Essays on Bipolar Disorder

Essays on Bipolar Disorder

Most of the time, a person's first thought when they think of bipolar disorder, is mood swings and being in a manic state. Bipolar disorder is not just having unexpected mood swings. It is trying different medications until you find the right one, seeing so many doctors until you find the right treatment plan, it is frustration, and it is exhausting.

Bipolar disorder is a debilitating brain disorder that causes shifts in your mood, activity levels, energy, and the ability to do every day tasks. (Bipolar Disorder, 2016) Bipolar has four different levels of severity starting with bipolar 1 disorder, bipolar 2 disorder, cyclothymic disorder, and other specified bipolar disorder. This is a very hard disease to diagnose and is often mistaken for ADHD. Fluctuations in ones mood, called mood episodes, are vastly different from moods or behaviors that one without bipolar would experience.

Bipolar 1 disorder is defined by manic episodes that last at least seven days. (Bipolar Disorder, 2016) Sometimes these symptoms get so severe that a person ends up seeking medical care from a hospital. Along with the manic episodes, there is usually a depressive episode that soon follows, and at times these are at the same time. Bipolar 2 disorder is similar, as it still has a pattern of depressive and manic episodes, but the manic episodes tend to not be as severe. Cyclothymic disorder, also called cyclothymia, is a lot of hypomanic symptoms that last for at least two years. If someone is experiencing bipolar symptoms but they don’t match the other three categories, they would be other specified or unspecified bipolar and related disorders.

Someone who has bipolar disorder is more likely to see medical help from a physician when they are experiencing a depressive episode rather than a manic episode. Along with being mistaken as ADHD, medical professionals need to keep a close eye on a person's medical history to make sure that bipolar is not mistaken as major depression. When one has bipolar, usually they also have another mental health disease that accompanies it, such as anxiety or an eating disorder.

There are, of course, many other risks that are a possibility once diagnosed with bipolar. There have been some studies that have shown that the brains of those with this disorder may be different from the brains of those with no psychiatric illness. It is also suggested that both a person’s genes and family history can contribute to the likelihood of them having bipolar. They have been looking at identical twins, since they share the exact same genes, and have found that even if one twin develops bipolar it does not mean that the other twin will. (Bipolar Disorder, 2016) Bipolar disorder, along with many other mental or physical illnesses, then to run in families. Although those with a parent or sibling that has bipolar are more likely to develop it, it is not always guaranteed that they will.

There are many treatment options out there, and the success of the treatment depends on the person receiving the treatment and how they react to it. It usually takes a lot of trial and error until you find the proper treatment option. Medications is the most common treatment option. Because bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness, medications are also a lifelong commitment. Along with medications, people usually seek out psychotherapy, or talk therapy. Psychotherapy can be very helpful, as you can talk to someone about what you are feeling and they are able to teach you coping mechanisms and get you in touch with other support groups. Some other options of treatment to try would be herbal supplements, sleep medications, keeping a record of your emotions and thoughts, and electroconvulsive therapy.

Vincent Magnotta, Ph.D. has been doing research on if people with bipolar disorder have disrupted visual processing. He has been using MRI imaging to visualize brain activity and to better understand visual processing and how it is affected in people with bipolar disorder. This research has shown that people with bipolar experience impaired visual processing during periods of both mania and depression. (Magnotta, 2018) During their study, they used forty people that have diagnosed bipolar disorder, and thirty-three people who have no history of a psychiatric illness (controls).

Magnotta had found that those who were in an euthymic state, or normal mood, reacted to the checkerboard pattern shown on the screen in front of them the same as the controls did. He noticed key differences in the brain response when he tested those who were experiencing depression or mania. Many different regions of the brain that are responsible for sensory processing, such as the visual cortex, were much less active during the different mood states than those of the controls.

B. Frey, MD, has also been constructing research on bipolar disorder. His research is focused around if there are links with white matter patterns to cognitive performance in those with bipolar. He believes that those with bipolar experience deficits in verbal learning, memory, attention, and processing speed whether they are in an episode or in an euthymic state. Researchers have more recently found that the condition of the white matter in the cerebral cortex can predict verbal memory performance in individuals diagnosed with bipolar. (Frey, 2018)

Tomas Hajek, MD, has been trying to train computers to identify a biological signature related to bipolar disorder. Researchers have been trying to do this for many years, and have already found signatures to other mental illnesses. If they are able to identify these markers, and have them scientifically validated, it is expected to made diagnosis and risk assessment more objective. (Hajek, 2018) There is a very large international team working on this research led by Frey, and they have now gotten results of an effort to use machine-learning methods to identify diagnostic markers of bipolar. They are gathering these results by using MRI imaging. They are currently working towards the goal of the accuracy of diagnosing to be at eighty percent.

