The survey aims to find the impact of wall to palisade rug in schools on the wellness of wheezing kids in the Netherlands. By concentrating on a population of diagnosed wheezing and mite allergic kids, the survey chiefly examined the concentration of Der P I - the major allergen produced by dust touchs in Europe - in both life and school environment. The consequences of the survey showed that concentration of Der P I in carpeted or non-carpeted school floors is rather low. In fact, concentration of Der P I in brooding floors is much higher than that in carpeted or non-carpeted school floors, therefore reasoning that there is no evident connexion between wall to palisade rug in schools and impairment of kids 's asthma symptoms. Study focused on merely one allergen as stated!
Nriagu, J. , et Al. 1999. Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in South-central Durban, South Africa. European Journal of Epidemiology, 15, ( 8 ) : 747-755
The survey aims to find the prevalence of respiratory and asthma symptoms in Durban, by exhaustively questioning random portion of the population. Based on the replies given, the survey concludes that there is no evident connexion between asthma in kids and the usage of rugs. Durban is a to a great extent polluted country - people evidently consider pollution a much more important subscriber to asthma!
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Dieted, R. , Hedge, A. 1996. Toxicological considerations in measuring indoor air quality and human wellness: Impact of new rug emanations. Critical reappraisals in toxicology, 26, ( 6 ) :633-707
The survey provides an overview of the surveies carried out boulder clay 1996 refering toxicological impact of new rug emanations on IAQ and human wellness, with the purpose of sum uping the scientific cognition so far. Taking everything into history, the survey concludes that non merely do new rugs emit entire VOCs at really low degrees, but these emanations significantly decay and fall at hint degree within a hebdomad. Furthermore, toxicological appraisals of dominant VOCs in rug emanations indicate concentration of compounds below thresholds for toxicity. Based on the above mentioned, the survey suggests that VOC emanations from new rugs are far from presenting a wellness hazard.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CARTETS AND ASTHMA OR ALLERGIES
Krieger, J.W. , et Al. 2000. Asthma and the place environment of low-income urban kids: Preliminary findings from the Seattle - King County healthy places project. Journal of urban wellness, 77, ( 1 ) : 50-67
The survey describes how indoor environmental conditions are connected to asthma triggers among kids in a low-income urban country like Seattle/King County. Data was obtained from interviews with the caretakers of kids aged 4-12 old ages with relentless asthma life in really hapless families, while place reviews provided auxiliary information. Overall, it is proven that hapless life conditions and deficient financess create an indoor environment that favors substandard lodging, moistness and deficiency of hygiene. In such occasions, even rugs could go harmful dust reservoirs, since normally no peculiar attention is taken for their care - sometimes there is non even a vacuity cleaner available. As a affair of fact, 76.8 % of kids 's sleeping rooms had rugs, which due to hapless care, wet, deficient airing and accrued dust, contribute to the exposure to all kinds of asthma and allergies triggers. Makes sense!
Platts-Mills, T.A. , et Al. 1996. Changing constructs of allergic disease: the effort to maintain up with existent alterations in life styles. Journal of Allergy & A ; Clinical Immunology, 98, ( 6 ) : 297-306.
The survey assumes that the debut of rugs as lasting fixtures may hold affected the development of allergic reactions and asthma over the last century. That is to state, it is assumed that, while till the early 1900s rugs were on a regular basis beaten and put in storage during the summer, the innovation of vacuity cleansing agent resulted in rugs being used as lasting fixtures, without though being every bit clean as earlier. The survey besides implies that since back in the 1900s rugs were unusual in lodging of low-income households, the 1s which were owned by affluent households were unbroken clean. Premises based on historical alterations in life style!
