous research process, involving academic sources, such as scholarly articles, books, and credible websites. Juxtapose the pros and cons of your topic to present a well-rounded view.

  • Primary sources: original documents or firsthand accounts
  • Secondary sources: interpretations or analysis of primary sources
  • Tertiary sources: directories or indexes that help locate primary and secondary sources


This stage involves brainstorming ideas, asking critical questions, and starting to organize your thoughts. Consider employing a mind map to visually layout the relationship between different aspects of your argument.


Creating a clear and logical outline is paramount. Compare it to building a house; your outline is the blueprint that ensures every element of your essay is in the right place.


The writing phase is where you construct your arguments in a coherent and concise manner, using a mix of evidence and your own logical reasoning. This phase is akin to a painter meticulously adding details to a canvas, where every stroke of the brush matters.


Adhere to the guidelines of the citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) you are using. Ensure that your paper has a clean and organized look, comparable to a well-tailored suit that immediately leaves a positive impression.

Best Way to Start an Argumentative Essay

The initial phase of an argumentative essay is pivotal, as it sets the tone for the rest of the piece. To engage your reader from the beginning:

  • Open with a Hook: Start with a provocative question, striking fact, anecdote, or quote that relates to your topic.
  • Provide Background Information: Offer concise context about the issue, helping to orient the reader.
  • State Your Thesis: Clearly and assertively present your position in a well-crafted thesis statement.

For instance, if your essay promotes the advantages of renewable energy, you might initiate with a startling statistic regarding fossil fuel depletion, offer context concerning global environmental challenges, and introduce a thesis advocating for a shift towards renewable energy sources.

How to Write an Introduction to an Argumentative Essay

The introduction is not merely a beginning, but a foundation on which the rest of your essay is built. Crafting an effective introduction involves:

  • Establishing the Issue: Clearly outline the topic and context of the argument you are addressing.
  • Conveying Relevance: Explain why the topic is significant, and whom it affects.
  • Presenting the Thesis Statement: End the introduction with a clear, concise, and specific thesis statement that provides a preview of your stance and the main points your essay will cover.

For example, if your essay is about the implications of automated labor, your introduction might describe the rise of automation in various industries, its potential impact on employment rates, and end with a thesis that argues for specific regulatory measures to protect jobs.

This methodical approach ensures your argumentative essay is coherent, persuasive, and grounded in facts, reflecting rigorous critical thinking and thorough preparation.

How to Craft an Argumentative Essay

To construct a compelling and logical argumentative essay, a systematic approach is essential. This process entails forming a clear stance on a disputable issue, followed by researching, organizing, and presenting well-founded arguments to support your position. The following are step-by-step guidelines on how to make an argumentative essay:

1. Select a Debatable Topic

Choose a topic that is both engaging and controversial. The subject should be one that you are passionate about and that has at least two opposing sides.

2. Conduct Comprehensive Research

Gather data from reliable sources such as academic databases, scholarly journals, and reputable websites. Evaluate the sources for credibility and relevance to your topic.

3. Formulate a Clear Thesis Statement

Develop a concise and specific thesis that clearly states your position on the issue. This statement will guide your entire essay, functioning as a roadmap for your arguments.

4. Organize Your Arguments and Evidence

Create a structured outline to arrange your points logically. Each body paragraph should contain a distinct argument backed by concrete evidence and followed by analysis.

5. Address Counterarguments

Present potential objections to your arguments and refute them effectively, demonstrating the validity of your stance.

6. Conclude with a Strong Closing Statement

Reiterate your thesis (without simply repeating it) and summarize the key arguments. End with a powerful statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Appropriate Format for an Argumentative Essay

The most commonly used structure for an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph format, although more complex topics may require additional paragraphs for thorough exploration. Unlike the MLA format, which is common for humanities papers, the APA format is often utilized for scientific writings and social science papers. The typical five-paragraph argumentative essay format includes:

  • Introduction with a thesis statement
  • Three body paragraphs, each presenting a separate argument
  • A refutation paragraph where you address counterarguments
  • Conclusion that synthesizes the thesis and main points

Consider Utilizing an Argumentative Essay Writing Service

If you are pressed for time, overwhelmed with other responsibilities, or seeking expert guidance, consider employing an argumentative essay writing service. Such services offer assistance from experienced writers who excel in crafting persuasive, coherent, and impeccably-researched essays. The benefits of utilizing our service include:

  • Expert Writers: Our team is composed of knowledgeable and qualified writers, ensuring high-quality work.
  • Plagiarism-free Work: We provide original content that has undergone rigorous plagiarism checks.
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  • 24/7 Customer Support: Our support team is available at any time to address your inquiries and provide assistance.

In conclusion, crafting an argumentative essay is a meticulous process that involves selecting a debatable topic, conducting thorough research, and systematically organizing and presenting your arguments. Following this structured approach will enable you to develop a compelling, logical, and impactful essay.

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