When Magwitch and Pip first met, Magwitch told Pip to retrieve him food and a file so that he could take off the manacles that he was wearing around his legs. After the completion of the first chapter, the reader then discovers that Pip retrieves the items that Magwitch requested from him and that he leaves Magwitch with food and the proper use of his legs. However, Pip then discovers that the officers of the ship where Magwitch was held prisoner are looking for him and when Pip and Joe (Pip's uncle, married to Pip's sister) join the search for the escaped prisoner, Pip then witnesses the arrest of Magwitch on Christmas Day.
However when caught by the officers, Magwitch is found with the items that Pip had brought for him and the officers interrogate Pip. However Magwitch protects Pip by telling the officers that he had nothing to do with the help of his escape, and this then shows Pip that Magwitch is grateful for what Pip has done for him. This shows the reader, that Magwitch will never forget what Pip has done for him and that he will be truly thankful and will hopefully repay him someday for his kindness.
Pip's life then changes, as Miss Havisham, an old lady who has never got over the day that she was jolted at the altar, orders Pip to come and play with her adopted daughter Estella, who she has taught to break men's hearts so that Miss Havisham can seek revenge on the opposite sex. But Pip falls in love with Estella and follows wherever she goes until she leaves for France to be properly educated. Pip then grows up and learns to be Joe's apprentice as a blacksmith, but then Pip's fortune takes a turn for the better and he comes to have 'Great Expectations.
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' These great expectations allow Pip to continue his life in London and he can become a gentleman and this is all due to the large amount of money that Pip has received. However, Pip does not realise who the true donator of the money is and suspects that it is Miss Havisham who is supplying Pip with the good fortune, as Miss Havisham uses the solicitor who is looking after Pip's investments and he also believes that Miss Havisham is helping Pip to become a gentleman so that he can eventually marry Estella. Because of Pip's good fortune, he moves to London where he is educated in the most high society way by his friend Mr Pocket.
Together they spend Pip's money on posh high society parties, however Pip does still not know whom the supplier and kind donator of his money is and does not find out until his second meeting with Magwitch. Pip and Magwitch's second meeting takes place in chapter 39 and within the first paragraph its shows the reader how the style of how the story is told is similar and also the first paragraph updates the audience with Pip's own personal circumstances, the fact that he is now a gentlemen and lives in London with Mr Pocket.
Throughout this chapter, Dicken's continuously makes similarities in settings and emotions with are incredibly similar to that of chapter 1. As mentioned above the opening paragraph of chapter 39 is similar to that of chapter 1 as it introduces the character of Pip. Although the character has changed, the audience is still made aware of who he is and what he is now doing. Dicken's then uses Pip state of mind, his loneliness, as though he is again the little boy who the reader first met in the graveyard. "I was alone, and had a dull sense of being alone.
" This quote conveys to the audience that although Pip has now grown up and has become a gentleman, he is still the same little boy as he always was. However, although Pip's loneliness is conveyed in both chapters, there is one thing that separates them and this is that Pip is no longer along. "I sadly missed the cheerful face and ready response of my friend. " This shows the reader that the chapters are not alike as Pip is no longer along by living in London with his friend Mr Herbert Pocket. Before the meeting of Magwitch and Pip takes place the setting which Dicken's describes is similar to that of chapter 1.
"In the teeth of such a wind. " This description of the wind does not only give it personification, but also makes similarities to the wild savage lair and the wild beast which was in the marshes found in chapter, as though the wild beast is the stranger who is waiting outside of Pip's house. When Pip and Magwitch then meet the clothing that Magwitch wears is nearly identical to what he was wearing in chapter 1, and although Pip is still unable to recognise whom the man is, the reader is made aware instantaneously who the man is.
" I made out that he was substantially dressed, but roughly; like a voyager by sea. " This shows the reader that, because of Pip's new view on life as a gentleman, even though Pip might recognise Magwitch by his appearance, Pip would still not want to know who he was by the clothes that he was wearing. However when Pip and Magwitch first talk to each other, even though Pip is still unaware of whom he is the way in which Magwitch addresses Pip shows a contrast compared to chapter 1. " I wish to come in, Master.