Norback, D. , et Al. 1995. Asthmatic symptoms and volatile organic compounds, methanal and C dioxide in homes. Occupational and environmental medical specialty, 52, ( 6 ) : 388-395
The survey examines the relation between symptoms of asthma, constructing features and indoor concentration of volatile organic compounds in Uppsala. The methodological analysis concerned the random choice of both wheezing and non-asthmatic objects and the review of their houses in order to mensurate room temperature, air humidness, VOCs, respirable dust, and C dioxide concentration. In add-on, all the objects underwent a series of clinical trials. Sing rugs, the consequences of the survey indicate a strong connexion between nocturnal shortness of breath and wall to palisade rug, irrespective of the objects ' age, sex, or smoking wonts. Furthermore, formaldehyde concentration was found to be higher in homes with wall to palisade rug, while the effects of house dust touchs and carpeting on nocturnal thorax stringency were important even when the effects of methanal and VOCs were controlled. Finally, the survey suggests that wall to palisade rugs should be avoided, since they act as terminals for assorted types of pollutants. Presence of wall to palisade rugs merely in 18 % of the homes - how dependable is that per centum? More information about the quality of the rugs would be utile! The survey indicates a strong connexion between rugs and nocturnal shortness of breath - nevertheless the extent to which this connexion leads to severe wellness hazards is non clarified. Furthermore small information is given about the province of the houses, ie clean or muffle - since merely 16 % had seeable marks of moistness, most of them sound as if they were in a good province. Since Sweden is known to be a affluent state, it could be assumed that many rugs are of new engineering - does this play any peculiar function?
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.carpet-rug.org/news-room/press-releases/010830_myths.cfm
Myth No. 1
`` There are wellness hazards associated with rug. ''
An extended toxicological appraisal of constituents of rug concluded that the chemicals in rug pose no wellness hazards of public concern.
In 1994, Environ Corporation of Arlington, Virginia, prepared a survey, A Safety Assessment of Components of and Emissions from Carpets. The decision was: `` For the chemicals identified as being present in, but non emitted from rug, there is no ground to believe that they present any wellness hazard of public concern. For chemicals identified as being from rug, no malignant neoplastic disease hazard of public wellness concern is predicted for any chemical separately, or when the predicted upper bound on hazard is added for all possible carcinogens. Similarly, no non-carcinogenic effects of public wellness concern would be anticipated. ''
Myth No. 2
`` Mold and mold can turn in rug. ''
Mold and mold exist ONLY where there is extra wet and soil coupled with hapless cleansing and care wonts. Mold growing can happen on any surfacefrom windowpanes to carpetthat is non decently maintained and when wet is utmost. Extinguishing beginnings of inordinate wet, such as H2O leaks, and commanding humidness greatly offset the possible for cast to turn.
In a survey conducted by HOST/Racine Industries, six Florida schools were checked for indoor air jobs triggered by high humidness and decreased airing. Dust-lined, mouldy canals and plumbing leaks onto ceiling tiles allowed cast to turn and released 1000000s of spores into the air. The research supported that cast and mold are non associated with a peculiar surface, such as rug.
Myth No. 3
`` Rug is a cause of the asthma and allergy addition. ''
Comparison informations from Sweden supports that there is no nexus between rug use and the incidence of asthma or allergic reactions. CRI is non cognizant of any published scientific research showing a nexus between rug and asthma or allergic reactions.
A survey, based on historical figures for 10 old ages, was reported by scientists at the Swedish Institute of Fibre and Polymer Research. They found that while the usage of rug in Sweden had steadily decreased since 1975, the happenings of allergic reactions in the general population had increased.
Carpet Usage & A ; Allergic Reactions in Sweden, 1975-1990
Myth No. 4
`` Rug is a sink for allergy-causing substances. ''
This is true as stated. The critical point, nevertheless, is frequently missed. Carpet holds allergen-causing substances tightly and, as a consequence, keeps allergens from going airborne, minimising the degree of allergens in the external respiration zone. This translates to take down exposure potency. The allergens held by rugs filter-like consequence may be removed by hoovering, reviewing the filter-like belongingss of the rug to let more material to be removed from the air. Vacuuming mattresses, rug, and upholstery one time or twice a hebdomad removed allergens, including dust mite fecesa known beginning of allergen. It is of import to utilize the proper type of vacuity to minimise re-suspending allergens.
