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The prevention of leakage in water resources

A PROPOSAL FOR RISK MANAGEMENT OF PREVENTION OF LEAKAGE IN WATER RESOURCES WITH THE INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEM IN WATER CORPORATION AUSTRALIA


Abstraction

The Water Corporation in Australia is confronting a job of H2O escape somewhat above the targeted bound. The chief ground behind it is the clip consumed in describing any escape and explosion. This is due to miss of connectivity between entering system and care system of corporation.

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Therefore, to put in such a system which links all the systems of corporation possess many hazards that are identified and proper solutions were suggested.

The procedure of hazard direction trades with the activities related to coordination of undertaking proposal, taking and commanding the hazards present in the undertakings to accomplish the marks of undertaking. For this intent foremost, the specific hazards were highlighted and identified. Second hazards were assessed and classified based on the precedence in footings of its possible happening and the degree of hazard ( high, medium or low ) . As a effect, all the expected hazards that may impact the ends and the aims of the undertaking can be identified and therefore, all hazards can be eliminated or minimized by the organisation. This can be achieved by monitoring and commanding the chance of bad incidents and their impact on the undertaking and besides maximising the chances to acquire the maximal benefit out of that specific undertaking.

Table of Contentss

Abstraction

1.COMPANY Profile

2.INTRODUCTION

3.TERM OF REFERENCE

4.PROJECT TEAM & A ; TASKS

5.RISK ANALYSIS OF SYSTEM INSTALLATION FOR INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEM

6.CONCLUSION/SUGGESTIONS

List OF REFERENCES

1. Company PROFILE

This corporation was established in 1995 as a Government Trading Enterprise or GTE. The chief operating countries of corporation are fresh H2O, drainage, waste H2O and direction of dikes and weirs. Although it is owned by the State Government, it operates on the principal of net income coevals in order to acquire maximal fiscal additions to increase the company’s value. The charges on the H2O supply and its other services in all countries under corporation service span are set by the State Government irrespective of the fact that different cost is incurred on supply of H2O in different countries. 300000 liters of H2O per twelvemonth in a specific residential service country is the sum on which corporation charges similar sum but after that it varies harmonizing to the sum of H2O supply. The corporation has the 34000 kilometer of the H2O grapevines which are managed for any leak and loss of H2O is measured after 100 kilometer of that grapevine ( Auditor General ‘s Report, 2014 ) . The chief H2O supply strategy of the Corporation is functioning 1.5 million people most of which are in Perth, agricultural lands, Goldfields and to some countries in the south-western portion. The chief H2O resources are ground H2O which constitutes 46 % , H2O from dikes or surface resources which are 31 % of entire and besides the desalinated H2O which is 23 % of the entire H2O supply ( Corporation, 2013 ) .

The H2O corporation’s vision is to work as a squad in order to profit the society and take attention of environment. The safety of people and employees is being prioritized at the corporation. Everything comes after the safety of people. The corporation value the customer’s demands and act consequently. No affair what sort of conditions is or how much cost is incurred the corporation aims to keep the life style of Western Australia. Diversification of beginnings is a major concern at the corporation in order to salvage H2O supply for the future coevals. Corporation besides gives the H2O efficient merchandises in order to salvage the H2O. There are besides H2O efficient solutions for the concern in order to salvage clip and money. Corporation has besides advertised the construct of salvaging the H2O in the signifier of commercials. They call their H2O salvaging plan as fresh H2O thought.

In their 50 twelvemonth hereafter program in which they aim to cut down the H2O demand and go climate resilient company. Their chief purposes are to cut down the H2O use up to 25 % which will back up their fresh H2O believing plan. Their 2nd aim is to increase the H2O recycling up to 60 % from the current degree. Development of H2O beginnings of H2O is besides the portion of the program. They plan to develop up to 100 billion liters of H2O from new beginnings. The groundwater environment is secured with the aid of deeper aquifers. Besides the undertaking of desalinization of sea H2O is in the grapevine. The sea H2O desalinization has become a new and advanced manner to cut down the use of fresh H2O resources. The dams’ influx is being reduced due to less supply of H2O but the desalinization plan can carry through the demand of the supply to the dike. In this manner the sustainability of environment has become a major concern of the corporation.

