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Premarital Sex

Essay Topic:

Based on what the researcher’s have read premarital sex is sexual intercourse engaged in by persons who are unmarried. It is generally used in reference to individuals who are presumed not yet of marriageable age, or between adults who will presumably marry eventually, but who are engaging in sexual activity prior to marriage. (http://en.

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wikipedia. org/wiki/Premarital_sex) Family Orientation Regarding Sex Create Time to Talk Driving a teen to soccer or to meet her friends at the mall may seem like just another chore, unless you recognize it as an opportunity to talk. Of course, you may have to get the conversation going.

Try telling your child a little about your day or inquiring about her friends, before asking her how things are going. If you aren’t available to chauffeur, try to make a “date” on a regular basis to do something you both enjoy together, like cooking, hiking, or going to a concert or museum. Once you’re accustomed to time alone together and have created a comfortable level of sharing, try approaching a touchy subject. Do Your Research “Before I discuss topics like sex or drugs with my son,” one father says, “I do a little homework. Often it’s as simple as checking the phone book for hotlines or asking my doctor to recommend some pamphlets.

If my son is not willing to discuss a touchy subject, I can still give him a number to call or an article to read. And, of course, I tell him I’m always available if he needs my help. ” Avoid Confrontations Don’t mount a personal attack, deliver a sermon, or convene a family conference to open a dialogue on a tough subject. No matter how serious the subject, it’s important not to be heavy-handed or focus exclusively on your child. Say you’ve read an article or heard about a troubling situation from a colleague or a friend. Share this information with your teenager; then ask her opinion rather than offering yours.

Suppose you’re discussing AIDS, and you mention that many people feel “It can’t happen to me. ” Has your child heard similar opinions? Do her friends discuss AIDS among themselves? What are some strategies to stay safe? When a teen feels that the two of you are exploring a subject together, she’s likely to share her own thoughts. (http://life. familyeducation. com/parenting/teen/29706. html) Children and teenagers who are exposed to sex through the media are more likely to engage in sexual activity than those who are not, according to new research.

A study by an American team has found a direct relationship between the amount of sexual content children see and their level of sexual activity or their intentions to have sex in the future. The survey published in the Journal of Adolescent Health and online, claims that film, television, music and magazines may act as a kind of “sexual super peer” for teenagers seeking information about sex. It also suggests that the media have at least as great an influence on sexual behaviour as religion or a child’s relationship with their parents and peers.

More than 1,000 American children between the ages of 12 and 15 were asked to list the kinds of media they were exposed to regularly. They also answered questions about their health and levels of sexual activity, including whether they went on dates, kissed, had oral sex or full sex. Researchers then examined the sexual content of 264 items on the list, which included teen magazines, teen movies and TV programmes. They looked for examples of romantic relationships, nudity, sexual innuendo, touching, kissing, puberty and sexual intercourse. The study found that films, TV programmes, music and magazines usually portrayed sex as “risk-free”.

Sex was usually between unmarried couples and examples of using condoms or other contraception were “extremely rare”. The study concluded: “The strong relationship between media and adolescents’ sexual expression may be due to the media’s role as an important source of sexual socialisation for teenagers. “Adolescence is a developmental period that is characterised by intense information-seeking, especially about adult roles and, given the lack of information about sexuality readily available to teens, adolescents may turn to the media for information about sexual norms. ” The average age of the children was 13. years, with about a third thought to come from poorer backgrounds. (http://www. guardian. co. uk/media/2006/mar/22/pressandpublishing. broadcasting) Because of peer pressure, kids may experiment with hair, make-up and clothes or they may disrespect those in authority, such as teachers and parents. That’s bad enough. But peer pressure doesn’t stop there. If they receive positive affirmation from their peers that they don’t receive at home, the pressure to commit criminal acts, experiment with drugs or alcohol or engage in risky sexual behavior may be too great to withstand. http://www. troubledwith. com/parentingteens/PeerPressure. cfm) THESE ARE FACTORS TO CONSIDER THAT INFLUENCE THE PERFORMANCE OF PREMARITAL SEX: Inner drives. Normal adolescents — even yours — have sexual interests and feelings. They also deeply need love and affirmation. As a result, they can become emotionally and sexually attracted to others around them and drawn toward physical intimacy. Seductive messages.

