Experiences of Families of Child/Children
The researcher wants to know the struggles, trials, loopholes and problems that families experience and encounter with regards to their child with the case of Emotional Disorder. The researcher notice that this disorder has different categories and types, and it is according to the type and level of severity. i.
e. Bi polar syndrome, oppositional defiant, anxiety disorder and the obsessive compulsive disorder. These four kinds are also iincluded in the two major types of the disorder, the externalizing or what we call acting out, and the internalizing which we call acting in.
In addition the researcher wants to know how the families of these children handle the situation of their kids. The hurdles and the trials that they are facing as they continually experience the problems that this disability brought not only to the child, but also in their families. The researcher also want to find some ways to help the families of these children on how to prevent or to help their children to go out in this battle of disability, what supports, interventions, treatment and other related services that will really help them to intervene the disability.
The researcher believes that different psychological treatment will prevent the disorder to be broad to the children and it will lessen the different problems and factors that will trigger the disability to become more active. More so, families of these children can be also a big help to prevent the disability that their son or daughter is experiencing. This research will help us see the problems and experiences of the families who has a member with emotional behavioral disorder, and how wee can prevent this disability. B. Conceptual Framework
Child/ Children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder ( EBD) Problems and Interventions vv Families and Society * Insults * Teasing * Neglect * Rude comments * Offensive remarks v The paradigm discusses the experiences and effects of Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder to the family and society where they belong. The problems encountered by these children, and the possible interventions that could be made to help families with this kind of disorder. C. Statement of the Problem 1. What is Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder? 2.
What are the effects of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder to growing child/children to the family/society where he/she belong/s 3. What are the possible interventions to be made in order to help families with Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. D. Hypotheses 1. Null hypothesis – There is no great impact and problem on the family and society of children with emotional behavioral disorder. 2. Operational Hypothesis – There is a great impact and problem on the family and society of children with emotional behavioral disorder. E. Significance of the study
This study will focus on the experiences of families of child/children with emotional behavioral disorder; it will focus to the different experiences that emerge to their family, the life, the different situations and events happening to their child/children. And as parent’s, what are the things that they consider, what are the preventions that they made in order for their child/children to act in manner that will give them satisfaction. This study would help the following: * To the parent’s/families, they would greatly understand that having a child with Emotional Bbehavioral is not a problem, instead it is a test of patience.
They will help them understand the difference of their child so they can do interventions and could give support to them. * To all the sstudents taking SPED, so they would greatly understand on how to handle situations, and could show more patience, love and understanding to children with Emotional Disorder. , that the existence of these children makes their profession and job worthwhile. * To educators, so that they would greatly appreciate dealing with Child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. To the government, so they would probably make government programs to help families of child/children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. F. Scope and Delimitations The researcher will conduct interviews to the different families who have a childchildren with emotional behavioral disorder. The researcher will prepare 20 survey questions for the 25 respondents. The researcher will use the descriptive survey. Questions will focus for what are the difficulties, what are the struggles and what are the advantages and disadvantages.
These following questions will help the researcher to know what the problems that the parent’s are facing and experiencing. G. Definition of Terms 1. Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder – a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to mark a degree, which adversely affects educational performance. 2. Internalizing Bbehavior – one of the two general categories of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, internalizing behavior mearns that it acts in, examples are: anxiety, fearfulness, withdrawal and other indications of an individual’s mood or internal state. . Externalizing Bbehavior – one of the two general categories of Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, externalizing behavior mearns acting out examples are: aggressive, disruptive behavior and directed toward others. 4. Oppositional Defiant Disorder – it go against in every situation. 5. Conduct Disorder – the mod and the attitude is persistent. 6. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – it is an anxiety disorder, fearful of rejection. 7. Bipolar Disorder – it mearns that the mood has its episodes; it goes to positive to negative, and even vice versa.
Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Characteristics of sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder Children with emotional behavioral disorder are not a new problem in our society. It happens most of time among children during the pre-adolescent and adolescent age. There are countless victims of this kind of aggression and some people believe that this problem is a serious problem with long lasting consequences, not only to the children with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, but also to the families in which these children belong.
Compared with sstudents who have other educational disabilities, sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder experience the lowest levels of academic success. A total of 51% of those identified with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder drop out of school (U. S. Department of Education, 2002), and only one in five will attend a postsecondary school (Wagner, Kutash, Duchnowski, Epstein, ; Sumi, 2005). After high school, people with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder experience instability in employment and challenges with their mental health.
Social alienation for sstudents is highly related to anxiety, depression, and conduct problems, and sstudents who are at risk for Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder may be seen as lonely, unlikable, provoking, and lacking in social competency. These negative characteristics and outcomes may be avoided or minimized with early identification and intervention. Internalizing and Externalizing Bbehaviors Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder is often identified in internalizing or externalizing categories.
