Early Childhood Caries and background information and statistics on the disease. Early Childhood Caries is a rapid form of dental caries that can affect a child’s self esteem, health, oral and speech development and quality of life.
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Early Childhood Caries – medical/dental definition of disease A.
Causes of Early Childhood Caries – complex interaction of the following 1. cultural beliefs 2. behavioral actions (parents responsibility) 3. nutritional intake (parents responsibility) 4. biological factors B. Risk factors for Early Childhood Caries . Primary risk factors: intake of sugars and fermentable carbohydrates, the host and tooth susceptibility, and poor oral hygiene resulting in dental plaque. Associated risk factors: bottle feeding especially nocturnal bottle feeding, prolonged breast feeding, lack of parental education, socioeconomic factors, un-fluoridated water.
Effects on child’s self esteem A. Ashamed of appearance of mouth 1. diminished happiness in child ashamed to smile 2. physically child becomes unhappy with themselves B. Taunting by other children . bad breathe, visible decay, missing teeth, visible metal restorations IV. Effects on child’s overall health A. Nutritional issues 1. altered eating habits = less nutrients ingested 2. painful to eat 3. malnutrition B. Chronic infection to body from infected teeth 1. bacterial infection entering child’s blood stream 2. strain on immune system, constant infection harder to heal V. Problems with child’s oral and speech development
Oral dentition development
- maintaining space for permanent dentition
- slow eruption of permanent teeth
- Possible decay in permanent teeth before they enter mouth.
- delayed speech
- speech altered due to missing, repaired or painful teeth
Child’s Quality of Life
- Physical functioning
- ow body weight
- ailure to thrive
- malnutrition – altered eating ability
- slow growth rate
Teased by other children for missing or visibly repaired teeth 2. ashamed of teeth VII. Prevention (Preventative measure for ECC are all performed by the parents)
- Educate parents on optimum oral health care
- Fluoride supplements if no fluoride in water
- Immediate brushing after sugary food intake
- Improve nutrition for child
Consequences will continue long after decay is treated. Reiteration of the main points in my research paper accompanied by my opinion on the subject matter.
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