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Psychoanalytic Explanation For Mood Disorders (Depression And Bipolar Disorder)

Freud’s explanation of depression focuses on the idea of loss – that the root cause of all depression lies in the loss of something loved, whether it is a person or an object. Lowry (1984) added that this loss can be real or imaginary. However, …

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Bipolar Disorder Critique Essay

Bipolar Disorder, also known as a manic depressive illness, is classified as a brain disorder; that causes unusual shifts in the mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry-out day to day tasks. The majority of bipolar individuals experience alternating episodes of mania such …

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Wealthy Widow

Case Study: Wealthy Widow DSM-IV Multiaxial Evaluation Axis I              Moderate Mood Disorder NOS with single Hypomanic Episode (current) Axis II            No formal diagnosis, frequent use of denial Axis III           None Axis IV           Problems with primary support group Axis V            GAF = 60 (current)             …

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Case report essay

Case report This report contains privileged and confidential patient information and may not be copied.  Any unauthorized disclosure is a federal offense. Patient Name: Janet Lake                                                   Gender: female Age: 43                                                                     Birth date: September 30, 1952 Marital Status: Single           Occupation: Secretary currently on …

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Paper on Depression

Thresa BigMan University of phoenix PSY270 Week 4 Depression paper Depression is a mental illness that a lot of individuals have in today’s society. According to the University of Phoenix fundamentals of abnormal psychology, describes many different mood disorders that effect many people today, “Depression …

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Some people are more prone to either mania or depression, while others alternate equally between the two types of episodes. Some have frequent mood disruptions, while others experience only a few over a lifetime. There are four types of mood occurrences in bipolar disorder: mania, …

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Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder

In the sass’s so many terms were being thrown around trying to explain what Schizophrenia was. It took till the early sass’s for a man named Emil Kremlin to truly “discover” what the disease was and bring together the earlier descriptions (Berries, Lulus, & Joss, …

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CBT as an Effective Therapy for Childhood Anxiety and Mood Disorders in Trauma-Exposed Families

Introduction THE CASE OF 8 YEAR OLD ESTHER The major issues that trouble 8 years old Esther are nightmares, anxiety problems and mood disorders. It is obvious from Esther’s family history that she shares the feeling of insecurity and depressive symptoms from her parents. The …

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Distinguishing Bipolar and Bpd Disorders

Personality Disorder are mood and personality disorder respectively, that have had many challenges amongst psychiatrist in differentiation. Not only does the two disorders share several symptoms and associated impairments, there is also continuing debates in the psychiatric literature about whether the two disorders actually represent …

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Management of Bipolar (Manic Depression)

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The Bipolar Disorder In Early Years

Bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. According to an article on bipolar disorder by, David E. Cohen, Some research suggests that highly creative people such as artists, composers, writers, …

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Bipolar Disorder Heather McLean

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Case review natalie

Do you think this is his/her primary problem? Why or why not? Presenting problems: Natalie came In for “concerns about her boyfriend, Larry Watkins, over the past six months”. She reported that she has “been so upset that she hasn’t been able to function at …

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Bipolar Disorder: A Medical History

Marla is a 42-year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of having trouble sleeping, feeling “jumpy all of the time,” and experiencing an inability to concentrate. These symptoms are causing problems for her at work, where she is an accountant. Resources: …

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Bipolar Disorder and Creativity

Introduction Society will always welcome the eccentric and the almost romanticised notion of the ‘mad genius’, with incomprehensible ramblings, fiery thoughts and feelings, who bears a startling capacity for novel thought. The heralded about notion of the ‘mad genius’ has become so typecast that the …

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Bipolar disorder can cause your mood to swing from an extreme high to an extreme low. Manic symptoms can include increased energy, excitement, impulsive behaviour, and agitation. Depressive symptoms can include lack of energy, feeling worthless, low self-esteem and suicidal thoughts.

Frequently asked questions

What is bipolar disorder in your own words?
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by episodes of mania and depression. People with bipolar disorder often experience extreme mood swings, which can be very disruptive to their lives. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment for bipolar disorder usually consists of medication and therapy.
What is the conclusion of bipolar disorder?
The conclusion of bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by extreme mood swings. These mood swings can range from periods of intense happiness or energy (known as mania) to periods of deep depression. Bipolar disorder can be a very debilitating condition, affecting a person's ability to work, study, and have healthy relationships. While there is no cure for bipolar disorder, there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms and allow people to live relatively normal lives.
Why is bipolar disorder so important?
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by extreme mood swings. These mood swings can range from periods of extreme happiness, known as mania, to periods of extreme sadness, known as depression. Bipolar disorder can be a very debilitating illness, and it can also be very dangerous. It is estimated that about 1% of the population suffers from bipolar disorder, and it is one of the leading causes of disability in the United States.
How does bipolar disorder affect a person's daily life?
Bipolar disorder can affect every aspect of a person's daily life. The most common symptoms are extremes in mood, which can lead to disruptive behaviors. A person with bipolar disorder may be overly happy and energetic for long periods of time, followed by periods of deep depression. This can make it difficult to maintain relationships, keep a job, or even take care of basic needs. The mood swings can also be accompanied by changes in sleep patterns, energy levels, and appetite.

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