Customer has got a particular place in the corporation. Their concerns and demands are to the full reported and are seeking to be handled in an effectual manner. The online client attention Centre attempts to react to every call from clients in order to describe any ailment. The client can hold their personal history on the web site and can even pay their measure. Customers can hold the better understanding about their history demands.

The H2O collected and treated from waste H2O is another beginning of H2O supply. There are 109 intervention workss of waste H2O in the western portion of Australia for this intent. Most of the intervention is done by three major workss in Perth and other support these workss. The irrigation territories in Northwest, Midwest and Southwest are besides served by the corporation. The irrigation H2O supply to these countries is 240 Giga liters per annum. The corporation besides maintains the drainage system in Perth. It does it in order to take preemptive steps before any inundation to protect the belongings and the environment. In rural parts about 2250 km country is served for this intent while Perth has 900 kilometer of country covered by the corporation for drainage system. More than three 1000 people are working in the corporation and the replacing value of 31.6 billion dollars while the assets are valued about 15 billion dollars. The major portion of company’s net incomes goes to the State Government and remainder is used in the capital development of the Corporation.

2. Introduction

Harmonizing to Auditor Generals’ study of Western Australia 2012-13 the entire H2O supplied was 357.39 billion liters out of which 314 billion liters were recorded to be consumed. The staying 43 billion liters was lost out of which 13 billion liters was really used but non recorded for charge. The staying 30 billion litre H2O was physically lost ( Auditor General’s study, 2014 ) . There are many grounds which are responsible for this physical lost H2O. One of them is long processing clip of information. This long processing clip is due to miss of automatic connexion between the different systems within the H2O corporations. The information about different jobs is linked to other systems by making manual work which is a clip devouring procedure and can make more H2O harm during this procedure of linking information. There are many incidents, some of them were outstanding one were recorded in the corporation’s Information Management system but the system which deals the order coevals of care and fix is Systems, Applications and Products Plant Maintenance ( SA PPM ) which is non automatically linked with IMS or FMS. Such information is recorded manually in SA PPM due to which a cherished clip to respond about the incident is wasted in plotting the information.

The automatic system which is inter-connected is an optimum solution to diminish the long processing clip of information which, in consequence, will do the timely coverage of incident easy. In this manner the job can be resolved. This involves the high investing and besides the potency of hazards in describing the bad incident inaccurately which will severely impact the H2O supply and repute of the Corporation. That is why hazard analysis is a good option to be done before put ining an automatic and inter-connected information system. Every prudent organisation has the wont of making hazard analysis before get downing any undertaking as in this aid in placing the cardinal menaces faced by the undertaking and major chances as good. For this undertaking the corporation will make a hazard analysis which will place the chance of major hazards and their minimisation in order to do the undertaking a success. This analysis is necessary to look out for any sort of good or bad surprise which can come under the manner during the undertaking execution.

3. TERM OF REFERENCE

First of all the organisation must see that why the hazard analysis is necessary. Is at that place any demand to make this? These inquiries are truly of import as some times the chief intent to make the hazard analysis is unknown. Otherwise there is no demand to oppugn about making the hazard analysis before a undertaking as in there ever necessitate to make it. To keep the credibleness and good repute of the organisation it is necessary to transport out an analysis before traveling towards the execution phase of the undertaking. The undertaking squad demands do the following undertakings in order to make a good hazard analysis.