Virtually all popular media (movies, TV, videos, music, the Internet) as well as educational, healthcare and governmental organizations have been influenced by the sexual revolution. As a result, unless they live in complete isolation, adolescents are regularly exposed to sexually provocative material that expresses immoral viewpoints, fires up sexual desires and wears down resistance to physical intimacy. Even in the “safe” confines of the classroom, a teenager’s natural modesty may be dismantled during explicit presentations about sexual matters in mixed company.

Lack of supervision. Because of fragmented families, complex parental work schedules, easier access to transportation and at times, carelessness among adults who should know better, adolescents today are more likely to find opportunities to be alone together for long stretches of time. In such circumstances, nature is likely to take its course, even when a commitment has been made to wait until the wedding night for sex. 1. Peer pressure. This ever-present influence comes in three powerful forms: 4. 1. A general sense that “everyone is doing it except me. ” 4. 2.

Personal comments from friends and acquaintances — including disparaging remarks like “Hey, check out Jason, the last American virgin! ” 2. Overbearing, overprotective supervision. Adolescents who are smothered in a controlling, micromanaging, suspicious environment are strong candidates for rebellion once the opportunity arises. Ironically, a big (and dangerous) rebellion may represent an effort to break loose from an overabundance of trivial constraints. Parents can set appropriate boundaries while still entrusting adolescents with increasing responsibility to manage themselves and their sexuality. . Lack of reasons (and desire) to wait. The majority of teenagers keep an informal mental tally of reasons for and against premarital sex. Inner longings and external pressure pull them toward it, while standards taught at home and church, medical warnings and commonsense restraints put on the brakes. (http://www. troubledwith. com/ParentingTeens/A000000537. cfm? topic=parenting%20teens:%20sexual%20activity) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the foremost Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) everyone is quite aware of, which is spread by the HIV (virus).

It isn’t a pleasant sight to watch someone die of AIDS. Most of the world’s AIDS patients die alone. Those who willingly have unsafe sexual practices including sex before marriage, run a greater risk of contacting the disease. Besides the horrible physical symptoms of AIDS, it also causes much pain, degradation, anger, and depression. STDs are present without symptoms until the disease is far advanced. Treatment becomes difficult in diagnosis and control, because partners must be listed with the medical community to be alerted of the STDs that are being transmitted by sexual partners.

A short list of STDs is gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, trichomoniasis, and urethritis (usually caused by Chlamydia), which poses serious problems in the system of the kidneys. Lack of control of STDs leads thousands of women to develop secondary infections in the pelvic region, which in turn causes a high percentage rate of infertility. Should a woman become pregnant, she will pass the disease or blindness caused by the disease on to her baby. Young people can help prevent the spread of these debilitating, incurable, and sometimes fatal diseases by saving themselves for their spouse in marriage.

These diseases can be transmitted by sexual activities currently believed to be safe, such as oral/anal sex or clitoral stimulation. These diseases have a higher rate of infection than AIDS. Rarely does a premarital sexual relationship stay together long enough to make it to marriage vows. People engaging in this activity will experience the heart rending emotional upset that comes with breaking up. And when people experience multiple breakups, it numbs them to a marriage commitment of “until death do us part. They have conditioned themselves to run, instead of working out the problems that arises within marriages. Divorce statistics are higher when the couple engaged in premarital sex or lived together before deciding to marry. The teenage years constitute a normal rise and fall of emotional hormones. Adding sexual activity to their curriculum compounds this process of becoming fully adjusted young adults with properly balanced emotions, physique, and spirituality. Peer pressure to have sex before marriage creates a need to make decisions pertaining to problem solving.