" The word master is the contrast as throughout nearly the entire speech between Pip and Magwitch in chapter 1, Pip always refers to Magwitch as the master and the superior person. Whereas now, Magwitch refers to Pip as the master. This role reversal shows the reader how Magwitch has still got the respect for Pip after what Pip did for him when he was escaping from the hulks. Continuously throughout the conversation between Pip and Magwitch is Pip unable to recognise Magwitch for who he is. Even when the characteristics of Magwitch are shown once again Pip is still unable to recognise him.
"Looking over his shoulder. " This reaction shown by Magwitch is similar to that of chapter 1, as in chapter 1 Magwitch becomes uneasy when realising that Pip might not be alone and this is exactly the reaction and the reason why Magwitch repeats this motion. These similarities used by Dicken's makes the sense of uneasiness to the reader even more traumatic and give the reader the constant felling of suspense. Throughout the entire 39th chapter of Great Expectations, Dicken's constantly demonstrates a large use of description for which he uses to describe the weather.
This description corresponds with the feelings of Pip and sets the scene for Pip and Magwitch's second meeting. The first referral to the weather starts when Pip begins to fell lonely. "It was wretched weather; stormy and wet, stormy and wet; and mud, mud, mud, deep in all the streets. " This referral to the weather uses many different language skills and techniques The words, 'wretched weather' are a alliterative metaphor, this means that these words use both alliteration with the repeat of the w but also describes the weather as wretched, which is a metaphor.
Dickens then uses repetition of the words "stormy and wet," this use of repetition is extremely effective, as it emphases the bad weather which is happening. Repetition is then used again but this also with the extra use of alliteration. "Mud, mud, mud. " Dicken's then uses a very effective metaphor. "Day after day, a vast heavy veil. " This quote gives the reader the impression that the bad weather has just continuously gone on and on but also the metaphor of 'a vast heavy veil' creates the sense of atmosphere and suspense for the reader.
Another metaphor is then used to emphasis the continues bad weather as though it had continued for a 'eternity. ' Dicken's then uses complex sentences to heighten the suspense for the reader. " So furious had been the gusts ... death. " This quote uses personification to describe the weather and the final clause of Dicken's complex sentences always contains the main clause of the sentence, which then consequently helps create suspense by the prediction within this complex sentence that someone is coming by the way of sea and that they will bring bad news.
Dicken's then describes the weather as being so intense that it sounds as though there is a war going on, "like discharges of a canon, or breakings of a sea. " This quote shows the reader the intensity of the weather, but also acts as an invisible fear for Pip as he closes his eyes as though he is afraid of the weather. All of these descriptions of the weather by the use of metaphors, similes, alliteration and personification add suspense to the scene and they also heighten the tension and dramatic effect within the chapter.
The weather descriptions used by Dicken's allows the reader to make some similarities between chapter 1 and chapter 39. The howling wind and spooky atmosphere, which is described, is similar to chapter 1 as although it is set in a graveyard rather than a house the atmosphere deigned by the bad and spooky weather still creates the same effect on the reader. The tension of the scene then heightens as the setting between Pip and Magwitch draw ever closer. The tension begins when the clock's of London strike 11 o' clock. "Struck that hour.
" This striking of the clocks emphasises to the reader that it is the fatal hour and that the time has come for Pip's past to come back and haunt him. The weather the distraught the sound of the clock's which gives the setting a ghostly atmosphere. However, Pip then hears the sound of a footstep outside on the stair and thinks that it is the ghost of his dead sister come back to haunt him. "Awfully connect it with the footstep of my dead sister. " This quote then makes Pip extremely nervous and frightened, and then it brings back the terrible and painful memories of his sister.
The use of a sentence is then used to heighten the tension within the chapter. "For all was quiet. " This tension created by Dicken's is similar to that of the tension created in chapter 1. This is because when Pip and Magwitch first meet, all is quiet while Pip is visiting his dead family's graves, when suddenly Magwitch surprises Pip by shouting at him. This is the same scenario here, however this time Pip is frightened not by a voice but by the sound of a footstep. When Magwitch and Pip first communicate for the second time in twenty years, it is as though Magwitch is a metaphor for the devil, who is talking to Pip from hell.
