Information technology or IT is a vital feature or aspect of an organization since it facilitates the handling or management of information that is necessary in fuelling the progress or advancement of the organization. IT systems within an organization will not operate without the establishment of an IT infrastructure. In fact, numerous organizations have regarded the establishment of IT infrastructures as valuable strategies that will help the organization obtain and manage information for its benefit and competitive advantage.
(Xia & King, 2002) In general, the IT infrastructure may be defined as a system that is composed of various technological tools or devices that sets the foundation of information systems. (“IT Infrastructure,” N. D. ) In simple terms, it may be defined as the hardware or the physical design of information systems that constitutes softwares and applications that are used in processing data or information.
Aside from this specific role, IT infrastructures are also used in order to evaluate or assess the state of information systems as a means of finding ways and solutions to develop or improve IT systems to suit current trends or major tweaks in information technology, and such. In addition, IT infrastructure is also the primary reason why organizations are able to design or develop IT softwares, programs or applications, because it facilitates the identification of various features, characteristics, and mechanisms that the organization needs in its information systems.
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(Nyrhinen, 2006) The IT infrastructure will cease to exist without the various components that constitute it. First, the IT infrastructure is composed of technological tools, devices, or components that are shared. These technological tools and devices are considered the backbone of the IT infrastructure, building the solid physical foundation of the system in order to become fully operational and functional.
The first component identified also pertains to the various tools and devices that are subject to manual manipulation or control, such as the computers, cables or wires, memory devices that are used to store data, programs, softwares, or applications that are utilized to analyze data and interpret results in order to make sound decisions, and such. (Xia & King, 2002) The second component of the IT infrastructure is the human capital or resources behind the manipulation and operation of its physical framework or backbone.
Without well-trained and professional human resources, the IT infrastructure will not be able to operate on its own. This particular component of the IT infrastructure is in charge of handling the practical and technical operations of the infrastructure ensuring the operations and functionality are working efficiently and that there are no problems, flaws, or glitches in the system.
The human capital, as a component of the IT infrastructure, does not only pertain to the practical and technical knowledge, skills, and competencies of individuals to handle the physical components of the IT infrastructure, but also on the managerial competencies of individuals to oversee how the system is being used, through close supervision and management, and frequent evaluation or assessment of IT tools and devices integrated within the infrastructure.
(Xia & King, 2002) The third component of the IT infrastructure is the non-tangible policies and operational practices that govern plans, strategies, techniques, approaches, practices and such, through organizational or managerial mission, vision, goals, objectives, policies, principles, and such.
Prior to the establishment of the physical components of the IT infrastructure the training and assignment of individuals who will take on jobs as technical handlers of the IT infrastructure, the organization reviews company mission, vision, policies, goals, and objectives in order to determine the necessity of implementing an IT infrastructure, the design of the plan that will be used to guide the implementation process of the IT infrastructure, the standards and guidelines that determine how it will be used, and such.
(Xia & King, 2002) Overall, this particular component of the IT infrastructure determines why or how organizations will establish the IT infrastructure, and how it will go about the process by following standards and guidelines set by company policies, mission, and vision, and such. References “IT Infrastructure. ” (N. D. ) Retrieved January 26, 2009, from University of Wisconsin Whitewater. Website: http://road. uww. edu/road/ambrosep/CBIS/Module%206%20ALL.
ppt Nyrhinen, M. (2006). IT Infrastructure: Structure, Properties and Processes. Retrieved January 26, 2009, from Helsinki School of Economics. Website: http://hsepubl. lib. hse. fi/pdf/wp/w403. pdf Xia, W. & King, W. R. (2002). Determinants of Organizational IT Infrastructure Capabilities: An Empirical Study. Retrieved January 26, 2009, from University of Minnesota. Website: http://misrc. umn. edu/workshops/2002/spring/Xia_030802. pdf
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