Statistic rates are high in being emotionally/physically/sexually abused within their premarital sex relationships. (http://www. allaboutworldview. org/sex-before-marriage-faq. htm) Abstinence is the only way to avoid the sexual transmission of AIDS. HIV is spread in two main ways: through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person, or through sharing drug needles with an infected person. Women infected with HIV can pass the virus to their babies during pregnancy or birth or through breast milk. Latex condoms have been shown to prevent HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Personal items such as razors and toothbrushes also may be blood-contaminated, and shouldn’t be shared. It’s important to know that HIV is not passed by everyday social contact. Touching, hugging, and shaking hands with an infected person is safe. It’s a myth that you can get HIV by donating blood. A new needle is used for every donor, and you do not come into contact with anyone else’s blood. Donated blood is now always screened for HIV, so the risk of getting it from a blood transfusion in the U. S. is extremely low. Kissing an infected person on the cheek or with dry lips is not a known risk.

No cases of AIDS or of HIV infection due to kissing have ever been reported. ( http://life. familyeducation. com/sex/safety/36496. html) The Bible does not approve of any sexual relations outside marriage. “This is what God wills, . . . that you abstain from fornication; . . . that no one go to the point of harming and encroach upon the rights of” another. —1 Thessalonians 4:3-6. “Every other sin that a man may commit is outside his body, but he that practices fornication is sinning against his own body. ”—1 Corinthians 6:18. ‘IF you love each other, is it all right?

Or should you wait until you’re married? ’ ‘I’m still a virgin. Is there something wrong with me? ’ Questions like these abound among youths. The Bible, however, warned that pleasures enjoyed today can cause pain tomorrow. “For as a honeycomb the lips of a strange woman keep dripping, and her palate is smoother than oil,” observed Solomon. “But,” he continued, “the aftereffect from her is as bitter as wormwood; it is as sharp as a two-edged sword. ”—Proverbs 5:3, 4. One possible aftereffect is the contracting of a sexually transmitted disease.

Imagine the heartache if years later one learned that a sexual experience has caused irreversible damage, perhaps infertility or a serious health problem! As Proverbs 5:11 warns: “You have to groan in your future when your flesh and your organism come to an end. ” Premarital sex also leads to illegitimacy (see pages 184-5), abortion, and premature marriage—each with its painful consequences. Yes, one engaging in premarital sex truly ‘sins against his or her own body. ’—1 Corinthians 6:18. Recognizing such dangers, According to Dr.

Richard Lee wrote in the Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine: “We boast to our young people about our great breakthroughs in preventing pregnancy and treating venereal disease disregarding the most reliable and specific, the least expensive and toxic, preventative of both gestational and venereal distress—the ancient, honorable, and even healthy state of virginity. ” Some youths feel no guilt whatsoever about having relations, and so they go all out for sensual gratification, seeking sex with a variety of partners. Researcher Robert Sorensen, in his study of teenage sexuality, observed that such youths pay a price for their promiscuity.

Writes Sorensen: “In our personal interviews, many (promiscuous youths) reveal that they believe they are functioning with little purpose and self-contentment. ” Forty-six percent of these agreed with the statement, “The way I’m living right now, most of my abilities are going to waste. ” Sorensen further found that these promiscuous youths reported low “self-confidence and self-esteem. ” It is just as Proverbs 5:9 says: Those engaging in immorality “give to others (their) dignity. ” (http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20090111014354AAGzwO1)

The study analyzed the interrelationship of premarital sex (PMS) incidence, socialization and urbanization in the Philippine setting. It specifically aimed to examine how the level of urbanization affected the socialization experiences of young Filipino adults and how these socialization experiences in turn impact on their engagement to PMS. According on what we have read, this study was a secondary analysis of the Young Adult FertilitySurvey (YAFS II) which was undertaken in 1994. A total of 10,879 Filipino males and females aged 15-24 at the time of the survey served as respondents.