InA Carpet and Airborne Allergens, A Literature Review, Dr. Alan Luedtke refers to the consequences of a survey aimed at finding the consequence of everyday hoovering cleansing that indicate frequent vacuity cleansing over a short clip significantly reduces house dust and touch allergen degrees in rugs.
Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) surveies indicate the effectivity of rug in cut downing airborne atoms. This information indicates that dirt in rug is significantly reduced following cleansing. Visit CRIs web site to larn about the Green Label Vacuum Cleaner IAQ Testing Program that approves vacuity cleaner theoretical accounts that are most effectual in dirt remotion and dust containment, while maintaining rug looking good.
Myth No. 5
`` Rug is a beginning of indoor quality ( IAQ ) jobs. ''
As noted antecedently, an extended toxicological appraisal of constituents of, and emanations from, rug concluded that the chemicals in rug `` present no wellness hazards of public wellness concern. '' Further, allergens in rug may be removed by hoovering. Vacuum cleaner machines bearing the CRI IAQ Green Label meet scientifically established criterions for dirt remotion and dust containment and aid keep good rug visual aspect.
EPA/RTIA Total Building Cleaning Effectiveness StudyA provinces, `` Organized cleansing contributes to decrease of atom VOCs and biological pollutants 50 % + . '' Besides referenced is the antecedently mentioned 1994 study from the Environ Corporation, Safety AssessmentA of Components of and Emissions from Rugs.
Myth No. 6
`` Rug is more expensive and harder to keep than hard-floor surfaces. ''
Properly maintained rug merely needs hoovering one time or twice hebdomadal and periodic extraction cleansing. The sweeping, swabbing, depriving, waxing, and buffing that difficult surface floors demand are more arduous and dearly-won.
A Building Office Managers Association ( BOMA ) survey found hard-surface floors require two-and-a-half times more one-year cleansing than rug. Consumers may bespeak CRIs brochuresA Carpet, the Educated Choice forA Schools, Carpet Maintenance for School Facilities, andA Use Life CostA Analysis for Commercial FacilitiesA to larn about the life-cycle cost analysis and the value rug delivers through heat, comfort, safety, and acoustics in the schoolroom and at place.
Myth No. 7
`` Rug is environmentally non-sustainable. ''
CRI member companies, stand foring over 90 per centum of the industrys makers, have an first-class path record over the last twelve old ages of diminishing wastes produced and energy consumed, bettering the industrys sustainability.
The Rug and Rug InstitutesA Sustainability Report, 2001A inside informations theA industrys environmental attempts.
Myth No. 8
`` Rug is a major emitter of volatile organic compounds ( VOCs ) . ''
Most new interior trappingss and edifice stuffs emit VOCs for a period of clip. Emissions from new rug are among the lowest of any families indoor trappingss, and most VOCs dissipate within 24 hourseven faster with good airing.
To farther minimise other IAQ concerns, stipulate low-emitting merchandises, including CRI Green Label rug, shock absorber, and adhesive, when choosing family merchandises and trappingss.
Myth No. 9
`` Formaldehyde is used in the production of new rug. ''
Formaldehyde is non used in the rug fabrication procedure. It is non emitted from new rug.
An article published in 1989 in theA American Textile Chemist and ColoristsA JournalA stated that research conducted by the School of Textile Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, under Dr. Wayne Tincher and other research workers dispelled this widely-held myth. In add-on, the CRI Indoor Air Quality Testing Programs specifically monitor for formaldehyde emanation from new rug, rug shock absorber, and installing adhesives as portion of the industrys confidence to the populace of the absence of this chemical in these merchandises.
Myth No. 10
`` Latex in rug produces allergic reactions. ''
The latex that holds the fibres and endorsing together in broadloom rug is man-made. Man-made latex is non associated with the allergic reactions of natural latex, which are caused by the proteins found in natural latex.
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