  • A reappraisal of literature and operations on the integrating of inter-connected information system in other sections in Australia and other parts of the universe
  • A reappraisal of similar integrating plan in other countries to happen out the relevant information on the subject
  • Find out the exact information on the H2O escape and countries where it often happens and the degree of promptitude to describe to the Corporation to place the cardinal countries of job
  • Assess the IT hazard by happening out the menaces, exposures, loss measuring and success of security processs.
  • Develop the security demands and security specification by utilizing the results of hazard analysis.
  • Do system analysis of assets used in installing of computing machine system for the integrating plan. The exposures and chance of any bad events should be measured and the expected loss from such bad events
  • The possible measurings to restrict the loss due to any bad events whose chance is already measured
  • Assess the measuring processs suggested to provide the hazard of loss whether these measuring are adequate to function the intent
  • Determine the sensitiveness and the comparative value of computing machine installing in order to happen out the current protection measuring and measurings which can be taken farther. This can be done with the aid of a direction tool like “what if’ statements, procedure function, scenario analysis etc.

4. PROJECT TEAM & A ; TASKS

Team Leader will be undertaking director which will take the undertaking and expression after the care of undertaking. Other squad members will be from operations and mechanics which are as follows

  • Operation Manager
  • Chief Information Officer
  • IT Engineer
  • Operation Supervisor
  • IT Supervisor
  • Operation Technician
  • IT Technician

This squad will make the hazard analysis for the intent of looking out for any good or bad surprises in the upcoming undertaking. The undertakings are divided between the squad as following.

  • The features of system are found out by the IT applied scientist, supervisor and technician. The system word picture is done in order to happen out the sensitiveness and comparative value of the system. In this manner the basic characteristics of installing system will be known to the undertaking squad in order to measure the expected hazards harmonizing to the system word picture
  • The IT engineer along with supervisor and technician will seek to happen out the possible menaces to the installing system. The designation of all possible menaces is done in this measure.
  • Chief information officer will be assigned the undertakings of planning and budgeting
  • Operation director and IT engineer will measure the exposure of whole system in order to keep a antagonistic measuring plan for the system installing
  • Undertaking director will make command analysis in order to happen out any spreads in commanding procedure and carry through them.
  • Undertaking director along with two applied scientists will happen out any likeliness of any bad or good event or result. This possibility step is necessary in order to avoid any surprises during the procedure of the undertaking.
  • Every squad member will make encephalon storming in order to happen out the impact of ascertained possibilities in the manner of making undertaking.
  • Every possible hazard is determined in the following measure. This will be done by each member of the undertaking squad in order to happen out each and every type of hazard at each and every degree of the system installing.
  • After finding the hazards undertaking director will place the current control system and urge the farther control measuring in order to avoid the negative impacts of possible hazards

5. Hazard ANALYSIS OF SYSTEM INSTALLATION FOR INTEGRATED INFORMATION SYSTEM

The integrated information system is a executable undertaking but there are many things which should be identified and taken into consideration. The incorporate system word picture is done by placing the cardinal characteristics of the computing machine system. The system is relational database direction system which is a database which has the possible to provide the existent clip informations. Besides the NoSQL waiter will be used in order to incorporate the system ( Environment, 2004 ) . The following measure in menace designation is to happen out possible beginnings for any sort of menace. In this instance the menace beginnings for computing machine system might be of two types

  • Natural Menaces
  • Manmade Menaces

The natural beginnings could be inundations, twisters, electric storms, temblor, landslides etc. There are two sorts of menace system faces from human action i.e. knowing actions and unwilled actions. The knowing Acts of the Apostless include authorised entree to the confidential information, harmful package upload, choping etc. while the unwilled Acts of the Apostless include inadvertent incorrect informations entry. All of these menaces will be taken into consideration for the incorporate system. Flaws and failings of system will besides be identified after menace designation ( Gary Stoneburner, 2002 ) . There is much possible exposure which should be taken in to consideration like

  • The being of terminated employees ID on the system
  • The usage of water faucets or such things at the informations centre which could damage the hardware
  • Less usage of security barriers or spots by the seller

The different menaces which have different strength are assessed harmonizing to the strength of the menace. After measuring the menaces harmonizing to the strength, the determination to transport on the undertaking become easy. Following table represents the strength of different sorts of menaces.

