“Compare political, economic, and social effects of the Industrial Revolution on Britain and Japanese society between 1850 – 1914” An Industrial Revolution is when production advances to machines instead of by hands. Industrial Revolution, which started in the early 19th century in Britain, spread throughout the world and reached Japan around 1868. However, industrialization of each nation was different because of geographical location and cultural influence and thus resulted in similar economic outcome but quite diverse political and social results.
One of the major reasons that caused Industrial Revolution to begin in Britain and Japan is because of geographical similarities. Both Japan and Britain are isolated islands nearby the continent, with limited but enough raw materials to start industrialization. In the case of Britain, it possessed coal, iron, and wool, which Japan had to import from other countries. The economic outcome of both nations was the same: both countries became rich and powerful.
Another similar effect of industrialization between Japan and Britain was their development of technology and military weapons. Driven by the need for raw materials, they both conquered countries in Africa and Asia. Workers in both Britain and Japan suffered a great deal: low wages, long working hours, poor working conditions, living in slums, and perhaps, child labor. The way Industrial Revolution began in both nations was considerably different.
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Britain pioneered industrialization in a more natural way; politically Britain had been very stable, free of civil wars and domestic chaos. Economically the country had low tariff which encouraged more trading and production. The British started inventing steam engines, water frames, spinning jenny that helped start Industrial Revolution. They were more motivated to move forward from hand production, unlike the Japanese, they had a modern way of thinking. Japan was “forced” to industrialize because of foreign pressure.
China was colonized not too long before American Matthew Perry arrived in Japan to open the country for trade. From the middle of the 19th century to 1945, the British Empire was so huge that people said the sun never set. In this case of Japan, it defeated first China in 1895, and 10 years later, Russia in 1905. Colonies such as India exported cotton to Britain, and Manchuria and Korea to provide iron and copper for Japan. The population percentage was larger in Britain than it was in Japan.
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How Did Industrialization Affect Japan And Britain?
The Meiji Restoration of 1868 in Japan and the Industrial Revolution in Britain both marked turning points in their respective countries' histories. The Meiji Restoration marked the end of Japan's feudal period and the beginning of its modernization process, while the Industrial Revolution signaled Britain's transformation from an agrarian society to an industrial one.Both industrialization processes had a profound impact on their respective countries. In Japan, industrialization led to a rapid modernization of the country, including the development of new infrastructure, the spread of education, and the rise of a new middle class. In Britain, industrialization led to a massive increase in wealth and power, as well as a transformation of social relations and gender roles. Both countries experienced a period of dramatic economic growth during their industrialization processes, although this growth was not evenly distributed and led to some negative consequences as well.
How Was Industrialization Similar And Different In England And Japan?
There are a few key ways in which industrialization was similar in England and Japan. First, both countries experienced a dramatic increase in population during the industrialization period. This population growth was largely due to improved medical care and sanitation, which led to higher rates of survival. Additionally, both countries experienced an increase in urbanization as people moved into cities in search of work. This urbanization led to the growth of slums and poverty, as well as crime and disease.However, there were also some key ways in which industrialization was different in England and Japan. One key difference was the role of government. In England, the government played a relatively hands-off role in the industrialization process, while in Japan the government was actively involved in promoting and regulating industry. Additionally, the industrialization process in England was fueled largely by coal, while in Japan it was fueled by a combination of coal and hydro-power. This difference in energy sources led to different patterns of development in the two countries. Finally, England had a much more developed banking system than Japan, which made it easier for businesses to access capital.
Why Did Industrialization In Great Britain Differ From Industrialization In Japan During The Nineteenth Century?
There are many reasons why industrialization in Great Britain during the nineteenth century differed from industrialization in Japan. One of the most important reasons was that Great Britain had a much more developed economy and infrastructure than Japan did at the time. Great Britain also had a much larger population, which meant that there were more potential customers for goods and services. Additionally, Great Britain had a more developed financial system, which made it easier for businesses to obtain capital. Lastly, Great Britain had a more developed legal system, which made it easier for businesses to protect their intellectual property and to enforce contracts.
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