Rulfo travels through the country of the same way that many of its personages will travel through the universe closed of its native region. In The Plain in flames, appear almost all the themes of the author. It become traveler by its work, Rulfo reinforces its vision of the literary creature. As a perpetual pilgrim, a Can condemned to seek places and already inaccessible persons. That it is exactly one of the basic structures of The Plain in flames. The volume of stories that will found the prestige of the jalisciense. As one of the highest brief narrators of the Spanish tongue. The personage that flees, the man that awaits. The army that advances or goes back, the women that go in procession, the penitente dying that seeks relief among the dust of the pilgrimages. Such motive obeys also to the geographical conditions of Rulfiana. The towns, the estates, the rancheras are barely mojones in a roads crossings multitude.
The Plain in flames concentrates the themes of the writer. The Mexican Revolution, the fight by the land, the social security. The economic and geographical marginalization, the interior diaspora. The violence in all its shades, the revenge, the unconscious eroticism. The religiousness as the intent of a desperate leak, the war cristera. The failure of the educational plans. The tensions caused. By the hope that is placed in the United States asof promisin. As alternative before the abandonment that suffer who they were the armed arm of the Revolution. And the demagogy of the political class before the catastrophes of the Mexican field.
It turns out to be difficult to add, to this brief census, some theme that out of the same important way for the Mexico of the first half of the century, that that finishes during the six-year period of Miguel German (1946-1952), period that corresponds to the epoch in which Rulfo edits the majority of their stories. If perhaps, it would suffice to include the matter of the cacicazgo, that will have river bed in Pedro Pramo.
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In short, the imperative you designed by the author survive as one of the peak points of the literature in Spanish tongue: Rulfo revises several literary traditions and a fundamental repertoire of themes for the conformacin of the Mexico contemporary, al time that takes advantage of the most adequate narrative forms to create its work.
The ordinary personages of Rulfo are converted always in paradigmatic and symbolic thanks to its acts and its words, which illustrate the large drives of a Mexico in many primitive aspects. An author seeks extraordinary personages because these permit to maximize the possibilities of the expression and the action, that is to say, the enunciation of words memorables and transcendental ideas and the representative, paradigmatic execution of acts of an epoch, a generation, a class, Rulfo, on the other hand as presents an ordinary, partial, and lateral perspective of the war that during decades gave sense to the public life Mexican, causes to say and to do Extraordinary things to ordinary personages, although of a way in which these do not be discordant, because the exceptional character of it said and it fact is found in the aptitude of the writer to create symbolic situations with commodity in appearance little attraction, little favors for the epic.
"The Plain in flames" the most long story of the volume, relates in the first person the adventures of a revolutionary guerrilla that joins with the forces of Pedro Zamora, personage this last one taken very probably of the real life. Rulfo adds little barely their memorable to be able of synthesis and their unmistakable immaculate, efficient, narrative line to the image of the Revolution that contributes the Mariano Azuela of The of down (1915): opportunism, violence in the field of battle and, in the moments of relative calm, lack of vision among the protagonists about the general framework where its acts are situated, predominance of archaic hierarchical structures in the person ofCommander delivered to the drunkenness of their power.
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