To operationalize the level of urbanization, the respondents were regrouped into three categories namely: metro cities, urban cities and municipalities and rural barangays accounting for high, moderate and low levels of urbanization, respectively. This variable only applied to the residential characteristics of the respondents during the time of the survey. Results showed that young adults from metro cities were generally more liberal in outlook and actually engaged in early sexual relations more than their counterparts from less urbanized areas.

The socialization experiences of the respondents differed according to level of urbanization. The socialization process of the adolescents from highly urbanized area was characterized by high incidence of family disorganization, low level of family religiosity, high level of parental control and high exposure to all forms of media. The peer, more than any other socialization agents, prominently registered the strongest impact on the values, norms, and practices of the young regardless of level of urbanization.

The family, the church and mass media were also influential in shaping the values and attitude of the young adults from urban cities and municipalities and rural areas. Regression analysis showed that adolescents with liberal attitude, involved in high-risk behavior and went out to date, are at higher risk to PMS. The socializing agents that significantly impacts on the PMS involvement of the respondents, in order of importance, were the peer group, the family and the church. Among these, however, association with a sexually experienced friend prominently figured out as the strongest risk factor to PMS.

Its impact became more important as familial control over the young weakens. (http://serp-p. pids. gov. ph/details. php3? tid=3941) Family planning is the planning of when to have children, and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans. Other techniques commonly used include sexuality education, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections, pre-conception counseling and management, and infertility management. Family planning is sometimes used as a synonym for the use of birth control, though it often includes more.

It is most usually applied to a female-male couple who wish to limit the number of children they have and/or to control the timing of pregnancy (also known as spacing children). Family planning services are defined as “educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved. (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Family_planning) REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND POPULATION DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 2008

The present population of the country of 88. 7 million has galloped from 60. 7 million 17 years ago. This makes the Philippines the 12th most populous nation in the world today. The Filipino women’s fertility rate of 3. 05% is at the upper bracket of 206 countries. With four babies born every minute, the population is expected to balloon to an alarming 160 million in 2038. OBJECTIVE/S: 1. To uphold and promote respect for life, informed choice, birth spacing and responsible parenthood in conformity with internationally recognized human rights standards. 2.

To guarantee universal access to medically-safe, legal and quality reproductive health care services and relevant information even as it prioritizes the needs of women and children. PROVISIONS: 1. Mandates the Population Commission, to be an attached agency of the Department of Health, to be the central planning, coordinating, implementing and monitoring body for effective implementation of this Act. 2. Provides for the creation of an enabling environment for women and couples to make an informed choice regarding the family planning method that is best suited to their needs and personal convictions. 3.

Provides for a maternal death review in LGUs, national and local government hospitals and other public health units to decrease the incidence of maternal deaths. 4. Ensures the availability of hospital-based family planning methods such as tubal ligation, vasectomy and intrauterine device insertion in all national and local government hospitals, except in specialty hospitals. 5. Considers hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine devices, injectables and other allied reproductive health products and supplies under the category of essential medicines and supplies to form part of the National Drug Formulary and to be ncluded in the regular purchase of essential medicines and supplies of all national and local hospitals and other government health units. 6. Provides for a Mobile Health Care Service in every Congressional District to deliver health care goods and services. 7. Provides Mandatory Age-appropriate Reproductive Health Education starting from Grade 5 to Fourth Year High School to develop the youth into responsible adults. 8. Mandates the inclusion of the topics on breastfeeding and infant nutrition as essential part of the information given by the City or Municipal Office of the Family Planning to all applicants for marriage license. . Mandates no less than 10% increase in the honoraria of community-based volunteer workers, such as the barangay health workers, upon successful completion of training on the delivery of reproductive health care services. 10. Penalizes the violator of this Act from one month to six months imprisonment or a fine ranging from ten thousand to fifty thousand pesos or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the Court. (http://jlp-law. om/blog/reproductive-health-bill-fact-sheet-and-explanatory-note/) Birth control is a regimen of one or more actions, devices, sexual practices, or medications followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of pregnancy or childbirth. There are three main routes to preventing or ending pregnancy: the prevention of fertilization of the ovum by sperm cells (“contraception”), the prevention of implantation of the blastocyst (“contragestion”), and the chemical or surgical induction or abortion of the developing embryo or, later, fetus.