Internalizing behaviors are associated with problematic internal feelings, such as anxiety, sadness, reticence, fearfulness, and oversensitivity. Sstudents with externalizing behaviors tend to show outward behavioral problems that include aggression, unruliness, forcefulness, and oppositional behaviors. A few sstudents may display both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (e. g. , a student with aggressive behaviors who also displays some depressive or anxious feelings), but usually sstudents can be identified as primarily externalizing or internalizing.
Screening for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors is important because sstudents with internalizing problems are easily overlooked: they typically create few discipline problems and maintain good grades, although some may have attendance problems. Teachers who are aware of sstudents who are withdrawn, anxious, fearful, and unassertive can help school teams identify them so that early interventions can be put in place. Sstudents with externalizing tendencies are more readily noticed by teachers.
Such behaviors as getting out of one’s seat, provoking peers, acting aggressive and refusing to stay on task occur frequently in sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, and those behaviors often require the teacher’s attention or disciplinary actions. Sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder tend to have high numbers of office referrals for behavioral offenses. Sstudents who commit one to three behavioral offenses in sixth grade are more likely to have continued behavior problems in eighth grade and are less likely to be on track for high school graduation (Tobin ; Sugai, 1999).
Gender Issues Most sstudents identified as at risk for or as having Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder are male. Surprisingly this prevalence occurs in both the external and internal categories, although male sstudents are more likely to display external behaviors than internal ones. This may be seen when adolescent males express depressive feelings externally through negative interpersonal interactions. Females are identified as being at risk less frequently, but when they are identified, they are more commonly identified as internalizes.
Because males are much more likely to be identified as Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder or as at risk for Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder, teachers and administrators must be sure that they are not overlooking the needs and behaviors of adolescent females in the screening process (Young, Sabbah, Young, Reiser, ; Rich-ardson, 2010). Environmental Factors Teachers often notice environmental factors. When sstudents appear hungry or tired, teachers may view them as being at risk. In addition, teachers notice sstudents who appear to have less-involved parent’s or familial stress.
One group of researchers determined that nontraditional family structure, low socioeconomic status, multiple school changes, urban school atmosphere, and paren’tal dissatisfaction with the school were all predictors of school exclusion (expulsions and suspensions) for sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder (Achilles, McLaughlin, ; Croninger, 2007). Those findings suggest that heightened EBD indicators as measured by school exclusion may be influenced by a student’s environment. Quality of life issues or other environmental factors may influence the manifestation of.
Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder When sstudents completed a quality of life survey, those identified as having Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder demonstrated lower feelings of self competence and reported negative relationships with others. These quality of life scores did not differ significantly across ages or between the sexes of sstudents with Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder. (Sacks ; Kern, 2008). Practical Issues School teams should determine who might manage the screening process and summarize its results. Further, schools should also consider what resources are available for intervention.
If they have inadequate resources, screening may be inadvisable; identifying sstudents who are at risk but not providing the reasonable interventions could be considered an impractical and inappropriate use of resources. Another important issue to consider is what permissions are needed to conduct school wide screening. Typically parent’s must grant permission for their child to complete a survey or any type of measure that could identify him or her as being at risk. But if a teacher completes a measure, such as a teacher nomination form, it could be considered a typical Child Find aactivity—a normal educational process.
If the teacher completes an individualized form (i. e. , the SDQ or BASC-2 BESS) for all sstudents, paren’tal permission is probably needed. Consulting with district administrators and attorneys about this issue is prudent. Confidentiality, including how the data will be stored and who will have access to the data, must be discussed before screening takes place (Young, Caldarella, Richardson, ; Young, in press). Chapter III Methodology This research uses student-made questionnaire. The research is purely a descriptive research with 20 respondents chosen randomly.
The data gathered are tabulated and analyzed by finding its frequency ppercentage. A. ResearchMethod/ Design This research employs descriptive method of research. Descriptive method is used in order to find facts about Emotional Bbehavioral Disorder which is adequate in this research. The method of collecting data was the normative survey, which is looking to the commonality of the responses of the respondents using the student-made questionnaire, prepared and made by the researcher. B. Subject/Respondents/Participants
This research uses 20 respondents taken from the population or families of Barangay DBB-1, Barangay DBB-F ( City of Dasmarinas) and families from Anabu II-F, City of Imus. The respondents of the study were chosen randomly. C. Statistical Tools/ Treatment/Instruments The instrument used to collect data was the questionnaire. For validation purposes the questionnaire was distributed to the twenty respondents for them to fill up. The respondents were chosen randomly. The data are collected or gathered, tabulated and analyzed by finding the mean and frequency.
In analyzing the data, the researcher used the Frequency Ppercentage . Using the frequency ppercentage, the researcher will be able to determine the most number of occurrences in a certain aspect of research. D. Data Analysis The data in this research were analyzed using the following treatments: Frequency and Ppercentage. The frequency of particular observation is the number of times the observation occurs in the data. The frequency of each value or class interval is expressed as a ppercentage of the total number of observations. A ppercentage is a way of expressing a number as fraction of 100.