Result

Menaces

Insignificant

Minor

Moderate

Major

Catastrophic

Fiscal menaces A

Loss less than $ 50000

$ 500000- $ 100000

$ 100000- $ 300000

$ 300000- $ 1500000

More than $ 1500000

Environmental menaces( Floods electric storms etc )Bacillus

Remediable minor harm

Significant harm but remediable with some fundss

Serious amendss with long term impact

Critical harm with a really long clip consequence

Permanent Damage to system

Human Threats( Choping, authorised entree, untrained forces etc )C

Remediable minor harm

Significant harm but remediable with some fundss

Serious amendss with long term impact

Critical harm with a really long clip consequence

Permanent Damage to system

Table-1: ( Water, 2013 )

These failings should be taken into consideration in order to be after good security measurings. The security analysis of the system which is to be installed will be exhaustively examined at this phase. The likeliness of the happening of such events will be scaled and so an optimum degree of menace being is assessed with the aid of these tabular arraies and graduated tables. In this manner it becomes easy to happen out that at what level the security should be maintained or increased. If the hazards are utmost or high so the undertaking should be terminated. If it is in moderate place and it is remediable so the determination should be taken by the board by weighing the benefits of undertaking against its possible menaces. Now the likeliness of these events will be measured

About

Certain

Event is expected to happen about one time in a twelvemonth

Likely

Event is expected to happen about in 2-5 old ages

Possible

Event is expected to happen in about 5-10 old ages

Unlikely

Event is expected to happen in about 10-30years

Rare

Event is expected to happen about one time in 30 old ages

Table-2: ( Water, 2013 )

Now the likeliness of natural events can non be predicted with certainty but in Australia the twisters or storms are seasonal events. Floods and electric storms which can be more utmost menace to the system are rare, that is why the likeliness of this menace is moderate. While the human mistakes and their incompetency can be a possible menace which is taken under notice.

The matrix for the likeliness of menaces and their strength is measured by following graduated table. If the menace analysis indicates the undertaking under the blue, green belt and tap belt so it is executable to make it otherwise board should revise the determination and take disciplinary measurings.

Result

Probability

Insignificant

Minor

Moderate

Major

Catastrophic

About

Certain

Moderate

High

Very High

Very High

Very High

Likely

Moderate

High

High

Very High

Very High

Possible

Low

Moderate

High

Very High

Very High

Unlikely

Low

Low

Moderate

High

Very High

Rare

Low

Low

Moderate

High

High

Table-3: ( Environment, 2004 )

6. CONCLUSION/SUGGESTIONS

This undertaking does non possess sever menaces from nature or homo. The possible menaces are remediable and can be taken under control. The demand to hold an integrated information system to describe the damaged, leaked or broken H2O pipes spontaneously is really high. The possible menaces against this demand are non every bit much as its advantages are. Although the fiscal cost is high but it will give the corporation maximal benefit by bettering the efficiency of the operations and hence it will better the consumer trust on the company. To minimise the possible menaces of inundations the system should be installed in 2nd or 3rd floor of the edifice. The possibility of security breach should be minimized by giving specific entree to relevant and good trained employees. Retina detectors or finger print detectors could be a better pick to entree the system room physically. While the practical entree to the system should be guarded by three beds of security cheque. The IDs of terminated or transferred forces should be terminated quickly so that the possible menace of security breach can be handled.

List OF REFERENCES

  • Auditor General ‘s Report, W. A. , 2014.Water Corporation: Management of Water Pipes,Perth: Office of the Auditor General Western Australia.
  • Corporation, W. , 2013.Annual Report,Perth: s.n.
  • Environment, D. o. , 2004.Water Quality Protection Note – The Australian Drinking Water Guidelines: An overview,Perth: Department of Environment.
  • Gary Stoneburner, A. G. a. A. F. , 2002.Risk Management Guide for Information Technology System,GaithersBurg: National Institute of Standard and engineering.
  • Water, P. , 2013.Hazard Management: Power and Water Corporate Procedure,s.l. : Power Water.