Should Racial and Ethnic Profiling Technique be used in The War against Terrorism?
In recent years, terrorism cases have dramatically increased globally. Everybody is worried whether terrorism will going to end once and for all. Many countries involved in terrorism, most of them are associated with racial and ethnic classifications. The United Nations general assembly has acquired the global counter-terrorism strategy to investigate terrorism in all forms of manifestations primarily on racial and ethnic community profiles to resolve the war against terrorism. Therefore, these countries should review racial and ethnic profiling techniques as one of the strategies to fight the war against terrorism.
Using racial profiling protects the interest of the public against illegal immigration. Practicing and enforcing racial and ethnic profiling in the country improves national security matters. Having functioning racial checkpoints in the borders of the country reduces the illegal movements of people to the country. However, movement of such people to the country in most cases tend to involve the penetration of enemies to the country who may have bad intentions to the country. According to the researches, a more significant portion of people committed to illegal migration to the state tends to cause terrorism. As such, by controlling racial profiling at the borders has contributed significantly to the control of the illegal immigration which is mostly associated with terrorism.
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Racial and ethnic profiling in some countries has enabled the law and lawmaking bodies to implement policies to fight terrorism. Identifying people by their racial and ethnic background has lessened the workload of the judicial authorities to distinguish between racial and civil liberties violence. According to researchers in the United States, it is indicated that all the persons from the Japanese ancestry were suspected of terrorism cases and the United States government ordered them with an exclusion order to move out of the country (Saito, 2001). With this information, racial profiling justifies the protection of the citizens from any terrorism from the Japanese community. However, despite the concerns of violations from the Japanese ethnicity in the country, the government considered expelling all persons since it was impossible to distinguish disloyal Japanese from loyal ones. Through such decisions, it is easier for the government to fight terrorism using racial and ethnic profiling by implementing policies.
Notably, racial and ethnic profiling contribute significantly in identifications of the group of individuals that in the past have been involved with terrorist activities. in Exercising racial profiling, the body responds with national security executes or detains any suspect that their genetic profile has at one point involved in crime. According to researches, the Al-Qaeda group has over time been associated with terrorism (Gill et al., 2014). Therefore, using racial and ethnic profiling, the country can quickly identify the terror groups and detained them for further investigations. For this reason, fighting terrorism is simplified and can be significantly controlled.
Also, equal protection can be achieved by using racial and ethnic profiling in dealing with terrorism. Identifying different race groups in a nation facilitates the involvement of individual rights in the constitution. As such, the state demonstrates its compelling governmental interest in protecting human rights despite the racial classification. Such laws and decisions protect individuals from social and political discrimination, thereby encouraging unity in the nation. In this essence, the government can control the conflict between the ethnic groups which consequently will lead to reduced onsets of terrorist attacks.
On the other hand, racial and ethnic profiling has become a term that describes the racial, ethnic and cultural norm as a target to stops, searches, and arrest. Over several cases presented in the United States, a series of arrest of black people, Arabs, and Muslims have significantly expressed (Kundnani, 2014). In its extreme, the actions further lead to the brutal treatment of individuals by the police which consequently leads to deprival of their humanitarian rights. As such, the less unfortunate become the victims of police brutality concerning racial and ethnic profiling. Therefore, in close consideration of the fact that racial and ethnic profiling should be recognized, it has led to an increase in terrorism since it has increased the brutality treatment from police. And as a matter of fact, racial profiling introduces a new phase for the onset of violence among the two groups which depict terrorism.
Profiling people according to race and ethnic dysfunctions the country's law enforcement bodies on the individuals' civil rights. For instance in America, the profiling of the post-civil rights era presents a problematic issue that should be combated (Iton, 2010) as well as profiling the Arabs and the Muslims especially since the 9/11 terrorist attack has not proven that racial profiling has prevented the terror attack, but instead, it has led to an internal conflict within the state. As such, it has implicated an extension of biases and undermining the civil liberties for a democratic society. However, in justification to end terrorism in the nation racial profiling has not impacted in fighting terrorism since it is equally essential to ensure that there is a democratic society that recognizes both civil liberties and the ethnic classified individual.
Also, racial profiling has led to the violation of civil liberties rights of too many innocent citizens. Frequent arising of constitutional issues on how to deal with people involved in criminal activities has compromised the guarantee of state protection to all individuals. Infrequent amending of the rights of the suspected people from a different race, it is easier to forget and apply the same laws on the innocent citizen. In such a case, the constitution violates the right of other innocent citizens, which results in many individuals to be vulnerable to abuse by enforcement law agencies. Therefore, indicating that racial profiling only onsets further complication on the innocent person thus fails in the fight against terrorism.
However, racial and ethnic profiling has adequately managed to reduce war against terrorism. As such by using racial profiling, many countries currently have achieved minimized cases on terrorism. And since most countries are much concerned on the national security and safety from threat terrorist attacks, creating equal protection of both ethnic groups, preventing the illegal immigration, implementing of policies and easier identification of the racial and ethnic groups have been used by almost all countries to fight terrorism. Consequently, much information from the current articles and recent researches on war against terrorism, have implied that many countries have used racial profiling techniques in crime investigation. As such, they have identified a chain of suspects for which race and ethnic background is the primary identifying characteristic that can be linked to specific terror crimes. And more interestingly, as we move further from the particular suspects, racial profiling attributes to thoughts based on membership of an individual in a specific ethnic group in which the government sets its policies. Therefore, I do support any initiative to use racial profiling to fight terrorism be introduced to every country since it significantly prevents terror attacks. With that in mind, I strongly disagree with any initiative that will primarily be used to abuse the innocence around the country or even in the world as a whole.
- Gill, P., Horgan, J., & Deckert, P. (2014). Bombing alone: Tracing the motivations and antecedent behaviors of lone‐actor terrorists. Journal of forensic sciences, 59(2), 425-435.
- Iton, R. (2010). search of the black fantastic: Politics and popular culture in the post-civil rights era. Oxford University Press.
- Kundnani, A. (2014).Muslims are coming!: Islamophobia, extremism, and domestic war on terror. Verso Trade.
- Saito, N. T. (2001). Symbolism under siege: Japanese American redress and the racing of Arab Americans as terrorists. Asian LJ, 8, 1.
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