Essays on Alcohol

Essays on Alcohol

Alcohol is a limpid, volatile, flammable, water-miscible liquid, having an etherlike odor and pungent, burning taste, the intoxicating principle of fermented liquors, produced by yeast fermentation of certain carbohydrates, as grains, molasses, starch, or sugar, or obtained synthetically by hydration of ethylene or as a by-product of certain hydrocarbon syntheses: used chiefly as a solvent in the extraction of specific substances, in beverages, medicines, organic synthesis, lotions, tonics, colognes, rubbing compounds, as an automobile radiator antifreeze, and as rocket fuel.

Alcohol is a poison that negatively effects everything that ingests it. Many people that drink alcohol tend to think it is cool and has a positive impact on themselves. Many people think when they have been drinking they feel better than ever. Drinking alcohol impairs a person to a point where they can’t drive, see, speak, or maybe even hear correctly. Their mind has the inability to focus on such things so the person is considered impaired. It is classified as a depressant, meaning that it slows down vital functions resulting in slurred speech, unsteady movement, disturbed perceptions, and an inability to react quickly. Although classified as a depressant, the amount of alcohol consumed determines the type of effect. Most people drink for the stimulant effect, such as a beer or glass of wine taken to “loosen up.” But if a person consumes more than the body can handle, they then experience alcohol’s depressant effect. They start to feel “stupid” or lose coordination and control.

Many people think it is 100% impossible to overdose on alcohol. This is extremely untrue. Alcohol is basically a drug; once a certain amount is consumed the person will start feeling disoriented and will start acting as if they are a completely different person. Most times the actions of this person will negatively impact everyone in their surroundings. This is considered an alcohol overdose. This overdose is unlike a street drug overdose. The difference is a street drug overdose is very deadly and kills people all the time; an alcohol overdose impairs someone to a point they could get themselves killed by doing something they would not normally do, but 9 times out of ten the alcohol itself never kills the person. Although the exact mechanisms behind how alcohol impacts the body are not fully understood, the effects of alcohol are extremely well documented.

Alcohol is generally consumed orally. It then travels down the esophagus into the stomach and then the small intestine. The vast majority of alcohol is absorbed in the small intestine and to a lesser extent the stomach. Blood vessels near these organs then rapidly transport alcohol in the bloodstream throughout the body. Alcohol interacts with and disrupts the normal functioning of many-body systems, and does so rapidly. When alcohol enters the brain, it interacts with neurotransmitters, a series of electrical connections in the brain that send messages to the body. This impacts mood, awareness, perception, and much more. Most of the alcohol that enters the body is processed, or metabolized, with less than 10% being excreted through urine, sweat, and other mechanisms. Essentially all alcohol is broken down in the liver, which can put a tremendous strain on that organ over time. Generally, the body processes the equivalent of one standard drink (one glass of beer, one glass of wine, or one shot of liquor) every hour.

Every kind of alcohol affects everyone differently. Why is this you may wonder? Every little bit of alcohol has a different percentage of alcohol. Fermented drinks, such as beer and wine, contain from 2% alcohol to 20% alcohol. Distilled drinks, or liquor, contain from 40% to 50% or more alcohol. The usual alcohol content for each is Beer 2–6% alcohol, Cider 4–8% alcohol, Wine 8–20% alcohol, Tequila 40% alcohol, Rum 40% or more alcohol, Brandy 40% or more alcohol, Gin 40–47% alcohol, Whiskey 40–50% alcohol, Vodka 40–50% alcohol, and Liqueurs 15–60% alcohol. So basically, it depends on what type of alcohol is being drunk as to how fast the person becomes intoxicated. Other factors that contribute to this are age, weight, and gender. So if a 160-pound male has 4 drinks he is considered legally intoxicated as a female at 150 pounds is considered legally intoxicated at 3 drinks. Most males have a higher tolerance and don’t tend to get drunk as fast as the average female. One drink is considered to be 1.25 oz. of 80 proof liquor, 12 oz. of beer, or 5 oz. of table wine. So on average it takes more alcohol for a bigger male to get intoxicated rather than a bigger female. The same goes for a smaller female and a smaller male. Women have a lower tolerance for alcohol than the average male does. So to sum this all up the average female will become legally intoxicated faster than the average male with the same exact amount of drinks consumed. Drinking in general has effects.

Short-term effects happen basically every time someone drinks but the effects go away within the day.

Long-term effects tend to happen when someone binge drinks meaning they drink every single day they are basically always intoxicated. Short-term effects consist of Slurred speech, Drowsiness, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Upset stomach, Headaches, Breathing difficulties, Distorted vision and hearing, Impaired judgment, Decreased perception and coordination, Unconsciousness, Anemia (loss of red blood cells), Coma, and Blackouts (memory lapses, where the drinker cannot remember events that occurred while under the influence).

Binge drinking and continued alcohol use in large amounts are associated with many health problems, including: Unintentional injuries such as car crash, falls, burns, drowning; Intentional injuries such as firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence; Increased on-the-job injuries and loss of productivity; Increased family problems, broken relationships; Alcohol poisoning, High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases, Liver disease, Nerve damage, Sexual problems, Permanent damage to the brain, Vitamin B1 deficiency, which can lead to a disorder characterized by amnesia, apathy and disorientation; Ulcers, Gastritis (inflammation of stomach walls), Malnutrition, and Cancer of the mouth and throat. As you can see the long-term effects of binge drinking more serious and even deadly.