In common usage, term “contraception” is often used for both contraception and contragestion. Birth control is commonly used as part of family planning. The history of birth control began with the discovery of the connection between coitus and pregnancy. The oldest forms of birth control included coitus interruptus, pessaries, and the ingestion of herbs that were believed to be contraceptive or abortifacient. The earliest record of birth control use is an ancient Egyptian set of instructions on creating a contraceptive pessary.

Different methods of birth control have varying characteristics. Condoms, for example, are the only methods that provide significant protection from sexually transmitted diseases. Cultural and religious attitudes on birth control vary significantly. Barrier methods place a physical impediment to the movement of sperm into the female reproductive tract. The most popular barrier method is the male condom, a latex or polyurethane sheath placed over the penis. The condom is also available in a female version, which is made of polyurethane.

The female condom has a flexible ring at each end — one secures behind the pubic bone to hold the condom in place, while the other ring stays outside the vagina. Cervical barriers are devices that are contained completely within the vagina. The contraceptive sponge has a depression to hold it in place over the cervix. The cervical cap is the smallest cervical barrier. Depending on the type of cap, it stays in place by suction to the cervix or to the vaginal walls. The diaphragm fits into place behind the woman’s pubic bone and has a firm but flexible ring, which helps it press against the vaginal walls.

Spermicide may be placed in the vagina before intercourse and creates a chemical barrier. Spermicide may be used alone, or in combination with a physical barrier. (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Contraceptives) Contraceptives The condom is placed over the penis before sexual intercourse, to prevent sperm getting into the vagina. The condom is also a protection against sexually transmitted infections. Most condoms are made of latex (very thin rubber). People who are allergic to latex can buy condoms made of polyurethane or condoms made of sheep gut, which are very thin and also a little more expensive.

Advantages of the condom • You only need to use it when you have sex • It protects against STI • It has no side effects • It is easily available Disadvantages of the condom • It needs a little skill to put on •  It can be felt as an interruption or a putdown during sex •  It can slip off or break, especially if the sex is clumsy or wild •  It needs a little skill to withdraw the penis properly Contraceptive implant is a small plastic tube which is placed under your skin, usually of the arm.

Like the pill, it contains a progestogen hormone, which is released into the blood very gradually. The contraceptive implant can stay in the arm for three years. The best-known contraceptive implant is Implanon. The contraceptive implant is as effective as the pill. It works the same way, preventing ovulation, making it more difficult for sperm to enter the uterus, and making the inside lining of the uterus thinner. Advantages of the contraceptive implant • the contraceptive implant does not interfere with sex • the contraceptive implant cannot be forgotten, like the pill

Disadvantages of the contraceptive implant •  the contraceptive implant must be inserted • bleeding is usually lighter but more irregular • side-effects of the contraceptive implant may be the same as with the pill The pill is one of the most effective ways of preventing pregnancy. It contains hormones similar to the natural hormones in your body, which regulate your ovulation and menstruation. How the pill works: The hormones in the pill have the following effects: •  they prevent ovulation they thicken the mucus of the cervix (the mouth of the uterus) • they make it more difficult for an egg to settle in the uterus • there are many different types and brands of pills  Advantages of the pill 1. the pill does not interfere with sex 2. the pill puts the girl in contro 3. the pill makes menstruation lighter and more regula 4. the pill protects against some types of cancer and other diseases Disadvantages of the pill 1. you must remember to take the pill 2. the pill may have side-effects such as headaches, weight gain, mood changes; these may occur only in the first months 3. the pill may