"Said a voice from the darkness beneath. " This shows that Pip is incredibly afraid of whatever is talking to him and with the combination of the terrifying weather and this strange figure appearing a t the bottom of the stairwell, no one can blame Pip for being terrified. This quote shows similarity to chapter 1, as in chapter 1 Magwitch appears as though he is rising form the graves of the dead, and now in chapter 39, it is as though Magwitch is rising form hell. However when Magwitch talks again to Pip, Pip is terrified with the information that he knows.
"The top. Mr Pip. " This quote makes Pip uneasy, as although Pip does still not recognise the voice of the stranger, it is made obvious to Pip that the stranger knows his. Because of Pip's anxiousness and the fact that he is still unaware of whom the stranger is, Pip makes a false conclusion that the stranger is trouble. "There is nothing the matter? " This shows that because of Pip's new gentleman qualities and the fact that he is now used to high-class society, Pip immediately comes to the conclusion that the stranger is form low society.
However Pip remembers his gentleman like qualities and asks the stranger into his flat, but as he does so, Pip is made uneasy by the expression shown on the strangers face. "With an incomprehensible air of being touched and pleased by the sight of me. " This makes the reader sympathetic towards Magwitch, as they are aware that it is he who has made Pip into a gentleman and therefore he should be happy, whereas Pip does not know who this stranger is so is therefore unnerved by the expression shown on Magwitch's face.
Pip then refers to Magwitch's clothes but even though they share the same appearance as when they first met, Pip does still not recognise whom the man he has invited into his home is. Magwitch's behaviour then continues to differ to that of chapter. "That he was holding out both his hands to me. " This shows that although it has been a long time, Magwitch greets Pip as though he is a long lost friend. This is a contrast to chapter 1, as in chapter 1 Magwitch scares Pip when first meeting him rather than greeting him with open arms.
Throughout the entire chapter, Magwitch's character uses many contrasts to chapter 1. "Master. " This shows that the tables has turned, and that Magwitch now considers Pip as the master as in chapter 1, it was Pip who regarded Magwitch as the master as he had all of the power. Pip then uses repetition to show how he is now the master over Magwitch. "I resented. " This shows that Pip does not want to talk to Magwitch because of his social background, and this therefore shows Pip as being a somewhat snob figure.
Once invited into Pip's flat, Magwitch again has a strange expression upon his face. " An air of wondering pleasure, as if he had some part in the things he admired. " This quote again shoes the reader how Magwitch is pleased with himself for helping to create a young man such as Pip and because Magwitch still knows that Pip doesn't know who he is, this makes the realisation of Pip more stark and shocking when he actually finds out. Magwitch then asks Pip for a moment of his time so that he can talk to him, but becomes upset although not showing it, as Pip still does not recognise who he is.
Magwitch then reacts action, which is extremely similar to chapter 1. " Looking over his shoulder. " This action is similar to chapter 1, as when Magwitch thinks that Pip's mother is when him, he becomes apprehensive and does not like the fact that they are maybe not alone. This is the same case in chapter 39, as because Magwitch doesn't know if he and Pip are alone, he starts to become apprehensive. Magwitch then continues to try and break the ice between Pip and himself even though Pip does not know whom he is.
" You're a game one. " This shows the reader that Magwitch admires Pip's spirit for being a strong and polite gentleman. The moment then comes, when Pip finally realises that the stranger who he has invited into his flat and who is now standing in front of him is Magwitch. "For I know him! " The use of this exclamation mark emphasis the reconciliation by Pip, and because he know remembers that the stranger is Magwitch all of his memories come flooding back to him of their first meeting in the graveyard.
However Pip's reaction is not the reaction that Magwitch was hoping for. "Keep off! ... died away on my tongue. " This quote shows that Pip is distraught with the sudden remembrance of Magwitch and because of this Pip becomes extremely upset and acts violently towards Magwitch and physically pushes him away. This is a make Pip unnerved by Magwitch as he is constantly staring at Pip for a reaction. This is similar to chapter 1, as Pip begins to fear Magwitch's stare just like he did when he was a younger boy and Magwitch was pushing him over the tombstone.