Sometimes the short-term effects bring people to the point where they never want to drink again so they never have to reach the long terms effects. When someone has drunk so much they reach the long-term effects they have become addicted and don’t know how or when to stop. This is alcohol abuse. When someone reaches the long terms effect they may reach the point where they want to stop drinking. When they stop drinking they may get withdrawals because they have been drinking for so long that is what their body is accustomed too. Symptoms that occur when someone stops using alcohol after a period of heavy drinking. Symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can vary widely in severity. In severe cases, the condition can be life-threatening. Symptoms may occur from two hours to four days after stopping alcohol. They may include headaches, nausea, tremors, anxiety, hallucinations, and seizures. In many cases, alcohol withdrawal requires medical treatment and hospital admissions.

Medications may be used to treat physical symptoms while counseling and support groups help with controlling drinking behavior, such as sedatives and vitamins. Alcohol addiction can ruin a person’s life, and yet many continue to abuse the drug knowingly in order to avoid alcohol withdrawal. Detox and withdrawal are infamous in the addiction community for being physically and psychologically uncomfortable experiences. If done at home without medical attention, alcohol withdrawal can even turn deadly. However, this time of bodily cleansing is the first step to putting your life back on track. Following detox, you will be ready to enter rehab and learn the sober living skills that will help you during the lifelong process of recovery. Rehab is next step after detox. Getting into rehab will help with counseling and teaching a person how to live without alcohol.

1. Introduction Alcohol consumption is acknowledged worldwide as a major health issue and is often recognised as one of the major causes of avoidable mortality and morbidity in Western society (Wechsler, Dowdall, Davenport, & Castillo, 1995). Almost 4% of all deaths are attributed to alcohol …

Alcohol
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Introduction The tissue shows vast inflammation, there are large gaps in between the hepatocytes due to cell necrosis and the hepatocytes remaining are large and swollen. There are fatty deposits throughout the tissue and fibrous structures present which are most likely collagen. The hepatocytes themselves …

Alcohol
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Introduction Drinking alcoholic beverages existed as early as the Stone Age era, and there it remarkably spread across the globe from the ancient pyramids of Egypt to the popular Silk Road of China. This cultural tradition begun only for the sole purpose of religious rituals …

Alcohol
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Introduction This brief purports to provide a critical evaluation of planning and organising efficient operations and networking. It also aims to analyse the problems associated with the control of component activities and quality. In particular, the critical discussion is centred on the effect of process …

Alcohol, Business, Dell
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Joe Bloe Professor I. B Smart BS 131 December XX, 2008 Alcohol Abuse in Russia Family Issues Russians drink more alcohol than any other nation in the world. (Halpin, 2007, p1) The Times of London reports that Russians are currently going on an alcoholic binge …

Abuse, Alcohol, Alcohol Abuse
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Introduction The paper to be reviewed is an investigation by Duncan, Forbes-McKay and Henderson (2012) into the application of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB, Ajzen, 1988, 1991) and its effectiveness in predicting intention to carry out health related behaviours. The TPB is a social …

Alcohol, Alcohol Consumption, Consumption, Pregnancy
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Abstract The purpose of the study is to synthesize salicylic acid from the ester, methyl salicylate, and determine the acid’s dissociation constant and purity. The ester was converted to salicylic acid by base hydrolysis. The products were refluxed and recrystallized, to ensure maximum purity, and …

Alcohol, Chemistry, Water
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I declare that this assessment is my own work, based on my own personal research/study . I also declare that this assessment, nor parts of it, has not been previously submitted for any other unit/module or course, and that I have not copied in part …

Alcohol, Alcohol Consumption, Consumption
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The Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine Use Tobacco and alcohol use are common addictions amongst Americans. Each of these products are easily accessible at any convenience store and are perceived to be pleasurable activities as a result of their prevalence in American society. Both drugs …

Alcohol
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Analysis of Oxygen bearing Organic compounds Abstract The Unknown sample in the experiment can be tested to yield results such as 1° (primary), 2° (secondary), 3° (tertiary) alcohols. Tests such as the dichromate test, Tollen’s test, Lucas test, DNPH test and iodoform test would be …

Alcohol
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“Humankind has used mind- or mood- altering drugs at least since the beginning of recorded history and maybe before” (Substance). As time as well as technology progressed, so did the use and abuse of drugs and alcohol. The invention of the automobile increased the dangers …

Alcohol, Alcohol Abuse
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Barry Allahyar Dr. Dodd CHEM 2122 2010-09-16 Experiment 19: Fischer Esterification, Conclusion The objective in this experiment was to efficiently perform an Fischer esterification of 1-butanol and acetic acid to form water and n-butyl acetate, and to confirm the esterification using IR spectroscopy analysis. It …

Alcohol, Chemistry
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Patients are foremost come to primary attention for their organic structure strivings. Harmonizing to Starfield ( 1973 ) primary attention is a point of affecting in wellness attention system that has a duty to form patient attention for a clip period. There are some other …

Alcohol, Social Problems
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Methods: We assessed whether adult females would be willing to partake in a pilot testing plan for antenatal intoxicant exposure in a bad obstetric unit antecedently shown to hold a high prevalence of FAEE-positive meconium when tested anonymously. The testing plan involved voluntary testing of …

Alcohol, Exposure
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Brunel University is a individual university campus situated in the West of London ; it is a place to about 15,000 pupils with about 4,500 being postgraduate pupils ( Brunel University, 2012 ) . The big pupil population offers a ready market for intoxicant ingestion. …

Alcohol, Alcohol Consumption, Behavior, Consumption
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