However, when the full story of how Magwitch was the supplier of Pip's money comes out into the open, Pip is disgusted and acts as though he cannot breath. "All the truth of my position came flashing on me: and its disappointments, dangers, disgraces, consequences of all kinds. " This quote uses both alliteration with the repetition on the, but also the pattern of three as Dicken's uses three different adjectives to describe how Pip is feeling. This quote shows that Pip is overcome with emotion and he begins to find it hard to breath.
The reaction form Pip when finding out that Magwitch is the reason for his new life is bad, as all, of Pip's memories from when he was a child come flooding back to haunt him, and they are so horrific that Pip wants Magwitch out of his life forever. However although Pip takes the news that Magwitch is his supplier of cash, Magwitch finds the telling of the news a great pleasure as he is finally able to repay Pip for his kindness. " You acted noble, my boy.
" This shows the reader that Magwitch has never forgotten what Pip did for him when he ran away from the prison ships, and that he is entirely grateful for the rest of his life. Magwitch then goes on to tell Pip of how he was able to make his fortune and how he now lives. "I hope to hear you say so, my dear boy. " By the use of ' my dear boy', this makes the reader aware that Magwitch now considers Pip as though he is his son as he has helped him so much. This is quite disturbing for Pip, as he does not want to know this man.
However when Pip comes to repay the first small amount of money that Magwitch first sent him, two pound notes, Magwitch just burns them and tells Pip he has nothing to repay. But when Magwitch tells Pip to how he came about finding where he was living, Pip starts to become uneasy, but then the reader is made aware that because Magwitch regards Pip as being noble, the reader is made aware that Magwitch has metaphorically used Pip to get where he wants to being society and this is also a contrast, as it acts as a simile, as Magwitch uses Pip alike Miss Havisham uses Estella to break men's hearts.
All of these quotes show how Magwitch has pride and pleasure in seeing Pip as a young gentleman, and that he is over the moon that Pip has finally recognised him. After looking at both of the characters reactions on the news that Magwitch is the supplier and the provider of Pip's money and new quality of life, I have come to the conclusion that the more noble character of this reaction is Magwitch. I believe that Magwitch is the more noble character because all he has done is looked after Pip and made sure that Pip had a life that he deserved after helping Magwitch with the escape from the prison ships.
Throughout the chapter, Magwitch shows only compassion towards Pip and treats him with the up most respect, but Pip throws this back in his face and treats Magwitch as though he owes him nothing. This makes Pip the less noble character, as even though he is now a gentleman and that he should behave in the appropriate manner Pip's behaviour is outrageous and he did not even thank Magwitch for the work that he has done to bring Pip to what he is.
This therefore makes Magwitch the mote noble character as all he has done, is supply Pip with money to make himself a gentleman and Pip has just thrown it back in his face. After comparing both chapters, I believe that the trauma that Pip faces in both is greater in chapter 1. I believe this, as Pip was a young boy and what appeared top be a strange evil man who was a convict asked for his help and he gave it to him. This experience would have been terrifying for a young boy and the experience would have left him emotionally scared for the rest of his life.
This is shown in the case of Pip, as Pip had pushed his and Magwitch's first meeting to the back on o his mind where other painful memories like the death of his family and his evil sisters were stored. Whereas in the second meeting of Magwitch and Pip, Pip reacts very badly to the news that Magwitch is the provider of his great expectations and the only trauma cause, is that of the old memories stored in the back of his mind being re - opened. Within both chapters 1 and 39, Dicken's continuously uses his effective writing technique and use of suspense to create a dramatic and amazing effect.
For this suspense, Dicken's continuously uses metaphors, alliteration, personification, patterns of three, similes and many more writing techniques to create the correct atmosphere for the reader when reading Great Expectations. In chapter 1, Dickens use of creative style and imagery creates the perfect atmosphere and setting for chapter 1, especially with the uneasiness that Pip feels when being confronted by Magwitch. In chapter 2, Dicken's use a creative use of description especially on the weather.
Within this chapter, Dicken's is constantly commenting on the weather with the use of personification and other writing skills and this helps enormously create the sense of suspense and mystery for chapter 39 before and during the meeting between Magwitch and Pip. All in all, in chapters, Dicken's writing style and language uses create an amazing sense of achievement and bewilderment to the audience, thus increasing the suspense and tension with the meetings between Magwitch and Pip.
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